Auguste Comte: Volume 1: An Intellectual Biography

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 20, 2006 - Biography & Autobiography - 792 pages
As the founder of sociology, positivism, and the history of science, Auguste Comte was arguably the most important nineteenth century French philosopher. Yet he has been curiously neglected. Based upon ten years of research, including three years of archival work in Paris, Mary Pickering's projected two-volume study constitutes the first comprehensive intellectual biography of this thinker. This first volume covers the period from his birth to the completion of the seminal Cours de philosophie positive and places Comte's evolution within the context of post-revolutionary France. It shows that Comte, reacting to the cataclysmic upheavals of his time, developed sociology as a way to unify society. He conceived the new doctrine of positivism to serve as its basis and to eliminate the questionable abstractions of conventional philosophy. The book examines the interplay between Comte's controversial intellectual development and the vicissitudes of his personal and professional life. It highlights his struggles with poverty and mental illness, his failed marriage to a so-called prostitute and his violent confrontations with the government and the scientific community. At the same time, it investigates his volatile relationships with his family, friends, and disciples, as well as with such famous contemporaries as Saint-Simon, the Saint-Simonians, Guizot, and John Stuart Mill. Pickering challenges the traditional view of Comte as an arid, simplistic thinker. According to her, he always emphasized the importance of the emotions and distrusted the scientistic approach that now is paradoxically associated with positivism. She thus demonstrates that his later religious direction did not constitutea break with his early beliefs but represented their logical outcome.
 

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Auguste Comte: an intellectual biography

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Generally considered to be the founder of sociology and of the philosophical movement known as positivism, Comte is well served by this first volume of a projected two-part biography. Judging by ... Read full review

Contents

Introduction
1
1 The Early Years
7
2 The Life and Works of SaintSimon up to 1817
60
3 Comtes First Works for SaintSimon
101
4 Comtes Growing Independence 18191821
140
5 The Fundamental Opuscule and Comtes Rupture with SaintSimon
192
The Search for Connections
245
7 Comtes Efforts to Establish Himself
315
10 Years of Success and Confrontation 18301838
429
11 Comtes Changing Psyche and Aberrant Behavior 18381840
477
Comte and Mill
505
A Turning Point
539
Positivism and the Natural Sciences
561
Sociology
605
Conclusion
691
Bibliography
711

8 Intellectual and Mental Crises
362
9 The Road to Recovery 18281830
404

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