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WAKE, my St John! leave all meaner things

To low ambition, and the pride of Kings. Let us (since Life can little more supply Than juft to look about us and to die) Expatiate free o'er all this scene of Man ; 5 A mighty maze! but not without a plan; A Wild, where weeds and flow'rs promiscuous shoot ; Or Garden, tempting with forbidden fruit.

NOTES. The Opening of this poem, Pleasure, and Happiness. in fifteen lines, is taken up The 10th, 11th, 12th, &c. in giving an account of the have relation to the subjects Subject; which, agreeably of the books intended to fol. to the title, is an Essay on low, viz. the Characters and MAN, or a Philosophical En. Capacities of Men, and the quiryinto his Nature and End, Limits of Learning and lghis Pafions and Pursuits. norance. The 13th and 14th,

The Exordium relates to to the Knowledge of Manthe whole work, of which kind, and the various Manthe Esay on Man was only ners of the age. the first book. The 6th, 7th, Ver.7, 8. A Wild -Or and 8th lines allude to the Garden,] The Wild relates subjects of this Ejay, viz. the to the human pasions, progeneral Order and Design of ductive (as he explains in the Providence ; the Conftituti- fecond epistle) both of good on of the human Mind ; the and evil. The Garden, to hu. origin, use, and end, of the mãn reafon, so often tempting Pallions and Affections, both us to transgress the bounds selfish and social; and the God has set to it, and wanwrong pursuits of Power, der in fruitless enquiries.


Together let us beat this ample field,
Try what the open, what the covert yield;
The latent tracts, the giddy heights, explore
Of all who blindly creep, or sightless foar ;
Eye Nature's walks, shoot Folly as it flies,
And catch the Manners living as they rise;
Laugh where we must, be candid where we can; 15
But vindicate the ways of God to Man.

I. Say first, of God above, or Man below,
What can we reason, but from what we know?
Of Man, what see we but his station here,
From which to reason, or to which refer?


NOTES. Ver. 12. Of all who | that human follies are so blindly creep, &c.] i.e. ftrangely absurd and ridicuThose who only follow the lous, that it is not in the blind guidance of their Par-power of the most compaffiosions; or those who leave nate, on some occasions, to behind them common sense reftrain their mirth: And and sober reason, in their that human crimes are so fiahigh flights through the re- gitious, that the most candid gions of Metaphysics. Both have seldom an opportunity, which follies are exposed in on this subject, to exercise the fourth epiftle, where the their virtue. popular and philosophical VER. 19, 20. errors concerning Happiness Of Man, what see we but are spoken of. The figure his station bere, here is taken from animal From which to reason, or to life.

which refer?] Ver. 15. Laugh where The sense is, we see nothing we muft, &c.] Intimating I of Man, but as he fands át

Thro' worlds unnumber'd tho' the God be known,
'Tis ours to trace him only in our own.
He, who thro’ vast immensity can pierce,
See worlds on worlds compofe one universe,
Observe how system into system runs,

What other Planets circle other suns,
What vary'd Being peoples ev'ry star,
May tell why Heav'n has made us as we are.
But of this frame the bearings, and the ties,
The strong connections, nice dependencies, 30
Gradations just, has thy pervading soul
Look'd thro’? or can a part contain the whole ?

NOTES. present in his fation here : nections, nice dependencies,] From which station, all our The thought is very noble, reasonings on his nature and and expressed with great end muž be drawn; and to philofophic beauty and exthis ftation they must be all actness. The system of the referred. The consequence Universe is a combination is, all our reasonings on his of natural and moral Fitnature and end must needs nesses, as the human system be very imperfect.

is of body and spirit. By the Ver. 21. Thro' worlds Arong connections, therefore, unnumber'd, &c.] Hunc coge the Poet alluded to the naa nofcimus folummodo per Pro- tural part ; and by the nice prietates fuas & Attributa, dependencies to the moral. & per fapientiffimas & opti. For the Esay on Man is not mas rerum structuras & cau a system of Naturalism, but fas finales. Newtoni Princ. of natural Religion. Hence Schol. gen. sub fin. it is, that, where he supposes VER. 30. The strong con- disorders may tend to some

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