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capacity to assure the completion of such redevelopment or urban renewal plan: And provided further, That, in the case of an area within the purview of clause (iii) of this subparagraph, an urban renewal plan (as required for projects assisted under such section 111) has been approved for such area by such governing body and by the Administrator, and the Administrator has certified to the Commissioner that such plan conforms to definite local objectives respecting appropriate land uses, improved traffic, public transportation, public utilities, recreational and community facilities, and other public improvements, and that there exist the necessary authority and financial capacity to assure the completion of such urban renewal plan, and

(B) meet such standards and conditions as the Commissioner shall prescribe to establish the acceptability of such property for mortgage

insurance under this section. (2) The mortgaged property shall be held by

(A) a mortgagor approved by the Commissioner, and the Commissioner may in his discretion require such mortgagor to be regulated or restricted as to rents or sales, charges, capital structure, rate of return and methods of operation, and for such purpose the Commissioner may make such contracts with and acquire for not to exceed $100 stock or interest in any such mortgagor as the Commissioner may deem necessary to render effective such restriction or regulations. Such stock or interest shall be paid for out of the Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund and shall be redeemed by the mortgagor at par upon the termination of all obligations of the Commissioner under the insurance; or

(B) by Federal or State instrumentalities, municipal corporate instrumentalities of one or more States, or limited dividend or redevelopment or housing corporations restricted by Federal or State laws or regulations of State banking or insurance departments as to rents, charges, capital structure, rate of return, or methods of operation. (3) The mortgage shall

(A)(i) involve a principal obligation (including such initial service charges, appraisal, inspection, and other fees as the Commissioner shall approve) in an amount not to exceed $25,000 in the case of property upon which there is located a dwelling designed principally for a one-family residence; or $27,500 in the case of a two-family residence; or $30,000 in the case of a three-family residence; or $35,000 in the case of a four-family residence; or in the case of a dwelling designed principally for residential use for more than four families (but not exceeding such additional number of family units as the Commissioner may prescribe) $35,000 plus not to exceed $7,000 for each additional family unit in excess of four located on such property; and not to exceed an amount equal to the sum of (1) 97 per centum (but, in any case where the dwelling is not approved for mortgage insurance prior to the beginning of construction, unless the construction of the dwelling was completed more than one year prior to the application for mortgage insurance, 90 per centum) of $15,000 of the Commissioner's estimate of replacement cost of the property, as of the date the mortgage is accepted for insurance, (2) 90 per centum of such replacement cost in excess of $15,000 but not in excess of $20,000, (3) 75 per centum of such replacement cost in excess of $20,000: Provided, That in the case of properties other than new construction, the foregoing limitations upon the amount of the mortgage shall be based upon the sum of the estimated cost of repair and rehabilitation and the Commissioner's estimate of the value of the property before repair and rehabilitation rather than upon the Commissioner's estimate of the replacement cost: Provided further, That in no case involving refinancing shall such mortgage exceed such estimated cost of repair and rehabilitation and the amount (as determined by the Commissioner) required to refinance existing indebtedness secured by the property or project;

(ii) in the case of a mortgagor who is not the occupant of the property, have a principal obligation not in excess of an amount equal

. to 85 percentum of the amount computed under the provisions of clause (i): Provided, That such 85 per centum limitation shall not be applicable if the mortgagor and mortgage assume responsibility in a manner satisfactory to the Commissioner for the reduction of the mortgage by an amount not less than 15 per centum of the outstanding principal amount thereof in the event the mortgaged property is not, prior to the due date of the eighteenth amortization payment of the mortgage, sold to a purchaser acceptable to the Commissioner who is the occupant of the property and who assumes and agrees to pay the mortgage indebtedness; or

(B)(i) not exceed $20,000,000 or, if executed by a mortgagor coming within the provisions of paragraph (2)(B) of this subsection (d), not exceed $50,000,000; and

(ii) not exceed 90 per centum of the amount which the Commissioner estimates will be the replacement cost of the property or project when the proposed improvements are completed (the replacement cost of the property or project may include the land, the proposed physical improvements, utilities within the boundaries of the property or project, architect's fees, taxes, and interest during construction, and other miscellaneous charges incident to construction and approved by the Commissioner, and shall include an allowance for builder's and sponsor's profit and risk of 10 per centum of all of the foregoing items except the land unless the Commissioner, after certification that such allowance is unreasonable, shall by regulation prescribe a lesser percentage): Provided, That in the case of properties other than new construction, the foregoing limitations upon the amount of the mortgage shall be based upon the sum of the estimated cost of repair and rehabilitation and the Commissioner's estimate of the value of the property before repair and rehabilitation rather than upon the Commissioner's estimate of the replacement cost: Provided further, That in no case involving refinancing shall such mortgage exceed 'such estimated cost of repair and rehabilitation and the amount (as determined by the Commissioner) required to refinance existing indebtedness secured by the property or project;

