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any complete separation from the naval service other than that pursuant to the sentence of general Court-martial. The term “discharge” also includes the type of discharge and the reason/basis for that discharge, e.g., Other Than Honorable/Misconduct, (Civil Conviction).
§ 724.108 Administrative discharge.
A discharge upon expiration of enlistment or required period of Service, or prior thereto, in a manner prescribed by the Commandant of the Marine Corps or the Commander, Naval Military Personnel Command, but specifically excluding Separation by Sentence of a court-martial.
§ 724.109 Types of administrative discharges.
(a) A determination reflecting a member's military behavior and performance of duty during a Specific period of Service. The three characterizationS are: (1) Honorable. A separation from the naval Service with honor. The issuance of an Honorable Discharge is contingent upon proper military behavior and performance of duty. (2) Under Honorable Conditions (also termed General Discharge). A separation from the naval Service under honOrable conditions. The issuance of a discharge under honorable conditions is Contingent upon military behavior and performance of duty which is not Sufficiently meritorious to warrant an Honorable Discharge. (3) Under Other Tham Honorable Conditions (formerly termed Undesirable Discharge). A separation from the naval Service under Conditions Other than honorable. It is issued to terminate the Service of a member of the naval Service for One or more of the reasons/basis listed in the Naval Military Personnel Manual, Marine Corps Separation and Retirement Manual and their predeCessor publications. (4) Entry Level Separation. (i) A separation initiated while a member is in entry level status will be described as an Entry Level Separation except in the following circumstances: (a) When characterization under Other Than Honorable Conditions is
authorized and is warranted by the cirCumstances Of the Case; Or (b) When characterization of service as Honorable is clearly warranted by the presence of unusual circumstances including personal conduct and performance of naval duty and is approved On a Case-by-case basis by the Secretary Of the Navy. This characterization will be considered when the member is separated by reason of Selected Changes in Service Obligation, Convenience of the Government, or Disability. (ii) With respect to administrative matters outside the administrative Separation System that require a characterization of Service as Honorable or General, an Entry Level Separation shall be treated as the required characterization. In accordance with 1163 of title 10, United States Code (1982), an Entry Level Separation for a member of a Reserve component separated from the Delayed Entry Program is under honorable conditions.
[50 FR 10943, Mar. 19, 1985, as amended at 51 F.R. 44909, Dec. 15, 1986]
§ 724.110 Reason/basis for administrative discharge.
The terms “reason for discharge” and “basis for discharge” have the same meaning. The first is a Navy term and the Second is a Marine Corps term. These terms identify why an administrative discharge was issued, e.g., Convenience of the Government, MisConduct. Reasons/basis for discharge are found in the Naval Military Personnel Manual and Marine Corps Separation and Retirement Manual as well as predecessor publications.
§ 724.111 Punitive discharge.
A discharge awarded by sentence of a Court-martial. There are two types of punitive discharges:
(a) Bad conduct. A separation from the naval Service under conditions other than honorable. It may be effected only as a result of the approved Sentence of a general or Special courtmartial.
(b) Dishonorable. A separation from the naval Service under dishonorable conditions. It may be effected only as a result of the approved sentence of a general court-martial.
$724.112 Clemency discharge.
(a) The clemency discharge was created by the President on September 16, 1974, in his Proclamation 4313, “Announcing a Program for the Return of Vietnam Era, Draft Evaders and Military Deserters.” Upon issuance to individuals who have an undesirable discharge or a punitive discharge, a clemency discharge serves as a Written testimonial to the fact that the individual has satisfied the requirements of the President’s program, and has fully earned his/her return to the mainstream of American Society in accordance with that program.
(b) The Clemency discharge is a neutral discharge, neither honorable nor less than honorable. It does not effect a change in the characterization of the individual’s military Service as having been under other than honorable condition, nor does it serves to change, Seal, erase or in any way modify the individual’s past military record. Therefore, if the underlying discharge was issued as a result of a general Court-martial, the issuance of a Clemency Discharge does not subject the underlying characterization to review under 10 U.S.C. 1553. Clemency discharges are issued by the Commander, Naval Military Personnel Command or the Commandant of the Marine Corps when an individual has met the requirements of the Presidential Proclamation.
§ 724.113 Application.
In the COntext. Of this Manual, a writ:ten application to the NDRB for the review of a discharge submitted by a former member of the naval service or, where a former member is deceased or incompetent, by Spouse, next of kin or legal representative. Department of Defense Form 293 must be used for the application.
A former member of the naval Service who has been discharged administratively in accordance with the directives of the naval service or by sentence of a special court-martial under title 10 U.S.C. 801 et seq. (Uniform Code of Military Justice) and, in accordance with statutory and regulatory proviSiOnS:
(a) Whose case is considered by the NDRB at the request of the former member, of, if authorized under $724.113, the surviving spouse, next-ofkin or legal representative, or
(b) Whose case is considered on the NDRB’s own motion.
§ 724.115 Next of kin.
