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ART. IX. SELECT LITERARY INFORMATION.

Mr. Bowring bas in the press, a vo- Duty, on the grounds of Natural Reli. lume on the Literature and Poetry of gion. To 2 vols. 8vo. Poland, which will speedily be pub- Shortly will be published, The Union lished.

Collection of Hymns and Spiritual Sogs, lu the press, Instructive Poems for additional to the Psalms and Hymns of young Cottagers, by Mary R. Stock- Dr. Watis ; adapted to the use of the dale.

Church and the social circle, the family, Early in February will be published, and the closet. In this Collection, it is in 12mo., An Argument for the Bible, intended to bring into one view the drawn from the Character and Har- beauties of the best composers. Evaui. mony of its Subjects. By the Rev. gelical sentiment, combined with the David M'Nicoll.

charms of poetry, and ardour of devoti. Shortly will be published, The His. onal feeling, with becoming dignity of tory, Constitution, Rules of Discipline, expression, have been considered the aod Copfession of Faith of the Cal- chief requisites. Hymns of a controvinistic Methodists in Wales.

versial nature on baptism, will not be - Shortly will be published, a volume introduced. of Essays on Literary Subjects. By T. Early in February will be published, Hathaway of Bishop's Stortford,

Emma de Lissay; a Narrative of the Speedily will be published, in 4to. striking vicissitudes and peculiar trials Ezekiel's Temple ; being an attempt to of her eventful life. By the Author of delineate the Structure of the Holy Sophia de Lissau; the Faithful Servant, Edifice, its Courts, Chambers, Gates, or History of Elizabeth Allen, &c. Part &c. &c., as described in the last pine I. price 3s. chapters of the book of Ezekiel. ll. Preparing for the press, Memoirs of lastrated with plates. By Joseph Is- the late Rev. W. Grimshaw, A.B. Mi. reels

nister of Huwarth, in the West Riding Nearly ready for publication, Me- of the county of York; compiled frorn moirs of the Life and Character of Mr. bis diary, and other original documents, Robert Spence (lite Bookseller of never before published. To which will York): with some information respect. be added, a volume of his works, from ing the introduction of Methodism inlo original M.S.S. consisting of “ ExperiYork and the neighbourhood, &c. &c. ences ;"

;" “ The Nature, State, and ConBy Richard Burdekin.

duct of a Christian;" “ The Important The Rev. Mr. Fry, Rector of Desford, Duty of Instructing, Administering, and has nearly ready for publication, A New Reclaiming Sinners from the Evil of Trapşlation and Exposition of the very their Ways;" “ The Believer's Golden ancient Book of Job, with Notes. In Chain,” &c. &c. By James Everett. one vol. 8vo.

Also, by the same Author, Wesleyan An Account of Public Charities, di- Methodism in Manchester and its vicigested from tbe Reports of the Com- nity, comprehending Cheshire, Lanca. missioners on Charitable Foundations ; shire, and part of Derbyshire and Yorkwith notes and comments. By the Exti- sbire. tor of “ The Cabinet Lawyer.” Will The Rev. B. Jeanes, of Charmouth, be published January 1, and continued has nearly ready for the press, A Genein monthly parts, until completed, in ral Pronouncing Vocabulary of Proper about 10 parts.

Names (of persons and places), comOn the 1st of January will be pube prehending all those found in the Holy lished, An Inquiry into the Expediency Scriptures, the Greek and Roman Clasof introducing a Theological Faculty sics, and every one of note in every into the System of the University of department of modern literature; the London. By the Rev. F. A. Cox, LL.D. whole exhibited, for convenience of reHonorary Secretary to Council.

ference, in one alphabetical arrangcMr. W. Jerons, Jun. has in the press, ment, in which each word will be divided Systematic Morality; or, a Treatise and accented, and the sound of every on the Theory and Practice of Human syllable distinctly shewn exactly as it

ought to be pronounced, according to exhibited, together with sketches of Sir the most approved principles and gene- Joban Froissart, Geoffry Chaucer Dame ral usage. ln 1 vol. 8vo. Price to sub- Juliana Beruer, and others. The work scribers, 9s. to pon-subscribers, 10s.6d. will appear early in the spring. In this work the Author has been as- On the 1st of February will be pubsisted by some of the first scholars of the ljsbed, No. I. of a series of Views in age, whose names are a sufficient gua- the West Indies ; engraved from drawrantee to the public for its correctness. ings taken recently in the Islands, with

The Author of “ London in the Olden letter-press explanations made from acTime” is engaged on a second Volume, tual observatious. The intention of comprising Tales illustrative of the this work is to convey a faithful outline manners, habits, and superstitions of of the existing state of Slavery in the its inhabitants, from the 12th to the British Islands; the costume of the 16th century; in which the state of min- Negroes ; the process of Sugar-making, strelsy, the form and proceedings of &c.; and to describe the character of taking sanctuary, the ancient institutions

the scenery in the sereral colonies. Each for archery, and the superstitions relat- Number to contain four coloured views ng to talismans and astrology will be to imitate drawings.