(iii) not exceed, for such part of such property or project as may be attributable to dwelling use (excluding exterior land improvements as defined by the Commissioner), $2,500 per room (or $9,000 per family unit if the number of rooms in such property or project is less than four per family unit): Provided, That as to projects to consist of elevator-type structures, the Commissioner may, in his discretion, increase the dollar amount limitation of $2,500 per room to not to exceed $3,000 per room and the dollar amount limitation of $9,000 per family unit to not to exceed $9,400 per family unit, as the case may be, to compensate for the higher costs incident to the construction of elevator-type structures of sound standards of construction and design: Provided further, That the Commissioner may, by regulation, increase any of the foregoing dollar amount limitations by not to exceed $1,250 per room without regard to the number of rooms being less than four, or four or more, in any geographical area where he finds that cost levels so require: And provided further, That nothing contained in this paragraph (B) shall preclude the insurance of mortgages covering existing multi-family dwellings to be rehabilitated or reconstructed for the purposes set forth in subsection (a) of this section; and

(iv) include such nondwelling facilities as the Commissioner deems adequate to serve the needs of the occupants of the property and of

other housing in the neighborhood. (4) The mortgage shall provide for complete amortization by periodic payments within such terms as the Commissioner may prescribe, but as to mortgages coming within the provisions of paragraph (3) (A) of this subsection (d) not to exceed the maximum maturity prescribed by the provisions of section 203(b) (3). The mortgage shall bear interest (exclusive of premium charges for insurance and service charge, if any) at not to exceed 5 per centum per annum on the amount of the principal obligation outstanding at any time, or not to exceed such per centum per annum not in excess of 6 per centum as the Commissioner finds necessary to meet the mortgage market; contain such terms and provisions with respect to the application of the mortgagor's periodic payment to amortization of the principal of the mortgage, insurance, repairs, alterations, payment of taxes, default reserves, delinquency charges, foreclosure proceedings, anticipation of maturity, additional and secondary liens, and other matters as the Commissioner may in his discretion prescribe.

(e) The Commissioner may at any time, under such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, consent to the release of the mortgagor from his liability under the mortgage or the credit instrument secured thereby, or consent to the release of parts of the mortgaged property from the lien of the mortgage.

(f) The mortgagee shall be entitled to receive the benefits of the insurance as hereinafter provided

(1) as to mortgages meeting the requirements of paragraph (3) (A) of subsection (d) of this section, as provided in section 204(a) of this Act with respect to mortgages insured under section 203; and the provisions of subsections (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), and (k) of section 204 of this Act shall be applicable to such mortgages insured under this section, except that all references therein to the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund or the Fund shall be construed to refer to the Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund and all references therein to section 203 shall be construed to refer to this section;

(2) as to mortgages meeting the requirements of paragraph (3) (B) of subsection (d) of this section, as provided in section 207(g) of this Act with respect to mortgages insured under said section 207, and the provisions of subsections (h), (i), (j), (k), and (1) of section 207 of this Act shall be applicable to such mortgages insured under this section, and all references therein to the Housing Insurance Fund or the Housing Fund shall be construed to refer to the Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund; or

(3) as to mortgages meeting the requirements of this section that are insured or initially endorsed for insurance on or after the date of enactment of the Housing Act of 1961, notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection, the Commissioner in his discretion, in accordance with such regulations as he may prescribe, may make payments pursuant to such paragraphs in cash or in debentures (as provided in the mortgage insurance contract), or may acquire a mortgage loan that is in default and the security therefor upon payment to the mortgagee in cash or in debentures (as provided in the mortgage insurance contract) of a total amount equal to the unpaid principal balance of the loan plus any accrued interest and any advances approved by the Commissioner and made previously by the mortgagee under the provisions of the mortgage. After the acquisition of the mortgage by the Commissioner the mortgagee shall have no further rights, liabilities, or obligations with respect to the loan or the security for the loan. The appropriate provisions of sections 204 and 207 relating to the rights, liabilities, and obligations of a mortgagee shall apply with respect to the Commissioner when he has acquired an insured mortgage under this paragraph, in accordance with and subject to regulations (modifying such provisions to the extent necessary to render their application for such purposes appropriate and effective) which shall bo prescribed by the Commissioner, except that as applied to mortgages so acquired (A) all references in section 204 to the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund or the Fund shall be construed to refer to the Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund, (B) all references in section 204 to section 203 shall be construed to refer to this section, and (C) all references in section 207 to the Housing Insurance Fund, the Housing Fund, or the Fund shall be construed to refer to the Section

220 Housing Insurance Fund. (g) There is hereby created a Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund which shall be used by the Commissioner as a revolving fund for carrying out the provisions of this section, and the Commissioner is hereby authorized to transfer to such Fund the sum of $1,000,000 from the War Housing Insurance Fund established pursuant to the provisions of section 602 of this Act. General expenses of operation of the Federal Housing Administration under this section may be charged to the Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund.

Moneys in the Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund not needed for the current operations of the Federal Housing Administration under this section shall be deposited with the Treasurer of the United States to the credit of such Fund, or invested in bonds or other obligations of, or in bonds or other obligations guaranteed as to principal and interest by, the United States. The Commissioner may, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, purchase in the open market debentures issued under the provisions of this section. Such purchases shall be made at a price which will provide an investment yield of not less than the yield obtainable from other investments authorized by this section. Debentures so purchased shall be canceled and not reissued.

