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families of the earth should be blessed,” (Gen. xii. 18.). This prediction was fulfilled in Christ, who was descended from Abraham, and who saves men of all nations who believe in Him. Melchizedek (Gen. xiv. 18.) was a type of Christ, and many points of resemblance are brought out in the 7th chapter of the Epistle to the Hebrews. The history of Joseph who was beloved by his father but hated by his brothers, sold as a slave, and yet afterwards was raised to great power, and saved his brothers' lives, can hardly fail to remind us of Jesus Christ, the well-beloved Son of God, who was hated by his brethren the Jews, sold for thirty pieces of silver, and killed ; and yet rose from the dead and ascended to heaven, and is able and willing to save even those who have hated, opposed, and disobeyed Him.

Jacob prophesied of Christ as Shiloh (Gen xlix. 10.), the Peaceful One, or the Rightful Ruler. The deliverance of the people of Israel out of the bondage of Egypt, through the Red Sea and the wilderness, into the promised land, typifies the deliverance of Christ's people from the bondage of sin and Satan, their guidance and support in the wilderness of this world, and their safe entrance at length into heaven. Joshua, under whom the Israelites entered Canaan, is the same name as Jesus, the one being the Hebrew and the other the Greek form of the name. The Passover, described in Exod. xii., is a striking type of salvation through Christ. God had said that He would smite the first-born in every house in Egypt, because of the hard-heartedness of the Egyptians, and that the only way of safety was to kill a lamb and sprinkle the blood on the door-posts of the house ; where that blood was sprinkled the first-born would not be slain. So it is only by the “ blood of Christ," that is by His atoning death, that we can be delivered from the punishment of our sins Christ was innocent like a lamb, and is called “The Lamb of God, that taketh away the sin of the world(John i. 29.). In the book of Leviticus we have the regulations given by God, through Moses, in


regard to the various sacrifices of the Jewish law; these all in different ways pointed to Christ, to His sinlessness, to His death as an atonement for sin, and to the fact that every sinner needs personally to believe in and serve Christ if he would receive the blessings which come from His death. In the book of Numbers (ch. xxi.) we read of the brazen serpent which Moses made, and by looking to which the Israelites were cured from the bite of the "fiery serpents.” This is a special type of Christ, who was crucified, as the brazen serpent was fastened on a pole, and who saves all who look to Him by faith (John iii. 14). In Deuteronomy (xviii. 19.), we have the prediction of Christ as a great prophet; its fulfilment is referred to in Acts, iii. 22. Joshua, the conqueror of the Canaanites, whose history is given in the book of Joshua, is a type of Jesus, the great “ Captain of our Salvation” (Heb. i. 10.), who strengthens His people to “fight the good fight of faith,” and overcome Satan and all their spiritual foes.

David, the King of Israel, is another type of Christ, so much so that in some places of the prophets the coming Messiah is announced under the title “ David” (Jer. xxx. 9.) God foretold to David that the Messiah would be one of his descendants, and hence in the gospels Jesus is sometimes called the “Son of David” (Matt. xx, 30; xxi. 9.), Solomon, David's son, was another type of Christ, in the wide extent and peacefulness of his reign ; thus those who take Christ as their King will be blessed in Him, and in the coming millennium, when the power and authority of Christ shall be acknowledged all over the world, the earth will be filled with purity and blessedness. Through Micah God foretold that Christ should be born at Bethlehem (Mic, v. 2.), and through Isaiah that He should be born of a virgin (Is. vii. 14). Isaiah foretold also that He should work miracles (Is. xxxv. 5, 6), and that He should be despised, rejected, and slain. In the other Prophets and in the Psalms there are many other predictions regarding Christ of a like kind. He was to enter Jerusalem in triumph


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(Zech. ix. 9. Matt. xxi. 4,5.); after that He was to be sold for thirty pieces of silver (Zech. xi. 12. Matt. xxvi. 15; xxvii. 8-10.), betrayed by a friend (Ps. xli. 9, Matt. xxvi. 23, John xiii. 18), abandoned by His disciples (Zech. xiii. 7. Matt. xxvi. 31.), to be silent before His judges (Is. liii. 7. Matt. xxvi. 63 ; xxvii. 12, 14.), to be scourged and spit upon (Is. 1. 6. Matt. xxvi; 67. xxvii. 26.), His hands and feet pierced (Ps. xxii. 16. Luke xxiii. 33.), His garments divided among the soldiers (Ps. xxii, 18. Matt. xxvii. 35. John xix. 23, 24.), vinegar was to be given Him in His thirst (Ps. lxix 21. John xix. 28-30), He was to be mocked on the cross (Ps. xxii. 7, 8. Matt. xxvii. 39-43.), to be treated as a criminal and yet to be with the rich in His burial (Is. liii. 8, 9. Lu. xxii, 37. Matt. xxvii. 57), to rise from the dead and ascend to heaven (Ps. xvi. 8-10; cx. 1. Acts ii. 25-36). It was also said by the prophet Daniel that the Messiah would be cut off, and the time in which it was to take place is defined as about "seventy weeks,” that is “ weeks of years," or altogether 490 years from “ the commandment to restore and build Jerusalem" (Dan. ix. 24-26). Now in the 7th chapter of the Book of Ezra we have an account of the decree to rebuild Jerusalem, and at the top of the page the date is given as B.c. 457. Add the 33 years of Christ's life, and we obtain 400 years. These are some of the chief references to Christ in the Old Testament, and there are many more which we no space to quote. Some chapters, like Isaiah liii. and Psalm xxii., refer to Christ from beginning to end.

It will be seen thus how much there is in the Old Testament about Christ. Now even the most sceptical critics acknowledge that the Old Testament was complete two or three centuries before Christ's birth. How then can we account for these frequent references to Christ in the Old Testament unless the Bible were inspired of God ?

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