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N. J., via car floats from Philadelphia. From Camden, the Pennsylvania-Reading

Seashore Lines provide service to the various resorts on the New Jersey Coast

through joint operation by the two lines.

A line operated by the Reading Com

pany also operates northeasterly from Philadelphia through Trenton to Bound

Brook, N. J., where connection is made with an affiliated line, the Central

Railroad of New Jersey. A total of nearly 1,400 road miles is included in the

system's lines.

The Interstate Commerce Commission, in its Ex Parte 166 report dated

October 6, 1947, approved an interim rate increase, subject to some exceptions

pertaining to certain commodities and services.

This increase took the form

of an emergency charge of 10 percent to be applied as an increase to the total

charges shown on the freight bill.

Continuing the same proceeding, the Commission, on December 29, 1947,

issued a supplemental report modifying the earlier interim authorization and

allowing a general increase of 20 percent in the basic rates and charges, sub

ject to prescribed maxima and to certain other exceptions.

This 20 percent

increase included and displaced the 10 percent emergency charge granted in the

first instance.

In a second supplemental report, issued April 19, 1948, the Commission fur

ther modified the previous authorizations by allowing the petitioning carriers

to effectuate new rates on 10 days' notice to be continued in effect until fur

ther order of the Commission. As a result of the latest findings, rates and

charges may be increased in the following amounts, effective May 6, 1948, except

as otherwise specifically provided:

Within eastern territory

---30 percent
Within southern territory----------25 percent
From, to, and within Zone 1 of
Western Trunk Line territory-------25 percent

Within western territory, other
than Zone 1 of Western Trink Line
territory------

-20 percent
Between southern and Western
territories and between these
territories on the one hand and
eastern territory on the other
hand-

------25 percent

The proceeding in which the current increases were prescribed has been kept open for such further hearings as the Commission may require, thus indicating that the present rates will continue in effect as an emergency measure until further order of the Commission. In view of the apparent temporary nature of this latest adjustment, the increases authorized in Ex Parte 166 have not been included in any of the rate tables or charges presented in this report.

SWITCHING

The following switching charges published by the Pennsylvania Railroad

governing movements between points on its own lines or on the Pennsylvania

Reading Seashore Lines are representative. The rates preceded by an asterick

do not apply on traffic to or from water lines.

SWITCHING CHARGES GOVERNING MOVEMENTS OF ALL FREIGHT FROM INDUSTRIAL,
PRIVATE, OR PUBLIC SIDINGS, TO INDUSTRIAL, PRIVATE, OR PUBLIC SIDINGS

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Intraplant switching at the localities listed above is usually assessed at

$3.77 per car on road-haul traffic and $4.34 per car on non-road-haul traffic.

At Burlington, East Burlington, Roebling, and Trenton the rate on road-haul

intrastate traffic is $1.86 per car.

The Pennsylvania Railroad names a charge of $5.58 per car for movements

from specified sidings on its lines at Chester and Marcus Book to the junction

with the Reading Railway System at Chester, applicable on all traffic destined

to points on the Reading System and its connecting lines beyond Chester and

Marcus Hook other than traffic received from or delivered to water lines. On

all freight originating at Chester, other than petroleum and petroleum products,

the charge for movement from private sidings on the Pennsylvania Railroad to

private sidings on the Roading Co. at Chester and Marcus Hook is $18.56 per car

on road-haul traffic and $22 per car on non-road-haul traffic.

At Trenton, the Pennsylvania Railroad names a charge of 69 cents per ton,

as rated, minimum $8.66 per car, for switch movements of all freight from the

junction of its lines with the Reading Railway System to industries having pri

vate or assigned sidings on its lines. For movements of all freight, carloads,

from the Pennsylvania Railroad tracks at Trenton to the Roading Co. tracks at

Trenton, a rate of 92 cents per ton applies on road-haul traffic and a rate of

$1.16 per ton, as rated, on non-road-haul traffic.