ART. X. LIST OF WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED.

AGRICULTURE. The Natural and Agricultural History of Peat Moss, or Turf Bog ; to which are annexed, Corróborative Writings, Correspondence, and Observations on the qualities of Feat or Pen Earth, &c. By Audrew Steele. 8vo. 10s. 6d.

Observations on the Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment of Derangement of the Mind. Founded on an extensive Moral and Medical Practice in the Treatment of Lunatics. By P. S. Koight, M.D. 8vo. 7s. 60.

PINE ARTS.

Picturesque Views of the English Cities, from drawings by G. F. Robson. Edited by J. Britton, F.S. A. &c. No. I. Containing Eight Engravings. Medium 4to. 11. Is. ; imperial 4to. 21. ; imperial Ato. proofs and etchings, 41. 4s.

HISTORY. Memoirs of Zehir-Ed-Din Muhammed Baber, Emperor of Hindustan. Written by himself, in the Jaghtai Turki; and translated partly by the late John Leyden, Esq. M.D., and partly by William Erskine, Esq. With Notes and a Geographical and Historical Introduction; with a map of the countries between the Oxus and laxaries, and a Memoir regarding its construction, by C. Waddington, Esq. of the East India Company's Engineers. 4to. 21. 12s.6d.

THROLOGY
Morning and Evening Prayers for one
Month, with other occasional Forms for
the use of families. By the Rev. James
Richardson, M.A. One of the Vicars of
York Minster. 12mo. 3s.

Also, by the same Author, Daily and Occasional Prayers for the use of young persons. Is. 6d. neatly bound. A cheap edition for distribution, 6d. sewed.

Sabbath Meditations, in Prose and Verse, Vol. II. for the Year 1827. By the Rev. Joho East, M.A. 18mo. 3s. 6d.

An Historical Review of Papal and Conciliar Infallibility. By the Rev. W. Keary, Rector of Nundington, York. shire. 12mo. 5s.

Parochial Sermons. By the Rev. C. Bradley, Vicar of Glasbury, Brecon. 8vo. 10s. 6d.

The Sunday School Catechist. By the Widow of a Clergy inan. 18mo. 1s. 6d.

Sermons and Plans of Sermons, sem lected from the M.S.S. of the late Rev. Joshua Benson. Vol. VI. with Preface and Indexes to the whole Work. 8vo. 68.

MEDICINE.
Introductory Lecture on Anatomy,
delivered at the New Medical School,
Aldersgate-street, Oct. 2, 1820. By F.
Tyrell. 8vo. 3s. 6d, sewed.

THE

ECLECTIC REVIEW,

For FEBRUARY, 1827.

Art. I. 1. A Treatise on Diet, with a view to establish, on practical

Grounds, a System of Rules, for the Prevention and Cure of the Diseases incident to a disordered State of the Digestive Functions. By J. A. Paris, M.D. F.R.S. Fellow of the Royal College of

Physicians, &c. &c. 8vo. London. 1826. 2. A Treatise on Indigestion and its Consequences, called Nervous and

Bilious Complaints ; with Observations on the Organic Diseases in which they sometimes terminate. By A. P. W. Philip, M D.

F.R.S. &c. &c. 8vo. London. 3. An Essay on Morbid Sensibility of the Stomach and. Bowels as the

proximate Cause and characteristic Condition of Indigestion, Nervous Irritability, Mental Despondency. Hypochondriasis, &c. &c.; to which are prefixed, Observations on the Diseases and Regimen of Invalids on their Return from hot and unhealthy Climates. By, James Johnson, M.D. of the Royal College of Physicians, &c.

8vo. London, 4. Lectures on Digestion and Diet, By Charles Turner Thackrah,

Member of the Royal College of Surgeons of London ; of the

Societé de Medicine pratique de Paris, &c. 8vo. London. 5. A View of the Structure, Functions, and Disorders of the Stomach

and Alimentary Organs of the Human Body, with Physiological Observations and Remarks upon the Qualities and Effects of Food and fermented Liquors. By Thomas Hare, F.L.S. &c. Fellow of

the Royal College of Surgeons in London. 8vo. London. 1825. 6. A Familiar Treatise on Disorders of the Stomach and Bowels,

Bilious and Nervous Affections : with an Attempt to correct many prevailing Errors in Diet, Exercise, &c. Being an Exposition of the most approved Means for the Improvement and Preserva-, tion of Health. By George Shipman, Member of the Royal

College of Surgeons in London. Svo.' London. 1825. 7. A Letter on the Medical Employment of White Mustard Seed. By

a Member of the London College of Surgeons. 8vo. London,

1826. IT. is somewhat humiliating to the dignity, and mortifying to

the pretensions of the medical art, to find often, that its Vol. XXVII. N.S.

