« PreviousContinue »
all available sources of information indicates beyond doubt that the presumption of continuance of life has been overcome. When a finding of presumptive death is made, a man’s pay accounts are closed as of the day following the expiration of the 12 months’ absence or a longer period when justified, and the various benefits, such as the six months' gratuity, become payable. A finding of presumptive death concerning an officer or enlisted man of the Navy means simply that as of the date thereof he is for the purposes of Naval administration no longer alive. It does not mean that death occurred on that or on any other certain date. (b) Findings of presumptive death are never made when the “missing” status has not continued for at least 12 months. Whenever, subsequent to the expiration of the 12th month, cumulative or other evidence establishes by its preponderance that a “missing” person is no longer alive, a prompt finding of presumptive death will be made. Also, such a finding will be made whenever justified by the lapse of time beyond the 12 months’ absence without specific information being received. (c) The Secretary of the Navy, or such subordinate as he may designate, has authority to make all determinations necessary in the administration of the act, and for the purposes of the act determinations so made shall be conclusive as to death or finding or death, as to any other status dealt with by the act, and as to any essential date including that upon which evidence or information is received in the Department. The determination of the Secretary of the Navy, or of such subordinate as he may designate, is conclusive as to whether information received concerning any person is to be construed and acted upon as an official report of death. When any information deemed to establish conclusively the death of any person is received in the department, action shall be taken thereon as an official report of death, notwithstanding any prior action relating to death or other status of Such person. Under the foregoing provisions a determination of death is made prior to the expiration of 12 months when the evidence received is considered to
establish conclusively the fact of death and settlement of accounts is made to the date established as the date of receipt of evidence on which the fact of death is established.
(Sec. 301, 80 Stat. 379; 5 U.S.C. 301. Interpret or apply 80 Stat. 112–117, 248—254; 5 U.S.C. 5561–5568, 37 U.S.C. 551–558)
[17 FR 5390, June 14, 1952]
§ 718.2 Allotments.
During Such period as a person is in a status of missing, missing in action, interned in a foreign country, captured by a hostile force, beleaguered by a hostile force, or besieged by a hostile force, allotments from his pay and allowances may be initiated, continued, discontinued, increased, decreased, Suspended or resumed in behalf of his dependents and for Such other purposes as are justified by the circumstances and are in the interests of the person or of the Government.
(R.S. 161, Sec. 5031, 70A Stat. 278, as amended; 5 U.S.C. 22, 10 U.S.C. 5031, 50 U.S.C. App. 1013– 1015)
[26 FR 12658, Dec. 29, 1961]
$718.3 Transportation of dependents.
(a) Whenever a person in active service is officially reported as dead, injured, (Only when the anticipated period of hospitalization or treatment is expected to be of prolonged duration as shown by a statement of the commanding officer at the receiving hospital), missing for a period of 29 days or more, interned in a foreign country, or Captured by a hostile force, his dependents, household and personal effects including one privately owned motor vehicle may be moved (including packing, crating, drayage, temporary Storage, and unpacking of household and personal effects) to the Official residence of record for any such person or to the residence of his dependent, next Of kin, or other person entitled to receive custody of the effects in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (d) of this Section; or, upon application by such dependent, next of kin, heir or legal representative, or other person determined in accordance with paragraph (d) of this Section, or upon the person’s application if injured, to such location as may have been determined
in advance or as may be subsequently approved, except that a reasonable relationship must exist between the Condition and circumstances of the dependents and the destination to which transportation is requested. In the Case of a person in an injured Status, transportation of his dependents or household and personal effects may be authorized only when the hospitalization or treatment of the injured person will be of prolonged duration. Payment in money of amounts equal to Such Commercial transportation COStS Or a monetary allowance in lieu of transportation as authorized by law for the whole or such part of the travel for which transportation in kind is not furnished, may be authorized, when Such travel has been completed. (b) When the Secretary of the Navy or his designee determines that an emergency exists and that Such Sale would be in the best interests of the Government, he may provide for the disposition of the motor vehicles and other bulky items of such household and personal effects of the person by public or private sale. Prior to any such sale, and if practicable, a reasonable effort shall be made to determine the desires of the interested persons. The net proceeds received from such Sale shall be transmitted to the Owner, next of kin, heir or legal representative, or other person determined in a CCordance with paragraph (d) of this Section; but if there be no Such persons or if such persons Or their addresses are not ascertainable within one year from the date of Sale, the net proceeds may be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. (c) The Secretary of the Navy or his designee is authorized to Store the household and personal effects of the person until such time as proper disposition can be made. The cost of Such storage and transportation, including packing, crating, drayage, temporary storage, and unpacking of household and personal effects, will be charged against appropriations currently available. (d) The following provisions apply to the determination of the “other perSon” or persons referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section who may receive the effects or proceeds.