The person or persons in the highest Category of priority as determined by the following list (categories appear in descending order of priority): Surviving legal spouse; children (whether by Current or prior marriage) age 18 years or older in descending precedence by age; father or mother, unless by court Order custody has been vested in anOther (adoptive parent takes precedence over natural parent); siblings (whole or half) age 18 years or older in descending precedence by age; grandfather or grandmother; any other relative (precedence to be determined in a CCOrdance with the civil law of deScent of the deceased former member’s State of domicile at time of death).
An individual or agency designated by the applicant who agrees to represent the applicant in a case before the NDRB. It includes, but is not limited to: a lawyer who is a member of the bar of a Federal Court or of the highest court of a State; an accredited representative designated by an organiZation recognized by the Administrator of Veterans Affairs; a representative from a State agency concerned with veterans affairs; or a representative from private organizations or local Government agencies.
$724.117 Discharge review.
A nonadversary administrative reappraisal at the level of the Navy Department of discharges from the naval Service. The object of the reappraisal is to determine whether the discharge should be changed, and if so, the nature of the change. This reappraisal includes the type and reason/basis for separation, the procedures followed in accomplishing separation, and the characterization of Service. This term includes determinations made under the provisions of 38 U.S.C. 3103(2).
A former member of the Armed Forces (or the former member’s counSel) who submits a complaint under 32 CFR Part 70 with respect to the decisional document issued in the former member’s own case; or a former member of the Armed Forces (or the former member's counsel) who submits a complaint under reference (b) stating that correction of the decisional document will assist, the former member in preparing for an administrative or judicial proceeding in which the former member's own discharge will be at iSSue.
Subport B–Authority/Policy for Departmental Discharge Review
§ 724.201 Authority.
The Naval Discharge Review Board, established pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 1553, is a component of the Naval Council of Personnel Boards. By SECNAVINST 5430.7L, the Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Manpower and Reserve Affairs) is authorized and directed to act for the Secretary of the Navy within his assigned area of responsibility and exercises OverSight. Over the Naval Council of Personnel Boards. SECNAVINST 5420.135C of July 15, 1983 states the or— ganization, mission, duties and responSibilities of the Naval Council of PerSonnel Boards to include the Naval Discharge Review Board. The Chief of Naval Operations established the Office of Naval Disability Evaluation and Navy Council of Personnel Boards on 1 October 1976 (OPNAVNOTE 5450 Ser 09B26/535376 of 9 Sep 1976 (Canc frp: Apr 77)). The Chief of Naval Operations approved the change in name of the Office Of Naval Disability Evaluation and Navy Council of Personnel Boards to Naval Council of Personnel Boards on 1 February 1977 (OPNAVNOTE 5450 Ser 09B26/32648 of 24 Jan 1977 (Canc frp: Jul 77)) with the following mission statement:
applicable statutes, regulations, and manuals and directives of the Department of the Navy, and Other written public expressions of policy by competent authority: (a) 10 U.S.C. 1553, Review of discharge or dismissal: (1) “The Secretary concerned shall, after consulting the Administrator of Veterans’ Affairs, establish a board of review, consisting of five members, to review the discharge or dismissal (other than a discharge or dismissal by sentence of a general Court-martial) of any former member of an armed force under the jurisdiction of his department upon its own motion or upon the request of the former member or, if he is dead, his Surviving Spouse, next of kin, or legal representative. A motion or request for review must be made within 15 years after the date of the discharge or dismissal.” (2) A board established under this Section may, Subject to review by the Secretary Concerned, Change a discharge or dismissal, or issue a new discharge, to reflect its findings. (3) A review by the board established under this section shall be based on the records of the armed forces concerned and Such other evidence as may be preSented to the board. A witness may present evidence to the board in person or by affidavit. A person who requests a review under this Section may appear before the board in person or by counSel Or an accredited representative or an organization recognized by the Administrator of Veterans’ Affairs under title 38 U.S.C. 3401 et seq.”. (b) Pub. L. 95–126. See appendix D. (c) 32 CFR part 70. This provides for uniform Standards and procedures for review of discharges from the military Services of the Department of Defense. The provisions of 32 CFR part 70 are inCorporated in this Manual. (d) The Secretary of Defense memoranda dated August 13, 1971 and April 28, 1972 (NOTAL). These directed a review for recharacterization of (1) administrative discharges under other than honorable conditions issued solely on the basis of personal use of drugs or possession of drugs for the purpose of Such use, and (2) punitive discharges and dismissals issued solely for conviction of personal use of drugs and pos
(a) The Board shall have no authority to: (1) Review a discharge or dismissal resulting from a general court-martial; (2) Alter the judgment of a courtmartial, except the discharge or dismissal awarded may be changed for purposes of Clemency; (3) Revoke any discharge or dismisSal; (4) Reinstate a person in the naval Service; (5) Recall a former member to active duty; (6) Change a reenlistment code; (7) Make recommendations for reenlistment to permit entry in the naval Service Or any other branch of the Armed Forces; (8) Cancel or void enlistment contractS; Or