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units and activities, as coordinated with and approved for policy and concept by the respective fleet and shore commander concerned. (ii) Serve as public affairs emergency reaction teams/resource personnel responsive to the requirements of the CNO and CHINFO, and when feasible and appropriate and as approved by CNO or CHINFO, serve as public affairs emergency reaction teams/resource personnel in support of Fleet Commanders. (iii) Develop feature material to Support the long range goals and the immediate priorities of the Navy. Direct liaison is authorized with the Navy Recruiting Command, Recruiting Areas, Recruiting Districts, and other Commanders as appropriate to achieve this function. (iv) Perform such other tasks as may be assigned by the Chief of Information. (2) NAVPACENs will have no public affairs news media responsibilities which conflict with the basic public affairs responsibilities of Fleet Commanders-in-Chief. Specifically, NAVPACENS are excluded from responding to news media queries, releasing news information, arranging news media embarkations, or any other dayto-day news media services Concerning the respective fleets. These responsibilities remain with the Fleet Commander. (3) NAVPACENs have no direct responsibility or authority for community relations or internal relations and shall defer in these area.S to the COgnizant Naval District Commandant. (4) Direct liaison with Fleet Commanders-in-Chief and NAVINFOS is appropriate and authorized. As approved by the Fleet CINCs, direct liaison with forces afloat and shore activities under the Fleet CINCs is appropriate. (5) NAVPACENs will carry out their mission and functions in Such a manner as not to interfere with the public affairs responsibilities of the District Commandants.
[44 FR 6389, Feb. 1, 1979]
§705.4 Communication directly with private organizations and individuals.
(a) Questions from the public and requests from groups or individuals for pamphlets, photos, biographies, historical matter, etc., must be promptly anSwered. (32 CFR part 701, subparts A–D refers.) (b) Assistance within the command’s capabilities should (and in Some cases, must) be given. Where an established channel for obtaining the item exists, Such as a publication Stocked by the Superintendent of Documents (Government, Printing Office), or photos, as explained in the subparagraph below, the requester may be directed to it. Under Some circumstances, a charge may be made. (Consult part 701 or the Command’s Freedom Of Information authority for details.) If a lengthy search, beyond the convenient manpower resources of the command, would be required, the requester may be offered the opportunity of examining the material at the command instead of Copies being made. (c) If a request is refused, the reason must be fully and courteously explained, as required by part 701 of this Chapter. (d) Copies of released U.S. Navy photos may be purchased by the general public. (1) Photos made within the last 10 years may be purchased from the Naval Photographic Center. Information. On the conditions of sale can be obtained by writing to the Commanding Officer, Naval Photographic Center, Naval Station, Washington, DC 20390. (2) Photos made more than 10 years prior to the current date may be purchased from the National Archives. Details are available from: Audio-Visual Branch National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, Washington, DC 20408.
[41 FR 29101, July 15, 1976, as amended at 44 FR 6390, Feb. 1, 1979]
§705.5 Taking of photos on board naval ships, aircraft and installations by members of the general public.
(a) Visitors will not be allowed to take photographic equipment. On board a naval ship or aircraft or into a naval activity or to take photographs within a naval jurisdiction unless Specially authorized by the Officer in command or higher authority. (b) Guests of the Navy who wish to take photos within naval jurisdictions will be advised of areas where photography is permitted. An escort will be assigned to a SSure that Security is maintained, unless photography is permitted throughout the ship, aircraft or installation, or the areas in which it is not permitted are appropriately guarded or Secured. (c) If there is reason to believe that film exposed by a visitor or media photographer contains classified information, the film will be processed under Navy jurisdiction. (1) Classified photos, if any, will be retained. All unclassified film will be returned to the Owner. (2) When film exposed by civilian visitors or media representatives in Sensitive areas is beyond the capability of the local command to process, it may be forwarded to the Commanding Officer, Naval Photographic Center, for processing. Any special processing inStructions should be sent with the film.
(a) Methods of releasing information:
(1) Release at the Seat of government and/or as approved by the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs).
