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perform such functions as the Secretary may prescribe, and shall receive compensation at the rate now or hereafter provided by law for under secretaries and assistant secretaries, respectively, of executive departments. The Under Secretary (or, during the absence or disability of the Under Secretary or in the event of a vacancy in the office of Under Secretary, an Assistant Secretary determined according to such order as the Secretary shall prescribe) shall act as Secretary during the absence or disability of the Secretary or in the event of a vacancy in the office of Secretary.

SEC. 3. Special Assistant.There shall be in the Department a Special Assistant to the Secretary (Health and Medical Affairs) who shall be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate from among persons who are recognized leaders in the medical field with wide nongovernmental experience, shall review the health and medical programs of the Department and advise the Secretary with respect to the improvement of such programs and with respect to necessary legislation in the health and medical fields, and shall receive compensation at the rate now or hereafter provided by law for assistant secretaries of executive departments,

SEC. 4. Commissioner of Social Security.There shall be in the Department a Commissioner of Social Security who shall be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall perform such functions concerning social security and public welfare as the Secretary may prescribe, and shall receive compensation at the rate now or hereafter fixed by law for grade GC-18 of the general schedule established by the Classification Act of 1949, as amended.

SEC. 5. Transfers to the Department.-All functions of the Federal Security Administrator are hereby transferred to the Secretary. All agencies of the Federal Security Agency, together with their respective functions, personnel, property, records, and unexpended balances of appropriations, allocations, and other funds (available or to be made available), and all other functions, personnel, property, records, and unexpended balances of appropriations, allocations, and other funds (available or to be made available) of the Federal Security Agency are hereby transferred to the Department.

SEC. 6. Performance of functions of the Secretary.The Secretary may from time to time make such provisions as the Secretary deems appropriate authorizing the performance of any of the functions of the Secretary by any other officer, or by any agency or employee of the Department.

SEC. 7. Administrative services.--In the interest of economy and efficiency the Secretary may from time to time establish central administrative services in the fields of procurement, budgeting, accounting, personnel, library, legal, and other services and activities common to the several agencies of the Department; and the Secretary may effect such transfers within the Department of the rersonnel employed, the property and records used or held, and the funds available for use in connection with such administrative-service activities as the Secretary may deem necessary for the conduct of any services so established : Provided, That no professional or substantive function vested by law in any officer shall be removed from the jurisdiction of such officer under this section.

SEC. 8. Abolitions. The Federal Security Agency (exclusive of the agencies thereof transferred by sec. 5 of this reorganization plan), the offices of Federal Security Administrator and Assistant Federal Security Administrator created by Reorganization Plan No. I (53 Stat. 1423), the two offices of assistant heads of the Federal Security Agency created by Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1946 (60 Stat. 1095), and the offi e of Commissioner for Social Security created by section 701 of the Social Security Act, as amended (64 Stat. 558), are hereby abolished. The Secretary shall make such provisions as may be necessary in order to wind up any outstanding affairs of the Agency and offices abolished by this section which are not otherwise provided for in this reorganization plan.

SEC. 9. Interim provisions.—The President may authorize the persons who immediately prior to the time this reorganization plan takes effect occupy the offices of Federal Security Administrator, Assistant Federal Security Administrator, assistant heads of the Federal Security Agency, and Commissioner for Social Security to act as Secretary, Under Secretary, and Assistant Secretaries of Healih, Education, and Welfare and as Commissioner of Social Security, respectively, until those offices are filled by appointment in the manner provided by sections 1, 2, and 4 of this reorganization plan, but not for a period of more than 60 days. While so acting, such persons shall receive compensation at the rates provided by this reorganization plan for the offices the functions of which they perform.

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SENATE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS—COMPARISON OF REORGANIZATION PROPOSALS ELEVATING THE FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY

TO DEPARTMENTAL STATUS

PLAN No. 1 OF 1953

PLAN NO. 1 OF 1949

PLAN No. 27 OF 1950

S. 1215 (INTRODUCED BY SENATOR

HUNT, OF WYOMING)

31235253442

1. Creates a Department of
Health, Education, and Welfare,
with Secretary of Cabinet status, to
be appointed by the President and
confirmed by the Senate. Salary
same as other Cabinet members.
($22,500)

Provides for changing the name
of the Federal Security Agency to
a Department of Welfare, with a
Secretary of Cabinet status, to be
appointed by the President and con-
firmed by the Senate. Salary, $15,-
000 per annum.

Creates a Department of Health,
Education, and Security, with Sec-
retary of Cabinet status, to be ap-
pointed by the President with the
consent of the Senate. Salary same
as other Cabinet members.

Provides for the appointment of
an Under Secretary and three As-
sistant Secretaries, to be appointed
by the President with the advice
and consent of the Senate, to per-
form such functions as the Secre-
tary shall direct. Compensation
provided at the rate of $10,330 per
annum, or at such other rates as
may be prescribed for similar posi-
tions in the executive departments.

