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1953 shall take effect 10 days after the date of the enactment of this joint
Letter to Congressman Charles E. Bennett, February 19,
Letter to President Dwight D. Eisenhower, February 19,
instruction, State of Florida, to Congressman Charles E.
Bennett, March 23, 1953.
Telegram from Mrs. C. Durwood Johnson, president, Florida
Congress of Parents and Teachers, to Senator Smathers, March
Telegram from Mrs. Joseph Born, president, Wisconsin Congress
of Parents and Teachers, to Senator Joseph McCarthy, March
Letter from Oveta Culp Hobby, Administrator, Federal Security
Agency, to Walter Reynolds, March 24, 1953-
REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 1 OF 1953
(H. J. Res. 223)
MONDAY, MARCH 23, 1953
UNITED STATES SENATE,
Washington, D. C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:10 a. m.,
in room 357, Senate Office Building, Senator Margaret Chase Smith (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Present: Senators Smith, Dworshak, Hoey, and Kennedy.
Also present: Walter L. Reynolds, chief clerk; Ann M. Grickis, assistant chief clerk; and Glenn K. Shriver, professional staff member.
Senator SMITH. The subcommittee will come to order.
The subcommittee is meeting this morning principally for the purpose of hearing those opposing House Joint Resolution 223, which proposes that Reorganization Plan No. 1 take effect 10 days after the enactment of the joint resolution.
This affirmation resolution proposes to accelerate the date on which the proposed Department of Health, Education, and Welfare is established instead of waiting the normal 60 days after the plan is submitted.
The subcommittee sat in the joint hearings held by the House Committee on Government Operations several days ago, at which time representatives of the Federal Bureau of the Budget, the Federal Security Agency, the American Pharmaceutical Association, and the American Medical Association testified in support of the joint resolution.
(The resolution referred to, together with a message from the President of the United States, transmitting Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953, together with the plan itself, and companion reorganization proposals elevating the Federal Security Agency to departmental status, follow :)
[H. J. Res. 223, 83d Cong., 1st sess.) JOINT RESOLUTION Providing that Reorganization Plan Numbered 1 of 1953 shall take
effect ten days after the date of the enactment of this joint resolution Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the provisions of Reorganization Plan Numbered 1 of 1953, submitted to the Congress on March 12, 1953, shall take effect ten days after the date of the enactment of this joint resolution, and its approval by the President, notwithstanding the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1949, as amended, except that section 9 of such Act shall apply to such reorganization plan and to the reorganization made thereby.
Passed the House of Representatives March 18, 1953.
LYLE 0. SNADER,
[H. Doc. No. 102, 83d Cong., 1st sess. ] MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES TRANSMITTING REORGANIZA
TION PLAN No. 1 OF 1953, PREPARED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THE REORGANIZATION ACT OF 1949, AS AMENDED
To the Congress of the United States:
I transmit herewith Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953, prepared in accordance with the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1949, as amended.
In my message of February 2, 1953, I stated that I would send to the Congress a reorganization plan defining a new administrative status for Federal activities in health, education, and social security. This plan carries out that intention by creating a Department of Health, Education, and Welfare as one of the executive departments of the Government and by transferring to it the various units of the Federal Security Agency. The Department will be headed by a Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, who will be assisted by an Under Secretary and two Assistant Secretaries.
The purpose of this plan is to improve the administration of the vital health, education, and social-security functions now being carried on in the Federal Security Agency by giving them departmental rank. Such action is demanded by the importance and magnitude of these functions, which affect the well-being of millions of our citizens. The programs carried on by the Public Health Service include, for example, the conduct and promotion of research into the prevention and cure of such dangerous ailments as cancer and heart disease. The Public Health Service also administers payments to the States for the support of their health services and for urgently needed hospital construction. The Office of Education collects, analyzes, and distributes to school administrators throughout the country information relating to the organization and management of educational systems. Among its other functions is the provision of financial help to school districts burdened by activities of the United States Government. State assistance to the aged, the blind, the totally disabled, and dependent children is heavily supported by grants-in-aid administered through the Social Security Administration. The old-age and survivors insurance system and child development and welfare programs are additional responsibilities of that Administration. Other offices of the Federal Security Agency are responsible for the conduct of Federal vocational rehabilitation programs and for the enforcement of food and drug laws.
