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directing letter or message citing 10 U.S.C. 1037. 8845.9 Appropriated funds chargeable.
Authorized expenses incurred incident to implementation of the policies set forth in this part, including transportation and per diem expenses of trial observers, interpreters, and local counsel employees, shall be paid from appropriated funds of the service to which the defendant belongs. Payments shall be made from the appropriation current at time of payment, unless obligations for authorized costs have previously been established. Refunds shall be processed as appropriation refund. Such funds are chargeable to the base for operation and maintenance purposes (O&M or R&D, as applicable).
signed agreement shall be secured from him wherein he agrees to remit the amount of such bail or permit the application of so much of his pay as may be necessary to reimburse the Government in the event that he willfully causes forfeiture of bail. In the event of such forfeiture, bail provided under this part shall be recovered from the defendant in accordance with that agreement. The agreement should include a statement that it does not prejudice the defendant's right to appeal to the Comptroller General of the United States and the courts after such payment or deduction has been made, if he considers the amount erroneous.
No reimbursement will ordinarily be required from individuals with respect to payments made in their behalf under this part. However, prior to the posting of bail on behalf of a defendant, a
Judge advocates who advise officers responsible under $845.3 are authorized to correspond directly with each other and with the Judge Advocate General of the service concerned for advice with regard to payment of counsel fees and other expenses.
SUBCHAPTER E-SECURITY [RESERVED]
Subpart A-General Provisions
The Air Force establishes and uses its airfields to support the scope and level of operations necessary to carry out missions worldwide. The Congress funds airfields in response to Air Force requirements, but also specifies that civil aviation access is a national priority to be accommodated when it does not jeopardize an installation's military utility. The Air Force engages in dialogue with the civil aviation community and the Federal Aviation Administration to ensure mutual understanding of long-term needs for the national air transportation system and programmed military force structure requirements. To implement the national policy and to respond to requests for access, the Air Force must have policies that balance such requests with military needs. Civil aircraft access to Air Force airfields on foreign territory requires host nation approval.
(a) The Air Force will manage two programs that are generally used to grant civil aircraft access to its airfields: civil aircraft landing permits and joint-use agreements. Other arrangements for access will be negotiated as required for specific purposes.
(1) Normally, landing permits will be issued only for civil aircraft operating in support of official Government business. Other types of use may be authorized if justified by exceptional circumstances. Access will be granted on an equitable basis.
(2) The Air Force will consider only proposals for joint use that do not compromise operations, security, readiness, safety, environment, and quality of life. Further, only proposals submitted by authorized local Government representatives eligible to sponsor a public airport will be given the comprehensive evaluation required to conclude a joint-use agreement.
(3) Any aircraft operator with an inflight emergency may land at any
PART 855-CIVIL AIRCRAFT USE OF
UNITED STATES AIR FORCE AIR-
Subpart A-General Provisions
Subpart B-Civil Aircraft Landing Permits
for a civil aircraft landing permit. 855.7 Conditions for use of Air Force air
fields. 855.8 Application procedures. 855.9 Permit renewal. 855.10 Purpose of use. 855.11 Insurance requirements. 855.12 Processing a permit application. 855.13 Civil fly-ins. 855.14 Unauthorized landings. 855.15 Detaining an aircraft. 855.16 Parking and storage. 855.17 Fees for landing, parking, and storage
fees. 855.18 Aviation fuel and oil purchases. 855.19 Supply and service charges. Subpart C-Agreements for Civil Aircraft
Use of Air Force Airfields
855.20 Joint-use Agreements.
erences, Abbreviations, Acronyms, and
SOURCE: 60 FR 37349, July 20, 1995, unless otherwise noted.
issue supplements to establish command-unique procedures permitted by and consistent with this part.
Air Force airfield without prior authorization. An inflight emergency is defined as a situation that makes continued flight hazardous.
(b) Air Force requirements will take precedence on Air Force airfields over all civil aircraft operations, whether they were previously authorized or not.
(c) Civil aircraft use of Air Force airfields in the United States will be subject to Federal laws and regulations. Civil aircraft use of Air Force airfields in foreign countries will be subject to US Federal laws and regulations that have extraterritorial effect and to applicable international agreements with the country in which the Air Force installation is located.
This part applies to all regular United States Air Force (USAF), Air National Guard (ANG), and United States Air Force Reserve (USAFR) installations with airfields. This part also ap plies to civil aircraft use of Air Force ramps at civil airports hosting USAF, ANG, and USAFR units.
