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indefeisable right, being in the one Jehovah poffeffed of the fame perfections with the Father and the holy Spirit. But the most common view in which the psalms consider him is that of the God-man, Kingmediator, whose principality is the most glorious reign of grace. He fits
his throne freely to bestow all divine blessings upon his redeemed, and he is Messiah the prince who was raised to his kingdom by the covenant of the eternal Three: In which he engaged to be a surety for his people; and in their nature, and in their stead to satisfy all the offended attributes of the Father by his holy life and death, and the Father engaged to give him kingdom with all power in heaven and earth. Accordingly in the fulness of time he was manifested in the flesh, and for the joy that was set before him, he endured the cross, and despised the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God. He is greatly exalted, far above all principality and power, and might and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come. The once crucified is now the enthroned Jesus, King of Kings and Lord of Lords, almighty to save his people from all their fins and from all their enemies. The glories of Immanuel
in this respect are celebrated under the name SHeR in several of the psalms. In the xlviith pralni for instance, all the people are called upon to clap their hands for joy, and to shout uinto God with the voice of triumph, because Jehovah Jesus is the great king over all the earth. His happy government, under which believers receive all their blessings, was to be the constant subject of their grateful fong. Singing was using words and sounds to express the praises of the king of faints, and their joy in him. It was so much the ruling and leading subject, that every hymn reminded them of Messiah the prince. Whenever they were happy in their hearts, they expressed it by singing the praises of that most glorious person, who was made flesh, humbling himself to be obedient unto death, even the death of the cross, and who thereby became the head of all principality and power. He ruleth the almighty Immanuel over every creature and every thing, God-man upon his throne, till all his enemies, death icfelf be destroyed, and then he will reign with the Father and the Spirit for ever and ever: For his reign is everlasting, and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
This was the delightful theme in the book of psalms. The old testament saints
were never weary of celebrating Memah their prince, the Lord and Saviour of his people, made an offering for their fins, dead, risen, and afcended to his throne. This is still the sweetest subject in the church of God. Happy are they, who have the Lord Christ ruling over their outward estate, Thrice happy they, who have him ruling in their fouls. O what happiness is it to have set up within them the kingdom of God! which is righteoufnefs, peace, and joy in the holy Ghost. None have greater reafon to rejoice with joy and singing, than they who have Chrift dwelling in their hearts by faith. It was one principal defign of those facred hymns to keep up this holy joy, that if any were merry they might fing pfalms and be glad in the Lord. Sensible of his tender care and royal protection, with what joyful lips will they extoll their king? They would have all within them to bless his holy name, and would be praising him with pfalms and hymns and spiritual fongs, rejoicing all the way to Sion, and making heavenly melody in their hearts unto the Lord.
Thefe three námes take in the subject of the whole book--the hymns contain the praises of Immanuel, our fun of righteousnefs—the psalms treat of his taking our nature, and in it being cut off for his people, that through his death they might live--the fongs celebrate the glories of his kingdom, both in earth and heaven, in time and eternity. Besides these names of the book of psalms there are several other things written in fcripture concerning them, which confirm the account here given of their reference to the ever-blessed Messiah, king of saints, and which will be farther illustrated under the consideration of
CHA P. III.
Some pasages of the Old Testament, concerna
ing the book of Psalms.
THE *HESE paffages are either such as
command the singing of psalms, or such as lay down rules for finging them properly : of the first fort we find frequent mention. 66 Give thanks unto the Lord, • call upon his name, make known his “ deeds among the people : Sing unto “ him, sing psalms unto him: O fing “ unto the Lord a new song, sing unto “ the Lord, all the earth : Sing unto the aLord, bless his name, shew forth his “ falvation from day to day. Make a B4
joyful noise unto the Lord, all the earth, “ make a loud noise, and rejoice, and
give praise : Sing unto the Lord with “ the harp, with the harp, and the voice “ of a psalm. 0 clap your hands, all
ye people, shout unto God with the “ voice of triumph : For the Lord most
high is to be feared : He is the great
king over all the earth : Sing forth the “ honour of his name, make his praise
glorious: Sing psalms unto God, fing
psalms : Sing psalms to our king, fing “ psalms, for it is good to sing psalms to
our God: for it is pleasant and praise " is comely: 'Sing ye praifes with the “ understanding : Sing ye praises with ♡ the whole heart: Let every thing that “ hath breath praise the Lord. Amen. " Hallelujah."
In obedience to those commands believers exhort one another to this delightful exercise : “ O come let us sing unto “ the Lord, let us make a joyful noise to “ the rock of our salvation, (Heb. our
Jesus). Let us come before his pre« fence with thanksgiving, and make a
joyful: noise unto him with psalms." And what was thus expressed in the congregation; every believer in private applies to himself and practices. « Bless the " Lord, O my soul, and all that is with