There should be an unremitting effort to improve those health, education, and social-security programs which have proved their value. I have already recommended the expansion of the social-security system to cover persons not now protected, the continuation of assistance to school districts whose population has been greatly increased by the expansion of defense activities, and the strengthening of our food and drug laws.
But good intent and high purpose are not enough; all such programs depend for their success upon efficient, responsible administration. I have recently taken action to assure that the Federal Security Administrator's views are given proper consideration in executive councils by inviting her to attend meetings of the Cabinet. Now the establishment of the new Department provided for in Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953 will give the needed additional assurance that these matters will receive the full consideration they deserve in the whole operation of the Government.
This need has long been recognized. In 1923, President Harding proposed a Department of Education and Welfare, which was also to include health functions. In 1924, the Joint Committee on Reorganization recommended a new department similar to that suggested by President Harding. In 1932, one of President Hoover's reorganization proposals called for the concentration of health, education, and recreational activities in a single executive department. The President's Committee on Administrative Management in 1937 recommended the placing of health, education, and social-security functions in a Department of Social Welfare. The recommendation was partially implemented in 1939 by the creation of the Federal Security Agency-by which action the Congress indicated its approval of the grouping of these functions in a single agency. A new department could not be proposed at that time because the Reorganization Act of 1939 prohibited the creation of additional executive departments. In 1949, the Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government proposed the creation of a department for social security and education.
The present plan will make it possible to give the officials directing the De partment titles indicative of their responsibilities and salaries comparable to those received by their counterparts in other executive departments. As the Under Secretary of an executive department, the Secretary's principal assistant will be better equipped to give leadership in the Department's organization and management activities, for which he will be primarily responsible, The plan opens the way to further administrative improvement by authorizing the Secretary to centralize services and activities common to the several agencies of the Department. It also establishes a uniform method of appointment for the heads of the three major constituent agencies. At present, the Surgeon General and the Commissioner of Education are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate, while the Commissioner for Social Security is ap. pointed by the Federal Security Administrator. Hereafter, all three will be Presidential appointees subject to Senate confirmation.
I believe, and this plan reflects my conviction, that these several fields of Federal activity should continue within the framework of a single department, The plan at the same time assures that the Office of Education and the Public Health Service retain the professional and substantive responsibilities vested by law in those agencies or in their heads. The Surgeon General, the Commissioner of Education, and the Commissioner of Social Security will all have direct access to the Secretary.
There should be in the Department an Advisory Committee on Education, made up of persons chosen by the Secretary from outside the Federal Government, which would advise the Secretary with respect to the educational programs of the Department. I recommend the enactment of legislation authorizing the defrayal of the expenses of this Committee. The creation of such a Committee as an advisory body to the Secretary will help insure the maintenance of responsibility for the public educational system in State and local governments while preserving the national interest in education through appropriate Federal action.
After investigation I have found and hereby declare that each reorganization included in Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953 is necessary to accomplish one or more of the purposes set forth in sectio
2 (a) the Reorganization Act of 49, as amended. I have also found and hereby declare that by reason of these reorganizations, it is necessary to include in the reorganization plan provisions for the appointment and compensation of the new officers specified in sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 of the reorganization plan. The rates of compensation fixed for these officers are, respectively, those which I have found to prevail in respect of comparable officers in the executive branch of the Government.
Although the effecting of the reorganizations provided for in the reorganization plan will not in itself result in immediate savings, the improvement achieved in administration will in the future allow the performance of necessary services at greater savings than present operations would permit. An itemization of these savings in advance of actual experience is not practicable.
DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER. THE WHITE HOUSE, March 12, 1953.
REORGANIZATION PLAN No. 1 OF 1953 Prepared by the President and transmitted to the Senate and the House of Representatives
in Congress assembled, March 12, 1953, pursuant to the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1949, approved June 20, 1949, as amended
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE SECTION 1. Creation of Department; Secretary.—There is hereby established an executive department, which shall be known as the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (hereafter in this reorganization plan referred to as the Department). There shall be at the head of the Department a Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (hereafter in this reorganization plan referred to as the Secretary), who shall be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and who shall receive compensation at the rate now or hereafter prescribed by law for the heads of executive departments. The Department shall be administered under the supervision and direction of the Secretary
SEC. 2. Under Secretary and Assistant Secretaries.—There shall be in the Department an Under Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare and two Assistant Secretaries of Health, Education, and Welfare, each of whom shall be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall