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Pennsylvania R, R. and Reading Railway Ponnsylvania R.R.
There are no grain elevators at the localities on the Delaware River below
or above the limits of Philadelphia Harbor. Two elevators in Philadelphia Har
bor handle bulk grain. The Reading Co. has a 2,500,000-bushel elevator in con
nection with its Pier E at Port Richmond, Philadelphia Harbor, which can deliver
grain to vessels at the rate of 90,000 bushels per hour and can take grain from
vessels at the rate of 7,000 to 8,000 bushels per hour.
The Girard Point Ele
vator of the Pennsylvania Railroad at that company's Pier No. 3 on the Schuyl
kill River has a storage capacity of 2,225,000 bushels and rated delivery
capacities of 60,000 bushels of grain per hour from elevator to vessels and
10,000 bushels per hour from vessels to elevator. Further details concerning
these two elevators are given in Port Series No. 7.
BULK FREIGHT STORAGE
The only area especially provided for open storage of bulk freight at
Delaware River points below Philadelphia is that used in connection with the
storage warehouse facilities at Chester, Pa., and the only area of this kind
on the river front above Philadelphia is that connected with the Trenton Ma
At Chester Tidewater Terminal (Ref. No. 22, page 40 ) an area of 15 acres
has been set aside for open storage. Terminal trackage in the yard connects
with the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Reading Railway System and locomotive
cranes are used in the yard for handling cargo. Two lifting magnets, one 45
inches in diameter and the other 52 inches in diameter, are also available.
In connection with the storage warehouse operated by Headley's Express & Stor
age Co. at Fifth and Upland Streets, Chester, an area of about 2 acres is
available for uncovered storage. Railroad connections are available and auto
crane trucks are used for handling bulk commodities.
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Approximately 5 acres of open space is available within the fenced portion
of the property of the Trenton Marine Terminal. The open storage area has rail
connections and is served by cranes, lumber carriers, and other cargo handling
machinery. Additional information pertaining to the terminal and its equipment
is given under Ref. No. 19, page 62. At Municipal Wharf No. 1 at the foot of
Ferry Street, Trenton, there is about a half acre of open space without rail con
nections or handling equipment.
DRY DOCKS AND MARINE RAILWAYS
At Chester, Pa., the only Delaware River port below Philadelphia at which
dry docks are
available for public use, the Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co.
operates two floating dry docks, each of which has a capacity of 10,000 tons.
Dry Dock No. 1 is based at the upper side of the company's Dry Dock Pier
No. 4 at the foot of Morton Avenue, which is described on page 46 under Ref.
No. 41. This dry dock has a bottom length of 462 feet, a width of 93 feet at
the coping and a width of 84 feet at a point 6 feet above the sill. The depth
on the keel blocks is 21 feet at mean high water. The dock is of steel con
struction and consists of two sections. The pier at which the dock is berthed
is equipped with an electric gantry crane with a lifting capacity of 17 tons
at a radius of 30 feet and 12 tons at 100 feet.
Dry Dock No. 2 of the Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co. is based at the
lower side of the company's pier No. 3-A, which is shown under Ref. No. 42.
It has a bottom length of 410.2 feet, and widths of 97 feet at the coping
and 88 feet at a point 6 feet above the sill. The depth on the keel blocks
is 16 feet at mean high water. This dock is of wooden construction and is
in 5 sections.
An electric gantry crane on Pier 3-A has a capacity of 15
tons at 15-foot radius and 2 tons at 100-foot radius.
There is a small marine railway at the Chester Boat Yard Wharf
No. 33, page 43 ) for hauling out light-draft craft. Many of the yacht repair
yards along the water front at Essing ton are equipped with small marine rail
There are no dry docks or marine railways on the Delaware River above
Philadelphia. Work of this nature must be done at the facilities at Chester,
Camden, or Philadelphia. A graving dock of the Kensington Shipyard & Dry Dock
Corporation, between Piers 62 and 65, North Wharves, Philadelphia, has a haul
out capacity of 300 tons. It is 428 feet long, 49 feet wide at the bottom, and
has a depth of 19 feet over the keel blocks at mean high water. This company
also has two marine railways in service at the shipyard, which have capacities
of 30 and 1,500 tons. Robert H, Theabold operates a small marine railway be
low the foot of Robbins Street in Philadelphia Harbor which can haul out 10
MARINE REPAIR PLANTS
The Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co. at Chester has one of the largest and
best equipped plants on the Atlantic Coast. In addition to the two floating
dry docks described under the preceding subject, its marine repair facilities
are modern, and complete equipment is available for repairing bulls and super
structures of both wood and steel vessels, as well as engines, boilers, dyna
mos, radios, etc. The repair shops have facilities for producing line shafts
up to 14 feet long and 22 inches in diameter, tail shafts up to 192 feet in
length with a diameter of 17 inches, and iron castings weighing as much as 35
tons. This plant is situated in the upper part of Chester with some piers in
the adjacent community of Essington. It is shown on the port facilities map
opposite page 103 by reference numbers 40 to 51.
The Penn Steel Castings Co., located at the foot of Penn Street, Chestes,
ef. No. 32 (See page 42 ) is equipped to produce large castings, such as