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lution approved the application of the public housing agency for such preliminary loan; and (ii) unless the public housing agency has demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Authority that there is a need for such low-rent housing which is not being met by private enterprise; and

(b) the Authority shall not make any contract for loans (other than preliminary loans) or for annual contributions pursuant to this Act with respect to any low-rent housing project initiated after March 1, 1949, (i) unless the governing body of the locality involved has entered into an agreement with the public housing agency providing for the local cooperation required by the Authority pursuant to this Act; and (ii) unless the public housing agency has demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Authority that a gap of at least 20 per centum (except in the case of a family displaced by urban renewal or other governmental action or an elderly family) has been left between the upper rental limits for admission to the proposed lowrent housing and the lowest rents at which private enterprise unaided by public subsidy is providing (through new construction and available existing structures) a substantial supply of decent, safe, and sanitary housing toward meeting the need of an adequate volume thereof.

EXCERPTS FROM THE SMALL BUSINESS ACT AS AMENDED

LOANS TO DISPLACED BUSINESS CONCERNS BY THE

SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Public Law 85_536 15 U.S.C. 631-647

Sec. 2.

(b) Further, it is the declared policy of the Congress that the Government should aid and assist victims of foods and other catastrophes, 26 and small-business concerns which are displaced as a result of federally aided construction programs.

Sec. 3. For the purposes of this Act, a small-business concern shall be deemed to be one which is independently owned and operated and which is not dominant in its field of operation. In addition to the foregoing criteria the Administrator, in making a detailed definition may use these criteria, among others: Number of employees and dollar volume of business. Where the number of employees is used as one of the criteria in making such definition for any of the purposes of this Act, the maximum number of employees which a small-business concern may have under the definition shall vary from industry to industry to the extent necessary to reflect differing characteristics of such industries and to take proper account of other relevant factors.

Sec. 4. (a) In order to carry out the policies of this Act there is hereby created an agency under the name "Small Business Administration (herein referred to as the Administration), which Administration shall be under the general direction and supervision of the President and shall not be affiliated with or be within any other agency or department of the Federal Government. The principal office of the Administration shall be located in the District of Columbia. The Administration may establish such branch and regional offices in other places in the United States as may be determined by the Administrator of the Administration. As used in this Act, the term “United States” includes the several States, the Territories and possessions of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia.

* Sec. 305(b) of the Housing Act of 1961, Public Law 87–70, approved June 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 149, 167, added remainder of sentence.

(b) The management of the Administration shall be vested in an Administrator *

Sec. 7. (a) The Administration is empowered to make loans to enable small-business concerns to finance plant construction, conversion, or expansion, including the acquisition of land; or to finance the acquisition of equipment, facilities, machinery, supplies, or materials; or to supply such concerns with working capital to be used in the manufacture of articles, equipment, supplies, or materials for war, defense, or civilian production or as may be necessary to insure a well-balanced national economy; and such loans may be made or effected either directly or in cooperation with banks or other lending institutions through agreements to participate on an immediate or deferred basis. The foregoing powers shall be subject, however, to the following restrictions and limitations:

(1) No financial assistance shall be extended pursuant to this subsection unless the financial assistance applied for is not otherwise available on reasonable terms.

(2) No immediate participation may be purchased unless it is shown that a deferred participation is not available; and no loan may be made unless it is shown that a participation is not available.

(3) In agreements to participate in loans on a deferred basis under this subsection, such participation by the Administration shall not be in excess of 90 per centum of the balance of the loan outstanding at the time of disbursement.

(4) Except as provided in paragraph (5), (A) no loan under this subsection shall be made if the total amount outstanding and committed (by participation or otherwise) to the borrower from the revolving fund established by this Act would exceed $350,000; (B) the rate of interest for the Administration's share of any such loan shall be no more than 512 per centum per annum; and (C) no such loan, including renewals or extensions thereof, may be made for a period or periods exceeding ten years except that a loan made for the purpose of constructing facilities may have a maturity of ten years plus such additional period as is estimated may be required to complete such construction.

(5) In the case of any loan made under this subsection to a corporation formed and capitalized by a group of small-business concerns with resources provided by them for the purpose of obtaining for the use of such concerns raw materials, equipment, inventories, supplies or the benefits of research and development, or for establishing facilities for such purpose, (A) the limitation of $350,000 prescribed in paragraph (4) shall not apply, but the limit of such loan shall be $250,000 multiplied by the number of separate small businesses which formed and capitalized such corporation; (B) the rate of interest for the Administration's share of such loan shall be no less than 3 nor more than 5 per centum per annum; and (c) such loan, including renewals and extensions thereof, may not be made for a period or periods exceeding ten years except that if such loan is made for the purpose of constructing facilities it may have a maturity of twenty years plus such additional time as is required to complete such construction.

