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Blue, David S., president, Louisville Scrap Material Co., Inc.-
Douglas, Philip A., executive secretary, Sport Fishing Institute: Letter
American Petroleum Institute, accompanied by Dr. R. E. Eckardt,
Gilbertson, Wesley E., Chief, Office of Solid Waste, Public Health Service,
Bureau of State Services, Department of Health, Education and Welfare 344
Hibbard,'Dr. Walter R., Jr., Director of the Bureau of Mines, U.S. De-
partment of the Interior, accompanied by J. Wade Watkins, Director
Kelleher, Leo J., national director, Institute of Scrap Iron & Steel, Inc.:
Metcalf, Hon. Lee, a U.S. Senator from the State of Montana -
Sheffrin, David, chairman, board of directors, Citizens for Clean Air, Inc.
Spalding, Dolph, Washington State Auto Wreckers Association: Letter
Story, William S., executive vice president, Institute of Scrap Iron & Steel 353
York State Department of Ilealth: Letters dated June 10, 1966. -148, 375
Wright, Frank P., Frank P. Wright & Associates: Letter dated June 17,
American Public Health Association
Public Ilealth Service...
TUESDAY, JUNE 7, 1966
Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10 a.m., pursuant to call, in room 4200, Senate Office Building, Senator Edmund S. Muskie (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Present: Senators Muskie, Randolph, Harris, and Boggs. Present also: Senator Cooper. Senator MUSKIE. The committee will be in order. Today we are starting hearings on S. 3112 which amends the Clean Air Act, S. 3400 which relates to the disposition of junked automobiles and the question of atmospheric contamination from lead and other substances.
S. 3112 has two principal features: First, it increases the authorization for air pollution activities by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare to $16 million for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1967, and authorizes such sums as may be necessary for each succeeding fiscal year ending prior to July 1, 1973.
Second, the legislation would permit 50-50 matching grants to State and local air pollution control agencies and three-fifths matching grants to inter-municipal and interstate agencies for maintaining control and abatement programs. These new grants are in addition to the existing two-thirds matching grants to air pollution control agencies and three-fourths matching grants to intermunicipal and interstate agencies for developing, establishing, or improving such programs.
The provision for matching grants to maintain air pollution control and abatement programs corrects a hardship which the Clean Air Act, by omitting such grants, unintentionally worked on communities and regions. S. 3400 introduced by our distinguished colleague, Senator Paul Douglas, of Illinois, authorizes funds to carry out a program of disposal of junked motor vehicles. I will not dwell on an explanation of this legislation because I know the subcommittee will receive a more than adequate discussion from Senator Douglas.
Also the subcommittee is taking the opportunity during these hearings to explore the question of environmental contamination from lead and other materials.
During the 2 days of hearings in this subject, the subcommittee will hear from representatives of the Public Health Service, industries, and the academic community. It is hoped that the information received from these witnesses will indicate whether or not a problem of air pollution exists relative to lead and other materials finding their way into the atmosphere.
If the information provided tomorrow and Thursday does in fact show that there is a problem, the committee then hopes to determine the scope of that problem arıd what methods might be undertaken to assure protection of the public health and safety.
Finally, the subcommittee will hear from representatives of the Bureau of Mines and the American Petroleum Institute regarding a recently announced agreement whereby the Bureau will test, for the American Petroleum Institute, various lead-free gasoline mixtures. A press release announcing the arrangement noted that lead is toxic.
The toxicity of lead is common knowledge, but the question here must be whether there are sufficient amounts in the air environment to create a hazard to public health, and if so, would the elimination of lead from gasoline provide a means of curtailing the emission of lead into the atmosphere.
I am sure these hearings will provide the subcommitee with the information necessary for it to properly consider the legislation pending before us.
I will now place copies of S. 3112 and S. 3400 in the record at this point.
(The bills referred to follow :)
[S. 3112, 89th Cong., 2d sess.] A BILL To amend the Clean Air Act so as to authorize grants to air pollution control
agencies for maintenance of air pollution control programs in addition to present authority for grants to develop, establish, or improve such programs; make the use of appropriations under the Act more flexible by consolidating the appropriation authorizations under the Act and deleting the provision limiting the total of grants for support of air pollution control programs to 20 per centum of the total appropriation for any year; extend the duration of the programs authorized by the Act; and for other purposes
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Clean Air Act Amendments of 1966".
CONSOLIDATION OF APPROPRIATION CEILINGS
SEC. 2. (a) Section 306 of the Clean Air Act is amended to read as follows: "Sec. 306. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated to carry out this Act, $46,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1967, and such sums as may be necessary for each succeeding fiscal year ending prior to July 1, 1973."
(b) Section 209 of such Act is hereby repealed.
AUTHORIZATION OF MAINTENANCE GRANTS FOR AIR POLLUTION CONTROL PROGRAMS
AND REMOVAL OF 20 PER CENTUM CEILING
Sec. 3. (a) (1) Subsection (a) of section 104 of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 1857e(a)) is amended to read as follows:
“SEC. 104. (a) The Secretary is authorized to make grants to air pollution control agencies in an amount up to two-thirds of the cost of developing, establishing, or improving, and grants to such agencies up to one-half of the cost of maintaining, programs for the prerention and control of air pollution : Provided. That the Secretary is authorized to make grants to intermunicipal or interstate air pollution control agencies (described in section 302(b) (2) and (4)) in an amount up to three-fourths of the cost of developing, establishing, or improving, and up to three-fifths of the cost of maintaining, regional air pollution control programs. As used in this subsection, the term 'regional air pollution control program' means a program for the prevention and control of air pollution in an area that includes the areas of two or more municipalities, whether in the same or different States."
(2) Subsection (b) of such section 104 is amended by striking out "under" in the first sentence and inserting in lieu thereof "for the purposes of", and by inserting in the third sentence the word "control" after “air pollution".