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within their walls, then might the alarm be sounded. Slight would be the resistance which could be opposed by the poor, and the uolearned, against the combined influence of wealth and education. Then might they be exposed to become hewers of wood and drawers of water to a hauglity aristocracy, or throw themselves into the hands of an artful despot who would only Aatter to betray. But from sich dangers individiral enterprise has thus far protected us. Academies, grammar schools, nud colleges have been planted in every corner of our land, and the son of the poorest man in our state, if born wito sound mind and body, miy, if he feels the generous promptings of a soul eager for kuowledy, obtain an education equal to that of the child of affluence. It is these sciops of a noble stock, the sons of the hardy yeomanry of our country, whose frames have been invigorated by labor, and whose minds have been culiivated in the academies and colleges of our country, that have shed such a lustre upon our name; who have stood up in the firce of he world and asserted the righ:s of humanity; whose sympathies are with the people; whom wealth cannot seduce nor power corrupt. It appears to your committee that while the legislature have been bestowing their patronage upon coininon schools with a liberal hand, even to the extent of almost overwhelining them with their bounties, these higlier institutions have never received any thing from the public treas!ıry. In a few coun:ies a slight income is received from graminar school lands reserveil in the original charter of soine towns. But for the inost part these institutions liave heen tounded and sustained en. tirely by private liberality. It is well known that they cannot maintain a bigh rank from the income clerived lor luition alone. This tuition cannot safely be increased without diininishing their number, and excluiling from their benefits all but the rich. This would essentially imprir their usefulness and might furnish some reason for the jealousy with which they are now viewed by persons who have not considered all their influence upon the intelligence and liberty of the people, They have thus far hel siistained only by great sacrifices on the part of benevolent and public spirited individua's. This resource is nearly exhausteil, the aca lamies are laboring under einbarrassments, their friends are almost disheartenel, and see no other means of relief but from the action of the legislature. There appears to the committee, satisfactory reaso:19 why this relief should be extended to them.-Commuon schools have been abundantly provided for, and they have a never failing resource in the favor of the people. It is an admitted princi. ple thit they shoulii never be wholly supported froin the public treasury, and it is thougit by many that the limits by which the public boun. ty slıoulıl be restrained, has already been reached. To be consistent, then, it becomes the legis'ature to inquire if no aid can be extended to these neglected instituti ins, which, under great disficulties, have been conferring important benefits upon the community. If it were only for the purpose of raising up qualified teachers for cominon schools, they would deserve the patronage of the state. By this means, instead of es. tablishing a teacher's scminary for the whole state, as contemplated in one of the resolutions referred to the committee, we should plant and maintain a teacher's seminary for every county, and in most instances, two or three to a county.

It, fortunately for the purpose contemplated, happens that the state has a school fund, which may, with great propriety, be appropriated to

the aid of these institutions. The annual income alone divided among them in some ratio which may hereafter be determined, would much relieve their embarrassments and increase their usefulness. The policy of allowing this sum to accumulate for a future generation, is of very questionable nature. If it is true that commun schools should not be sustained entirely by public money, we shall confer a greater benefit upon the persons who are to succeed us, by expending this fund for their education, than by bequeathing to them a treasure whose tenden. dency shall be to lessen their interest in the great cause it was intended to promote.

But your committee are not prepared to advise any distribution. They have not received such information as would justify any specific plan. It is for this reason they have united these instilutions with the common schools in the inquiry which they propose to make through the Secretary of State, as provided in the resolutions accompanying this report. They are intimately connected with one another in the influence which they exert upon the character and intelligence of the rising generation, and should not be separated in any scheme which bas for its object the advancement of these great interests. If the legislature should not finally make the proposed distribution, the information thus collected will be of great service to the cause of education in the state.

SAMUEL SWIFT, for Committe of Senate.

RALPH GOWDY, for Committee of House, October 30, 1838.

Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives, That the Secretary of State be instructed to make such inquiries and collect such information as he may judge necessary in relation to the general condition of common schools in this state, and to correspond and consult with such persons as he may think proper, and report to the legislature at its next session, such ot the information which he may obtain, as he may judge useful, with such suggestions as may occur to hiin as to the best mode of improving the condition of such common or district schools.

Resolved, That the Secretary of State be instructed, in such manner as he may think proper, to invite the corporations of the several colleges, acadeinies, and other incorporated seminaries of learning in this state, to communicate to him, at some time previous to the next session of the legislature such information as may shew the condition, prospects, and resources of such institutions, and communicate such information to the legislature at its next session, in such manner as he may think proper, together with any suggestions, which may aid the legislature in its future action.

In SENATE, Oct. 30, 1838. The foregoing resolutions read and passed.

N. WILLIAMS, Secretary.

In House of REPRESENTATIVES, Nov. 5, 1838. Report read and resolutions passed.