(6) The Administrator is authorized to consult with representatives of small-business concerns with a view to encouraging the formation by such concerns of the corporation referred to in paragraph ). No act or omission to act, if requested by the Administrator pursuant to this paragraph, and if found and approved by the Administration as contributing to the needs of small business, shall be construed to be within the prohibitions of the antitrust laws or the Federal Trade Commission Act of the United States. A copy of the statement of any such finding and approval intended to be within the coverage of this section, and any modification or withdrawal thereof, shall be furnished to the Attorney General and the Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission when made, and it shall be published in the Federal Register. The authority granted in this paragraph shall be exercised only (A) by the Administrator, (B) upon the condition that the Administrator consult with the Attorney General and with the Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission, and (C) upon the condition that the Administrator obtain the approval of the Attorney General before exercising such authority. Upon withdrawal of any request or finding hereunder or upon withdrawal by the Attorney General of his approval granted under the preceding sentence, the provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to any subsequent act or omission to act by reason of such finding or request.

(7) All loans made under this subsection shall be of such sound valué or so secured as reasonably to assure repayment. (b) The Administration also is empowered

(1) to make such loans (either directly or in cooperation with banks or other lending institutions through agreements to participate on an immediate or deferred basis) as the Administration may determine to be necessary or appropriate because of floods or other catastrophes;

(2) to make such loans (either directly or in corporation with banks or other lending institutions through agreements to participate on an immediate or deferred basis) as the Administration may determine to be necessary or appropriate to any small-business concern located in an area affected by a drought or excessive rainfall, if the Administration determines that the small-business concern has suffered a substantial economic injury as a result of such drought or excessive rainfall and the President has determined under the Act entitled "An Act to authorize Federal assistance to States and local governments in major disasters, and for other purposes”, approved September 30, 1950, as amended (42 U.S.C., secs. 1855–1855g), that such drought or excessive rainfall is a major disaster, or the Secretary of Agriculture has found under the Act entitled "An Act to abolish the Regional Agricultural Credit Corporation of Washington, District of Columbia, and transfer its functions to the Secretary of Agriculture, to authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to make disaster loans, and for other purposes”, approved April 6, 1949, as amended (12 U.S.C., secs. 1148a-1-1148a-3), that such drought or excessive rainfall constitutes a production or economic distaster in such area; and

(3) 27 to make such loans (either directly or in cooperation with banks or other lending institutions through agreements to participate on a immediate or deferred basis) as the Administration may determine to be necessary or appropriate to assist any small-business concern in reestablishing its business, if the Administration determines that such concern has suffered substantial economic injury as a result of its displacement by a federally aided urban renewal or highway construction program or by any other construction conducted by

or with funds provided by the Federal Government. No loan under this subsection, including renewals and extensions thereof, may be made for a period or periods exceeding twenty years. The interest rate on the Administration's share of any loan made under this subsection shall not exceed 3 per centum per annum,28 except that in the case of a loan made pursuant to paragraph (3), the rate of interest on the Administration's share of such loan shall not be more than the higher of (A) 23/4 per centum per annum; or (B) the average annual interest rate on all interest-bearing obligations of the United States then forming a part of the public debt as computed at the end of the fiscal year next preceding the date of the loan and adjusted to the nearest one-eighth of 1 per centum, plus one-quarter of 1 per centum per annum. In agreements to participate in loans on a deferred basis under this subsection, such participation by the Administration shall not be in excess of 90 per centum of the balance of the loan outstanding at the time of disbursement.

27 Sec. 305 (a) (3) of the Housing Act of 1961, Public Law 87–70, approved June 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 149, 167, added remainder of paragraph.

Sec. 305(a)14) of the Housing Act of 1961, Public Law 87–70, approved June 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 149, 167, added remainder of this sentence.

(c) The Administration may further extend the maturity of or renew any loan made pursuant to this section, or any loan transferred to the Administration pursuant to Reorganization Plan Numbered 2 of 1954, or Reorganization Plan Numbered 1 of 1957, for additional periods not, to exceed ten years beyond the period stated therein, if such extension or renewal will aid in the orderly liquidation of such loan.

INVESTMENTS BY NATIONAL BANKS IN URBAN RENEWAL OBLIGATIONS

EXCERPTS FROM NATIONAL BANK ACT, AS AMENDED

Revised Statutes $$ 5136 and 5200

(12 U.S.C. 24 and 84) § 24. Corporate Powers of Associations

Upon duly making and filing articles of association and an organization certificate a national banking association shall become, as from the date of the execution of its organization certificate, a body corporate, and as such, and in the name designated in the organization certificate, it shall have power

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Seventh.