(i) Overall responsibility for release of information rests with the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs). The Chief of Information is responsible for COOrdinating with him releases of national and international interest (and in the case of audiovisual material of regional interest) and for arranging for local release of Such material if considered appropriate by OASD(PA). Information of the above types and also information proposed for release at the seat of government, with the exception of “Spot news,” as
described in paragraph (b) of this section, following. (2) Releases by local commands: (i) News of purely local interest may be released by the command concerned. Higher and coordinating authorities (Such as the District Commandant) will be informed, when appropriate, that the release has been made. (ii) News of national or other wide interest may be released by a local command under the following cirCumStanceS: (A) The Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs), having approved a release, directs that it be issued by the command concerned. (B) An event of immediate and urgent news interest, Such as a disasterous accident, occurs at the Command, and emergency announcements must be made as delay in issuing information would be against the best interests of the Navy. The Officer in Command Will make a “spot news” release of all appropriate information COnSidered releasable. (1) Copies of Spot news releases made (or a description if the announcement is made orally) will be forwarded promptly to the Chief of Information. (2) If the situation is considered critiCal, the Spot news release will be forWarded by telephone or message. (b) Means through which information is released to media: (1) Navy Oriented information material (written, taped, motion picture, Still photo) is regularly released to all media presumed to be interested. (2) Similar material is provided in reSponse to query from a news media representative. The material may be produced by the Navy, or the newsman may be assisted in researching, filming, etc. himself. (3) Exclusive releases: (i) Information concerning naval activities may be provided on an excluSive basis only when a specific request Or inquiry is received from one news media representative for material not requested by other media. (ii) In Such cases, and assuming that the information is properly releasable, the following rules will apply: (A) If prior to the time information is given to the newsman making the
original inquiry or request substantially similar inquiries or requests are received from other newsmen, the first inquirer will be so informed, and subsequent inquirers will be advised that a prior request has been received. None of the inquirers will be told the identity of the individuals or media, who have placed these Similar inquiries. (B) If not more than three similar requests are received, the information will be provided simultaneously to each inquirer. (C) If more than three requests for substantially the same information have been received before any are anSwered, inquirers will be advised as soon as possible that the information Cannot be given on an exclusive or limited basis, and a general release covering the subject will be issued to all media.
(4) News conferences: (i) A news conference is held when a command has something Specific to announce to the press that cannot be handled in a news release or by phone call. A news conference should not be Called just to get together with the press. A request from the press is also a reason for conducting a news Conference. Special events, significant Operations or serious accidents are frequent reasons for calling news Conferences. If requested, spokesmen may be made available to the press for questions without Specific subject matter in mind, but the press should be clearly informed of the nature of this meeting. Technically, this is not considered a news Conference. (ii) When a news Conference is held, it is essential that all interested media, be invited to attend. (iii) A record of what is Said should be kept. Ideally, the news conference should be tape recorded and a public affairs officer should be present. (iv) Official spokesmen will be prepared to answer questions in a frank and candid manner. If the answer would compromise military Security, the inquirer should be so advised. If the answer is not known to the spokesman, he should say so and add that the matter will be checked and any available unclassified information provided later.
(v) Newsmen are not normally asked to submit their questions in advance. If this is considered advisable, as in cases where highly technical answers may be required, the answers are prepared in advance and given to all attending newsmen (not just the questioner) at the news Conference.
(5) Interviews. These are similar to news Conferences except that they involve a Single newSman (who has usually requested the interview) and a Single Navy Spokesman.
(i) Required procedures are essentially the same as for news con
ferences. However, a public affairs Offi
cer should be present. Only if desired by the person being interviewed. The interview may be taped, if the newsman agreeS. (ii) Without penalizing initiative displayed by a newsman in asking pertinent questions, Care should be exercised by the naval spokesman not to make a major revelation of news material to a single media outlet in the course of a routine interview. (iii) If major areas of difficulty arise in the interview, the Chief of Information should be notified of them. (6) Background briefings; “Not for attribution”; or “Off the record.” (i) Since there is a possibility or risk of a misunderstanding arising in these briefings, it is important that all concerned understand and agree to the ground rules. (ii) In general, information will not be made public unless it can be openly attributed to the Navy and disseminated without reservation. Occasionally, a backgrounder may be helpful. An example is a briefing of embarked newsmen in advance of an operation, providing information which may not be reported until the operation is over. The purpose is to help the newsmen understand the operation while it is taking place.
§ 705.7 Radio and television.
(a) Navy relationships with radio and TV representatives are of two types:
(1) Dissemination to them of Navy produced tapes, photos, films, etc. (This is discussed in more detail in §705.17).
(2) Cooperation with them when they produce a program on a Navy subject.