K

highest stretch of acquirement in reference to practical value, does not extend beyond the dicta of unassisted reason, or indeed the nice instinct of common sense.

A formidable array of title-pages we have here presented to our readers. The authors of the several volumes are all men of considerable respectability, some of them of no small professional renown, and the subjects of which they treat are of high and general interest. What then, it may be asked, is the sum and substance of the information they convey? Do they not commence and terminate by manifesting what was sufficiently manifest before, viz., that sins against the stomach are sins against the whole frame ; and, that if you go to undue lengths, either in the quantity or quality of your food, you will be visited with more or less of immediate suffering, and encounter considerable risk of radical and lasting mischief.

In spite, however, of the common-place with which treatises on diet and digestion must necessarily in part be made up, they will, if properly executed, be found replete with interesting matter. It may also be urged in justification of this class of works, that dietetic, like religious precepts, how obvious and important soever, require to be repeatedly enforced and practically applied. A particular mode too of putting even the most common truths, may occasionally be productive of beneficial sequence. There are no persons, for instance, unconscious of the impropriety of lengthening out their daily meal to the extent of producing even the slightest uncomfortable sensation in their stomach. But we verily believe, (shall we condescend to say, that we speak now from our own feelings and experience ?) that this impropriety will be more forcibly than ever impressed on the mind, after perusing the striking observations in which Dr. James Johnson expatiates on this one particular.

At any rate, the physiology of that organization through the medium of which matter exterior to our bodies becomes converted into an actual integral portion of their substance, cannot fail of affording to the contemplative and inquisitive, materials of interesting research. It is principally under this feeling that we engage in the disquisition connected with the general subject of the volumes before us; and we are not without hopes of being able to furnish a paper which shall be both instructive in its philosophical bearing, and useful in its practical application.

It may not be uninteresting, in the first place, to exhibit briefly the general anatomy of the digestive apparatus, and to explain the rationale of the digestive process ; extending in both cases the signification of the term digestion, to the whole of the changes which the ingesta undergoes. It will then be our business slightly to advert to the connexion which obtains between the digestive and other functions of the animal economy;--to treat of the questions respecting the kind and quantity of food and drink which are best adapted to the demands of man;-to inquire into the principles and sources by and through which the digestive process becomes interrupted ;-to dwell a little upon the remote and indirect, as well as immediate consequences of such derangement; and finally, to speak on the best methods of prevention and cure, as comprebended under the heads of Diet, Regimen, and Domestic Medicinals.

When food is taken into the mouth,' says Mr. Hare, it has simply to undergo mechanical division from the teeth, assisted by the tongue and furrowed surface of the palate, and (to) receive an ad. mixture of saliva, which is a chemical medium of fitting it for assimi. lation with those fluids which are supplied to the stomach from other sources. The motions of the jaws and tongue tend to promote the secretion of saliya by the stimulus which their muscular apparatus communicates to the respective glands. The teeth furnish the first mechanical step towards the digestion of our food; the saliva furnishes the first chemical step.' (Hare.)

• After due mastication and the free effusion of saliva, the tongue places on its back the pulpy mass, and contracting on its base, projects the load into the pharynx-the principal cavity of the throat, or, as it may be considered in the present discussion, an expausion of the common alimentary tube. At the time that the tongue propels the mass of food, the muscles elevate and enlarge the pharynx, as the mouth of a corn-sack is held for the reception of grain.

• There are four openings into the pharynx ;-the first, that which communicates with the mouth; the second, that which communicates with the nostrils; the third, that of the glottis which opens on it from the air-tube ; and the fourth, the esophagus or gullet, the continuation of the alimentary canal to the stomach. It is apparent that, in deglu. tition, the food must be wholly excluded from the first three, and enter only the gullet. Accordingly, we find, when the tongue casts it from the mouth, the passage to the nostrils is cl by a fleshy curtain which, hanging from the palate, is carried backwards andupwards by the action of appropriate muscles and the pressure of the descending food; while the entrance to the air-tube (the windpipe) is covered by a curious little lid, which the tongue forces at the same time on the glottis. These structures are peculiarly beautiful and well deserving attention. (Thackrah.)

It is said, that the celebrated Dr. Hunter never lectured on the anatomy and physiology of that structure, the above brief but good description of which we have borrowed from two of the writers whose works are before us, without discovering

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