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$750.68 Claims not payable.
(a) A claim for damage, loss, or destruction of property or the personal injury or death caused wholly or partly by a negligent or wrongful act of the claimant or his agent or employee.
(b) A claim, or any part thereof, that is legally recoverable by the claimant under an indemnifying law or indemnity Contract.
(c) A subrogated claim.
$750.69 Measure of damages.
Generally, the measure-of-damage provisions under the MCA are used to determine the extent of recovery for nonscope claims. Compensation is Computed in accordance with $$750.47 and 750.48 of subpart C, except damages for personal injury or death under this section shall not be for more than the cost of reasonable medical, hospital, and burial expenses actually incurred and not otherwise furnished or paid for by the United States.
PART 751 –PERSONNEL CLAIMS REGULATIONS
Subpart A-Claims Agdinst the United Słotes
Sec. 751.1 Scope of subpart A. 751.2 Claims against the United States: In general. 751.3 Authority. 751.4 Construction. 751.5 Definitions. 751.6 Claims payable. 751.7 Claims not payable. 751.8 Adjudicating authorities. 751.9 Presentment of claim. 751.10 Form of claim. 751.11 Investigation of claim. 751.12 Computation of award. 751.13 Payments and Collections. 751.14 Partial payments. 751.15 Reconsideration and appeal. 751.16–751.20 [Reserved]
Subport B–Demond on Corrier, Controctor, or Insurer
751.21 Scope of Subpart B.
751.22 Carrier recovery: In general.
751.24 Notice of loSS or damage.
751.25 Types of Shipments and liability involved.
751.26 Demand on carrier, contractor, or inSullse I’.
(a) Marimum amount payable. The Military and Civilian Employees’ PerSonnel Claims Act (Personnel Claims Act), 31 U.S.C. 3701, 3702, and 3721, provides that the maximum amount payable for any loss or damage arising from a Single incident is limited to $40,000.00. Claims for losses occurring prior to 31 October 1988 are limited to $25,000.00. (b) Additional instructions. The Judge Advocate General of the Navy may issue additional instructions or guidance as necessary to give full force and effect to this section. (c) Preemption. The provisions of this section and the Personnel Claims Act are preemptive of other claims regulations. Claims not allowable under the Personnel Claims Act may, however, be allowable under another claims act. (d) Other claims. Claims arising from the operation of a ship's store, laundry, dry cleaning facility, tailor Shop, or
the United cobbler shop should be processed in acCordance with NAVSUP P437.
§ 751.3 Authority.
The Personnel Claims Act provides the authority for maximum payment up to $40,000.00 for loss, damage, or destruction of personal property of military personnel or civilian employees incident to their Service. The Act provides for the recovery from Carriers, warehouse firms, and other third parties responsible for such loss, damage, or destruction. No claim may be paid unless it is presented in writing within 2 years of the incident giving rise to the claim.
§ 751.4 Construction.
The provisions of this section and the Personnel Claims Act provide limited compensation to service members and civilian employees of the DON for loss and damage to personal property incurred incident to Service. This limited compensation is not a substitute for private insurance. Although not every loss may be compensated under the Personnel Claims Act, its provisions shall be broadly Construed to provide reasonable compensation on meritorious claims. Adjudications must be based on common sense and the reaSoned judgment of the claims examiner giving the benefit of realistic doubt to the claimant.
§ 751.5 Definitions.
(a) Proper claimants—(1) Members of the DON. All Navy and Marine Corps active duty members and reservists on active duty for training under Federal law whether commissioned, enrolled, appointed, or enlisted. A retired member may only claim under this Act if loss or damage occurred while the claimant was on active duty or in Connection with the claimant’s last movement of personal property incident to Service.
(2) Civilian employees of the Navy. Federal employees of the naval establishment paid from appropriated funds. This term does not include Red Cross employees, USO personnel, and employees of Government contractors (including technical representatives).