Subpart B-Civil Aircraft Landing
Air Force airfields are available for use by civil aircraft so far as such use does not interfere with military operations or jeopardize the military utility of the installation. Access will be granted on an equitable basis. Air Force requirements take precedence over authorized civil aircraft use. This part carries the force of US law, and exceptions are not authorized without prior approval from the Civil Aviation Branch, Bases and Units Division, Directorate of Operations, (HQ USAFI XOOBC), 1480 Air Force Pentagon, Washington DC 20330–1480. Proposed exceptions or waivers are evaluated as to current and future impact on Air Force policy and operations.
(a) As the program manager for joint use, the Civil Aviation Branch, Bases and Units Division, Directorate of Operations (HQ USAF/XOOBC), ensures that all impacts have been considered and addressed before forwarding a joint-use proposal or agreement to the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Installations (SAF/MII), who holds decision authority. All decisions are subject to the environmental impact analysis process as directed by the Environmental Planning Division, Directorate of Environment (HQ USAF/CEVP), and the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety, and Occupational Health (SAF/MIQ). The Air Force Real Estate Agency (AFREA/MI) handles the leases for Air Force-owned land or facilities that may be included in an agreement for joint use.
(b) HQ USAF/XOOBC determines the level of decision authority for landing permits. It delegates decision authority for certain types of use to major commands and installation commanders.
(c) HQ USAF/XOOBC makes the decisions on all requests for exceptions or waivers to this part and related Air Force instructions. The decision process includes consultation with other affected functional area managers when required. Potential impacts on current and future Air Force policies and operations strongly influence such decisions.
(d) Major commands, direct reporting units, and field operating agencies may
8 855.5 Responsibilities and authori.
ties. (a) The Air Force:
(1) Determines whether civil aircraft use of Air Force airfields is compatible with current and planned military activities.
(2) Normally authorizes civil aircraft use of Air Force airfields only in sup port of official Government business. If exceptional circumstances warrant, use for other purposes may be authorized.
(3) Acts as clearing authority for civil aircraft use of Air Force airfields, subject to the laws and regulations of the US, or to applicable international agreements (e.g., status of forces agreements) with the country in which the Air Force installation is located.
(4) Reserves the right to suspend any operation that is inconsistent with national defense interests or deemed not in the best interests of the Air Force.
(5) Will terminate authority to use an Air Force airfield if the:
(i) User's liability insurance is canceled.
(ii) User lands for other than the approved purpose of use or is otherwise in violation of this part or clearances and directives hereunder.
(6) Will not authorize use of Air Force airfields:
(1) In competition with civil airports by providing services or facilities that are already available in the private sector.
NOTE: Use to conduct business with or for the US Government is not considered as competition with civil airports.
(ii) Solely for the convenience of passengers or aircraft operator.
(iii) Solely for transient aircraft servicing.
(iv) By civil aircraft that do not meet US Department of Transportation operating and airworthiness standards.
(v) That selectively promotes, benefits, or favors a specific commercial venture unless equitable consideration is available to all potential users in like circumstances.
(vi) For unsolicited proposals in procuring Government business or contracts.
(vii) Solely for customs-handling purposes.
(viii) When the air traffic control tower and base operations are closed or when a runway is restricted from use by all aircraft.
NOTE: Requests for waiver of this provision must address liability responsibility, emergency response, and security.
(7) Will not authorize civil aircraft use of Air Force ramps located on civil airfields.
NOTE: This section does not apply to use of aero club facilities located on Air Force land at civil airports, or civil aircraft chartered by US military departments and authorized use of terminal facilities and ground handling services on the Air Force ramp. Only the DD Form 2400, Civil Aircraft Certificate of Insurance, and DD Form 2402, Civil Aircraft Hold Harmless Agreement, are required for use of Air Force ramps on civil airfields.
(b) Civil aircraft operators must:
(1) Have an approved DD Form 2401, Civil Aircraft Landing Permit, before operating at Air Force airfields, except for emergency use and as indicated in paragraphs (a)(2) and (d)(2)(iii)(E) of this section, and , and 9855.13(b)(1)(ii).
(2) Ensure that pavement load-bearing capacity will support the aircraft to be operated at the Air Force airfield.
(3) Ensure that aircraft to be operated at Air Force airfields are equipped with an operating two-way radio capable of communicating with the air traffic control tower.