Premium charges, adjusted premium charges, and appraisal and other fees received on account of the insurance of any mortgage accepted for insurance under this section, the receipts derived from the property covered by such mortgage and claims assigned to the Commissioner in connection therewith shall be credited to the Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund. The principal of, and interest paid and to be paid on, debentures issued under this section, cash adjustments, and expenses incurred in the handling, management, renovation, and disposal of properties acquired under this section shall be charged to such Fund.

(h)(1) To assist further in the conservation, improvement, repair, and rehabilitation of property located in the area of an urban renewal project, as provided in paragraph (1) of subsection (d) of this section, the Commissioner is authorized upon such terms and conditions as he may prescribe to make commitments to insure and to insure home improvement loans (including advances during construction or improvement) made by financial institutions on and after the date of enactment of the Housing Act of 1961. As used in this subsection, “home improvement loan” means a loan, advance of credit, or purchase of an obligation representing a loan or advance of credit made for the purpose of financing the improvement of an existing structure (or in connection with an existing structure) which was constructed not less than ten years prior to the making of such loan, advance, or purchase, and which is used or will be used primarily for residential purposes: Provided, That a home improvement loan shall include a loan, advance, or purchase with respect to the improvement of a structure which was constructed less than ten years prior to the making of such loan, advance, or purchase if the proceeds are or will be used primarily for major structural improvements, or to correct defects which were not known at the time of the completion of the structure or which were caused by fire, flood, windstorm, or other casualty; "improvement” means conservation, repair, restoration, rehabilitation, conversion, alteration, enlargement, or remodeling; and “financial institution” means a lender approved by the Commissioner as eligible for insurance under section 2 or a mortgagee approved under section 203(b) (1).

(2) To be eligible for insurance under this subsection, a home improvement loan shall

(i) not exceed the Commissioner's estimate of the cost of improvement, or $10,000 per family unit, whichever is the lesser;

(ii) be limited to an amount which when added to any outstanding

a

indebtedness related to the property (as determined by the Commissioner) creates a total outstanding indebtedness which does not exceed the limits provided in subsection (d) (3) for properties (of the same type) other than new construction;

(iii) bear interest at not to exceed a rate prescribed by the Commissioner, but not in excess of 6 per centum per annum of the amount of the principal obligation outstanding at any time, and such other charges (including such service charges, appraisal, inspection, and other fees) as may be approved by the Commissioner;

(iv) have a maturity satisfactory to the Commissioner, but not to exceed twenty years from the beginning of amortization of the loan or three-quarters of the remaining economic life of the structure, whichever is the lesser;

(v) comply with such other terms, conditions, and rest rictions as the Commissioner may prescribe; and

(vi) represent the obligation of a borrower who is the owner of the property improved, or a lessee of the property under a lease for not less than 99 years which is renewable or under a lease having a period of not less than 50 years to run from the date of the loan. (3) Any home improvement loan insured under this subsection may be refinanced and extended in accordance with such terms and conditions as the Commissioner may prescribe, but in no event for an additional amount or term in excess of the maximum provided for in this subsection.

(4) There is hereby created a separate Section 220 Home Improvement Account to be maintained under the Section 220 Housing Insurance Fund and to be used by the Commissioner as a revolving fund for carrying out the provisions of this subsection. The Commissioner is authorized to transfer to such Account the sum of $1,000,000 from the War Housing Insurance Fund established pursuant to the provisions of section 602 of this Act. Any premium charges, and appraisal and other fees received on account of the insurance of any home improvement loan accepted for insurance under this subsection, and the receipts derived from the sale, collection, deposit, or compromise of any evidence of debt, contract, claim, property, or security assigned to or held by the Commissioner in connection with the payment of insurance under this subsection, shall be credited to the Section 220 Home Improvement Account. Insurance claims under this subsection and expenses incurred in the handling, management, renovation, and disposal of any properties acquired by the Commissioner under this subsection shall be charged to the Section 220 Home Improvement Account. General expenses of operation of the Federal Housing Administration and other expenses incurred under this subsection may be charged to the Section 220 Home Improvement Account. Moneys in the Account not needed for the current operation of the Federal Housing Administration under this subsection shall be deposited with the Treasurer of the United States to the credit of the Account, or invested in bonds or other obligations of, or in bonds or other obligations guaranteed as to principal and interest by, the United States. In order to protect the solvency of the Section 220 Home Improvement Account, adequate security shall be taken in connection with loans insured under this subsection in such manner as the Commissioner may require.

(5) The Commissioner is authorized to fix a premium charge for the insurance of home improvement loans under this subsection but in the case of any such loan such charge shall not be less than an amount equivalent to one-half of 1 per centum per annum nor more than an amount equivalent to 1 per centum per annum of the amount of the principal obligation of the loan outstanding at any time, without taking into account delinquent payments or prepayments. Such premium charges shall be payable by the financial institution either in cash or in debentures (at par plus accrued interest) issued by the Commissioner as obligations of the Section 220 Home Improvement Account, in such manner as may be prescribed by the Commissioner, and the Commissioner may require the payment of one or more such premium charges at the time the loan

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