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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1856, by

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in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the Western

District of Pennsylvania.

Checkout May 1013

PRE FACE

The popularity and apparent demand, throughout our country, for a volume such as the compiler now presents to the public, was a principal, though not the strongest inducement for preparing a third edition at this time—and from the point now selected for its publication.

The projector of these ANNALS has been most anxious to correct errors, unavoidable in former editions, and to embrace in the present his entire original plan. To secure greater facilities for that accurate knowledge of the early Western Settlements by the English, so necessary in the compilation of a reliable work on the subject, Pittsburgh was selected as the most eligible place of publication. The first edition was issued at Cincinnati, where he was assisted by the lamented JAMES H. PERKINS, a gentlemen highly competent for the task. That volume was, however, necessarily incomplete, embracing only the central portion of the West.

A desire to include in its pages a more full account of events connected with the early history of Illinois, Vissouri and other communities, induced him, at a later period, to prepare a second edition, which was issued a few years ago in St. Louis, and included a thorough revision of the former issue, with considerable additions--in which he had the valuable assistance of Rev. J. M. PECK, a gentleman whose long residence in the Far West, and familiarity with the history of those portions less elaborately treated of in the first edition, rendered him admirably qualified for the undertaking

Although the author claims credit for but little more originality than that displayed in the plan of the work now

presented, he has devoted much time and more labor than most of his readers, unacquainted by experience with such tasks, will give him credit for, in its compilation--to which he brings the knowledge acquired by the observation of thirty-five years in the extensive Mississippi Valley, and by visits to nearly every memorable spot connected with its early history.

Although not arranged in strict accordance with the plan originally projected, it is believed this new and greatly extended edition, for general accuracy, and especially for fullness of detail, may be fairly commended to the reader, as worthy of attention, as a work for perusal and future reference.

While it is not pretended, in view of the necessary imperfection of all human works, that the volume is wholly free from errors and imperfections, the author has endeavored to procure all the facts detailed or in any way alluded to in its pages, from the most reliable sources and the best authorities; it will be found to contain a faithful narrative of the prominent events in Western History, deserving of the perusal, not only of the millions who occupy its fertile acres, but of every American-and especially of the

YOUNG MEN OF OUR COUNTRY,

10 OM

THIS VOLUME

RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED.

Pul>BURGH, October, 185t.

LIST OF AUTHORITIES

USED IN THE PREPARATION OF THIS WORK.

66

American State Papers. 21 vols. Washington.

Vols. I. to IV. are Foreign Affairs, I. to IV.

V. and VI. are Indian Affairs, I., II.
VII., VIII., IX., are Finance, I., II.,

III.
X., XI., are Commerce, &c., I., II.
XII., XIII., are Military Affairs, I., II.
XIV. is Naval Affairs, I.
XV. is Post Office, I.
XVI, XVII. XVIII.,are Public Lands, I,U, UL.
XIX is Claims, I.
XX, XXI, are Miscellaneous, I., II.

.
American Archives. Fourth Series. 5 vols. Washington.
American Pioneer. Cincinnati. 18+2, 1843.
Addison's remarks on causes of Whisky Insurrection.
Annals of Minnesota Historical Society.
Ancient Records of Vincennes.
Atwater's History of Ohio. Cincinnati. No date.
Account of the First Discovery of Florida. London. 1763 .
Account of the French Settlements in North America. Boston. 1746.
Account of Conferences and Treaties between Sir William Johnson and Indians,

at Fort Johnson, in 1755, 256. London. 1756. Almon's Remembrancer; from 1775 to 1784. London. Published from year

to year; with an introductory volume, giving matter previous to 1775. American Remembrancer; giving matter in relation to Jay's treaty, 1795. Armstrong's Notices of the War of 1812. 2 vols. New York. 1840. Allen's American Biographical Dictionary. Boston. 1832.

Bancroft's History United States. Boston. 1831 to 1810.
Butler's Kentucky. Second Edition. Cincinnati. 1836.
Brown's History of Illinois. New York. 1814.
Butler's History of Kentucky. Cincinnati. 1836.
burk's History of Virginia.
Bouquet's Expedition, 1764. London. 1766.
Barbe darbois' History of Louisiana. Translation. Philadelphia. 1830.

Brackenridge, H. H., Incidents of the Whisky Insurrection. Philadel

phia. 1795. Brackenridge, II. M., History of the late war with Great Britain.

Views of Louisiana. Braddock's Expedition, by Pennsylvania Historical Society. Brief State of the Province of Pennsylvania; in which the conduct of the

Assembly is examined.

Answer to the above. London. 1755. Brief View of the conduct of Pennsylvania in 1755. London. 1756. Brown's Views of the Campaign of the North-West Army. Troy, N. Y. 1814. Brown's History of the Second War of Independence. Boone's Adventures. N. Y. 1844. Black Hawk's Account of Himself. Cincinnati. 1833. Butler's Western Chronology. Frankfort, Ky. 1837. Burgess' Account of Perry's Victory. Boston. 1839.

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Charlevoix's New France. Paris. 1744. 1774.

Journal.
Carver's Travels. London. 1780.-Philadelphia. .
Contest in America between England and I'rance. London. 1757.
Colden's History of the Iroquois. London. 1755.
Correspondence of Genet, &c. Philadelphia. 1793.
Coxe's Description of Carolada. London. 172.
Carey's American Museum, &c. Philadelphia. 1789, &
Cincinnati Directory. 1819.
Cist's Cincinnati. Cincinnati. 1841.
Cist's Cincinnati Miscellany. 2 vols. 1841. 1845.
Chase's Laws. 3 vols. Cincinnati. 1835.

Sketch of History of Ohio. Cincinnati. 1833.
Campbell's Remains. Columbus. 1838.
Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky.
Colonial Archives of Pennsylvania.
Colonial Records of Pennsylvania.
Chicago Directory for 1851.
Conspiracy of Pontiac, by Francis Parkman. Boston. 1851.
Craig's History of Pittsburgh.

Olden Time.

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Drake's Indian Captivities. Boston. 1839.
Doddridge's Notes. Wellsburg, Va. 1824.
Dillon's History of Indiana. Vol. I. Indianapolis. 1843. .
Drake's Picture of Cincinnati. Cincinnati. 1815.
Drake's Life of Tecumthe. Cincinnati. 1841.
Drake's Life of Black Hawk. Cincinnati. 1846.
Dalliba's Narrative of the Battle of Brownstown, August 9, 1812.

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