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Pennsylvania R, R. and Reading Railway Ponnsylvania R.R.
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GRAIN ELEVATORS

There are no grain elevators at the localities on the Delaware River below

or above the limits of Philadelphia Harbor. Two elevators in Philadelphia Har

.

bor handle bulk grain. The Reading Co. has a 2,500,000-bushel elevator in con

nection with its Pier E at Port Richmond, Philadelphia Harbor, which can deliver

grain to vessels at the rate of 90,000 bushels per hour and can take grain from

vessels at the rate of 7,000 to 8,000 bushels per hour.

The Girard Point Ele

vator of the Pennsylvania Railroad at that company's Pier No. 3 on the Schuyl

kill River has a storage capacity of 2,225,000 bushels and rated delivery

capacities of 60,000 bushels of grain per hour from elevator to vessels and

10,000 bushels per hour from vessels to elevator. Further details concerning

these two elevators are given in Port Series No. 7.

BULK FREIGHT STORAGE

The only area especially provided for open storage of bulk freight at

Delaware River points below Philadelphia is that used in connection with the

storage warehouse facilities at Chester, Pa., and the only area of this kind

on the river front above Philadelphia is that connected with the Trenton Ma

rine Terminal.

At Chester Tidewater Terminal (Ref. No. 22, page 40 ) an area of 15 acres

has been set aside for open storage. Terminal trackage in the yard connects

with the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Reading Railway System and locomotive

cranes are used in the yard for handling cargo. Two lifting magnets, one 45

inches in diameter and the other 52 inches in diameter, are also available.

In connection with the storage warehouse operated by Headley's Express & Stor

age Co. at Fifth and Upland Streets, Chester, an area of about 2 acres is

available for uncovered storage. Railroad connections are available and auto

crane trucks are used for handling bulk commodities.

813917 0 - 48 - 6

Approximately 5 acres of open space is available within the fenced portion

of the property of the Trenton Marine Terminal. The open storage area has rail

connections and is served by cranes, lumber carriers, and other cargo handling

machinery. Additional information pertaining to the terminal and its equipment

is given under Ref. No. 19, page 62. At Municipal Wharf No. 1 at the foot of

Ferry Street, Trenton, there is about a half acre of open space without rail con

nections or handling equipment.

DRY DOCKS AND MARINE RAILWAYS

At Chester, Pa., the only Delaware River port below Philadelphia at which

dry docks are

available for public use, the Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co.

operates two floating dry docks, each of which has a capacity of 10,000 tons.

Dry Dock No. 1 is based at the upper side of the company's Dry Dock Pier

No. 4 at the foot of Morton Avenue, which is described on page 46 under Ref.

No. 41. This dry dock has a bottom length of 462 feet, a width of 93 feet at

the coping and a width of 84 feet at a point 6 feet above the sill. The depth

on the keel blocks is 21 feet at mean high water. The dock is of steel con

struction and consists of two sections. The pier at which the dock is berthed

is equipped with an electric gantry crane with a lifting capacity of 17 tons

at a radius of 30 feet and 12 tons at 100 feet.

Dry Dock No. 2 of the Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co. is based at the

lower side of the company's pier No. 3-A, which is shown under Ref. No. 42.

It has a bottom length of 410.2 feet, and widths of 97 feet at the coping

and 88 feet at a point 6 feet above the sill. The depth on the keel blocks

is 16 feet at mean high water. This dock is of wooden construction and is

in 5 sections.

An electric gantry crane on Pier 3-A has a capacity of 15

tons at 15-foot radius and 2 tons at 100-foot radius.

There is a small marine railway at the Chester Boat Yard Wharf

(Ref.

No. 33, page 43 ) for hauling out light-draft craft. Many of the yacht repair

yards along the water front at Essing ton are equipped with small marine rail

ways.

There are no dry docks or marine railways on the Delaware River above

Philadelphia. Work of this nature must be done at the facilities at Chester,

Camden, or Philadelphia. A graving dock of the Kensington Shipyard & Dry Dock

Corporation, between Piers 62 and 65, North Wharves, Philadelphia, has a haul

out capacity of 300 tons. It is 428 feet long, 49 feet wide at the bottom, and

has a depth of 19 feet over the keel blocks at mean high water. This company

also has two marine railways in service at the shipyard, which have capacities

of 30 and 1,500 tons. Robert H, Theabold operates a small marine railway be

H.

low the foot of Robbins Street in Philadelphia Harbor which can haul out 10

tons.

MARINE REPAIR PLANTS

The Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co. at Chester has one of the largest and

best equipped plants on the Atlantic Coast. In addition to the two floating

dry docks described under the preceding subject, its marine repair facilities

are modern, and complete equipment is available for repairing bulls and super

structures of both wood and steel vessels, as well as engines, boilers, dyna

mos, radios, etc. The repair shops have facilities for producing line shafts

up to 14 feet long and 22 inches in diameter, tail shafts up to 192 feet in

length with a diameter of 17 inches, and iron castings weighing as much as 35

tons. This plant is situated in the upper part of Chester with some piers in

the adjacent community of Essington. It is shown on the port facilities map

.

opposite page 103 by reference numbers 40 to 51.

The Penn Steel Castings Co., located at the foot of Penn Street, Chestes,

near

ef. No. 32 (See page 42 ) is equipped to produce large castings, such as

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