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§ 84. Limit of Liability of Any Person to Bank
The total obligations to any national banking association of any person, copartnership, association, or corporation shall at no time exceed 10 per centum of the amount of the capital stock of such association actually paid in and unimpaired and 10 per centum of its unimpaired surplus fund. The term "obligations” shall mean the direct liabilty of the maker or acceptor of paper discounted with or sold to such association and the liability of the indorser, drawer, or guarantor who obtains a loan from or discounts paper with or sells paper under his guaranty to such association and shall include in the case of obligations of a copartnership or association the obligations of the several members thereof and shall include in the case of obligations of a corporation all obligations of all subsidiaries thereof in which such corporation owns or controls a majority interest. Such limitation of 10 per centum shall be subject to the following exceptions:
(8) Obligations of any person, copartnership, association, or corporation secured by not less than a like amount of bonds or notes of the United States issued since April 24, 1917, or certificates of indebtedness of the United States, treasury bills of the United States, or obligations fully guaranteed both as to principal and interest by the United States, shall (except to the extent permitted by rules and regulations prescribed by the Comptroller of the Currency, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury) be subject under this section to a limitation of 15 per centum of such capital and surplus in addition to such 10 per centum of such capital and surplus.
(11) Obligations of a local public agency (as defined in section 1460 (h)33 of Title 42) or of a public housing agency (as defined in the United States Housing Act of 1937, as amended) which have a maturity of not more than eighteen months shall not be subject under this section to any limitation, if such obligations are secured by an agreement between the obligor agency and the Housing and Home Finance Administrator or the Public Housing Administration in which the agency agrees to borrow from the Administrator or Administration, and the Administrator or Administration agrees to lend to the agency, prior to the maturity of such obligations, monies in an amount which (together with any other monies irrevocably committed to the payment of interest on such obligations) will suffice to pay the principal of such obligations with interest to maturity, which monies under the terms of said agreement are required to be used for that purpose.
INVESTMENTS BY FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS AND MEM
BER BANKS IN URBAN RENEWAL OBLIGATIONS
EXCERPTS FROM FEDERAL RESERVE ACT (12 U.S.C. 335 and 355)
Sec. 335. Dealing in Investment Securities; Limitations and
State member banks shall be subject to the same limitations and conditions with respect to the purchasing, selling, underwriting, and holding of investment securities and stock as are applicable in the case of national banks under paragraph "Seventh" of section 24 of this title.
* Local public agency for slum clearance under Title I, Housing Act of 1949. 34 See page 58 for provisions of Paragraph Seventh.
Sec. 355. Purchase and Sale of Obligations of National,
State, and Municipal Governments
Every Federal reserve bank shall have power to buy and sell, at home or abroad, bonds and notes of the United States, bonds of the Federal Farm Mortgage Corporation having maturities from date of purchase of not exceeding six months, bonds issued under the provisions of subsection (c) of section 1463 of this title 35 and having maturities from date of purchase of not exceeding six months, and bills, notes, revenue bonds, and warrants with a maturity from date of purchase of not exceeding, six months, issued in anticipation of the collection of taxes or in anticipation of the receipt of assured revenues by any State, county, district, political subdivision, or municipality in the continental United States, including irrigation, drainage and reclamation districts, such purchases to be made in accordance with rules and regulations prescribed by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System: Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, (1) until July 1, 1960, any bonds, notes, or other obligations which are direct obligations of the United States or which are fully guaranteed by the United States as to principal and interest may be bought and sold without regard to maturities either in the open market or directly from or to the United States; but all such purchases and sales shall be made in accordance with the provisions of section 263 of this title 36 and the aggregate amount of such obligations acquired directly from the United States which is held at any one time by the twelve Federal Reserve banks shall not exceed $5,000,000,000; and (2) after June 30, 1960, any bonds, notes, or other obligations which are direct obligations of the United States or which are fully guaranteed by the United States as to principal and interest may be bought and sold without regard to maturities but only in the open market. The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System shall include in their annual report to Congress detailed information with respect to direct purchases and sales from or to the United States under the provisions of this proviso.
EXCERPTS FROM THE HOME OWNERS' LOAN ACT OF
1933, AS AMENDED
Investment by Federal Savings and Loan Associations in
FHA Home Improvement Loans and Urban Renewal Investment Trusts
Without regard to any other provision of this subsection except the area requirement such associations are authorized to invest a sum not in excess of 15 per centum of the assets of such association in loans insured under title I of the National Housing Act, in home improvement loans insured under title II of the National Housing Act, in unsecured loans insured or guaranteed under the provisions of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, as amended, and in other loans for property alteration, repair, or improvement: Provided, That no such loan, unless so insured or guaranteed, shall be made in excess of $3,500.
35 Home Owners Loan Corporation, which has been liquidated. * Regulations adopted by the "Federal Open-Market Committee".
Without regard to any other provision of this subsection, any such association is authorized to invest not more than 5 per centum of its assets in certificates of beneficial interest issued by any urban renewal investment trust. For the purposes of this paragraph the term “urban renewal investment trust” means an unincorporated trust established by written agreement between the authorized officers of two or more savings institutions the savings or share accounts of which are insured by an agency of the Federal Government, which agreement
(1) expressly limits the purposes of the trust and the investment powers of the trustees to the elimination or prevention of the spread of slums and blighted or deteriorated or deteriorating areas and the redevelopment, renewal, rehabilitation, or conservation of such areas by private enterprise through financing the purchase or rehabilitation of real property, or the construction of improvements thereon, designed or usable for industrial, commercial, or housing purposes within the confines of an urban renewal area (as defined in section 110 of the Housing Act of 1949);
(2) expressly limits the beneficial ownership of the trust to savings and loan associations or banks the savings or share accounts of which are insured by an agency of the Federal Government;
(3) provides that such beneficial ownership be evidenced by certificates of beneficial interest, which certificates shall have first claim at all times on the assets of the trust without preference between the holders thereof, and shall be fully transferable and assignable between any such banks and savings and loan associations at all times; and
(4) expressly provides that it shall be effective and binding between
the parties thereto only upon being approved by the board. Any association chartered under the provisions of this
section may become a party to any urban renewal investment trust. The Federal Home Loan Bank Board shall prescribe such rules and regulations, not inconsistent with the provisions of this paragraph, as it may deem necessary for the proper establishment of urban renewal investment trusts, for the effective operation thereof, and the participation in such operations of eligible institutions either as parties, as trustees, or as the holders of certificates of beneficial interest.
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
3 9015 03813 8254
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1961 - 613292