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those for stern posts or other parts of vessels. The equipment maintained at

the plant includes three 25-ton open-hearth furnaces and pattern, machine, and

chipping shops.

There are numerous yacht repair yards and service stations along the water

front at Essington for repairing small boats but no facilities, other than

those at Chester, are available at any of the localities on the Delaware River

below Philadelphia.

There are no marine repair plants on the Delaware River above Philadelphia.

The Kensington Ship Yard, at the foot of East Palmer Street in Philadelphia is

completely equipped for this service, having various types of shops, portable

welding units and compressors, as well as the graving dock and two marine rail

ways discussed under the subject "Dry Docks and Marine Railways." This plant

as well as the several other plants at Philadelphia Harbor and those at Camden

and Gloucester on the opposite shore of the river are described fully in Port

Series No. 7.

FLOATING EQUIPMENT

Practically all of the floating plant available for public use on the Del

aware River is based at Philadelphia, Camden, Gloucester, and Wilmington and

is therefore described in Port Series Nos. 7 and 8.

Floating equipment for public use operating from bases on the Delaware

River above or below Philadelphia consists of 8 towboats whose operating head

quarters are at Delaware City, Del., Chester, Pa., and Paulsboro, N. J.

The

companies operating these towboats, the number at each locality, the local

operating base, and details regarding their construction are tabulated as

follows.

Towboats based at Delaware City, Chester, and Paulsboro

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There are no facilities at any of the localities above or below Phila

delphia for wrecking and salvage work. The equipment described in Port Series

No. 7, The Ports of Philadelphia, Camden, and Gloucester, can be secured when

needed.

AIRPORTS AND AIR LINES

There are no airports at the localities above Philadelphia discussed in

this report. The principal airport serving the area below Philadelphia is

the New Castle County Delaware Airport situated six miles southwest of Wil

mington, Del., operated by the Airport Commission of the Levy Court of New

Castle County, Del.

This is a Class VI field, having 4 hard-surfaced runways,

one 7,000 feet long and three 6,000 feet long.

Regular scheduled passenger

service is provided by the American Airlines, Inc., and Transcontinental and

Western Air, Inc.

Du Pont Airport at Wilmington, Del., is a Class II airport, operated by

the Atlantic Aviation Service. It has facilities to repair and maintain sin

gle and twin-engine planes. It has turf runways, 2,700 feet long.

Bellanca Field is a commercial field, located one miles west of New Castle,

Del. and 52 miles south, southwest of Wilmington, Del. It has one hard-surfaced

runway 2,500 feet long and turf runways up to 5,000 feet. Facilities are avail

able day and night for servicing aircraft.

RAIL ROAD SERVICES

A N D R A T E S

RAILROADS

The Pennsylvania Railroad, the Reading Railway System, and the Baltimore &

Ohio Railroad operate westward through Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey

providing direct rail service between the eastern seaboard and Central Freight

Association and Western Trunk Line territories. The Pennsylvania-Reading Sea

shore Lines operate from Camden eastward and southward, serving the New Jersey

resorts. The lines of one or more of these carriers reach nearly all of the

localities considered in this report although in one or two instances wharf

facilities have been provided at localities where no direct rail connections

are available. The localities reached by each carrier are listed below:

The Reading Railway System;

Marcus Hook
Chester
Eddystone
Trenton

The Pennsylvania Railroad:

Delaware City
New Castle
Claymont
Marcus Hook
Chester
Eddystone
Andalusia
Burlington
East Burlington
Bristol
Florence
Roebling
Fieldsboro
Trenton

Pennsylvania Reading Seashore Lines:

Deepwater Point (via plant trackage)
Pennsgrove
Bridgeport
Thompson Point (Gibbstown)
Paulsboro

The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad:

Chester
Eddystone

The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad extends from New York Harbor points through

Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, to Cumberland, Md., from where two main

lines are operated through the same general territory served by the Pennsylvania

Railroad

One line extends via Pittsburgh and Youngstow to Chicago and the

other through Cincinnati to St. Louis. Its lines also serve Rochester, Buffalo,

Fairport, Cleveland, Lorain, Sandusky, Toledo, and Detroit on the Great Lakes

and reach Louisville on the Ohio River, as well as many of the important interior points. A total of approximately 6,200 road miles is operated.

The Pennsylvania Railroad consists of a network of lines connecting most

of the important points in Trunk Line and Central Freight Association territo

ries. The company's lines extend from New York City through Philadelphia, Wil

mington, and Baltimore to Washington, D. C. The resort area on the New Jersey

coast is served by the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines, operating from Cam

den, N. J., for the joint benefit of the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Reading

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main line, known as the Delmarva Division, extends from Wilmington, Del., to

Cape Charles, Va., from where car ferries operate to the company's water front

facilities at Norfolk.

The line from New York to the middle west extends

through Philadelphia and Harrisburg to Pittsburgh.

From Pittsburgh two main

lines are operated westward, one via Fort Wayne to Chicago and the other through

Columbus and Indianapolis to St. Louis.

Branch lines interconnect these two

main lines at various points and other branches extend to Sodus Point, Rochester,

Buffalo, Erie, Ashtabula, Cleveland, Sandusky, Toledo, and Detroit, on the Great

Lakes, and to Cincinnati and Louisville on the Ohio River. From Richmond, Ind.,

a line extends through Fort Wayne, Kalamazoo, and Grand Rapids to Mackinan City,

on the Straits of Mackinac. A line from Grand Rapids to Muskegon serves the car

ferry which operates in cross-lake service to Milwaukee. The Pennsylvania Rail

road Co. operates a total of about 11,000 road miles.

The Reading Railway System serves most of the important points in the east

ern Pennsylvania manufacturing and mining area,

From its western termini et

Newberry Junction and Shippensburg, two lines converge at Reading and then con

tinue through many important intermediate points to the ports of Philadelphia,

Chester, and Marcus Hook.

A branch line from Birdsboro, via Coatesville, serves

the port of Wilmington, Del.

Reading Railway service is extended to Camden,

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