The only published switching charge of the Reading Co. at Trenton is a

rate of 69 cents per ton of 2,000 pounds for the movement of all carload traf

fic (except coal and coke) received from or delivered to the Pennsylvania Rail

road for account of industries having private or assigned sidings located on

the tracks of the Reading Co. The minimum charge for such switch movement is

$8.66 per car. Tariff authorities, Reading Co. I. C. C. 2258 and Pennsylvania

Railroad I. c. c. 2825.

CAR DEMURRAGE

Car demurrage charges governing domestic all-rail general carload traffic

are published for all railroads at the Delaware River ports by Agent B. T. Jones

in his tariff 4-Y, I. C. C. 3963. Under this authority 48 hours (2 days) is

allowed for loading or unloading most commodities. Cars held for reconsign

ment, diversion, or reshipment and cars held on orders of the consignor, con

signee, or omers are allowed only 24 hours' (1 day's) free time. Free time

is usually computed from the first 7 a.n. after placement or the day on which

notice of arrival is sent or given to the consignee. After the expiration of

free time, the rules and charges specified in Service Order No. 775 are cur

rently in effect. This Service Order, as amended, provides charges of $3.30

per car per day for the first two days and $5.50 per car per day thereafter

until the car is released. Service Order No. 775 will expire December 31, 1948

unless the car situation is such that an extension is necessary. Complete in

formation is contained in Agent Jones' tariff, I. C. C. 3963.

Anthracite and Bituminous Coal

Cars containing anthracite for direct delivery, either as cargo or fuel

supply, to vessels at these ports or

for delivery to storage for subsequent

delivery to vessels are allowed an average of 5 days' free time per car.

!

In

computing free time, Sundays and legal holidays are excluded and when a legal

holiday falls on Sunday, the following Monday is excluded. Payment of demur

rage charges is made on the basis of the detention to all cars released during

the month.

From the total days' detention to all cars, 5 days free time per

car is deducted and the remainder, if any, exclusive of all intervening Sundays

and legal holidays, is charged at the rate of $2.20 per car per day. Excess

credit days at one port can not be used to offset excess debit days at another.

Tidewater demurrage rules and charges governing bituminous coal are

practically the same as those governing anthracite except that the free time

allowance is 6 days. This rule is subject to the provisions of Service Order

No. 87 which has undergone numerous changes by frequent amendments. Reference

to the Service Order should be made for current information.

Coal held at Delaware River ports and later reconsigned to another rail

destination is subject to the rules and charges prescribed by Agent B.T. Jones

in his tariff 4-1, I.C.C. 3963. Complete information concerning cargo and fuel

coal is contained in Agent W. S. Curlett's tariffs, I.C.C.'8 A-858 and A-859.

DIVERSION AND RECONSIGNMENT

All railroads serving the Delaware River ports permit the diversion and

reconsignment of general carload traffic under numerous published rules and

charges, provided the traffic has not broken bulk. The provisions and charges

are uniform among the carriers and are usually published in individual tariffs.

Generally speaking, no charge is assessed in the following cases:

For a single diversion or reconsignment if the order is received by the local freight agent at the initial billing point before the car leaves the yard at such initial billing point.

When a car is placed for delivery at destination and an order for delivery of its contents to other than the billed consignee is or has been presented to and accepted by the agent at the destination and no additional movement of the car is required.

When a change in route is made necessary by reason of an embargo
placed against the billed destination or route thereto subsequent
to acceptance of the car by the carrier at the point of origin.

Only one change at destination is permitted under the rules. Some of the prin

cipal charges are as follows:

$ 1.86

3.71
3.71

Change in name of consignor--
Diversion or reconsignment in transit-
Stopping in transit----
Diversion or reconsignment to points outside switching limits:

On orders given before arrival of car-

After arrival and before placement-------
Diversion or reconsignment to points inside switching limits:

Before placement and within 24 hours after arrival
Before placement and after 24 hours after arrival-

3.71 8.66

3.71 8.66

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