F. F. MERRILL, Clerk.


IN SENATE, Oct. 25, 1838. The committee on military affairs, to whom was referred a resolution requiring them to ascertain and report to the Senate, the amount of expenses incurred under the act of last session, relating to the militia, and the probable amount of the sanie expenses for the ensuing year, have attended to that duty, and would Report:

That they find from examination, there has been paid to the board of officers appointed to organize the militia, the following sums : To Francis E. Phelps,

$464 42 Green Blackmer,

201 00 E. B. Chase

135 00 T. B. Ransom

54 00


$854 49 For books, stationary and printing,

8842 74 8 regimental drills,

2,334 00 Court marshalls and incidental expenses 691 00

Total amount; $4,722 16

Your committee would further report, that the above sum is all that has been presented and paid by the State Treasurer up to this time; but they are unable to say what further amount will be expended for the drills that are contemplated by law, and have not as yet, as your committe learn, been performed.

As to the probable expenses for the ensuing year, your committee would say, that there are twenty-six regiments in the state; that the expense of a regimental drill is estimated at $300, making $7.800. Deduct therefrom $2,600, the estimated amount of fines that may be collected, leaves for the expense of the regimental drills, the sum of $5,200.

Should stands of colors be furnished each regiment and company, as the law of the last session contemplates, the further sum of about $4,000 will be needed to effect that object.

Your committee believe there is a sufficient number of pieces of ordnance belonging to the state, to supply all calls that will be made by those companies who comply with the previous requisitions of the militia law.

ANDREW M'MILLAN, for the Committee.


Shoreham, Sept. 29, 1838.
In compliance with the law of Nov. 1, 1837, requiring the Quarter

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Master General to make an annual return to the Governor, of the · amount and condition of the military property in his possession, belonging to the state, I have the honor to submit the following

There are now deposited in the United States' arsenal at Vergennes,

5,198 muskets,
2,502 wipers,
2,502 spare flint caps,
315 ball screws,
250 spring vices,
65 rifles,
61 powder horns,
61 cartouch boxes and belts,
62 bullet moulds, and

3 pieces of six-pounder iron cannon. By an act passed Nov. 6, 1835, the Quarter Master General was authorized to loan to Capt. Partridge 150 muskets. Since the date of my report to the legislature of last year he has received 100 of them, in good order; for which I have his receipt. Immediately after the reception of your order of the 23d of March last, for cleaning and repair. ing the State arms, I took such measures to carry that order into effect as appeared to me most likely to insure a faithful performance of the work, and at a reasonable price. In the execution of this work, two modes suggested themselves. One was to issue proposals for having it done by contract; the other, to employ competent persons by the day.

Believing the latter mode on many accounts preferable, it was adopted. Early in April, I engaged Mr. H. P. Moses, a gunsmith by profession, for superintendent; I also hired four other men who commenced work in May, being as soon as a shop and the necessary tools and fixtures could be procured and fitted up. Since then they have all been at work, with a few occasional absences. Up to the first of September they had cleaned and put in complete repair 2,436 muskets; at an expense tor labor of $561 18, or within a fraction of twenty-three cents for each musket. This includes the expense of fitting up the shop.

In order to secure a thorough repair and cleaning of the arms, lengaged Lieut. Scott, commanding at the arsenal, whose experience could be relied upon, to inspect the character of the work, while in the hands of the workmen, before being put together and repacked in boxes. This he continued to do till about the 1st September, when the command at the arsen al passed into other hands. For this service he charged and received $60.

With the present force (and more cannot be profitably employed in the shop now occupied,) it will probably require about four months longer to finish the whole work.

The arms received from the United States and reported last year to be in good order, were found, on taking them to pieces, more or less corroded; so much so, that it was necessary to give them all a new polish and oiling. Those received previous to 1€36 were in a very bad condition.

Soon after I received your order of the 12th May last, for collecting the arms distributed under the act of 1812, I employed Mr. James M. Slade to carry that order into effect. His report, a copy of which is herewith transmitted, contains all the information which I have been able to obtain. I am, sir, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

DAVIS RICH, Qr. Master General To His Excellency, S. H. Jenison,

Governor, Commander-in-Chief, &c.


To His Excellency, the Governor :

The undersigned, Bank commissioners of the State of Vermont, respectfully

REPORT: That they have inspected the banks of this state, subject to the pro." visions of the act regulating the chartering of banks, and find the condition of those banks to be as follows:


Notes or bills discounted,

80,325 19
Specie on hand

8,835 04 Bills of other banks

6,203 50 Due from other banks

1,579 44 Deposit in Boston banks

38,625 72 Troy do

11,125 08

- $146,693 97

Capital stock paid in

60,000 00

64,760 00 Due depositors

15,505 59 Dividends unpaid

2,135 30 Due bank of Burlington

647 22 Profit and loss

3,645 86

-- $146,693 97 Aug. 4, 1838.


Bills discounted

138,454 45
Bills of other banks

3,347 88 Funds in Boston banks

27,174 59 Specie

2,641 39 Banking house

3,000 00

-- $174,618 31

Capital paid in

50,000 00

90,931 00 Due depositors

29,603 09 Profit and loss

4,084 22 September 10, 1838.

- $174,618 31

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