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& 20; 21.
16 times. But when Herod heard of him, he said : This is John
whom I beheaded. He is raised from the dead. 17 For Herod had caused John to be apprehended and kept Matt; 14; 3.
bound in prison, on account of Herodias, his brother Philip's 18 wise, whom he had himself married. For John had said to
Herod : It is not lawful for thee to have thy brother's wife. Lev. 18: 16. 19 Now this roused Herodias' resentment, who would have killed 20 John, but could not, because Herod respected him, and, know
ing him to be a just and holy man, protected him, and did ma
ny things recommended by him, and heard him with plea21 sure. At length a favorable opportunity offered, which was
Herod's birth-day, when he made an entertainment for the
great officers of his court and army, and the persons of dis22 tinction in Galilee. For the daughter of Herodias came in
and danced before them, and pleased Herod and his guests so
inuch, that the king said to the damsel : Ask whatever thou 23 wilt, and I will give it thee; nay, he swore to her: Whatso
ever thou shalt ask, I will give thee, were it the half of my 24 kingdom. And she withdrew and said to her mother: What
shall I ask? She answered: The head of John the Bap25 tist. Her daughter then, returning hastily to the king, made
this request: I would that thou give me presently in a basin 26 the head of John the Baptist. And the king was much griev
ed : however, from a regard to his oath, and his guests, he 27 would not refuse her, but immediately. dispatched a sentinel 28 with orders to bring the Baptist's head. Accordingly he went
and beheaded him in the prison, and brought his head in a ba
sin, and presented it to the damsel ; and the damsel presented 29 it to her mother. When his disciples heard this, they went and
setched his corpse, and laid it in a monument. 30 NOW the Apostles, being assembled, related every thing Lu. 9; 10.
to Jesus, both what they had done and what they had taught. 31 And he said to them: Come ye apart into a desert place, and rest awhile ; for there were so many coming and going, that
Jo. 6; 1. 32 they had not leisure so much as to eat. And they retired by 33 ship to a desert place to be by themselves. But many who saw
them depart, and knew whither they were sailing, ran out of
all the cities, and got thither by land before them, and came 34 together to him. Jesus being landed, saw a great multitude, Matt. 9; 36.
and had compassion on them; because they were as a flock which hath no shepherd; and he taught them many things.
When it grew late, his disciples came to him and said ; This Matt. 14; 15. 36 is a desert place, and it is now late ; dismiss the people, that 30.6.5.
they may go to the neighboring farms and villages, and buy 37 themselves bread, for they have nothing to eat. He answer
ing, said unto them; Supply them yourselves. They replied :
Matt. 14; 13.
Lu. 9, 12.
Shall we go and give two hundred denarii* for bread, in or38 der to supply them? He said to them : How many loaves 39 have ye? go and see. Upon inquiry they answered : Five,
and two fishes. And he commanded them to make all the
people lie down upon the green grass in separate companies. 40 And they formed themselves into squares, by hundreds and by 41 fifties. Then Jesus taking the five loaves and the two fishes,
and looking up to heaven, blessed and broke the loaves, and 42 gave them to his disciples to set before the multitude. He dis43 tributed also the two fishes among them all. When they all
had eaten and were satisfied, they carried off twelve baskets 44 full of the fragments of the bread and of the fishes. Now they
who ate of the loaves were five thousand men. 22. 45 And immediately he obliged his disciples to embark, and pass
over before towards Bethsaida, while he dismissed the people. 46 And having sent them away, he retired to the mountain to 47 pray. In the evening, the bark being in the midst of the sea, 48 and he alone on the land, he observed them toiling at the oar,
for the wind was against them : and about the fourth watch of
the nightt he went to them, walking upon the water, and seemed 49 intending to pass by them. When they saw him walking upon
the sea, they thought it was an apparition, and cried out: 50 For they all saw him, and were terrified; but he immediately
spake to them saying: Take courage, it is I, be not afraid. 51 And having gone aboard to them, the wind ceased, which struck 52 them still more with astonishment and admiration : for their
minds were so stupified, that they never reflected upon the
loaves. Matt. 14; 34. 53 When they had crossed, they came to the territory of Gene
54 saret, I where they landed. And being come ashore, the people 55 knew him, and ran through all the country, carrying the sick 56 on couches to every place where they heard he was. And what
ever village, or city, or town he entered, they laid the diseased in the streets, and besought him that they might touch were it but a tuft of his mantle ; and whosoever touched him were healed.
