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Location map of the Delaware River Ports-

Frontispiece
Aerial view of refinery and docks of Sun Oil Co. at Marcus Hook, Pa. - 30
Aerial view of refinery and dock of Sinclair Refining Co., at Marcus
Hook, Pa.-----

30
Aerial view of Delaware River in vicinity of Chester, Eddystone and
Essington, Pa.----

30
Chester Tidewater Terminal, Inc., at Chester, Pa.----

30
Sand wharf of Warner Co., near Morrisville, Pa.-

54
Aerial view of Trenton Marine Terminal, Trenton, N. J.

54
Port facilities map showing ports on the Delaware River, New Castle,
Del. to Philadelphia, Pa.-

104A
Port facilities map showing ports on the Delaware River, Phila-
delphia, Pa. to Trenton, N. J.--

104B

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
BOARD OF ENGINEERS FOR RIVERS AND HARBORS

WASHINGTON

27 October 1948

SUBJECT:

Report on the Ports on the Delaware River below and above
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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1. There is transmitted herewith a report on the Ports on the Delaware River below and above Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; this report is a revision of Port Series No. 30 which was last published in 1938. The present report was prepared by the Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army and the United States Maritime Commission as a result of the cooperation prescribed by Section 8 of the Merchant Marine Act, and in compliance with the terms of Section 500 of the Transportation Act of 1920.

2. In accordance with the agreement for cooperation between the two agencies, the report is presented in two parts, Part I of which was compiled by this office and Part II by the United States Maritime Commission, The information in Part I covers port and harbor conditions, fuel and supplies, port and harbor facilities, railroad services and rates, and detailed statistics of the water-borne commerce of the port for a 4-year period. Part of the information for this report was supplied by the Philadelphia District, Corps of Engineers, and the remaining data were secured by representatives of the Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors, who made personal inspections of the facilities at the ports.

3. In view of the value of the assembled information to commerce and shipping it is recommended that the report be printed with the accompanying illustrations.

FOR THE BOARD:

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S. MOORE
Colonel, Corps of Engineers

Resident Member
(First endorsement)

OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS

28 October 1948

TO:

The Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors, Washington, D. C.
Approved.

Bt Wheeler

R. A. WHEELER
Lieutenant General
Chief of Engineers

UNITED STATES MARITIME COMMISSION

WASHINGTON

October 21, 1948

Subject: Port Series No. 9, Ports on the Delaware River below and

above Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,

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Section 8 of the Morohant Marino Act of 1920 requires the United Statos Maritime Commission in cooperation with the Secretary of the Army, to investigato port facilities and the flow of commerce through ports in ordor to oncourage their use by vessels engaged in the domestic and foreign trados of the United States.

Under the cooperative artangoment with the Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbore, the rovision of this volume on Ports on the Delaware River below and above Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, which 18 Port Series No. 9, has been completed. In accordance with the arrangemont between the Department of the Army and the Maritime Commission, the material on port customs and regulations, port administration, port labor and nethods employed in handling cargo, port and terminal services and charges, steanship services, ratos and rato conference, and territory tributary was propared in the Port Survey Section of the Port Development branch of this Division by Donald W. Allman,

Recommendation 18 made that this material, the manuscript of which 18 transmitted herewith, be approved for publication,

apply J. Schutider

Ralph I. Schneidor
Acting Chief, Port Development Branch

Approvad:

Hugh). Butter

D

Hugh D. Butler
Chief, Division of Research

INTRODUCTION

This report on the Ports on the Delaware River below and above Phila

delphia, Pa., is published as No. 9 of the Port Series and supersedes a similar

report published in 1938 as Port Series No. 30. The reports in the Port Series

cover the principal United States seaports and are compiled and published

jointly by the Department of the Army and the United States Maritime Commis

sion, under authority of Section 500 of the Transportation Act and Section 8

of the Merchant Marine Act of 1920.

The Department of the Army is charged by law with the planning and im

provement of our barbors and navigable channels and, jointly with the Maritime

Commission, is required to undertake investigations of ports and terminals and

of the territory tributary to ports and to advise with communities regarding

the appropriate location and plan of construction of wharves, piers, and water

terminals; to investigate the practicability and advantages of barbor, river,

and port improvements; and to investigate any other matter that may tend to

promote and encourage the use by vessels of ports adequate to care for the

freight which would naturally pass through such ports.

Acknowledgment is made of the assistance rendered by various port or

ganizations, shipping and transportation companies, facility owners, city officials, and other local interests in the work of compiling data for this

report.

Unless otherwise stated, the information contained herein was current

in October 1947.

LIST OF REPORTS

(Compiled and published since 1 January 1946)

Port Series:
No. 3 - The Port of Boston, Mass--

-1946 No. 7 - The Ports of Philadelphia, Pa., Camden and Gloucester, N.J.-1947 No. 8 - The Port of Wilmington, Del------

-1947 No. 9 9- The Ports on the Delaware River below and above Philadelphia, Pa-----

-1947 No. 10 - The Port of Baltimore, Md.

-1946 No. 14 - The Ports of Savannah and Brunswick, Ga

-1946 No. 15 - The Port of Jacksonville, Fla- -----

-1947 No. 16 The Ports of Miami and Port Everglades, Fla-

-1947 No. 17 - The Port of Tampa, Fla-

1947 No. 20 - The Port of New Orleans, La

-1947 No. 21 - The Port of Lake Charles, La----

1947 No. 22 - The Ports of Port Arthur, Beaumont, and Orange, Tex

-1946 No. 27 - , - The Port of San Diego, Calif-----

-1946 No. 28 - The Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, Calif.

-1946 No. 40 - The Panama Canal and its Ports

-1946

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Transportation Series:

No. 3 Transportation Lines on the Great Lakes-
No. 4 Transportation Lines on the mississippi River System-
No. 5 - Transportation Lines on the Atlantic, Gulf, and Pacific

Coasts----

-1946 -1946

-1946

Miscellaneous Series:

No. 1 - Port and Terminal Charges at United States Seaports------- 1948 No. 4 - Port and Terminal Charges at United States Great Lakes Ports---1948

NOTE: Some of the reports in the Port Series, the Lake Series, the Transporta

tion Series, and the Miscellaneous Series, published prior to 1 January 1946, are still available. A list of such reports will be furnished by the Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors, Washington 25, D. C., on request.

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