(1) If no duly appointed legal representative of the owner of the perSonal effects makes demand upon the Department of the Navy for the effects, the determination by naval authorities as to the next of kin or heirs of the Owner of the personal effects may be made on the basis of the following: (i) Personnel records; or (ii) Other documents applicable to the case; or (iii) Title 10 U.S.C., Section 2771, to the extent that it prescribes an Order Of precedence among next of kin or heirs, namely, the widow or widower of the Owner; if no widow or widower, then the child or children of the Owner and descendants of deceased children, by representation; if none of the above, the parents of the Owner or the Survivor of them; or if none of the above, Other persons determined to be eligible under the laws of the domicile of the OWIle I’. (2) Such determination should be regarded as administrative rather than legal, as the determination does not vest title to effects or proceeds in the next of kin, heirs, or legal representative to whom the effects are delivered. Therefore, delivery of the personal effects to other than the Owner will be made subject to the following advisory note which should be written On a COpy of the inventory Or in a letter:
Delivery of the personal effects into the custody of other than the owner thereof, by the Department of the Navy, does not in any way vest title to the effects in the recipient. Delivery of the effects to the recipient is made so that distribution may be made in accordance with the laws of the State in which the owner of the effects was legally domiciled or to restore the effectS to the owner in the event of his return from a missing Status.
(3) When it is impracticable to divide the personal effects of a person into equal shares, and two or more perSons within a class, as provided in 10 U.S.C. Section 2771, are entitled to receive the effects but cannot agree among themselves as to which one of them shall receive the effects, then all of the effects will be retained by either the Personal Effects Distribution Center at Norfolk, VA, or the Personal Effects Distribution Center at Oakland, CA, for a period of two years from the date of
AUTHORITY: 3 U.S.C. 301; 5 U.S.C. 301; 10 |U.S.C. 815, 5013, 5148; 32 CFR 700.206 and 700.1202.
Subports A-B [Reserved]
Subport C–Tridl Motters
§ 719.112 Authority to grant immunity from prosecution.
(a) General. In certain cases involving more than one participant, the interests of justice may make it advisable to grant immunity, either transactional or testimonial, to One or more of the participants in the Offense in consideration for their testifying for the Government Or the defense in the investigation and/or the trial of the principal Offender. Transactional immunity, as that term is used in this Section, shall mean immunity from prosecution for any Offense or Offenses to which the compelled testimony relates. Testimonial immunity, as that term is used in this Section, shall mean immunity from the use, in aid of future prosecution, of testimony Or Other information compelled under an order to testify (or any information directly or indirectly derived from Such testimony or Other information). The authority to grant either transactional or testimonial immunity to a witness is reServed to Officers exercising general Court-martial jurisdiction. This authority may be exercised in any case whether or not formal charges have been preferred and whether or not the matter has been referred for trial. The approval of the Attorney General of the United States On Certain Orders to testify may be required, as outlined below.
(b) Procedure. The written recOmmendation that a certain Witness be granted either transactional or testimonial immunity in consideration for testimony deemed essential to the Government or to the defense Shall be forwarded to an Officer Competent to Convene a general court-martial for the witness for whom immunity is requested, i.e., any officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction. Such recommendation will be forwarded by the trial Counsel Or defense Counsel in cases referred for trial, the pretrial investigating officer conducting an investigation upon preferred charges, the counsel or recorder of any other factfinding body, or the investigator When no charges have yet been preferred. The recommendation shall state in detail why the testimony of the Witness is deemed so essential or material that the interests of justice cannot be served without the grant of immunity. The officer exercising general Courtmartial jurisdiction shall act upon such request after referring it to his staff judge advocate for consideration and advice. If approved, a copy of the written grant of immunity must be served upon the accused or his defense counsel within a reasonable time before the witness testifies. Additionally, if any witness is expected to testify in response to a promise of leniency, the terms of the promise of leniency must be reduced to writing and served upon the accused or his defense counsel in the same manner as a grant of immunity. (c) Civilian witnesses. Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 6002 and 6004, if the testimony or Other information of a civilian witness at a court-martial may be necessary in the public interest, and if the civilian witness has refused or is likely to refuse to testify or provide other information on the basis of a privilege against self-incrimination, then the approval of the Attorney General of the United States, or his designee, must be obtained prior to the execution or issuance of an order to testify to Such civilian witness. The cognizant officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction may obtain the approval of the Attorney General in Such a Circumstance by directing a meSSage Or letter requesting the assistance of the Judge Advocate General (Code 20) in the form prescribed in paragraph (e) of this Section. (d) Cases involving mational Security. In all cases involving national Security or foreign relations of the United States, the cognizant officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction shall forward any proposed grant of immunity to the Judge Advocate General for the purpose of consultation with the Department of Justice. See Section 0126 of the Manual of the Judge Advocate Gen
