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those for stern posts or other parts of vessels. The equipment maintained at
the plant includes three 25-ton open-hearth furnaces and pattern, machine, and
There are numerous yacht repair yards and service stations along the water
front at Essington for repairing small boats but no facilities, other than
those at Chester, are available at any of the localities on the Delaware River
There are no marine repair plants on the Delaware River above Philadelphia.
The Kensington Ship Yard, at the foot of East Palmer Street in Philadelphia is
completely equipped for this service, having various types of shops, portable
welding units and compressors, as well as the graving dock and two marine rail
ways discussed under the subject "Dry Docks and Marine Railways." This plant
as well as the several other plants at Philadelphia Harbor and those at Camden
and Gloucester on the opposite shore of the river are described fully in Port
Series No. 7.
Practically all of the floating plant available for public use on the Del
aware River is based at Philadelphia, Camden, Gloucester, and Wilmington and
is therefore described in Port Series Nos. 7 and 8.
Floating equipment for public use operating from bases on the Delaware
River above or below Philadelphia consists of 8 towboats whose operating head
quarters are at Delaware City, Del., Chester, Pa., and Paulsboro, N. J.
companies operating these towboats, the number at each locality, the local
operating base, and details regarding their construction are tabulated as
Towboats based at Delaware City, Chester, and Paulsboro
There are no facilities at any of the localities above or below Phila
delphia for wrecking and salvage work. The equipment described in Port Series
No. 7, The Ports of Philadelphia, Camden, and Gloucester, can be secured when
AIRPORTS AND AIR LINES
There are no airports at the localities above Philadelphia discussed in
this report. The principal airport serving the area below Philadelphia is
the New Castle County Delaware Airport situated six miles southwest of Wil
mington, Del., operated by the Airport Commission of the Levy Court of New
Castle County, Del.
This is a Class VI field, having 4 hard-surfaced runways,
one 7,000 feet long and three 6,000 feet long.
Regular scheduled passenger
service is provided by the American Airlines, Inc., and Transcontinental and
Western Air, Inc.
Du Pont Airport at Wilmington, Del., is a Class II airport, operated by
the Atlantic Aviation Service. It has facilities to repair and maintain sin
gle and twin-engine planes. It has turf runways, 2,700 feet long.
Bellanca Field is a commercial field, located one miles west of New Castle,
Del. and 52 miles south, southwest of Wilmington, Del. It has one hard-surfaced
runway 2,500 feet long and turf runways up to 5,000 feet. Facilities are avail
able day and night for servicing aircraft.
RAIL ROAD SERVICES
A N D R A T E S
The Pennsylvania Railroad, the Reading Railway System, and the Baltimore &
Ohio Railroad operate westward through Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey
providing direct rail service between the eastern seaboard and Central Freight
Association and Western Trunk Line territories. The Pennsylvania-Reading Sea
shore Lines operate from Camden eastward and southward, serving the New Jersey
resorts. The lines of one or more of these carriers reach nearly all of the
localities considered in this report although in one or two instances wharf
facilities have been provided at localities where no direct rail connections
are available. The localities reached by each carrier are listed below:
The Reading Railway System;
The Pennsylvania Railroad:
Pennsylvania Reading Seashore Lines:
Deepwater Point (via plant trackage)
The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad:
The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad extends from New York Harbor points through
Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, to Cumberland, Md., from where two main
lines are operated through the same general territory served by the Pennsylvania
One line extends via Pittsburgh and Youngstow to Chicago and the
other through Cincinnati to St. Louis. Its lines also serve Rochester, Buffalo,
Fairport, Cleveland, Lorain, Sandusky, Toledo, and Detroit on the Great Lakes
and reach Louisville on the Ohio River, as well as many of the important interior points. A total of approximately 6,200 road miles is operated.
The Pennsylvania Railroad consists of a network of lines connecting most
of the important points in Trunk Line and Central Freight Association territo
ries. The company's lines extend from New York City through Philadelphia, Wil
mington, and Baltimore to Washington, D. C. The resort area on the New Jersey
coast is served by the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines, operating from Cam
den, N. J., for the joint benefit of the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Reading
main line, known as the Delmarva Division, extends from Wilmington, Del., to
Cape Charles, Va., from where car ferries operate to the company's water front
facilities at Norfolk.
The line from New York to the middle west extends
through Philadelphia and Harrisburg to Pittsburgh.
From Pittsburgh two main
lines are operated westward, one via Fort Wayne to Chicago and the other through
Columbus and Indianapolis to St. Louis.
Branch lines interconnect these two
main lines at various points and other branches extend to Sodus Point, Rochester,
Buffalo, Erie, Ashtabula, Cleveland, Sandusky, Toledo, and Detroit, on the Great
Lakes, and to Cincinnati and Louisville on the Ohio River. From Richmond, Ind.,
a line extends through Fort Wayne, Kalamazoo, and Grand Rapids to Mackinan City,
on the Straits of Mackinac. A line from Grand Rapids to Muskegon serves the car
ferry which operates in cross-lake service to Milwaukee. The Pennsylvania Rail
road Co. operates a total of about 11,000 road miles.
The Reading Railway System serves most of the important points in the east
ern Pennsylvania manufacturing and mining area,
From its western termini et
Newberry Junction and Shippensburg, two lines converge at Reading and then con
tinue through many important intermediate points to the ports of Philadelphia,
Chester, and Marcus Hook.
A branch line from Birdsboro, via Coatesville, serves
the port of Wilmington, Del.
Reading Railway service is extended to Camden,