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may know there is a judgment. 'I will expatiate in few words on the meeting, and bring into contact the characters of Melchifedech, king of Salem, who was an 'uncircuinciled priest, a Gentile, and Ifrael's great progenitor, who received the promise. Their meeting was on Abram's return from the battle of the kings victorious. Genesis 14th chapter. And Melchifedech brought forth bread and wine ; and he was the priest of the most High God. And he blefled him and said, Bleffed be Abram of the most High God, poffeffor of heaven and earth, and blessed be the most High God, which hath delivered thy enemies into thy hands, and he gave him tithes of all.
Your great legiNacor places before us two distinguished characters, sublime and fingularly exalted, characterising the Jewish and christian covenants. Abram represents and exhibits bloody offerings of beasts and birds, according to the law, as aforesaid. Melchisedech, bread and wine, representing the chriftian facrifice of the Mais. The christian facrifice the Royal prophet set forth in his Psalm 1000 years prior to the instirution. This Psalm confirms the exalted state human nature would be ena tiiled in the person of Christ and completion of the promise, that in Abram's feed all nations should be blessed. Plalm 110. The Lord said unto my Lord, “ Sit thou on my Right-hand, until I make thy enemies thy footstool. The Lord shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion : rule thou in the midst of thy enemies. Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou haft the dew of thy youth. The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent. Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchifedech. The lord at thy Right-hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath He shall judge among the heathens : he shall fill the places with the dead bodies : he shall wound the head: over many countries : he shall drink of the brook in the way : therefore shall he lift up the head.
The first, or Jewish covenant, represented by their progenitor Abram, was limited or confined betwixt the river of Egypt and the Euphrates, an extent insignificant. The second, or covenant of Christ, represented by Melchisedech, unlimited and universal throughout the world, which general amnesty of grace without distinction to either Jew or Gentile takes in, according to the first inftitution or promise, the whole race of Adam, and in extent the whole world. The Jewish covenant, under Moses, was confined to one Tabernacle, and from the reign of Solomon one Temple; both Tabernacle and Temple have had no being since furty years from the death of the Messiah, according to the prophets, which, to your knowledge, is now near eighteen centuries. And to the world I appeal for the confirmation and evidence of fcripture, and truth of my assertion, relating to propagation and uninterrupted perpetuity of the Tecond or coyepant of Christ, from her eftablishment to our present æra, 1752 years, which verify the prophecy of Malachi, abol:sh
ing and repealing the old law, instituting, confirming and establishing the new covenant of Christ. Malachi ist chapter. I have no pleasure in you, saith the Lord of Hofts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand. For, from the rising of the fun even unto the going down of the same, my name shall be great among the Genciles; and in every place incense ihall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering; for my name shall be great among the heathens, faith the Lord of Hofts.
To return to our cwo great types of the Jewish and christian covenants, Abram submirs obedience, and pays tithes to his superior. Melchisedech accepts his homage and as fuperior bleffes him. Contrast there excellencies and most eminent characters, lay aside they being types of the two covenants (and Abram represented of the inferior) you will, by the rules of rectisude, decide Abram superior, having the privilege of being singled by the Deity, in preserence, from the whole mass of the race of Adam, to be the great ancestor of the world's Redeemer, and fa her of the Elect of God. He was a victorious prince, a man in years, of an unshaken integrity, rich in all things divine and human, worthy to be stiled the friend of God. He was appointed by God to offer sacrifice to his adorable Majesty ; he was most high in the favour of his God, and no man more exalied in the esteem of men. The kingdom of Melch:fedech God had included in his gift to Abram's children, which was Jerufalenı and country adjacent. The scriptures
throughthroughout exemplify this great character, the most illustrious, and singularly respectable. Yet this great favourite, priest, and friend of God, pays riches and receives Melchifedech's blesfing, the most demonstrative proof of inferiority. The cause is evident. Melchifedech representing Christ in his facerdotal character and sacrifice of the new covenant was'entitled to this homage from Abram. The Royal prophet speaks of the profound reverence paid to Christ at his birth. Let all the angels of God adore him and in the Person of the Father. Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee.
Thy Throne, O God, is for ever and ever a fcepire of justice, is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
The whole scripture is an inexhausted store of praise, thanksgiving and adoration to God the Şon.
Mofes. Ifaiah gth chapter. The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light : they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined. Thou haft multiplied the nation, and not increased the joy : for every battle of the warriour is with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood but this shall be with burning and fuel of fire.
This is manifest to us by tradition, &c. that the new or christian covenant was feccled with a few of the lower class of men ; for though the Jewish nation was wealthy and populous, and at that time expected the manifestation, or birth of Christ, yet, as the prophet observes, he was rejected, and the joy of salvation confirmed to few. Christ was derided, rejected, and cruci
fied forty years after the temple and city were destroyed, the inhabitants either massacred or fold (aves. The whole nation of the Jews, according to the scripture prophecies and prediction of Christ, were and remain involved in the determined desolation this day. This catastrophe began with the massacre of the children in Bethlehem, by the order of king Herod, and ended in the destruction of the Jewish nation, ungoverned race. The kingdom of Christ, through our own misconduct, is transferred to the Gentiles, as we are witnesses, tò our eternal infamy.
Mordecai, Abfalom. Are you (an old master in Ifrael) so far ftraggled from the sheep-fold to be ignorant that if Adam had not eat of the tree of knowledge, we should have retained the Tree of Life; and can you plead ignorance, pretending not to know that circumcision is an injunction of obedience to Israel, as forbidding the tree of knowledge to Adam ; for both were exacted under the virtue of obedience. Consider this matter maturely. Can a subject appear with greater submission in the prelence-chamber than with a bald head, uncapping announce the most humiliating respect ? Caiphas, Annas, John, Alexander, and most at that time of note, both priests nnd rulers, who sharpened their tongues, and put Jesus Christ to death, were men renowned by their nation, were Sadducees, and placed their hope in circumcision. And will Aaron and Eleazar dare tell us, that these great worthies were an inadequate tribe, not being Pharisees?