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prior to construction: Provided, That no mortgage insured under subsection (d) (2) shall have a maturity exceeding three-quarters of the Commissioner's estimate of the remaining economic life of the
building improvements. (e) The Commissioner may at any time, under such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, consent to the release of the mortgagor from his liability under the mortgage or the credit instrument secured thereby, or consent to the release of parts of the mortgaged property from the lien of the mortgage.
(f) The property or project shall comply with such standards and conditions as the Commissioner may prescribe to establish the acceptability of such property for mortgage insurance and may include such commercial and community facilities as the Commissioner deems adequate to serve the occupants. A property or project covered by a mortgage insured under the provisions of subsection (d) (3) or (d) (4) shall include five or more family units. The Commissioner is authorized to adopt such procedures and requirements as he determines are desirable to assure that the dwelling accommodations provided under this section are available to families displaced from urban renewal areas or as a result of governmental action. Notwithstanding any provision of this Act, the Commissioner, in order to assist further the provision of housing for low and moderate income families, in his discretion and under such conditions as he may prescribe, may insure a mortgage which meets the requirements of subsection (d) (3) of this section as in effect after the date of enactment of the Housing Act of 1961, with no premium charge, with a reduced premium charge, or with a premium charge for such period or periods during the time the insurance is in effect as the Commissioner may determine, and there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such amounts as may be necessary to reimburse the Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund for any net losses in connection with such insurance. No mortgage shall be insured under subsection (d) (2) or (d) (4) after July 1, 1963, or under subsection (d) (3) after July 1, 1965, except pursuant to a commitment to insure before that date, or except a mortgage covering property which the Commissioner finds will assist in the provision of housing for families displaced from urban renewal areas or as a result of governmental action.
(g) The mortgagee shall be entitled to receive the benefits of the insurance as hereinafter provided
(1) as to mortgages meeting the requirements of paragraph (2) of subsection (d) of this section, as provided in section 204(a) of this Act with respect to mortgages insured under section 203, and the provisions of subsections (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (j), and (k) of section 204 of this Act shall be applicable to such mortgages insured under this section, except that all references therein to the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund or the Fund shall be construed to refer to the Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund and all references therein to section 203 shall be construed to refer to this section; or
(2) as to mortgages meeting the requirements of paragraph (3) or (4) of subsection (d) of this section, as provided in section 207 (g) of this Act with respect to mortgages insured under said section 207, and the provisions of subsections (h), (i), (j), (k), and (1) of section 207 of this Act shall be applicable to such mortgages insured under this section, and all references therein to the Housing Insurance Fund or the Housing Fund shall be construed to refer to the Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund; or
(3) as to mortgages meeting the requirements of this section which are insured or initially endorsed for insurance on or after the date of enactment of the Housing Act of 1961, notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection, the Commissioner in his discretion, in accordance with such regulations as he may prescribe, may make payments pursuant to such paragraphs in cash or in debentures (as provided in the mortgage insurance contract), or may acquire a mortgage loan that is in default and the security therefor upon payment to the mortgagee in cash or in debentures (as provided in the mortgage insurance contract) of a total amount equal to the unpaid principal balance of the loan plus any accrued interest and any advances approved by the Commissioner and made previously by the mortgagee under the provisions of the mortgage, and after the acquisition of any such mortgage by the Commissioner the mortgagee shall have no further rights, liabilities, or obligations with respect to the loan or the security for the loan. The appropriate provisions of sections 204 and 207 relating to the issuance of 'debentures shall apply with respect to debentures issued under this paragraph, and the appropriate provisions of sections 204 and 207 relating to the rights, liabilities, and obligations of a mortgagee shall apply with respect to the Commissioner when he has acquired an insured mortgage under this paragraph, in accordance with and subject to regulations (modifying such provisions to the extent necessary to render their application for such purposes appropriate and effective) which shall be prescribed by the Commissioner, except that as applied to mortgages so acquired (A) all references in section 204 to the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund or the Fund shall be construed to refer to the Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund, (B) all references in section 204 to section 203 shall be construed to refer to this section, and (C) all references in section 207 to the Housing Insurance Fund, the Housing Fund, or the Fund shall be construed to refer to the Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund; or
