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(f) A security patrolman, shore patrolman, or other duly designated peace officer may force an entry into any building, vehicle, aircraft, or vesSel whenever:

(1) It appears necessary to prevent Serious injury to persons or damage to property, and time does not permit the obtaining of a warrant;

(2) To effect an arrest when in hot pursuit; Or

(3) To prevent the commission of a crime which he reasonably believes is being committed or is about to be committed.

$762.84 Citation in place of arrest.

In any case in which a security patrolman, shore patrolman, or other duly designated peace officer may make an arrest Without a warrant, he may, under Such limitations as the Officer—in—Charge may impose, issue and Serve a Citation, Or Serve a Citation issued by the Officer—in–Charge, on a person in place of arresting him if the officer considers that the public interest does not require an arrest. The citation must briefly describe the Offense charged and direct the accused to appear before the Midway Islands Court at a designated time and place.

[41 FR 29672, July 19, 1976, as amended at 51 FR 22283, June 19, 1986]

$762.86 Abatement of nuisance.

Whenever the Officer—in–Charge determines that, on any premises on the Midway Islands, a condition exists that is unsanitary or hazardous, that may be injurious to the public, or is otherWise a nuisance, he may order the condition abated. If the legal custodian of the premises concerned does not take action to abate the nuisance within 30 days after the order is issued, the OffiCer-in-Charge may enter on the premises and abate the nuisance for, and at the expense of, the custodian.

[41 FR 29672, July 19, 1976, as amended at 51 F.R. 22283, June 19, 1986]

Subpart F-Registration and Permit Regulations

$762.90 Registration of certain property. (a) Each person who has custody of any of the following on the Midway Islands shall register it with the Officer— in—Charge: (1) A privately owned motor vehicle; (2) A privately owned boat; (3) An animal; (4) Any device, weapon, or instrument designed for inflicting bodily injury, including a gun, pistol, or other firearm Operated by air, gas, spring, or otherwise; (5) Any narcotic or dangerous drug not obtained on prescription, and all poisons other than commonly used household poisons or toxic substances; Or (6) Any known explosive. (b) Each person who obtains custody of an article described in paragraphs (a)(4), (5), or (6) of this Section shall register it immediately upon obtaining Custody. Each person who obtains custody of any other article described in paragraph (a) of this Section shall register it within 10 days after obtaining Custody.

[41 FR 29672, July 19, 1976, as amended at 51 F.R. 22283, June 19, 1986]

$762.92 Permits.

Subject to reasonable restrictions and conditions that he considers appropriate, the Officer—in–Charge, U.S. Naval Air Facility, Midway Island, may require a Midway Islands permit for the following:

(a) Any business, commercial, or recreational activity conducted for profit, including a trade, profession, calling, Or occupation, or an establishment where food or beverage is prepared, of fered, or sold for human consumption (except for personal or family use);

(b) The practice of any medical profession, including dentistry, surgery, Osteopathy, and chiropractic;

(c) The erection of any structure or sign, including a major alteration or enlargement of an existing structure; (d) The discharge of explosives or fireworks or of firearms, guns, or pistol operated by air, gas, Spring, or otherwise, or any other weapon; (e) The burial of any human or animal remains, except that fish and bait scrap may be buried at beaches where fishing is permitted without obtaining a permit; (f) Keeping or maintaining any animal, including dogs; (g) All vehicles (including bicycles), and operators thereof, except aircraft. The operator of a vehicle shall display his permit or permit number on the vehicle in a place and manner prescribed by the Officer—in—Charge; (h) Boats and boat operators. The Operator of a boat or other vessel shall display his permit or permit number On or in the vessel in a place and manner prescribed by the Officer—in–Charge; (i) Food handlers; (j) Drugs and narcotics not obtained on prescription, and poisons other than commonly used household poisons or toxic Substances; Or (k) Building construction.

[41 FR 29672, July 19, 1976, as amended at 51 FR 22283, June 19, 1986]

$762.94 Expiration of permits.

(a) Each Midway Islands permit expires on the earliest of the following dates:

(1) Two years after the date it is issued;

(2) The date specified on the permit;

(3) In the case of a motor vehicle, boat, or other vessel, or firearm, the date its custody is transferred to any person other than the holder of the permit therefor; Or

(4) The date it is revoked by the Officer-in-Charge.

(b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a)(1) of this section, the Officer—in–Charge may issue a permit for a period longer than tWO years to coincide with the terms of any agreement between the Department of the Navy and the permit holder, applicable to the Midway Islands.

[41 FR 29672, July 19, 1976, as amended at 51 FR 22283, June 19, 1986]

$762.96 Revocation or suspension of permits.