To exercise by its board of directors or dutly authorized officers or agents, subject to law, all such incidental powers as shall be necessary to carry on the business of banking; by discounting and negotiating promissory notes, drafts, bills of exchange, and other evidences of debt; by receiving deposits; by buying and selling exchange, coin, and bullion; by loaning money on personal security; and by obtaining, issuing and circulating notes according to the provisions of this chapter. The business of dealing in securities and stock by the association shall be limited to purchasing and selling such securities and stock without recourse, solely upon the order, and for the account of, customers, and in no case for its own account, and the association shall not underwrite any issue of securities or stock: Provided, That the association may purchase for its own account investment securities under such limitations and restrictions as the Comptroller of the Currency may by regulation prescribe. In no event shall the total amount of the investment securities of any one obligor or maker, held by the association for its own account, exceed at any time 10 per centum of its capital stock actually paid in and unimpaired and 10 per centum of its unimpaired surplus fund, except that this limitation shall not require any association to dispose of any securities lawfully held by it on August 23, 1935. As used in this section the term “investment securities” shall mean marketable obligations, evidencing indebtedness of any person, copartnership, association, or corporation in the form of bonds, notes and/or debentures commonly known as investment securities under such further definition of the term “investment securities” as may by regulation be prescribed by the Comptroller of the Currency. Except as hereinafter provided or otherwise permitted by law, nothing herein contained shall authorize the purchase by the association for its own account of any shares of stock of any corporation. The limitations and restrictions herein contained as to dealing in, underwriting and purchasing for its account, investment securities shall not apply to obligations of the United States, or general obligations of any State or of any political subdivision thereof, or obligations issued under authority of the subchapters I, II, and III of chapter 7 29 of this title or issued by the thirteen banks for cooperatives of any of them or the Federal Home Loan Banks, or obligations which are insured by the Federal Housing Administrator pursuant to section 1713 30 of this title, if the debentures to be issued in payment of such insured obligations are guaranteed as to principal and interest by the United States, or obligations of the Federal National Mortgage Association, or such obligations of any local public agency (as defined in section 1460(h) of Title 42) 31 as are secured by an agreement between the local public agency and the Housing and Home Finance Administrator in which the local public agency agrees to borrow from said Administrator, and said Administrator agrees to lend to said local public agency monies 32 in an aggregate amount which (together with any other monies irrevocably committed to the payment of interest on such obligations) will suffice to pay, when due, the interest on all installments (including the final installment) of the principal of such obligations, which monies under the terms of said agreement are required to be used for such payments, or such obligations of a public housing agency (as defined in the United States Housing Act of 1937, as amended) as are secured either (1) by an agreement between the public housing agency and the Public Housing Administration in which the public housing agency agrees to borrow from the Public Housing Administration, and the Public Housing Administration agrees to lend to the public housing agency, prior to the maturity of such obligations (which obligations shall have a maturity of not more than eighteen months), monies in an amount which (together with any other monies irrevocably committed to the payment of interest on such obligations) will suffice to pay the principal of such obligations with interest to maturity thereon, which monies under the terms of said agreement are required to be used for the purpose of paying the principal of and the interest on such obligations at their maturity, or (2) by a pledge of annual contributions under an annual contributions contract between such public housing agency and the Public Housing Administration if such contract shall contain the covenant by the Public Housing Administration which is authorized by section 1421a (b) of Title 42, and if the maximum sum and the maximum sum and the maximum period specified in such contract pursuant to section 1421a (b) of Title 42 shall not be less than the annual amount and the period for payment which are requisite to provide for the payment when due of all installments of principal and interest on such obligations: Provided, That in carrying on the business commonly known as the safe-deposit business the association shall not invest in the capital stock of a corporation organized under the law of any State to conduct a safe-deposit business in an amount in excess of 15 per centum of the capital stock of the association actually paid in and unimpaired and 15 per centum of its unimpaired surplus. The limitations and restrictions herein contained as to dealing in and underwriting investment securities shall not apply to obligations issued by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development or the Inter-American Development Bank which are at the time eligible for purchase by a national bank for its own account, nor to bonds, notes and other obligations issued by the Tennessee Valley Authority: Provided, That no association shall hold obligations issued by any of said organizations as a result of underwriting, dealing, or purchasing for its own account (and for this purpose obligations as to which it is under commitment shall be deemed to be held by it) in a total amount exceeding at any one time 10 per centum of its capital stock actually paid in and unimpaired and 10 per centum of its unimpaired surplus fund.

20 Farm loans.
*0 FHA sec. 207 rental housing.
* Local public agency for slum clearance under Title I, Housing Act of 1949.

* Sec. 420 of the Housing Act of 1959, Public Law 86–372, approved September 23, 1959, 73 Stat. 654, 679, amended paragraph 7 to authorize National and State member banks of the Federal Reserve System to underwrite long-term urban renewal obligations. Prior to this amendment such banks could underwrite only short-term urban renewal obligations (up to 18 months).

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