(4) in the event any mortgage insured under this section is not in default at the expiration of twenty years from the date of the mortgage was endorsed for insurance, the mortgagee shall, within a period thereafter to be determined by the Commissioner, have the option to assign, transfer, and deliver to the Commissioner the original credit instrument and the mortgage securing the same and receive the benefits of the insurance as hereinafter provided in this paragraph, upon compliance with such requirements and conditions as to the validity of the mortgage as a first lien and such other matters as may be prescribed by the Commissioner at the time the loan is endorsed for insurance. Upon such assignment, transfer, and delivery the obligation of the mortgagee to pay the premium charges for insurance shall cease, and the Commissioner shall, subject to the cash adjustment provided herein, issue to the mortgagee debentures having a total face value equal to the amount of the original principal obligation of the mortgage which was unpaid on the date of the assignment, plus accrued interest to such date. Debentures issued pursuant to this paragraph shall be issued in the same manner and subject to the same terms and conditions as debentures issued under paragraph (1) of this subsection, except that the debentures issued pursuant to this paragraph shall be dated as of the date the mortgage is assigned to the Commissioner, shall mature ten years after such date, and shall bear interest from such date at the going Federal rate determined at the time of issuance. The term "going Federal rate” as used herein means the annual rate of interest which the Secretary of the Treasury shall specify as applicable to the six-month period (consisting of January through June or July through December) which includes the issuance date of such debentures, which applicable rate for each six-month period shall be determined by the Secretary of the Treasury by estimating the average yield to maturity, on the basis of daily closing market bid quotations or prices during the month of May or the month of November, as the case may be, next preceding such six-month period, on all outstanding marketable obligations of the United States having a maturity date of eight to twelve years from the first day of such month of May or November (or, if no such obligations are outstanding, the obligation next shorter than eight years and the obligation next longer than twelve years, respectively, shall be used), and
by adjusting such estimated average annual yield to the nearest oneeighth of i per centum. The Commissioner shall have the same authority with respect to mortgages assigned to him under this paragraph as contained in section 207 (k) and section 207 (1) as to mortgages insured by the Commissioner and assigned to him under section
207 of this Act. (h) There is hereby created a Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund which shall be used by the Commisioner as a revolving fund for carrying out the provisions of this section, and the Commissioner is hereby authorized to transfer to such Fund the sum of $1,000,000 from the War Housing Insuarnce Fund established pursuant to the provisions of section 602 of this Act. General expenses of operation of the Federal Housing Administration under this section may be charged to the Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund.
Moneys in the Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund not needed for the current operations of the Federal Housing Administration under this section shall be deposited with the Treasurer of the United States to the credit of such Fund, or invested in bonds or other obligations of, or in bonds or other obligations guaranteed as to principal and interest by, the United States. The Commissioner may, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, purchase in the open market debentures issued under the provisions of this section. Such purchases shall be made at a price which will provide an investment yield of not less than the yield obtainable from other investments authorized by this section. Debentures so purchased shall be canceled and not reissued.
Premium charges, adjusted premium charges, and appraisal and other fees received on account of the insurance of any mortgage accepted for insurance under this section, the receipts derived from the property covered by such mortgage and claims assigned to the Commissioner in connection therewith shall be credited to the Section 221 Housing Insurance Fund. The principal of, and interest paid and to be paid on, debentures issued under this section, cash adjustments, cash payments, and expenses incurred in the handling, management, renovation, and disposal of properties acquired under this section shall be charged to such Fund.
Miscellaneous Housing Insurance
SEC. 223 (a) Notwithstanding any of the provisions of this title, and without regard to limitations upon eligibility contained in section 203, 207, 213, 220, 221, 222, 231, 232, or 233 the Commissioner is authorized, upon application by the mortgagee, to insure or make commitments to insure under section 203, 207, 213, 220, 221, 222, 231, 232, or 233 of this title any mortgage-.
(1) executed in connection with the sale by the Government, or any agency or_official thereof, of any housing acquired or constructed under Public Law 849, Seventy-sixth Congress, as amended; Public Law 781, Seventy-sixth Congress, as amended; or Public Laws 9, 73, or 353, Seventy-seventh Congress, as amended (including any property acquired, held, or constructed in connection with such housing or to serve the inhabitants thereof); or
(2) executed in connection with the sale by the Public Housing Administration, or by any public housing agency with the approval of the said Administration, of any housing (including any property acquired, held, or constructed in connection with such housing or to serve the inhabitants thereof) owned or financially assisted pursuant to the provisions of Public Law 671, Seventy-sixth Congress; or
(3) executed in connection with the sale by the Government, or any agency or official thereof, of any of the so-called Greenbelt towns, or parts thereof, including projects, or parts thereof, known as Greenhills, Ohio; Greenbelt, Maryland; and Greendale, Wisconsin, developed under the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935, or of any of the village properties or employee's housing under the jurisdiction of the Tennessee Valley Authority, or of any housing under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior located within the town area of Coulee Dam, Washington, acquired by the United States for the construction, operation, and maintenance of Grand Coulee Dam and its appurtenant works: Provided, That for the purpose of the application of this title to sales by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to subsections 3(b) (1) and 3(b) (2) of the Coulee Dam Community Act of 1957, the selling price of the property involved shall be deemed to be the appraised value, or of any permanent housing under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior constructed under the Boulder Canyon Project Act of December 21, 1928, as amended and supplemented, located within the Boulder City municipal area : Provided, That for purposes of the application of this title to sales by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to subsections 3(b) (1) and 3(b) (2) of the Boulder City Act of 1958, the selling price of the property involved shall be deemed to be the appraised value; or