(a) The Officer—in–Charge may, after notifying the holder of a Midway Islands permit and giving him an opportunity to be heard, order the permit suspended or revoked for cause, including: (1) Lack of physical fitness required to hold the permit; (2) Lack of roadworthiness of a vehicle, or of Seaworthiness of a boat or Other vessel; (3) Lack of need for the permit; (4) Breach of any term or condition of the permit; or (5) Conviction for violation of any regulation of this part where the violation is related to activities Conducted under the permit. (b) In any case in which he determines that an emergency exists requir– ing immediate action, the Officer—in– Charge may issue an order of SuspenSion or revocation, effective immediately, without notice. However, the permit holder may, within 10 days after the Suspension Or revocation, request a hearing. If he so requests a hearing, he is entitled to it. The emergency order is not stayed pending hearing.

[41 FR 29672, July 19, 1976, as amended at 51 F.R. 22283, June 19, 1986]

Subport G–Civil Smoll Cldims Low

$762.100 Applicable law and jurisdiction over small claims.

(a) The Midway Islands Court shall have jurisdiction over civil cases for the recovery of money only where the amount claimed does not exceed $500 exclusive of the interest and costs except as provided by $762.108.

(b) The court’s jurisdiction is further limited in that no such claim cognizable under paragraph (a) of this Section shall be within the court’s jurisdiction unless:

(1) The claim arises or has arisen on the Midway Islands;

(2) All plaintiffs and all defendants reside, at the time of trial, on the Midway Islands; and

(3) The claim does not fall within the special maritime jurisdiction under the Act of June 15, 1950 (Chapter 253, 64 Stat. 217).

(c) Actions shall be commenced and maintained in the Midway Islands Court under the procedures Set Out below and conducted in Such a manner as to do substantial justice and equity between the parties. When acting On Such actions, the court shall be termed the Small Claims Court.

$762.102 Small claims procedure; complaint and service.

(a) Actions shall be commenced in the court by the filing of a Statement of claim, in Concise form and free Of technicalities. All claims shall be verified by the claimant, whether as a party plaintiff or counterclaimant, or by his agent, by oath or affirmation in the form herein provided, or its equivalent. The Clerk of the Court Shall, at the request of an individual, prepare the statement of claim and other papers required to be filed in an action in the court, but his services shall not be available to a corporation, partnership, or association, or to any individual proprietorship in the preparation of the statements or other papers. A copy of the statement of claim and verification shall be made a part of the notice to be served upon the defendant named therein. The mode of Service Shall be by personal service, by registered mail, Or by Certified mail with return reCeipt.

(b) When notice is to be served by registered mail or by Certified mail, the clerk shall enclose a copy of the Statement of claim, verification, and notice in an envelope addressed to the defendant, prepay the postage with funds obtained from plaintiff, and mail the papers forthwith, noting on the records the day and hour of mailing. When the receipt is returned with the signature thereon of the party to whom addressed, the clerk shall attach it to the original statement of claim, and it shall constitute prima facie evidence of personal service upon the defendant.

(c) When notice is served personally, the server shall make proof of service by affidavit sworn to before the Clerk of the Court or before any notary public, showing the time and place of the Service.

(d) The actual cost of service shall be taxable as costs.

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If you wish to have witnesses summoned, See clerk at once for a SSistance.

If you admit the claim, but desire additional time to pay, you must Come to the hearing in person and State the circumstances to the Court.

You may come with or without an attorney. (Seal)

Clerk of the Court, Midway Islands Courts

(f) The foregoing verification entitles the plaintiff to a judgment by default, without further proof, upon failure of defendant to appear, if the claim of the plaintiff is for a liquidated amount. If the amount is unliquidated, the plaintiff shall,be required to present proof of his claim.

(g) The clerk shall furnish the plaintiff with a notice of the day and hour set for the hearing. The hearing shall not be less than 15 days nor more than 30 days from the date of the filing of the action unless a continuance is granted by the judge for good cause shown. All actions filed in the court Shall be made returnable therein.

§ 762.104 Time limitations.

All claims must be commenced as set out in §762.102, within two years after the claim arises. A claim for money arises when it is due, owing, and unpaid.

§ 762.106 Costs and fees; waiver.

The fee for issuing summons and copies, trial, judgment, and satisfaction in an action in the Small Claims Court Shall be not more than $5. Other fees shall be as the court prescribes. The judge may waive the prepayment of costs or the payment of costs accruing during the action upon the sworn statement of the plaintiff or upon other satisfactory evidence of his inability to pay the costs. When costs are so waived the notation to be made on the records of the court shall be “Prepayment of costs waived” or “Costs waived.” The terms “pauper” or “in forma pauperis” may not be employed in the Court. If a party fails to pay accrued costs, though able to do so, the judge may deny him the right to file a new Case in the court while the costs remain unpaid, and likewise deny him

the right to proceed further in any Case pending in the Court.