Provides for the appointment of
an Under Secretary and an Assist-
ant Secretary for Health, Educa-
tion, and Security, each of whom
shall be appointed by the President
with the consent of the Senate, to
perform such duties as the Secre-
tary may prescribe, and to receive
compensation at rates provided by
law for similar positions.

2. Creates an Under Secretary
and two Assistant Secretaries to be
appointed by the President, with
the consent of the Senate, to per-
form such functions as the Sec-
retary may prescribe. Salaries at
rate provided by law for similar
positions ($17,500 and $15,000, re-
spectively). The Under Secretary
(or, during the absence or disability
of the Under Secretary, an Assist-
ant Secretary) shall act as Secre-
tary during the absence or disability
of the Secretary.

3. Provides for the appointment
by the President, with the consent
of the Senate, of a Special Assist-
ant to the Secretary (Health and
Medical Affairs) from among per-
sons who are recognized leaders in
the medical field with wide non-
governmental experience, who shall
review health and medical pro-
grams of the Department, and ad-
vise the Secretary with respect to
such programs; and shall receive
compensation at rate now or here-
after provided by law for Assistant
Secretaries ($15,000).

No similar provision in this plan.

Authorizes appointment of

an
Administrative Assistant Secretary
of Health, Education, and Security,
by the Secretary, with the approval
of the President, under the classi-
fied civil service, with compensation
at the rate of $14,000 per annum.
Establishes in the Department 'the
offices of -

1. Surgeon General of the
Public Health Service.

2. Commissioner of Educa-
tion.

3. Commissioner of Social

Security.
Prescribes that the Surgeon Gen-
eral shall be the head of the Pub-
lic Health Service, the Commis-
sioner of Education shall head the

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The

Department shall include
such bureaus, officers, service divi-
sions, and other units necessary to
carry out the functions of the De-
partment, including: (1) Public
Health Service, (2) Office of Edu-
cation, (3) Bureau of Public Wel-
fare. Prescribes that the Surgeon
General shall be head of the Public
Health Service, the Commissioner of
Education shall continue to be head
of the Office of Education, and the
Commissioner of Social Security
shall be known as the Commissioner
of Public Welfare; each of whom
shall perform all of the functions
concerning health, education, social
security, and welfare, respectively,
as may be required by law, or, as
the Secretary may prescribe pur-
suant to law, and shall have profes-
sional qualifications, experience, and
training appropriate to the duties
of their office.

All agencies of the Federal Security Agency, together with their functions, records, property, and

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PLAN No. 1 OF 1953

PLAN No. 1 OF 1949

PLAN No. 27 OF 1950

Office of Education, the Commis-
sioner of Social Security to head
the Social Security Administration;
each of whom shall perform all
functions concerning health, educa-
tion, and social security and public
welfare, respectively, as may be re-
quired by law, or, as the Secretary
may prescribe pursuant to law. The
Surgeon General, the Commissioner
of Education, and the Commissioner
of Social Security shall each report
directly to the Secretary ; have pro-
fessional qualifications, experience,
and training appropriate to the
duties of their office; be appointed
by the President with the consent
of the Senate, and receive compen-
sation at the rate of $14,800 per
annum. (Permits appointment of
Surgeon General from the Commis-
sioned Regular Corps of the Public
Health Service.)

No comparable provision.

4. Provides for the appointment
of a Commissioner of Social Secu-
rity, who shall be appointed by the
President, with the consent of the
Senate, and who shall perform such
functions concerning social security
and public welfare as the Secretary
may prescribe, and be paid at the
rate fixed by law for grade GS-18
of the general schedule established
by the Classification Act of 1949
($14,800).

5. All functions of Federal Secu-
rity Administrator are transferred
to the Secretary, and all agencies of

All the functions of the Department of Welfare, and of all offices and constituent units thereof, in

All functions of the Federal Security Administrator are transferred to the Secretary. All func

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cluding all the functions of the Fed-
eral Security Administrator, are
consolidated in the Secretary of
Welfare.

personnel, and all unexpended bal.
ances of the appropriations, alloca-
tions, and other funds, are trans-
ferred to the Department.

Federal Security Agency, together
with their respective functions, per-
sonnel, property, records, and un-
expended balances of appropria-
tions, allocations, and other funds,
are transferred to the Department.

6. Authorizes Secretary to make
such provisions as he deems appro-
priate, and authorizes performance
of any of the functions of the Secre-
tary by any other officer, or by any
agency or employee, of the Depart-
ment.

Authorizes the Secretary of Wel-
fare to delegate to any officer or em-
ployee or to any bureau or other
organizational unit of the Depart-
ment designated by him such of his
functions as he deems appropriate,
except that the function of promul-
gating or approving regulations
may be delegated only to the Under
Secretary or an Assistant Secretary.

