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Appendix D

Foreign Investment Study Act of 1974–PL 93-479

APPENDIX D

Public Law 93-479 93rd Congress, s. 2840

October 26, 1974

An Act

88 STAT. 1450

To authorize the Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of the Treasury to

conduct a study of foreign direct and portfolio investment in the United States, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be Foreign Investcited as the “Foreign Investment Study Act of 1974".

ment Study Aot Sec. 2. The Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Com- of 1974, merce are hereby authorized and directed to conduct a comprehensive, 15 USC 786

note, overall study of foreign direct and portfolio investments in the United

Study. States.

15 USC 78b Sec. 3. The Departments of Commerce and Treasury, in consultation note. with appropriate agencies, shall determine the definitions and limita- 15 USC 786 tions of direct and portfolio investments for the purposes of the study note, authorized in section 2 of this Act.

Sec. 4. In carrying out the study described in section 2 of this Act, 15 USC 786 the Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of the Treasury shall, note. respectively and jointly as may be appropriate

(1) identify and collect such information as may be required to carry out the study authorized in section 2 of this Act;

(2) consult with and secure information from (and where appropriate the views of) representatives of industry, the financial community, labor, agriculture, science and technology, academic institutions, public interest organizations, and such other groups as the Secretaries deem suitable; and

(3) consult and cooperate with other government agencies, Federal, State, and local, and, to the extent appropriate, with

foreign governments and international organizations. Sec. 5. The Secretary of Commerce shall carry out that part of the Foreign direct study authorized in section 2 of this Act relating to foreign direct investment, investment, and shall, among other things, to the extent he determines study:

15 USC 786 feasible, specifically

note, (1) investigate and review the nature, scope, magnitude, and rate of foreign direct investment activities in the United States;

(2) survey the reasons foreign firms are undertaking direct investment in the United States;

(3) identify the processes and mechanisms through which foreign direct investment flows into the United States, the financing methods used by foreign direct investors, and the effects of such financing on American financial markets;

(4) analyze the scope and significance of foreign direct investment in acquisitions and takeovers of existing American enterprises, the significance of such investments in the form of new facilities or joint ventures with American firms, and the effects thereof on domestic business competition;

(5) analyze the concentration and distribution of foreign direct investment in specific geographic areas and economic sectors;

(6) analyze the effects of foreign direct investment on United States national security, energy, natural resources, agriculture, environment, real property holdings, balance of payments, balance of trade, the United States international economic position, and various significant American product markets;

(7) analyze the effect of foreign direct investment in terms of employment opportunities and practices and the activities and influence of foreign and American management executives employed by foreign firms;

Pub. Law 93-479

October 26, 1974 88 STAT. 1451

(8) analyze the effect of Federal, regional, State, and local laws, rules, regulations, controls, and policies on foreign direct investment activities in the United States;

(9) compare the purpose and effect of United States, State, and local laws, rules, regulations, programs, and policies on foreign direct investment in the United States with laws, rules, regulations, programs, and policies of selected nations and areas where such comparison may be informative;

(10) compare and contrast the foreign direct investment activities in the United States with the investment activities of American investors abroad and appraise the impact of such American activities abroad on the investment activities and policies of foreign firms in the United States;

(11) study the adequacy of information, disclosure, and reporting requirements and procedures;

(12) determine the effects of variations between accounting, financial reporting, and other business practices of American and foreign investors on foreign investment activities in the United States; and

(13) study and recommend means whereby information and statistics on foreign direct investment activities can be kept

current. Foreign port- Sec. 6. The Secretary of the Treasury shall carry out that part of folio invest- the study authorized in section 2 of this Act relating to foreign portment, study. folio investment, and shall, to the extent he determines feasible, 15 USC 78b specificallynote.

(1) investigate and review the nature, scope, and magnitude of foreign portfolio investment activities in the United States;

(2) survey the reasons for foreign portfolio investment in the United States;

(3) identify the processes and mechanisms through which foreign portfolio investment is made in the United States, the financing methods used, and the effects of foreign portfolio investment on American financial markets;

(4) analyze the effects of foreign portfolio investment on the United States balance of payments and the United States international investment position;

(5) study and analyze the concentration and distribution of foreign portfolio investment in specific United States economic sectors;

(6) study the effect of Federal securities laws, rules, regulations, and policies on foreign portfolio investment activities in the United States;

(7) compare the purpose and effect of United States, State, and local laws, rules, regulations, programs, and policies on foreign portfolio investment in the United States with laws, rules, regulations, programs, and policies of selected nations and areas where such comparison may be informative;

(8) compare the foreign portfolio investment activities in the United States with information available on the portfolio investment activities of American investors abroad;

(9) study adequacy of information, disclosures, and reporting requirements and procedures; and

(10) study and recommend means whereby information and statistics on foreign portfolio investment activities can be kept current.

October 26, 1974

Pub. Law 93-479

88_STAT. 1452

POWERS

Sec. 7. (a) The Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of the Rules and rogTreasury may each by regulation

establish whatever rules each deems ulations. necessary to carry out each of his functions under this Act.

15 USC 78b (b) Each such Secretary may require any person subject to the juris- note. diction of the United States

Reoords, main

tenance and (1) to maintain a complete record of any information (includ

availability. ing journals or other books of original entry, minute books, stock transfer records, lists of shareholders, or financial statements) which such Secretary determines is germane to his functions in the foreign direct investment and foreign portfolio investment studies to be conducted pursuant to this Act; and

(2) to furnish under oath any report containing whatever information such Secretary determines is necessary to carry out his functions in such studies. Whenever an order under clause (2) of this subsection requires a person to produce information which can be specifically identified as being part of the records of its customers, the Secretary shall, upon being provided the names and addresses of such customers, send a notice to such customers Notice, that information from their records will be disclosed pursuant to this Act; Provided, That this requirement shall not apply when such person is directly involved in the ownership or management of assets for the customer as nominee, agent, partner, fiduciary,

trustee, or in a similar relationship. The authority of each Secretary under this subsection shall expire on Expiration of the date provided under section 10 of this Act for the Secretary of authority. Commerce and the Secretary of the Treasury to submit a full and complete report to the Congress.

(c) In addition to the Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary Information, of the Treasury, the only individuals who may have access to informa- restrictions on tion furnished under subsection (b)(2) are those sworn employees, accessibility, including consultants, of the Department of Commerce or Department of the Treasury designated by the Secretary of either such Department. Neither such Secretary nor any such employee may

(1) use any information furnished under subsection (b)(2) except for analytical or statistical purposes within the United States Government; or

(2) publish, or make available to any other person in any manner, any such information in a manner that the information furnished under subsection (b)(2) by any person can be specifically identified, except for the purposes of a proceeding under

section 8. Such Secretaries may exchange any such information furnished under Information subsection (b)(2) in order to prevent any duplication or omission in exchange. the studies conducted by each such Secretary pursuant to this Act.

(d) Except for the requirement under subsection (b)(2), no agency of the United States or employee thereof may compel (1) the Secretary of Commerce or the Secretary of the Treasury, (2) any individual designated by either such Secretary under the first sentence of subsection (c), or (3) any person which maintained or furnished any report under subsection (b), to submit any such report or constituent part thereof to that agency or any other agency of the United States. Without the prior written consent of the person which maintained or furnished any report under subsection (b) and without the prior written consent of the customer, where the person maintained or furnished any such report which included information identifiable as being

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