$762.108 Set-off Or counterclaim; pleading; retention of jurisdiction.

If the defendant, in an action in the Small Claims Court, asserts a set-off or Counterclaim, the judge may require a formal and concise plea of set-off to be filed, or may waive the requirement. If the plaintiff requires time to prepare his defense against the counterclaim or Set-off, the judge may continue the Case for that purpose. When the set-off or counterclaim is for more than the jurisdictional limit of the Small Claims Court, as provided by §762.100, but is for less than $1000, the action shall remain in the Small Claims Court and be tried therein in its entirety. No Set-Off or counterclaim for an amount greater than $1000 may be asserted in the Small Claims Court.

$762.109 Jury trial; demand.

In a Case filed or pending in the Midway Islands Court under § 762.100 in which a party entitled to a trial by jury under amendment VII, United States Constitution, files a demand therefor, the case shall be assigned to and tried in the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii under the procedure provided for jury trials in that court.

$762.110 Pre-trial settlement.

On the return day specified by §762.102(g), or at such later time as the judge sets, the trial shall be had. Immediately prior to the trial of a case, the judge shall make an earnest effort to Settle the controversy by conciliation. If no settlement is effected, the judge shall proceed with the hearing on the merits pursuant to $762.112.

$762.112 Trial.

(a) The parties and witnesses shall be Sworn. In any case in which the civil rights, powers, and duties of any person On the Midway Islands are not otherWise prescribed by the laws of the United States or the laws made applicable under the Act of June 1950 (chapter 253, 64 Stat. 217), the judge shall Conduct the trial in such manner as to

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do substantial justice between the parties according to the rules of Substantive law, as contained in the “Hawaii Revised Statutes,” as they now appear or as they may be amended or recodified, and Hawaii Case law. In this regard, the judge is not bound by Statutory provisions or rules of practice, procedure, pleading, or evidence, except provisions related to privileged communications.

(b) If the defendant fails to appear, judgment shall be entered for the plaintiff by default as provided by $762.102(f), or under rules of court, or on ex parte proof. If the plaintiff fails to appear, the action may be dismissed for want of prosecution, or a nonSuit may be ordered, or defendant may proceed to trial on the merits, or have default judgment entered in his favor on any counterclaim filed in the manner provided herein for a plaintiff, or the case may be continued or returned to the files for further proceedings On a later date, as the judge directs. If both parties fail to appear, the judge may return the case to the files, or Order the action dismissed for want Of prosecution or make any other disposition thereof as justice requires.

(c) Notwithstanding any provision of law requiring the licensing of practitioners, any person may, with the approval of the court, appear on behalf of himself or another in the Small Claims Court. The Services of an unlicensed person appearing under this paragraph shall be without compensation, either by way of direct fee, contingent fee, or Otherwise.

(d) The judge of the court who presides at any trial is responsible for the making of an appropriate record of the proceeding.

$762.114 Judgments.

After trial, the judge may inmediately render his decision and enter judgment or take the case under Submission. In all cases, the judge should render a decision and enter appropriate judgment within 20 days after the close of the trial.

$762.116 Award of costs.

In any action pursuant to this Subpart the award of costs is in the discretion of the court, which may include

therein the reasonable cost of bonds and undertakings, and other reasonable expenses incident to the action, inCurred by either party. No attorneys’ fees or commissions shall be allowed or awarded by any judgment of the Small Claims Court.

$762.118 No appeal.

There shall be no appeal from a judgment of the court, but the court may alter or set aside any judgment upon application of either party after review of the record.

$762.120 Judgment creditors and remedies.

(a) After any final judgment is rendered by the court, the judgment debtor concerned may deposit the sum adjudged owed with the court for payment of the claim, pay the judgment creditor directly, or make such other fair and reasonable agreement for payment or settlement of the claim with the judgment creditor. Payment, in full or by agreement or settlement between the parties after final judgment has been rendered, shall satisfy the judgment and extinguish the claim.

(b) If voluntary payment is not made by the judgment debtor after final judgment is rendered, in an action purSuant to §§762.100 through 762.113, the judge shall, upon motion of the party obtaining judgment, order the appearance of the party against whom the judgment has been entered, but not more often than Once each week for four consecutive weeks, for oral examination under oath as to his financial status and his ability to pay the judgment, and the judge shall make such supplementary orders as seems just and proper to effectuate the payment of the judgment upon reasonable terms.

(c) Any final judgment of the Small Claims Court shall upon order of the court become a statutory lien upon any and all personal property owned by the judgment debtor concerned and located on the Midway Islands. Such lien may be enforced by attachment, levy, judicial sale, or as the Court may otherwise direct.

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