No comparable provision.

tions existing in the Surgeon Gen-
eral of the Public Health Service,
and of the Commissioner of Educa-
tion, are transferred to the Surgeon
General and the Commissioner of
Education, respectively.

The Secretary is authorized to
make such provisions as he shall
deem appropriate to authorize per-
fornrance by any other officer, or by
any gency employee of the Depart-
ment, of any functions of the Sec-
retary.

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7. Authorizes the Secretary to es-
tablish central administrative serv-
ices in the fields of procurement,
budgeting, accounting, personnel, li-
brary, legal, and other services and
activities common to the several
agencies of the Department ; to ef-
fect such transfers within the De-
partment of the personnel, property,
records, and funds available for use
in connection with administrative
service activities as the Secretary
may deem necessary; provided that
no professional or substantive func-
tion vested by law in any officer
shall be removed from the jurisdic-
tion of such officer.

The Secretary is authorized to es-
tablish central administrative serv-
ices in the fields of procurement,
budgeting, accounting, library, le-
gal, and other services and activities
common to the several agencies of
the Department and to transfer per-
sonnel, property, records, and funds
available for use in connection with
such administrative service activ-
ities as he may deem necessary. It
is provided that no authority is
granted to the Secretary to transfer
or remove from the control of the
Surgeon General, the Commissioner
of Education, or the Commissioner
of Social Security any professional
or substantive functions vested in
them, respectively, under the pro-
visions of the plan or of any law
hereinafter enacted.

The Federal Security Agency (ex-
cept agencies transferred by other
provisions of the plan) ; the office
of Federal Security Administrator,
the office of Assistant Federal Se-
curity Administrator, the two offices
of assistant heads of the Federal Se-
curity Agency, and the existing
offices of Surgeon General of the
Public Health Service and Commis-
sioner of Education are abolished.

The offices of Federal Security
Administrator, of Assistant Federal
Security Administrator, and the two
offices of assistant heads of the Fed-
eral Security Agency are abolished.

8. The Federal Security Agency
(exclusive of agencies transferred
under No. 5 listed above), the offices
of Federal Security Administrator
and Assistant Federal Security Ad-
ministrator, and the two offices of
assistant heads of the Federal Se-
curity Agency, and the office of the
Commissioner of Social Security, are
abolished. Provision is made that
the Secretary may take the neces-
sary steps in order to wind up the
outstanding affairs of the Agency
and officers abolished, except as
otherwise proyided in the plan.

The Federal Security Agency (ex.
clusive of the agencies transferred
by other provisions of the act) the
office of Federal Security Admin-
istrator, the office of Assistant Fed-
eral Security Administrator, and
the two offices of assistant heads of
the Federal Security Agency are
abolished.

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PLAN No. 1 OF 1953

PLAN NO. 1 OF 1949

PLAN No. 27 OF 1950

9. The President is authorized to
continue incumbent officials of the
Federal Security Agency in office to
act as Secretary, Under Secretary,
and Assistant Secretaries of Health,
Education, and Welfare, and as
Commissioner of Social Security un-
til those offices are filed by appoint-
ment in the manner provided by the
plan, but not for a period of more
than 60 days; with compensation to
be paid at the rates provided for in
the plan.

The Federal Security Administra-
tor in office immediately prior to
taking effect of plan shall be desig-
nated as Acting Secretary of Wel-
fare, pending initial appointment of
a Secretary, but not for a period ex-
ceeding 60 days, and shal. receive
the compensation of Secretary of
Welfare. Provision is made for the
continuation of other offices until
successor officers are appointed, or
60 days after taking effect of the
plan, whichever first occurs.

The President is authorized to
designate and empower any person
who is an officer of FSA immediately
prior to taking effect of the plan to
perform, for a period not exceeding
60 days, the functions of any ffice
provided for in the plan pending the
appointment of the first person ap-
pointed to such office.

Such person
designated shall act and receive the
compensation of such office for
which he is designated. Provision
is made that no person designated
shall, by reason of such designa-
tion, forfeit his rights with respect
to his office held immediately prior
to the taking effect of the plan.

S. 1215 (INTRODUCED BY SENATOR

HUNT, or WYOMING)
The act shall take effect 60 days
after its enactment. The Secretary,
the Under Secretary, and Assistant
Secretaries may be appointed at any
time after enactment but shall not
tak office until its effective te.
Authorizes expenditures, filing of
annual report, and necessary ap-
propriations.

ACTION

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Submitted to the Congress March
12, 1953. Becomes effective at
12:01 a. m., May 12, 1953, unless a
resolution of disapproval is adopted
by a majority of the authorized
Members of the House or Senate.

Hearings on House Joint Resolu-
tion 223, activating the plan within
10 days after its enactment, ap-
proved by House on March 18, to be
held on Monday, March 23, at 10
a. m., room 357, Senate Office
Building.

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