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Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1967
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi, Chairman JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas
EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN, Illinois SAM J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina
ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska THOMAS J. DODD, Connecticut
HIRAM L. FONG, Hawaii PHILIP A, HART, Michigan
HUGH SCOTT, Pennsylvania
STROM THURMOND, South Carolina
SUBCOMMITTEE ON ADMINISTRATIVE PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE
EDWARD V. LONG, Missouri, Chairman PHILIP A. HART, Michigan
EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN, Illinois BIRCH BAYH, Indiana
STROM THURMOND, South Carolina QUENTIN N. BURDICK, North Dakota
BERNARD FENSTERWALD, Jr., Chief Counsel
BERNARD J. WATERS, Minority Counsel
STATEMENTS OF WITNESSES
and Records Service, General Services Administration; accompanied by
Identification and Intelligence System.--
C. Grieves, Deputy Director, and Robert F. Drury, Assistant Director
versity, Princeton, N.J...
Business Machines Corp., Armonk, N.Y---
by Raymond T. Bowman, Assistant Director for Statistical Standards
tionnaire to agencies and departments RE: amount, nature, and use of
panying report by C. L. Hutchinson, Chairman of the NAM Computer
tions Commission, concerning the computer and the potential invasion
Letter from A. Ross Eckler, Director, Bureau of the Census, to Senator Long
regarding Bureau's practices of confidentiality of information (January
Science Policy Research Division, Library of Congress' Legislative
Letter from H. Taylor Buckner, Assistant Professor of Sociology, San Fran-
cisco State College, to The Editor of The American Sociologist, concerning
TUESDAY, MARCH 14, 1967
Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:10 a.m., in room 1318 New Senate Office Building, Senator Edward V. Long of Missouri (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Present: Senators Long of Missouri (presiding) and Thurmond.
Also present: Bernard Fensterwald, Jr., Chief Counsel; Bernard J. Waters, Senator Dirksen's office, Minority Counsel; and Benny L. Kass, Assistant Counsel.
Senator Long. The subcommittee will be in order. This morning the Subcommittee on Administrative practice and Procedure resumes hearings on the role of the computer as a potential invasion of individual privacy. Last summer, we explored proposals to create a Federal Data Center-the so-called Data Banks—with Dr. Edgar Dunn, a consultant to the Bureau of the Budget. In my opening statement last year, I said that if these proposals for a Data Bank concern themselves only with Government interests, and if individual, private interests were ignored, we might be creating a form of Frankenstein monster.
Since that hearing, considerable thought has been given, both in and out of government, to problems of privacy. Scholars, statisticians, and computer experts have met with responsible government officials in scores of meetings and panel discussions. It is probably safe to say now that if a Federal Data Center is ever created, safeguards for individual privacy will be built into the system. In fact, many electronic specie ists believe that greater safeguards can be programed into computer systems than those presently existing in the Government file cabinet.
Dr. Carl Kaysen, chairman of the Institute for Advanced Study atPrinceton, and Chairman of the President's Task Force on the Storage of and Access to Government Statistics, recently submitted his report on the Data Center to the Bureau of the Budget. In a precise and highly significant annex to this report, entitled “The Right to Privacy, Confidentiality and the National Data Center," Dr. Kaysen writes:
In general, our Committee believes that the problem of the threat to privacy can be met best by Congressional action, which defines a general statutory standard governing the disclosure of information that is collected on individuals ...