SECTION IV.—THE ERRORS OF THE PHARISEES.
Matt. 15; 1. VII. NOW the Pharisees and some Scribes who came from
2 Jerusalem, resorted to Jesus. When these observed some of
his disciples eating with impure (that is, unwashen) hands,
* About L. 6. 5s. sterling. Between three and six in the morning1 In the Old Testament Chinnereth.
Deut. 5; 16.
Pro. 20; 20
3 they found fault. For the Pharisees, and indeed all the Jews
who observe the tradition of the elders, eat not until they have 4 washed their hands, by pouring a little water upon them; and
if they be come from the market, by dipping them; and many
other usages there are which they have adopted, as baptisms 5 of cups and pots, and brazen vessels and beds. Then the
Pharisees and the scribes asked him: Whence cometh it that
thy disciples observe not the tradition of the elders, but eat 6 with unwashen hands ? He answering, said unto them: 0 hy
pocrites, well do ye suit the character which Isaiah gave of
you, when he said, “This people honoreth me with their lips; Isa. 29; 13. 7 but their heart is estranged from me. In vain, however, they
worship me, while they teach institutions merely human.' 8 For, laying aside the commandment of God, ye retain the
traditions of men, baptisms of pots and cups, and many other 9 the like practices. Ye judge well, continued he, in annulling
the commandment of God, to make room for your tradition. Ex. 20; 12. 10 For Moses hath said, “ Honor thy father and thy mother,' and be
Whosoever revileth father or mother shall be punished with Lev. 20; 9. 11 death. But ye maintain, If a man say to father or mother,
Be it corban (that is, devoted) whatever of mine shall pro12 fit thee;' he must not thenceforth do aught for his father or 13 his mother; thus invalidating the word of God by the tradi
tion which ye have established. And in many other instances
ye act thus. 14 Then having called the whole multitude, he said to them: Matt.f15; 10. 15 Hearken to me all of you, and be instructed. There is no
thing from without which, entering into the man, can pollute
him; but the things which proceed from within the man, are 16 the things that pollute him. If any man have ears to hear, let
him hear. 17 When be had withdrawn from the people into the house, his Matt. 15; 15. 18 disciples asked him the meaning of that sentence. He answer
ed : Are ye also void of understanding? Do ye not conceive,
that whatsover from without entereth into the man, cannot pol19 lute him; because it entereth not into his heart, but into his bel20 ly, whence all impurities in the victuals pass into the sink. But,
added he, that which proceedeth out of the man, is what pol21 luteth the man : for from within the human heart proceed vi22 cious machinations, adulteries, fornications, murders, thefts, in
satiable desires, malevolence, fraud, immodesty, envy, ca23 lumny, arrogance, levity. All these evils issue from within,
and pollute the man. 24 Then he arose and went to the frontiers of Tyre and Sidon : Matt. 15; 2£.
and having entered a house, he desired that none might know of 25 him ; but he could not be concealed. For a woman whose little Vol. II.
