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cognizance over the motor vehicle equipment. Government owned vehicles that are being transferred or returned to an assigned station shall be loaded with available Marine Corps freight whenever possible.

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53057 SHIPMENT VIA COMMERCIAL

MOTOR CARRIER

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Department. The Marine Corps is a shipper

agency of the Department of the Navy. Ac. complia cordingly, Marine Corps traffic moving by

sea transportation will ordinarily be forwarded through port facilities operated by

the Department of the Navy, such as Bayonne, propertie New Jersey, and Norfolk, Virginia, on the Eng, and a

east coast and Oakland, California, on the

west coast. Shipping instructions will be rethe t.

quested from the Commandant of the Marine N NOT T Corps (Code CSJ) for the inland portion of nen me all such shipments. Marine Corps shipping Fladas officers are not required nor permitted to EXCL

offer cargo directly to commercial water

carriers. Cicer, in

2. In Maritime Law, General Average is a

contribution by the several interests engaged iron 1

in a maritime venture to make good the loss Code of one of them for voluntary sacrifices of

part of the ship or cargo to save the residue of property of the lives of those on board from impending peril, or for extraordinary expenses necessarily incurred for the common benefits and safety of all interests in the venture. The right of contribution is based upon the principle that whatever is sacrificed for common safety of associated interests shall be made good by all interests which were exposed to the common peril and were saved from the common danger by the sacrifice. The obligation to contribute in General Average rests upon the vessel, the cargo, the freight (money) and the owners of such interests. General Average is not applicable to shipments by government vessels. General Average claims are recognized by the government as legitimate obligations. In cases of General Average, copies of bills of lading and priced invoices covering Marine Corps materials, shipped in the vessel concerned, will not be furnished directly to the average adjuster but will be forwarded with the average adjuster's request to the office of the Judge Advocate General (Admiralty Section) Department of the Navy, Washington 25, D. C. The Marine Corps does not furnish bond nor any other document pertaining to the General Average claim. All General Average claims must be submitted to the Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code CSJ) for appropri

1. The term "common carrier" means a person or firm undertaking to transport property or any classes of property for the general public in interstate, or foreign commerce for compensation whether over regular or irregular routes. According to law, common carriers may not choose or discriminate among shippers. They are required by state and federal laws to publish and file tariff rates. It is the duty of a common carrier to furnish equipment, where possible, when service is requested. In the motorcarrier field there is more variation in the classification of freight and in applicable rates than prevails among rail carriers. Shipping officers will inform themselves sufficiently on classification and rates of common carriers whose services are available so that a discriminating choice of carriers may be made when utilization of motorcarrier service is appropriate. Care will be taken to use only motor common carriers that are authorized by the Interstate Commerce Commission or a State regulatory body to perform the service. Special rights op permits issued by the Interstate Commerce Commission, or by a state regulatory body as appropriate, are required for transportation of explosives in accordance with paragraph 53302.

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2. The term "contract carrier" means any person or firm who or which under special and individual contract or agreements transports property in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce for compensation. Contract carriers limit their activities further to particular commodities. Interstate contract carriers are not required to file tariffs indicating exact charges for transportation but must file schedules or tariffs with the Interstate Commerce Commission indicating minimum rates or charges.

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3. Section 22, Part I, and Section 217, Part II of the Interstate Commerce Act provide that motor carriers may tender special or reduced quotations (usually called Section 22 Quota tions) for transportation of property on a Government bill of lading. These quotations should be executed by the carrier in the form of a unilateral contract setting forth commodity descriptions, point of origin and destination, minimum weight and applicable rates. Any carrier desiring to tender Section 22 Quotations for transportation of Marine Corps property will be advised to forward the

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1. Government owned motor vehicles may be used for the transportation of government freight as directed by the authority having

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original and eight copies to the Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code CSJ). Service under Section 22 Quotations will not be utilized without prior approval of the Commandant of the Marine Corps.

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4. When exclusive use of a carrier's vehicle is required to meet the needs of the service and is authorized by the transporta tion officer and a carrier is requested to provide this service, a statement “Exclusive use of vehicle necessary in the transportation of this shipment' will be inserted on the government bill of lading under the description of articles and signed by authorizing officer.