This is discussed in the paragraph following: (b) Requirement for approval by higher authority. (1) Commanding Officers may: (i) Release audiovisual material which is spot news, as defined in §705.6(a)(2)(ii) preceding, or is of purely local interest. (ii) Participate in local Community audiovisual projects of benefit to the Department of Defense or in the national interest. (iii) Approve one-time, One-Station participation by personnel of their Commands (as individuals) in programs of purely local interest. (2) All other audiovisual material originated by the Department of the Navy or requiring Navy Cooperation must be approved by the Chief of Information, who will effect the necessary coordination and/or approval of the ASsistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs). (i) Requests for a SSistance from nongovernmental audiovisual media will be forwarded, with the maximum available details and an evaluation of the request, through the chain of Command to the Chief Of Information. (ii) NO direct Coordination Or Contact between local naval commands and the Assistant Secretary of Defense (PA) is authorized unless specifically provided for by separate directives Or Correspondence. (c) Navy cooperation in productions by audiovisual media representatives (nongovernment). (1) The production or project must: (i) Be consistent with the goals and aims of the Department of Defense and/ or be in the national interest. (ii) Portray military Operation, historical incidents, persons and places, in Such a manner as to give a true portrayal and interpretation of military life. (iii) Comply with accepted Standards of dignity and propriety in the industry. (2) There will be no deviation from established safety standards. (3) Operational readiness shall not be impaired. (4) Official activities of military perSonnel assisting the production must be within the scope of normal military
activities. Exceptions to this policy Will be made only in unusual cirCumstances. (5) Diversion of ships, equipment, personnel and material resources from normal military locations or military Operations will not normally be authorized for filming. Exceptions to Such policy must be authorized by the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs), through the Chief of Information. (i) The production company conCerned must reimburse the government for any extra expense involved. A strict accounting of the additional expenses incurred and charged to the production Company must be maintained by the designated project officer. A copy of this accounting will be forwarded to the Chief of Information. (6) Naval material and personnel will not be employed in such a manner as to Compete with commercial and private enterprise. In this regard, any person Or agency requesting their use will furnish a noncompetitive certification. (7) Additional details on procedures will be found in DOD Instruction 5410.16. (8) In addition to cooperation reQuested by the media, commands will be alert to the advantages of providing Navy programming and/or encouraging participation by Navy personnel in local radio and TV programming. Examples are community forums, local talent shows, educational and religious programs, children's shows, sports programs, etc. (d) Participation by individual Navy personnel on radio or TV programs: (1) In general, such participation is encouraged if it is: (i) Dignified and Considered in the interests of the Navy. (ii) Compatible COmmitmentS. (iii) Not in competition with the regular employment of professional performers. (2) The public affairs officer will Screen requests for such appearances for members of his command to see that the programs are in good taste, and that neither the Navy nor its personnel are exposed to embarrassment for the Sake of entertainment.
with Operational (3) Approval of participation by Navy individuals: (i) Approval is not required for personnel attending audience participation broadcasts if they are selected at random from the audience. (ii) One-time, One-Station participation of purely local interest may be approved by the Officer in command conCerned. (iii) If participation will be on a network (defined as more than one station, even if local) of if the same perSon or program is requested by two or more unrelated Stations, approval by the Chief of Information must be obtained even if the show is of local interest. Only. (e) Use of official footage: (1) Use of Official U.S. Navy Stock film footage on TV broadcasts is not authorized without approval and clearance by the Chief of Information and the Department of Defense. (2) Use of Navy public information motion pictures cleared for TV is authorized and encouraged except that Such films may be used on Subscription or pay TV only when offered to the viewers at no COSt. (3) Navy films will not be cut or portions duplicated for TV use in lieu of Stock footage without prior approval by the Chief of Information. (f) Music clearance. The Navy asSumes no responsibility for clearance of music used on Navy recordings, transcriptions, or films not specially produced or authorized for radio or TV broadcast. (g) Disclaimers. A disclaimer is not necessary if a product is advertised on a program in which the Navy participates, but there must be no stated or implied endorsement of it by the Navy Or by naval personnel appearing on the program. (h) Requests for courtesy prints of Commercial television programs: (1) Requests will not be made directly to the producer or network concerned, but will be forwarded to the Chief of Information by the Navy requester. (2) These courtesy prints will be exhibited only under circumstances which cannot be construed as competitive with Commercial ventures.
$705.8 Motion pictures.
(a) The rules and procedures given in the preceding for TV will also apply to Cooperation with commercial motion picture producers. (b) The Navy assists in the production of commercial, privately financed, nontheatrical motion pictures of institutional or of educational value to the public. They Navy will not: (1) Solicit their production. (2) Provide lists of subjects the Navy considers “desirable.” (3) State that the Navy will use a Commercially produced film. (4) Imply endorsement of a product. (5) Permit the use of official Navy Seals. (c) Navy assistance to motion pictures and all other audio-visual products produced by Navy contractors will be subject to the same rules and procedures that apply to other non-government producers. Audio-visual products produced by Navy contractors, with or Without Navy assistance, will be submitted to the Chief of Information via the appropriate Navy headquarters activity for Coordination with the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs) for clearance for public release. They will be accompained by five copies of the Script and a statement from the producer that costs were paid from Corporate (vice contract) funds. (d) When a commercial film which has been produced with Navy cooperation is Screened in a community, local commands can provide Navy exhibits for display in theater lobbies, coordinate displays of recruiting material, and arrange for personal appearances of Department of Defense and Department. Of the Navy military and Civilian personnel, provided such cooperation is approved by the Chief of Information and the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs).
[41 FR 29101, July 15, 1976, as amended at 44 F.R. 6390, Feb. 1, 1979]
§705.9 Availability of motion pictures to external audiences.
(a) Public access. Navy and Marine Corps general motion pictures and motion picture projects not previously