eral regarding relations between the Departments of Defense and Justice. The Cognizant Officer exercising general Court-martial jurisdiction may obtain approval by the Attorney General of a proposed grant of immunity by directing a letter requesting the assistance of the Judge Advocate General (Code 20) in the form prescribed in paragraph (e) of this section. (e) Content of immunity requests. In all cases in which approval of the Attorney General of the United States is required prior to the issuance of a grant of immunity, whether under paragraph (c) or (d) of this section, the cognizant officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction shall forward by message or letter the proposed order to testify and grant of immunity to the Judge Advocate General (Code 20). The Order to testify should be substantially in the form set forth in appendix A-1-i(3) of the Manual of the Judge Advocate General. Requests for assistance shall be in writing, should allow at least three weeks for consideration, and must contain the following information: (1) Name, citation, or other identifying information of the proceeding in which the Order is to be used. (2) Name of the witness for whom the immunity is requested. (3) Name of the employer or Company with which a witness is associated or the military unit or Organization to which a witness is assigned. (4) Date and place of birth, if known, Of the Witness, (5) FBI or local police file number, if any, and if known. (6) Whether any State or Federal charges are pending against the Witness and the nature of the charges. (7) Whether the witness is currently incarcerated, under what conditions, and for what length of time. (8) A brief resume of the background of the investigation or proceeding before the agency or department. (9) A concise statement of the reasons for the request, including: (i) What testimony the witness is expected to give; (ii) How this testimony will serve the public interest; (iii) Whether the witness:
(A) Has invoked the privilege against Self-incrimination; Or (B) Is likely to invoke the privilege; (iv) If paragraph (e)(9)(iii)(B) of this section is applicable, then why it is anticipated that the prospective witness will invoke the privilege. (10) An estimate as to whether the witness is likely to testify in the event immunity is granted. (f) Post-testimony procedure. After a witness immunized in accordance with paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section has testified, the following information should be provided to the United States Department of Justice, Criminal DiviSion, Immunity Unit, Washington, DC 20530, via the Judge Advocate General (Code 20). (1) Name, citation, or other identifying information, of the proceeding in which the order was requested. (2) Date of the examination of the Witness. (3) Name and residence address of the Witness. (4) Whether the witness invoked the privilege. (5) Whether the immunity order was used. (6) Whether the witness testified purSuant to the Order. (7) If the witness refused to Comply with the Order, whether Contempt, proceedings were instituted, or are Contemplated, and the result of the Contempt proceeding, if concluded. A verbatim transcript of the witness’ testimony, authenticated by the military judge, should be provided to the Judge Advocate General at the conclusion of the trial. No testimony or other information given by a Civilian witness purSuant to Such an Order to testify (or any information directly or indirectly derived from Such testimony or other information) may be used against him in any Criminal case, except a prosecution for perjury, giving a false Statement, or otherwise failing to comply with the Order. (g) Review. Under Some CirCumstances, the Officer granting inmunity to a witness may be disqualified from taking reviewing action on the record of the trial before which the witness granted inmunity testified. A Successor in command not participating in the grant of immunity would not
be so disqualified under those cirCumstanceS. (h) Form of grant. In any case in which a military witness is granted transactional immunity, the general court-martial convening authority should execute a written grant, SubStantially in the form Set forth in appendix section A-1-i(1) of the Manual of the Judge Advocate General. In any case in which a military witness is granted testimonial immunity, the general court-martial convening authority should execute a written grant Substantially in the form set forth in appendix Section A-1-i(2) of the Manual of the Judge Advocate General.
[56 FR 57803, Nov. 14, 1991] §§ 719.113–719.114 [Reserved]
$719.115 Release of information pertaining to accused persons; spectators at judicial sessions. (a) Release of information—(1) General. There are valid reasons for making information available to the public ConCerning the administration of military justice. The task of striking a fair balance among the protection of individuals accused of offenses, in proper or unwarranted publicity pertaining to their cases, public understanding of the problems of controlling misconduct in the military service, and the workings of military justice requires the exerCise of Sound judgment by those responsible for administering military justice and by representatives of the press and other news media. At the heart of all guidelines pertaining to the furnishing of information Concerning an accused or the allegations against him is the mandate that no statements or other information shall be furnished to news media for the purpose of influencing the outcome of an accused’s trial, or which could reasonably be expected to have such an effect. (2) Applicability of regulations. These regulations apply to all persons who may obtain information as the result of duties performed in connection with the processing of accused persons, the investigation of Suspected offenses, the imposition of nonjudicial punishment, or the trial of persons by court-martial. These regulations are applicable from the time of apprehension, the