(4) Obtain final approval for landing from the installation commander or a designated representative (normally base operations) at least 24 hours prior to arrival.
(5) Not assume that the landing clearance granted by an air traffic control tower facility is a substitute for either the approved civil aircraft landing permit or approval from the installation commander or a designated representative (normally base operations).
(6) Obtain required diplomatic or overflight clearance before operating in foreign airspace.
(7) Pay applicable costs and fees.
(8) File a flight plan before departing the Air Force airfield.
(c) The installation commander or a designated representative:
(1) Exercises administrative and security control over both the aircraft and passengers while on the installation.
(2) May require civil users to delay, reschedule, or reroute aircraft arrivals or departures to preclude interference with military activities.
(3) Cooperates with customs, immigration, health, and other public authorities in connection with civil aircraft arrival and departure.
(d) Decision Authority: The authority to grant civil aircraft use of Air Force airfields is vested in:
(1) Directorate of Operations, Bases and Units Division, Civil Aviation Branch (HQ USAF/XOOBC). HQ USAF/ XOOBC may act on any request for civil aircraft use of an Air Force airfield. Decision authority for the following will not be delegated below HQ USAF:
(i) Use of multiple Air Force airfields except as designated in paragraph (d)(2) of this section.
(ii) Those designated as 2 under Approval Authority in Table 1 to this part.
(iii) Any unusual or unique purpose of use not specifically addressed in this part.
(2) Major Command, Field Operating Agency, Direct Reporting Unit, or Installation Commander. With the exception of those uses specifically delegated to another decision authority, major commands (MAJCOMs), field operating agencies (FOAs), direct reporting units (DRUS) and installation commanders or designated representatives have the authority to approve or disapprove civil aircraft landing permit applications (DD Forms 2400, Civil Aircraft Certificate of Insurance; 2401; Civil Aircraft Landing Permit, and 2402, Civil Aircraft Hold Harmless Agreement) at airfields for which they hold oversight responsibilities. Additionally, for expeditious handling of short notice requests, they may grant requests for one-time, official Government business flights that are in the best interest of the US Government and do not violate other provisions of this part. As a minimum, for one-time flights authorized under this section, the aircraft owner or operator must provide the decision authority with insurance verification and a completed DD Form 2402 before the aircraft operates into the Air Force airfield. Air Force authority to approve civil aircraft use of Air Force airfields on foreign soil may be limited. Commanders outside the US must be familiar with base rights agreements or other international agreements that may render inapplicable, in part or in whole, provisions of this part. Decision authority is delegated for specific purposes of use and or locations as follows:
(i) Commander, 611th Air Operations Group (AOG). The Commander, 611th AOG or a designated representative may approve commercial charters, on a case-by-case basis, at all Air Force airfields in Alaska, except Eielson and Elmendorf AFBs, if the purpose of the charter is to transport goods and or materials, such as an electric generator or construction materials for a
community center, for the benefit of remote communities that do not have adequate civil airports.
(ii) Commander, Air Mobility Command (AMC). The Commander, AMC or a designated representative may approve permits that grant landing rights at Air Force airfields worldwide in support of AMC contracts.
(iii) US Defense Attache Office (USDAO). The USDAO, acting on behalf of HQ USAF/XOOBC, may grant a request for one-time landing rights at an Air Force airfield provided:
(A) The request is for official Government business of either the US or the country to which the USDAO is accredited.
(B) The Air Force airfield is located within the country to which the USDAO is accredited.
(C) Approval will not violate any agreement with the host country.
(D) The installation commander concurs.
(E) The USDAO has a properly completed DD Form 2402 on file and has verified that the insurance coverage meets the requirements of Table 2 to this part, before the aircraft operates into the Air Force airfield.
8 855.6 Aircraft exempt from the re
quirement for a civil aircraft land
ing permit. (a) Any aircraft owned by:
(1) Any other US Government agency.
(2) US Air Force aero clubs established as prescribed in AFI 34-117, Air Force Aero Club Program, and AFMAN 3–132, Air Force Aero Club Operations 1.
NOTE: This includes aircraft owned by individuals but leased by an Air Force aero club.
(3) Aero clubs of other US military services.
NOTE: This includes aircraft owned by individuals but leased by Army or Navy aero clubs.
(4) A US State, County, Municipality, or other political subdivision, when operating to support official business at any level of Government.
1 Copies of the publications are available, at cost, from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161.