(3) Claims by monappropriated-fund employees. Claims by employees of Navy
and Marine Corps nonappropriatedfund activities for loss, damage, or destruction of personal property incident to their employment will be processed and adjudicated in accordance with this enclosure and forwarded to the appropriate local nonappropriated-fund activity which employs the claimant for payment from nonappropriatedfunds. (4) Separation from service. Separation from the service or termination of employment shall not bar former military personnel or civilian employees from filing claims or bar designated officers from considering, ascertaining, adjusting, determining, and authorizing payment of claims otherwise falling within the provision of these regulations when Such claim accrued prior to separation Or termination. (b) Improper claimants. Insurers, asSignees, Subrogees, vendors, lienholders, contractors, subcontractors and their employees, and other perSons not Specifically mentioned as proper claimants. (c) Unwsual occurrence. Serious events and natural disasters not expected to take place in the normal course of events. Two different types of incidents may be considered unusual occurrences: those of an unusual nature and those of a Common nature that occur to an unexpected degree of severity. Examples of unusual occurrences include structural defects in quarters, faulty plumbing maintenance, termite or rodent damage, unusually large size hail, and hazardous health conditions due to Government use of toxic chemicals. Examples of occurrences that are not unusual include potholes or foreign objects in the road, ice and Snow sliding off a roof onto a vehicle, and tears, rips, Snags, or stains on clothing. Claims that electrical or electronic devices were damaged by a power Surge may be paid when lightning has actually struck the claimant’s residence or objects outside the residence, such as a transformer box, or when power company records Or Similar evidence shows that a particular residence or group of residences was subjected to a power Surge of unusual intensity. In areas Subject to frequent, thunderstorms or power fluctuations, claimants are expected to use Surge Suppressors, if available, to protect delicate items such as computers or videocassette recorders.
(d) Personal property. Property including but not limited to household goods, unaccompanied baggage, privately owned vehicles (POV’s), mobile homes, and boats.
(e) Intangible property. Property that has no intrinsic marketable value Such as bankbooks, checks, promissory notes, non-negotiable stock certificates, bonds, baggage checks, insurance policies, money orders, and travelers checks.
(f) Vehicles. Includes automobiles, motorcycles, mopeds, utility trailers, camping trailers, trucks, mounted camper bodies, motor homes, boats, boat trailers, bicycles, and aircraft. Mobile homes and other property used as dwelling places are not considered vehicles.
$751.6 Claims payable.
Claims for loss, damage, or destruction of property may be considered as set out below if possession of the property was reasonable and useful under the circumstances and the loss did not result from the negligence of the claimant. (a) Transportation and storage losses. (1) Incurred during transportation under orders, whether in possession of the Government, carrier, storage warehouse, or other Government contractor. (2) Incurred during travel under orders, including temporary duty. (3) Incurred during travel on a space available basis On a military aircraft, vessel, or vehicle. (4) Do-it-yourself (DITY) moves. In certain circumstances, loss of or damage to property during a DITY move is compensable. Claimants, however, are required to substantiate the fact of loss or damage in shipment. Claimants who do not prepare inventories have difficulty substantiating thefts. In addition, unless evidence shows that something outside the claimant’s control caused the damage, breakage is preSumed to be the result of improper packing by the claimant. For example, if a claimant’s truck is rear-ended by a drunk driver during a DITY move, it is Out of claimant’s control. If the claim
ant can substantiate that he was free from negligence, he can file a claim for damages to his household goods. (5) Shipment or storage at the claimant’s eacpense. The shipment or storage is considered Government-sponsored if the Government later reimburses the claimant for it. The Government, however, will not compensate a claimant for loss or damage that occurs while property is being shipped or stored at the claimant’s expense, even if the Government reimburses the claimant for the shipment or storage fees. The reason for this is that there is no contract, called a Government Bill of Lading (GBL), between Government and the Carrier. In Such cases the claimant must claim against the carrier. (b) Losses at assigned quarters or other authorized places. Damage or loss Caused by fire, explosion, theft, vandalism, lightning, flood, earthquake, and unusual occurrences. Losses due to theft may only be paid if the claimant took reasonable measures to safeguard the property and the theft occurred as a result of a forced entry. Claimants are expected to secure windows and doors of their barracks, quarters, wall lockers, and other storage areas. Claimants are expected