in hy brought lige, through of Tyre androm the demon
daughter bad an unclean spirit, hearing of him, came and threw 26 herself at his feet, (the woman was a Greek, a native of Syro
phenicia), and entreated him, that he would cast the deinon 27 out of her daughter. Jesus answered ; Let the children first
be satisfied; for it is not seemly to take the children's bread, 28 and throw it to the dogs. She replied: True, Sir, yet even 29 the dogs under the table eat of the children's crumbs. He
said to her: For this answer go home; the demon is gone out 30 of thy daughter. Immediately she went home, and found her
daughter lying upon the bed, and freed from the demon. 31. Then leaving the borders of Tyre and Sidon, he returned to 32 the Sea of Galilee, through the precincts of Decapolis. And
they brought to him a deaf man, who had also an impediment
in his speech, and entreated him to lay his hand upon him. 33 Jesus having taken him aside from the crowd, spat upon his
own fingers, and put them into the man's ears, and touched his 34 tongue. Then looking up to heaven, and sighing, he said: 35 Ephphatha, that is, Be opened. Immediately his ears were 36 opened, and his tongue loosed, and he spoke distinctly. Jesus
charged them to tell nobody : but the more he charged them,
the more they published it, saying, with inexpressible amaze37 ment: He doth every thing well : he maketh both the deaf to
hear, and the dumb to speak. Matt. 15; 32. VIII. At that time the crowd being very numerous, and having
2 no food, Jesus called his disciples, and said to them : I bave * compassion on the multitude ; for they have attended me now 3 three days, and have nothing to eat: and if I send them home
fasting, their strength will fail by the way ; for some of them 4 are come from afar. His disciples answered: Whence can we 5 supply these people with bread here in the desert ? He asked 6 them : How many loaves have ye? They said : Seven. Then
commanding the multitude to place themselves upon the ground, he took the seven loaves, and having given thanks, broke them,
and gave them to his disciples, that they might distribute them 7 to the people ; and they distributed them. They had also a
few small fishes, which, after the blessing, he likewise ordered 8 to be presented. So they ate, and were satisfied; and the
fragments which remained were carried off in seven maunds. ' 9 Now they who had eaten were about four thousand.
10 Having dismissed them, he immediately embarked with his Matt. 16; 1. 11 disciples, and went into the territory of Dalmanutha. Thence
some Pharisees came, who began to argue with him, and, in 12 order to prove him, demanded of him a sign in the sky. Jesus
answered, with a deep groan: Wherefore doth this generation require a sign ? Verily I say unto you, that no sign shall be
Matt. 16; 5.
13 given to this generation. After that, leaving them, he re-im
barked and returned. 14 Now the disciples had forgotten to bring bread, having only Matt. 16; 5. 15 one loaf with them in the bark. Then Jesus gave them this
caution : Attend; beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and 16 of the leaven of Herod. They, reflecting hereon, said among 17 themselves : It is because we have no bread. Jesus remarking
it, said unto them: Why make ye this reflection, that ye have
po bread ? Are ye yet so thoughtless, so inattentive ? Is your 18 understanding still blinded? Have you no use of your eyes, 19 or of your ears, or do ye not remember? When I distributed
the five loaves among the five thousand, how many baskets
full of fragments did ye carry off? They answered: Twelve. 20 And when the seven among the four thousand, how many
maunds full of fragments did ye carry off? They said ; Seven. 21 How then is it, proceeded he, that ye do not apprehend me? 22 When Jesus came to Bethsaida, they brought to him a blind 23 man, whom they entreated him to touch. He took the blind
man by the hand, and led him out of the village. Then hav
ing put spittle on his eyes, and laid his hands upon him, he 24 asked him, whether he saw? Having looked up, he said : I see
men whoin I distinguish from trees only by their walking. 25 And Jesus laid his hands upon the man's eyes, and made him
look again. And he was so perfectly cured, as to see every 26 object clearly. And Jesus sent him home, saying : Neither go
into the village, nor tell aught to any of the villagers.
SECTION V.-THE TRANSFIGURATION.
Matt. 16: 13.
27 JESUS went thence with his disciples to the villages of Matte: 1613.
Cesarea Philippi, and by the way he asked them, saying : Who 28 do men say that I am ? They answered : John the Baptist,'
but some say, 'Elijah ;' and others, 'One of the prophets.' 29 He said to them : But who say ye that I am ? Peter answer30 ing, said to him: Thou art the Messiah. Then he charged them to tell nobody this concerning him.
And be began to inform them that the son of Man must Matt. 16; 21. suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders, and the chief Lu. 9; 22.
priests, and the scribes, and be killed, and that in three days 32 he must rise again. This he spoke so plainly, that Peter tak33 ing him aside, reproved him. But he turning, and looking on
his disciples, rebuked Peter, saying : Get thee hence, adversary, for thou dost not relish the things of God, but the things of
men. 34 Then having called both to the people and to his disciples, Matt. 16; 24.