(4) executed in connection with the sale by the Government or any agency or official thereof, of any housing (including any property acquired, held, or constructed in connection therewith or to serve the inhabitants thereof) pursuant to the Atomic Energy Community Act of 1955, as amended: Provided, That such insurance shall be issued without regard to any preferences or priorities except those prescribed by this Act or the Atomic Energy Community Act of 1955, as amended; or
(5) executed in connection with the sale by a State or municipality, or an agency, instrumentality, or political subdivision of either, of a project consisting of any permanent housing (including any property acquired, held, or constructed in connection therewith or to serve the inhabitants thereof), constructed by or on behalf of such State, municipality, agency, instrumentality, or political subdivision, for the occupancy of veterans of World War II, or Korean veterans, their families, and others; or
(6) executed in connection with the first resale, within two years from the date of its acquisition from the Government, of any portion of a project or property of the character described in paragraphs
(7) given to refinance an existing mortgage insured under section 608 of title VI prior to the effective date of the Housing Act of 1954 or under section 220, 221, 903 or section 908: Provided, That the principal amount of any such refinancing mortgage shall not exceed the original principal amount or the unexpired term of such existing mortgage and shall bear interest at a rate not in excess of the maximum rate applicable to loans insured under section 203, 207, 213, 220, 221, 222, 231, 232 or 233, as the case may be, except that in any case involving the refinancing of a loan in which the Commissioner determines that the insurance of a mortgage for an additional term will inure to the benefit of the applicable insurance fund, taking into consideration the outstanding insurance liability under the existing insured mortgage, such refinancing mortgage may have a term not more than twelve years in excess of the unexpired term of such existing insured mortgage: Provided further, That a mortgage of the character described in paragraphs (1) through (6) of this subsection shall have a maturity, a principal obligation, and an interest rate not in excess of the maximums applicable to loans insured under section 203, 207, 213, 220, 221, 222, 231, 232, or 233, as the case may be, except that in no case may the principal obligation of a mortgage referred to in paragraph (5) of this subsection exceed 90 per centum of the appraised
value of the mortgaged property. (b) Notwithstanding any of the provisions of this title and without
regard to limitations upon eligibility contained in section 221, the Commissioner may in his discretion insure under section 221(d) (3) any mortgage executed by a mortgagor of the character described therein where such mortgage is given to refinance a mortgage covering an existing property or project (other than a one-to four-family structure) located in an urban renewal area, if the Commissioner finds that such insurance will facilitate the occupancy of dwelling units in the property or project by families of low or moderate income or families displaced from an urban renewal area or displaced as a result of governmental action.
(c) The Commissioner shall also have authority to insure under this title any mortgage assigned to him in connection with payment under a contract of mortgage insurance or executed in connection with the sale by him of any property acquired under title I, title II, title VI, title VII, title VIII, or title IX without regard to any limitation upon eligibility contained in this title II.
(d) With respect to any mortgage, other than a mortgage covering a one- to four-family structure, heretofore or hereafter insured by the Commissioner, and notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, when the taxes, interest on the mortgage debt, mortgage insurance premiums, hazard insurance premiums, and the expense of maintenance and operation of the project covered by such mortgage during the first two years following the date of completion of the project, as determined by the Commissioner, exceed the project income, the Commissioner may, in his discretion and upon such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, permit the excess of the foregoing expenses over the project income to be added to the amount of such mortgage, and extend the coverage of the mortgage insurance thereto, and such additional amount shall be deemed to be part of the original face amount of the mortgage.
ASSISTANCE TO URBAN RENEWAL BY THE LOW-RENT
PUBLIC HOUSING PROGRAM ADMINISTERED BY THE PUBLIC HOUSING ADMINISTRATION 23
EXCERPTS FROM THE UNITED STATES HOUSING ACT OF 1937, AS AMENDED
Public Law 412, 75th Congress (50 Stat. 888; 42 U.S.C. 1401)
Declaration of Policy
SECTION 1. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the United States to promote the general welfare of the Nation by employing its funds and credit, as provided in this Act, to assist the several States and their political subdivisions to alleviate present and recurring unemployment and to remedy the unsafe and insanitary housing conditions and the acute shortage of decent, safe, and sanitary dwellings for families of low income, in urban and rural nonfarm areas, that are injurious to the health, safety, and morals of the citizens of the Nation. In the development of low-rent housing it shall be the policy of the United States to make adequate provision for larger families and for families consisting of elderly persons. It is the policy of the United States to vest in the local public housing agencies the maximum amount of responsibility in the administration of the low-rent housing program, including responsibility for the establishment of rents and eligibility requirements (subject to the approval of the Authority 24), with due consideration to accomplishing the objectives of this Act while effecting economies.
23 The Public Housing Administration is a constituent agency of the Housing and Home Finance Agency.
24 Formerly United States Housing Authority. Now administered and known as the Public Housing Administration.