to store valuables in a Secure area within their barracks, quarters, and storage areas. Claimants are also expected to take extra measures to protect cash, valuable jewelry, and similar Small, easily pilferable items. Normally, such items should be kept in a locked container within a Secured room. It is also advisable that the locked container be large enough that it is not convenient for a thief to carry off. Bicycles located at quarters or on base must be secured to a fixed object. OverSeas housing is considered assigned quarters for claimants who are not local inhabitants. (c) Vehicle losses. (1) Incurred while a vehicle is used in the performance of military duty, if Such use was authorized or directed for the Convenience of the Government, provided the travel did not include commuting to or from the permanent place of duty, and did not arise from mechanical or structural defect of the vehicle. There is no requirement that the loss be due to fire, flood, hurricane, or other unusual occurrence, or to theft or vandalism. As a general rule, however, travel is not considered to be for the convenience of the Government unless it was pursuant to written orders authorizing use for which the claimant is entitled to reimbursement. The claimant must be free from negligence in order to be paid for a collision loss. Travel by the claimant to other buildings on the installation is not considered to be under orders for the convenience of the Government. Travel off the installation without written orders may only be deemed to be for the convenience of the Government if the claimant was expressly directed by his superior to use POV to accomplish the mission. The issuance of written orders after the fact raises the presumption that travel was not for the convenience of the GOvernment. The maximum payment of $2,000.00 authorized by the Allowance List-Depreciation Guide still applies to loss of or damage to vehicles and Contents. This maximum does not apply to DITY moves. (2) Incurred while a vehicle is Shipped at Government expense, provided the loss or damage did not arise from mechanical or structural defect of the vehicle during such shipment. Damage caused during shipment at the claimant’s expense or while the vehicle is being moved to Or from the port by an agent of the claimant is not compenSable. (3) Incurred while a vehicle is located at quarters or other authorized place of lodging, including garages, carports, driveways, assigned parking Spaces, if the loss or damage is caused by fire, flood, hurricane, theft, or vandalism, or other unusual occurrence. Vandalism is damage intentionally caused. Stray marks caused by children playing, falling branches, gravel thrown by other vehicles, or similar occurrences are not vandalism. The amount payable on vandalism claims is limited to $2,000.00. (4) Incurred while a vehicle is located at places other than quarters but on a military installation, if the loss or damage is caused by fire, flood, hurricane, theft, or vandalism, or other unusual occurrence. “Military installation” is used broadly to describe any fixed land area, wherever situated, controlled, and used by military activities
or the Department of Defense (DOD). A vehicle properly on the installation should be presumed to be used incident to the claimant’s service. A vehicle that is not properly insured or registered in accordance with local regulations is not properly on the installation. A vehicle left in a remote area of the installation that is not a designated long-term parking area for an undue length of time is presumed not to be on the installation incident to Service. (5) Theft of property stored inside a vehicle. Claimants are expected to lock doors and windows. Neither the pasSenger Compartment, nor the trunk of a vehicle is a proper place for the longterm Storage of property unconnected with the use of the vehicle. The pasSenger Compartment of a vehicle does not provide adequate Security, except for very short periods of time for articles that are not of high value or easily pilferable. Car Covers and bras are payable if bolted or Secured to the vehicle with a wire locking device. (6) Rental vehicles. Damage to rental vehicles is considered under paragraphs of the Joint Federal Travel Regulations (JFTR), rather than as a loss inCident to Service. (d) Mobile homes and contents in Shipment. Claims for damage to mobile homes and contents in shipment are payable unless the damage was caused by structural or mechanical defects (see $751.12(g) below on mobile homes). (e) Borrowed property (including vehicles). LOSS or damage to borrowed property is compensable if it was borrowed for claimant's or dependent’s own use. A statement will be provided by the Owner of the property attesting to the use of the property by the claimant. (f) Clothing and articles being worm. Repairs/replacement of clothing and articles being worn while on a military installation or in the performance of official duty may be paid if loss is caused by fire, flood, hurricane, theft, or vandalism, or other unusual occurrence. This paragraph shall be broadly construed in favor of Compensation, but see $751.5(c) for the definition of unusual occurrence. Articles being worn include hearing aids, eyeglasses, and items the claimant is carrying, such as a briefcase.
