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all the blessings, all the glories of heaven will come to us through the redemption that is in the blood of the lamb. Hence while the burnt offering is confuming on the altar, we make the most joyful noise we possibly can, singing and triumphing in the offering of Immanuel: For we believe it will be a sweet smelling favor unto God, and through it we shall enter within the veil, even into heaven itself. There we shall take up the same moft blessed subject, and celebrate the lamb that was Alain with never-ceasing praise.

The answer, which I suppose Hezekiah would have given, is perfectly agreeable to David's own account of this matter. He relates very clearly for what end the psalms were revealed, and were sung in the temple service. We find it thus described, i Chron. xvi. “ David appointed " the Levites to minister before the ark, " and to RECORD and to THANK and “ PRAISE the Lord God of Israel,” ver. 4. and again, ver. 7. “ Then on that day “ David delivered first this pfalm to thank " the Lord into the hand of Asaph and " his brethren: Give thanks unto the “ Lord, call upon his name, make known “ his deeds among the people : Sing unto “ him, sing psalms unto him, talk you

of all his wonderous works : Glory ye 64 in his holy name, let the heart of them “ rejoice that seek the Lord.”

We have in this paffage a very clear defcription of the design of the book of pfalms. It was first to RECORD; the word signifies to cause to be remembered. The psalms were a standing memorial, to bring into mind the wonderful love of the everbleffed Trinity in faving sinners through Jesus Christ, and to keep it fresh and lively upon the hearts of believers. We are apt to forget this our greatest good, and therefore God has graciously recorded it in his word. Therein he has promised to fanctify the memory to retain it, and in the use of the psalms he bestows this blessing. When they are read and mixed with faith, then they are meditated on with delight, fung with melody, and help to keep the heart warm in its attachment to the beloved Jesus. When they are thus treasured up in the mind, and brought into constant use, believers learn in singing them to rejoice in the infinitely perfect facrifice of Immanuel, and to triumph in his divine righteousness. The psalms are the means appointed of God to answer those ends; and they do by his grace. They ftir up the pure minds of his peor ple by way of remembrance. They afford shem proper matter, and choice words, and



when fung with significant founds, they excite affections to Jesus, as holy and as happy, as they can be on this side of heaven. The use of the psalms : was also to

O give thanks unto the “ Lord: For his mercy endureth for

ever," seems to have been the chorus of all the antient hymns. The word which we translate TO THANK signifies to give the hand to God, as an acknowleg. ment that all power was his. . The hand is power. Our power extends as far as our hand reaches. The hand of God is every where, and his power is infinite. The cuftom of paying homage in antient times explains this usage of the word. Chron. xxix. 23. “ Then Solomon sat on the " throne of the Lord as king, instead of “ David his father, and prospered, and " all Israel obeyed him, 24. And all " the princes, and the mighty men, and « all the sons likewife of king David submitted themselves unto Solomon the king-Heb. gave the hand under So“ lomon the king.". This was, an ex pressive ceremony: They kneeled down and put their hands under his ; thereby confessing that their power was subject to his : And in this manner they paid him homage. There is a curious letter extant of king Hezekiahs, which farther explains both the expression and the custom He says in it to the people, 2 Chron. xxx. 8. “ Be ye not stiffnecked' as your “ fathers were, but yield yourfelves, Heb:

give the hand unto the Lord," fall down before him, and ascribe all your power to the Lord acknowlege him to have all power in heaven and earth. Thus give the honor due unto his name. Con fess that all your good comes from him, and that he keeps you from all evil: Every blessing which you receive in earth or hope for in heaven, acknowlege to be from the good pleasure of his own will, and to the praise of the glory of his free grace. Most of the psalms were written, and should be sung, with this spirit. What David felt in his own heart at the free-will offerings of the people towards the building of the temple, the fame hę would excite in others, when they read or fing the pfalms 1 Chron. xxix. 10, &c. “Wherefore David blessed the Lord “ before all the congregation, and David « faid, Blessed be thou Lord God of Il. 6 rael, our Father for ever and ever: « Thine, O Lord, is the greatness, and " the power, and the glory, and the vic,

tory, and the majesty. For all that is fe in the heaven and in the earth is thine : $6 Thine is the kingdom, O Lord, and

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" thou art exalted as head above all : ( Both riches and honor come of thee, " and thou reigneft over all, and in thy " hand is power and might, and in thy “ hand it is to make great, and to give “ ftrength unto all: Now therefore our “ God we thank thee, and praise thy

glorious name.' How delightfully does he here describe one great end of finging psalms. It was to ascribe to the Lord all the glory of his word and works and ways-with voices and inftruments, but chiefly with the mufic of the heart to praise him for his goodness, and to blefs him, becaufe his mercy endureth for

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There is another word used, i Chron. xvi. 4. The pfalms were to record, and to thank, and to PRAISE (Heb. Heltel) the Lord God of Ifrael. But this has been treated of in the beginning of the second chapter. It is the running title of the psalms, and fignifies the action of light in the material world, and from thence is applied to the action of the fun of righteoufnefs in the spiritual world. Singing pfalms was not only to remind us of him, but also to lead us to ascribe to him all the blessings of nature and grace, of earth and heaven. All are from him the gifts of his free unmerited love,


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