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(a) Nonappropriated-fund instrumentality (NAFI). An instrumentality of the Federal Government established to generate and administer In OIlappropriated-funds for programs and services contributing to the mental and physical well-being of Department of Defense personnel and their dependents. A NAFI is not incorporated under the laws of any State and enjoys the privileges and immunities of the Federal Government.

(b) Nomappropriated-funds. Funds generated through the use and patronage of NAFI's, not including funds appropriated by Congress.

(c) Employees of NAFI. Civilian perSonnel employed by NAFI's whose Salaries are paid from nonappropriatedfunds. Also, military personnel working part-time at NAFI's when Compensated from nonappropriated-funds.

$756.3 Notification.

(a) Some NAFI's, such as flying clubs, carry private commercial insurance to protect them from claims for property damage and personal injury attributable to their operations. The Commandant of the Marine Corps, the Chief of Naval Personnel, and the Com

mander, Naval Supply Systems Command determine whether NAFI’s within their cognizance shall carry liability insurance or become self-insurers, in whole or in part. (b) The Marine Corps requires mandatory participation in the Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) Composite Insurance Program by the following Operations: MWR Operations and retail services, food and hospitality, recreation; and Special NAFI activities including flying clubs, rod and gun clubs, Interservice Rifle Fund, Marine Corps Marathon and Dependent Cafeteria, Fund. The following organizations may also participate in the MWR. Composite Insurance Program, if desired: Child welfare centers, billeting funds, chapel funds, and civilian welfare funds. (c) When the Operations of NAFI's result in property damage or personal injury, the insurance carrier, if any, should be given immediate written notification. Notification should not be postponed until a claim is filed. When the activity is self-insured, the Self-inSurance fund shall be notified of the potential liability by the activity.

$756.4 Responsibility.

The primary responsibility for the negotiation and settlement of claims resulting from nonappropriated-fund activities is normally with the NAFI and its insurer. NAFI's, however, are Federal agencies within the meaning of the Federal Tort Claims Act if charged with an essential function of the Department of the Navy and if the degree of control and Supervision by the Navy is more than casual or perfunctory. Compare United States v. Holcombe, 277 F.2d 143 (4th Cir. 1960) and Scott v. United States, 226 F. Supp. 846, (D. Ga. 1963). Consequently, to the extent SOVereign immunity is waived by the Federal Tort Claims Act, 28 U.S.C. 1346(b), 2671–2672, 2674–2680, the United States remains ultimately liable for payment of NAFI claims.

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States, shall be investigated in accordance with the procedures for investigating similar claims against appropriated fund activities in order to protect the residual liability of the United States. All claims should be submitted to the command having Cognizance over the NAFI involved.

$756.6 Negotiation.

(a) General. Claims from NAFI's should be processed primarily through NAFI claims procedures, using as guidelines the regulations and statutes applicable to similar appropriated fund activity claims.

(b) When the NAFI is insured. When a NAFI is insured, the insurer or the contracted third-party claims administrator (TPA) will normally conduct negotiations with claimants. The appropriate naval adjudicating authority as shown in 32 CFR 750.34(c)(2)(ii) has the responsibility of monitoring the negotiations conducted by the insurer or TPA. Monitoring is normally limited to ascertaining someone has been assigned to negotiate, to obtain periodic status reports, and to close files on Settled claims. Any dissatisfaction with the insurer’s or TPA’s handling of the negotiations should be referred directly to the Judge Advocate General for appropriate action. Under Special circumstances, even when there is an insurer or TPA, the appropriate naval adjudicating authority may conduct negotiations, provided the Command involved and the insurer agree to it. When an appropriate Settlement is negotiated by the Navy, the recommended award will be forwarded to the insurer or TPA for payment.

(c) When the NAFI is not insured. When there is no private, commercial insurer and the NAFI has made no independent arrangements for negotiations, the appropriate Navy adjudicating authority is responsible for conducting negotiations. When an appropriate settlement is negotiated by the Navy, the recommended award will be forwarded to the NAFI for payment from nonappropriated-funds.

$756.7 Payment.

