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and servant. They are a group of souls brought together by a gracious Providence; which, in dealing out various ranks and duties for the present, leaves them still all children of one common Father, all travelling to the same heaven, through the atonement of the same Saviour, by the help of the same Spirit.

Thus knit together in Christian faith and love and hope, what a different thing is such a family from a worldly household. Imperfections there will be; but how are these kept under by the strong force of religious principle, felt and acknowledged by all. “The sun” can never “go down upon wrath,” where evening brings the offended no less than the offender to the mercy-seat of their common God. Irritation and bitterness must there sink, when the heart utters “ Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us." No ungodly practice, no worldly vanity, no unseemly amusement, can long maintain its ground amidst the holy sounds of God's word and the household's prayer. The child, moreover, will feel a deeper reverence for the parent, who thus for him ministers day by day before the Lord. A heartier respect will touch the servant for the master, with whom he daily prays, as well as for whom he daily labours. And how much more truly will the parent and master do his duty to the child and servant, whom he has daily to present before the Lord of all.

A family so bound together and guarded and blessed in the fellowship of daily devotion, may boldly face this world of change and trial. If all is well, united is their voice of thankfulness to Him who gives them peace and comfort. If misfortune comes, they meet it hand in hand; hand in hand they bow to their Lord's will and seek his help: and what all join to bear, falls the lighter upon each. Sin and Satan will assail this little band of pilgrims, as they journey on to eternity; but mightier is He that is with them, than they which are against them. The God to whom they pray, is able to answer their prayers by complete salvation. One by one they pass from earth to heaven; until, all once more assembled, the anxious supplications of time burst into the rapturous praises of immortality.

Such are the glorious results of family prayer. Do not perversely fling them from you, nor yet idly put off the commencement to a more convenient season.” If you are convinced 'of the duty, if you believe in its reward, begin your family prayers at once, in the humble hope that God will bless them also.

To assist you there are many books of devotion. In this Manual I offer you one compiled chiefly from your Prayer Book; and, that you may rightly value these prayers, let me remind you of their origin.

Forms of Prayer were used in the Christian Church, at a period so early and under such circumstances, as to indicate perhaps an Apostolical source. To these primitive Forms additions were made, from time to time, by men eminent for their learning and holiness in the different Churches. In this way were framed the Services of the ancient Roman ritual, which Augustine brought into Saxon England, at the close of the sixth century. For more than nine hundred years, it continued in substance the ritual of the English Church ; gradually, however, becoming intermixed and debased with Popish error and superstition. At the Reformation, these corrupt innovations were cleared away; improvements were adopted, chiefly from the ancient formularies of Gaul, Spain, and the East; and thus came forth the Book of Common Prayer, a body of primitive devotion, the choicest collection of Prayers in the whole Christian Church. How pure is their doctrine

; how deep their spirituality; how noble their language; how brief yet how comprehensive. Where on earth can be found forms so fitting, wherewith to approach the awful God?

But we must not forget that the bare utterance of a prayer avails nothing, however excellent the prayer may be. The divine words of our Lord's own prayer have in themselves no virtue to convert the repetition of heedless lips into acceptable supplication with the spiritual God.

They, who wish to offer these matchless prayers effectually, must strive to have their hearts full of the devout thoughts and holy feelings which they express. The true preparation for daily prayer is the daily endeavour to increase in all godliness.

There is one thing, however, in the act of prayer itself, which you would do well to impress upon yourself and family. It is this :

When you have knelt down, pause, and solemnly place yourself in the presence of God: then lift up your heart to Him and pray. During the prayers

be very careful to maintain the feeling of God's presence;

for the instant you cease to remember you are speaking to God, that instant you cease to pray. When the prayers are over, pause again before you rise from your knees, and slowly and reverently withdraw in heart from the presence of the Lord.

This is a simple and obvious direction, yet the neglect of it is one great cause why many find the time of prayer uninteresting and profitless.

It is indeed difficult to keep up a lively sense of God's presence from the beginning to the end of a long, continuous prayer, where petition is heaped upon petition in one unbroken succession. But the prayers of our Church greatly assist human infirmity in this respect. Each separate subject is in general made one short separate prayer, to which the mind can give its earnest attention without the slightest strain. And then the quick recurrence, prayer after prayer, of the opening invocation, which lifts up the thoughts directly unto God, and the closing words, which turn them to the blessed Intercessor, leaves no time for the worshipper to slip into forgetfulness that he is kneeling before the Lord. On this ground, in addition to their intrinsic excellence and supreme authority, I prefer the prayers of our Church before all others for family worship.

May the God of all grace be with him who has put together these prayers, and with those who use them, that, “praying in the Holy Ghost, they may keep themselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.

3 Jude 20, 21.

Before the Morning Prayers I would recommend the reading of a Psalm, or portion of a Psalm, according to the length; going through the Book of Psalms in regular order, but omitting those Psalms, or parts of Psalms, which are not of easy comprehension, nor adapted to general edification. It is desirable that the verses of the Psalms should be read alternately by the Head of the Family and the Family.

Before the Evening Prayers, I would recommend select parts of the Old Testament; but the whole of the New Testament in regular order, with the omission of a few chapters in the Epistles, and most of the Book of Revelation: a chapter or portion of a chapter each time. On the Sunday Evening, perhaps, an appropriate Psalm may be preferable, as in the specimens here given.

The Prayers, marked King Edward's Primer, are taken (more or less abridged) from the Primer, a Book of Private Prayer, authorized and set forth by order of King Edward VI., “to be taught, , learned, read, and used of all his subjects.” –See the Preface to the reprint by Professor Walter.Rivingtons, 1825.

Alterations will be observed in some of the Prayers from the Book of Common Prayer; in cases, where the expression seemed unsuitable for Family Worship, or where an adaptation of the Prayer is attempted.

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