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cause of the undue share of merit alleged to be therein attributed to the Stephensons in respect of the Railway and the Locomotive, there will necessarily be various opinions. There is scarcely an invention or improvement in mechanics but has been the subject of dispute, and it was to be expected that those who had counter claims would put them forward in the present case; nor has the author any reason to complain of the manner in which this has been done.

While George Stephenson is the principal subject in the following book, his son Robert also forms an essential part of it. Father and son were so intimately associated in the early period of their career, that it is difficult, if not impossible, to describe the one apart from the other. The life and achievements of the son were in a great measure the complement of the life and achievements of the father. The care, also, with which the elder Stephenson, while occupying the position of an obscure enginewright, devoted himself to his son's education, and the gratitude with which the latter repaid the affectionate self-denial of his father, furnish some of the most interesting illustrations of the personal character of both.

These views were early adopted by the author and carried out by him in the preparation of the original work, with the concurrence of Robert Stephenson, who supplied the necessary particulars relating to himself. Such portions of these were accordingly embodied in the narrative as could with propriety be published during his life-time, and the remaining portions are now added with the object of rendering more complete the record of the son’s life, as well as the early history of the Railway System.

CONTENTS.

PART II.

CHAPTER I.

THE NEWCASTLE COAL-FIELD-GEORGE STEPHENSON'S EARLY YEARS.
Newcastle in ancient Times.-The Coal-trade.-Modern Newcastle.—The Colliery
Workmen.—The Pumping-engines.—The Pitmen.—The Keelmen.-Wylam Col-
liery and Village.-George Stephenson's Birthplace.—The Stephenson Family. -
Old Robert Stephenson.-George's Boyhood.—Employed as a Herd-boy.—Makes
Clay Engines.—Employed as Corf-bitter.— Drives the Gin-horse. — Appointed as-
sistant Fireman .....

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CHAPTER VII.

GEORGE STEPHENSON'S FARTHER IMPROVEMENTS IN THE LOCOMOTIVE-ROBERT

STEPHENSON AS VIEWER'S APPRENTICE AND STUDENT.

Stephenson's Improvements in the Mine-machinery.--Farther Improvements in the

Locomotive and in the Road.-Experiments on Friction.-Early Neglect of the
Locomotive.-Stephenson again meditates emigrating to America.-Employed as

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CHAPTER XII.

ROBERT STEPHENSON'S RESIDENCE IN COLOMBIA AND RETURN-THE “BATTLE

OF THE LOCOMOTIVE."

Robert Stephenson appointed Mining Engineer in Colombia.-Mule Journey to Bo-

gotá.–Mariquita.--Silver Mining. -Difficulties with the Cornishmen.-His Cot-
tage at Santa Anna.-Resigns his Appointment.--Meeting with Trevithick.-
Voyage to New York, and Shipwreck.-Returns to Newcastle, and takes Charge

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