(a) Claims that can be settled for less than $1000.00. A claim not covered by insurance (or not paid by the insurer),

that can be settled for $1000.00 or less, may be adjudicated by the commanding officer of the activity concerned or designee. The claim shall be paid out of funds available to the Commanding officer.

(b) Claims that cannot be settled for less than $1000.00. A claim negotiated by the Navy, not covered by insurance, that cannot be settled for less than $1000.00, shall be forwarded to the appropriate nonappropriated-fund headquarters command for payment from its nonappropriated-funds.

(c) When payment is possible under another statute. In some cases neither the NAFI nor its insurer may be legally responsible. In those instances, when there is no negligence, and payment is authorized under SOme Other Statute, such as the Foreign Claims Act, 10 U.S.C. 2734–2736, the claim may be considered for payment from appropriated funds or may be referred to the Judge Advocate General for appropriate action.

(d) Other claims. A NAFI’s private insurance policy is usually not available to cover losses which result from Some act or omission of a mere participant in a nonappropriated-fund activity. In the event the NAFI declines to pay the claim, the file shall be forwarded to the Judge Advocate General for determination.

§ 756.8 Denial.

Claims resulting from In OIlappropriated-fund activities may be denied only by the appropriate naval adjudicating authority. Such a denial is necessary to begin the 6-month limitation on filing suit against the United States for claims filed under the Federal Tort Claims Act. Denial of a claim shall be in writing and in accordance with subparts A or B of part 750 of this chapter, as appropriate. The appropriate naval adjudicating authority should not deny claims which have initially been processed and negotiated by a nonappropriated-fund activity, its inSurer or TPA until the activity or its insurer has clearly stated in writing that it does not intend to pay the claim and has elected to defend in COurt.

$756.9 Claims by employees.

(a) Personal injury or death of citizens or permanent residents of the United States employed anywhere, or foreign mationals employed within the United States. Compensation is provided by the Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act (33 U.S.C. 901–950) for employees of NAFI’s who have suffered injury or death arising out of and in the course of their employment (5 U.S.C. 8171). That Act is the exclusive basis for Government liability for injuries or deaths that are covered (5 U.S.C. 8173). A claim should first be made under that Act if there is a Substantial possibility the injury or death is covered.

(b) Personal injury or death of foreign mationals employed outside of the contimental United States. Employees who are not citizens Or permanent residents, and who are employed outside the continental United States, are protected by private insurance of the NAFI or by other arrangements (5 U.S.C. 8172). When a nonappropriatedfund activity has neglected to obtain insurance coverage or to make other arrangements, the matter shall be processed as a Foreign Claims Act or a Military Claims Act claim if appropriate, and any award will be paid from nonappropriated-funds.

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Claims asserted.

757.15 Claims not asserted.

757.16 Claims asserted only with JAG approval.

757.11 757.12 757.13 T57.14

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not Seek payment from Servicemenbers and Government employees for damages caused by their simple negligence. Exceptions to this general policy will be made when the incident involves aggravating cirCumstanceS. (b) For medical costs from third party payers in accordance with 10 U.S.C. 1095. These claims are asserted and collected by the medical treatment facilities under the coordination of benefits program. (c) For money paid or reimbursed by the government for damage to a rental car in accordance with the Joint Federal Travel Regulations (volume 1, paragraph. U 3415– C and volume 2, paragraph C 2101–2). Collection action shall be taken against third parties liable in tort. Collection action shall not be taken against Government personnel who rented the vehicle. (d) Other claims. Any other claim for money Or property in favor of the United States cognizable under the Federal Claims Collection Act not specifically listed above.

$757.5 Assertion of claims and collection procedures.

(a) General. The controlling procedures for administrative collection of claims are established in 4 CFR part 102. (b) Officials authorized to pursue claims. The following Officers are authorized to pursue and collect all affirmative claims in favor of the United States: (1) The Judge Advocate General; the Deputy Judge Advocate General; any Assistant Judge Advocate General; and the Deputy Assistant Judge Advocate General (Claims and Tort Litigation); and (2) Commanding officers of Naval Legal Service Offices and applicable Detachments, except Naval Legal Service Offices in countries where another service has single service responsibility in accordance with DOD Directive 5515.8.2 (c) Dollar limitations. All of the Officers listed in $757.5(b) are authorized to compromise and terminate Collection

