Smoking and Health Research Frontiers

Front Cover
Nova Publishers, 2007 - Medical - 250 pages
Smoking is a greater cause of death and disability than any single disease, says the World Health Organisation. According to their figures, it is responsible for approximately five million deaths world-wide every year. Tobacco smoking is a known or probable cause of approximately 25 diseases including cancer, heart attacks and strokes. The WHO says that its impact on world health is still not fully assessed. This book offers leading edge research from around the globe with a focus on smoking cessation and the effects of passive smoking on health.

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Contents

Smoking Cessation and Prevention Implications of Study Design Research Setting and Goals
1
Genetic Susceptibility to SecondHand Smoke
9
The Effect of Passive SmokeExposure on Fertility
63
Cardiovascular Effects of Passive Smoking in Adults and Children
81
Maternal Smoking Influences Health and Development of a Child
97
Assessment of Steroid Disruption and Metal Concentrations in Human Placenta Effects of Cigarette Smoking
119
The Effects of Cigarette Smoking on the Human Plasma Tocopherols Levels
163
Smoking and its Effects on the Periodontal and PeriImplant Tissues
183
Passive Smoking in Oral Health Research
213
Index
231
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Page 177 - Apparent hydroxyl radical production by peroxynitrite: implications for endothelial injury from nitric oxide and superoxide.
Page 95 - O'Leary DH, Polak JF, Kronmal RA, et al. Carotid-artery intima and media thickness as a risk factor for myocardial infarction and stroke in older adults. Cardiovascular Health Study Collaborative Research Group. N Engl ] Med 1999;340: 14-22 13.
Page 44 - DNA repair in an active gene: Removal of pyrimidine dimers from the DHFR gene of CHO cells is much more efficient than in the genome overall.
Page 47 - Inactivation of the DNA repair gene O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase by promoter hypermethylation is associated with G to A mutations in K-ras in colorectal tumorigenesis.
Page 93 - US Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke; A Report of the Surgeon General Executive Summary.
Page 48 - Effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy and environmental tobacco smoke on asthma and wheezing in children.
Page 182 - Zang LY. Stone K. Pryor WA. Detection of free radicals in aqueous extracts of cigarette tar by electron spin resonance. Free Radic Biol Med 1995: 19: 161 167.
Page 152 - International Agency for Research on Cancer. 1ARC Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Humans: Tobacco Smoking. Volume 38. Lyon, France: IARC; 1986. lyengar, GV; Rapp, A. Human placenta as a 'dual...

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