(g) Personal property held as evidence or confiscated property. If property belonging to the victim of a Crime is to be held as evidence for an extended period of time (in excess of 2 months) and the temporary loss of the property will work a grave hardship on the claimant, a claim for the loss may be considered for payment. This provision will not be used unless every effort has been made to determine whether secondary evidence, such as photographs, may be Substituted for the item. No Compensation is allowed to a person Suspected of an offense for property Seized from that same person in the investigation of that offense. This also applies to property a foreign government unjustly confiscates or an unjust change in a foreign law that forces surrender or abandonment of property. (h) Theft from possession of claimant. Theft from the person of the claimant is reimbursable if the theft occurred by use of force, violence, or threat to do bodily harm, or by Snatching or pickpocketing, and at the time of theft the claimant was either on a military installation, utilizing a recreation facility operated or sponsored by the Department of Defense or any agency thereof, or in the performance of Official duty. The theft must have been reported to appropriate police authorities as Soon as practicable, and it must have been reasonable for the claimant to have had on his person the quality and the quantity of the property allegedly stolen. (i) Property used for the benefit of the Government. Compensation is authorized where property is damaged or lost While being used in the performance of Government business at the direction or request of Superior authority or by reason of military necessity. (j) Money deposited for safekeeping, transmittal, or other authorized disposition. Compensation is authorized for personal funds delivered to and accepted by military and civilian personnel authorized by the commanding officer to receive these funds for safekeeping, deposit, transmittal, or other authorized disposition, if the funds were neither applied as directed by the owner nor returned to the Owner. (k) Fees—(1) For obtaining certain docwments. The fees for replacing birth cer
tificates, marriage certificates, college diplomas, passports, or similar documents may be allowed if the original or a certified copy is lost or destroyed inCident to service. In general, compensation will only be allowed for replacing documents with a raised seal that are official in nature. No compensation will be allowed for documents that are representative of value, Such as stock certificates, or for perSOnal letters or records. (2) Estimate fees. An estimate fee is a fixed cost charged by a person in the business of repairing property to provide an estimate of what it would cost to repair property. An estimate fee in excess of $50.00 should be examined With great care to determine whether it is reasonable. A person becomes obligated to pay an estimate fee when the estimate is prepared. An estimate fee Should not be confused with an appraisal fee, which is not compensable (See $751.7). A reasonable estimate fee is compensable if it is not going to be Credited toward the cost of repair. If it is to be credited toward the cost of repair, it is not compensable regardless of whether the claimant chooses to have the work done. When an estimate fee is claimed, the file must reflect whether the fee is to be credited.
$751.7 Claims not payable.
(a) Losses in unassigned quarters in the United States. Claims for property damaged or lost at quarters occupied by the claimant within the United States that are not assigned or otherwise provided by the Government. (b) Currency or jewelry shipped or Stored in baggage. Claims for lost money, Currency, or jewelry shipped or Stored in baggage are not payable. Coin Or paper money included in collections is payable only if listed on an inventory prepared at Origin. (c) Enemy property or war trophies. This includes only property that was Originally enemy property or a war trophy that passed into the hands of a collector and was then purchased by a claimant. (d) Unserviceable or Worn-Out Property. (e) Loss or Damage to Property to the Extent of any Available Insurance