2See footnote 1 to $757.2.

action on affirmative claims of $20,000.00 or less. (d) Determining liability. Liability must be determined in accordance with the law of the place in which the damage occurred, including the applicable traffic laws, elements of tort, and posSible defenses. (e) Assertion of a claim. (1) Assertion of the claim is accomplished by mailing to the tortfeasor a “Notice of Claim.” The notice is to be mailed certified mail, return receipt requested, and should include the following information: (i) Reference to the statutory right to collect; (ii) A demand for payment or restoration; (iii) A description of damage; (iv) The date and place of the incident; and (v) The name, phone number, and office address of the claims personnel to COnta.Ct. (2) See also 4 CFR part 102. (f) Full payment. When a responsible party or insurer tenders full payment Or a compromise settlement on a claim, the payment should be in the form of a check or money order made payable to the Collection activity, such as the “Commanding Officer, Naval Legal Service Office, (Name).” The check or money order shall then be forwarded to the disbursing officer serving the collecting activity for deposit in accordance with the provisions of the Navy Comptroller Manual. (g) Installment payments. See 4 CFR 102.11 for specific procedures. In general, if the debtor is financially unable to pay the debt in one lump sum, an inStallment payment plan may be arranged. Installment payments will be required on a monthly basis and the Size of payment must bear a reasonable relation to the size of the debt and the debtor's ability to pay. The installment agreements should specify payments of such size and frequency to liquidate the Government’s claim in not more than 3 years. Installment payments of less than $50.00 per month should be accepted only if justified on the grounds of financial hardship or for Some other reasonable cause. In all inStallment arrangements, a confession of judgment note setting out a repayment schedule should be executed. (h) Damage to monappropriated-fund instrumentality (NAFI) property. Any amount collected for loss or damage to property of a NAFI shall be forwarded to the headquarters of the nonappropriated-fund activity for deposit with that activity. In those situations where the recovery involves damage to both NAFI-owned property and other Government property, e.g., destruction of an exchange building resulting in damage to both the building and the exchange-owned property inside, recovery for the exchange-owned property shall be forwarded to the NAFI. Recovery for building damage shall be deposited in accordance with $757.5(f) above. (i) Damage to industrial-commercial property. When a loss or cost of repair has been borne by an industrial-commercial activity, payment shall be deposited in the Navy Industrial Fund of the activity in accordance with the provisions of the Navy Comptroller Manual. When a claim is based on a loss or damage sustained by Such an activity, a notation to this effect shall be included in any claim file forwarded to the Judge Advocate General. (j) Replacement in kind or repair. The responsible party, or insurer, may want to repair or replace in kind damaged property. The commanding officer or officer in charge of the activity Sustaining the loss is authorized to accept repair or replacement if, in his discretion, it is considered to be in the best interests of the United States. (k) Release. The commanding officer or officer in charge is authorized to execute a release of the claim when all repairs have been completed to the Government’s satisfaction, and when all repair bills have been paid. No prior approval from the Judge Advocate General is required for this procedure. If repair or replacement is made, a notation shall be made in any investigation or claims file.

$757.6 Waiver, compromise, and referral of claims.

(a) Officials authorized to compromise claims. The Officers identified in $757.5(b) may collect the full amount On all claims, and may compromise, execute releases or terminate collec

tion action on all claims of $20,000.00 or less. Collection action may be terminated for the convenience of the Government if the tortfeaSOr Cannot be located, is found to be judgment-proof, has denied liability, or has refused to respond to repeated correspondence Concerning legal liability involving a Small claim. A termination for the convenience of the Government is made after it is determined that the case does not warrant litigation or that it is not cost-effective to pursue recovery efforts. (b) Claims over $100,000.00. Claims in excess of $100,000.00 may not be compromised for less than the full amount Or Collection action terminated without approval from the Department of Justice (DOJ). (c) Notification. The Judge Advocate General shall be notified prior to all requests made to the DOJ to compromise, terminate collection, or referral for further collection action or litigation. (d) Litigation Reports. Litigation reports prepared in accordance with 4 CFR part 103 shall be forwarded to the DOJ along with any case file forwarded for further collection action or litigation as required by the Federal Claims Collections Standards.

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