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prophets treating of the coming of Ime manuel in the flesh as clearly as the evan, gelifts. When this most blessed event was to be accomplished in the fulness of time, a new testament witness, filled with the holy Ghost, prophecied, saying, “ Bleffed be the Lord God of Israel, for " he hath according to his promise visited * and redeemed his people, and hath “ raised up an horn of salvation for us in “ the house of his servant David, as he

spake by the mouth of his holy pro

phets, which have been since the world “ began." The Lord never left himself without witness. Ever since the world began he had prophets, who foretold what Christ was to be and to do, who testified beforehand of the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.

This is the subject of the book of psalms. It treats of Christ, and contains the praises of the Father's love, and of the Spirit's grace, as they were manifested in the person and work of Jesus Chrift. The salvation of finners through him is the greatest display of the covenant mercies of the eternal Three; therefore the pfalms celebrate his wonderful person, and his divine undertakings--they describe his obedience and sufferings-his conflicts with, and victories over all his


enemies--his resurrection and ascension his fitting upon the throne, the great King of all worlds, visible and invisiblehis gathering together and perfecting the number of his elect--his coming at the last day to judge men and angels-and the glory which he will bestow upon his redeemed, when they shall be with him and like him, kings and priests unto God and his Father, and shall reign with him for ever.

What subject can be more noble in itself than this? Here are the greatest transactions of the greatest personages, that possibly can be the ever blessed Trinity purposing and covenanting to bring many sons unto glory-displaying their wisdom, and love, and power in an infinite degree, through the incarnation, obedience, and sufferings of the Godman, Jehovah Jesus, and through the effectual grace of the holy Spirit, calling and bringing the elect to experience the Father's love to them by faith in the Son's perfect salvation, and then guiding them fafe by his council and might unto the glory provided for them. This wonderful theme is treated of in the book of psalms in a manner suitable to its dignity

it is not only spoken of, but also celem brated--not merely described, but also praised. The language therefore is

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exalted. The sentiments are sublime.
The poetry is divine. And no wonder:
the author is equal to the subject. He
is capable of extolling the mercies of that
covenant, which reach from eternity to
eternity, and of extolling them according
to their true greatness. The psalms are
the composition of the all-wise Spirit: for
the holy Ghoft fpake by the mouth of
David, and of the other inspired penmen.
He guided both their hearts and their
hands. The sentiments and the words
are his : for the prophecy came not in
old time by the will of man, but holy
men of God spake, as they were moved
by the Holy Ghost--they spake as he
moved them they indited the psalms
under his inspiration. The praises therein
given of the person and work of the ever
blessed Immanuel are not human, but
truly divine. What may not be expected
from such an author ? Who is by effen-
tial union one in the Godhead with the
Father and the Son, and who is by his
office to testify of Jesus and to glorify
Jesus. If the psalms be read under his
influence, they will be found equal to the
subject, in every view suited to exalt the
incarnate God, and if they be sung with
grace in the heart, they will increase the
faith and hope of every devout worshipper.


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There are several Psalms which are applicable to none but Jesus Christ, and many expressions which could not be truly spoken by any one, but by him who was God and man in one Christ. Many will receive new lustre and emphasis, when viewed in the fame light. The proper psalms, which are appointed to be read on the festivals, do certainly treat of the birth, death, resurrection, and ascension of the Lord Christ, and of the coming of the holy Spirit on the day of pentecoft, in consequence of Christ's ascension: for, says he, “ If I go not away the comforter “ will not come unto you; but if I go

away, I will send him unto you." Our reformers certainly understood those proper pfalms to be descriptive of Christ, and took them in the same sense our Lord and his apostles did; who have quoted the book of psalms eighty-two times, 'Their manner of quoting it demonstrates, that they took it for granted it was written concerning Christ. Indeed many passages cannot be applied to any one, but to him: for instance-he appeals to God to be tried according to his innocence to be rewarded according to his righteousnesshe desires to be judged according to the cleanness of his heart and hands--could any one of us say, " Search me to the

. bottom,

“ bottom, O God, and know my heart;

try me and know my thoughts, and see “ if there be any way of wickedness in « me." All have sinned. All we like sheep have gone astray, and if we were to be tried according to the holy law by a heart-searching God, every mouth would be stopped, and all the world would become guilty before him. O what would become of the best of us, if God was to judge us as we are. The cxixth Pfalm is a description of the love of Christ to the law, his study in it, and his perfect observance of it. O what love have I unto thy law—with my whole heart have I sought thee--I have not departed from thy judgments" I have sworn" (with the oath of the covenant)" and I will perform it, that “ I will keep thy righteous judgments.' Are not these the peculiar descriptions of the work of the God-man, in which he was alone, and of the people there was none with him-any more than there was in the offering for sin, when, he trod the wine-press alone, and of the people there was none with him, of which the xlth psalm treats—any more than there was in bringing in everlasting righteousness, for which the church praises him in several psalms, particularly in lxxi, and will triumph in his righteousness, and in his only


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