5. On shipments made by commercial motor carriers where the estimated value of the cargo shipped exceeds the cargo insurance coverage carried by transporting carrier, the shipping officer will call to the attention of the carrier the value of the property offered for shipment. The estimated value will not be shown on the bill of lading or dray ticket,

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2. Packages of public property partaking of salad
the characteristics of fourth class mail
matter weighing not more than four pounds
classified under either of the above classi-
fications may be forwarded by parcel-post
under the penalty privilege. However the pen.
alty privilege does not apply to air mail

,
registration, insurance fee, or to parcel posts
shipments in excess of four pounds, and post-
age in the form of stamps must be affixed on
shipments of fourth-class mail matter ex.
ceeding four pounds.

3. Unmailable matter includes explosives,
poison, corrosive articles and firearms.
Shipping officers are forbidden to tender
such items for mailing.
53059 SHIPMENT VIA AIR

1. Shipments by air carriers will be made only when the shipment is urgently needed at destination and where other means of trans. portation will not suffice. Air carrier rates in most cases exceeds rates by any other means of transportation because of the prem. ium service rendered. For safety reasons the following items will not be accepted for shipment by air carriers: acids, or corrosive liquids, compressed gases, explosive, in. flammable liquids or solids having a flash point of 80 degrees Fahrenheit or less, oxidizing materials, radium, radio-active materials, wet storage batteries, and vaporizing substances. In no case will shipping officers forward shipments of Marine Corps property via commercial air carriers without obtain. ing a route order.

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6. It is the policy of the Marine Corps to conform to state and local laws, regulations, and ordinances relating to weight and size limitations of motor vehicles. Except in instances of overriding and urgent military necessity, no commercial vehicular move ment which exceeds any legal weight or size limitation will be undertaken unless prior permission is granted by the state or states concerned upon request of the authorized representative of the Marine Corps. In each instance of overriding and urgent military necessity in which an oversize or weight commercial movement is made, a report will be made to the Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code CSJ) and a full statement of the circumstances and justification will be submitted.

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7. Motor Common Carriers (except household goods carriers) desiring to participate in Marine Corps traffic will submit the information required by DD Form 677 to the Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code CSJ). 53058 SHIPMENT VIA MAIL

1. Official Military Fourth Class Mail shall conform with the following weight restrictions when forwarded between first class post offices. Parcels may not exceed 40 pounds when destined to Zones 1 and 2; and 20 pounds when destined beyond Zone 2 and may not exceed 72 inches in girth and length combined. The restrictions do not apply to official fourth class mail when addressed to or shipped from any Army or Fleet Post Office. Such packages are limited to one hundred inches in girth and length combined and the limit in weight shall be over eight ounces, not to exceed seventy pounds.

2. When it is necessary to procure service followed will be found in the U. S. Navy Shipvia government aircraft, the procedure to be ping Guide, 53060 SHIPMENT VIA FREIGHT

FORWARDERS 1. Use of freight forwarder service is lower rates, but is not approved until the for recommended, in order to take advantage of varder has executed with the Marine Corps an agreement including the following provisions:

a. To accept all shipments tendered by the Marine Corps when such shipments are within the general scope of operations of the freight forwarder. Under this clause ship ments of low classification ratings or ship. ments of excessively low weight density must be accepted even though such shipments ordinarily are not accepted from commercial

shippers.

b. To observe as a maximum the lowest standard "less than carload all rail rates"' or ment will not be greater than the charge for charges and that the total charge for a ship

ublic proper na minimum carload of the same freight at the Cs of four standard carload all rail rate between same of mort z: origin and destination.

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States from Asiatic stations will be consigned to the Commandant of the Twelfth Naval District at San Francisco, California. In the case of cremated remains, shipments in the United States will be made in the most economical manner other than by ordinary freight.

c. To move shipments on schedule and "ivilege im not hold them to make up forwarders tonnage

Dat 2013 under any circumstances within the forwardice fee

, ett; ers control.

of lour woun:

class zas

imps most d. To move shipments from initial point

of origin to final destination on through government bills of lading or on collect commer

cial bills of lading for association with 7 incides government bills of lading. ticles :

e. Upon request to hold, reconsign, divert, or reroute in transit, any shipment at

the first point where required change in AR routing can be accomplished, subject to tariff

provisions.

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f. To maintain absolute secrecy conHer men i cerning nature and movement of all shipments , Air team of Marine Corps freight tendered to the rates forwarder.

2. When death occurs outside the District of Columbia and burial in the Arlington National Cemetery is desired, the body should be consigned to the Officer in Charge, Arlington National Cemetery, Fort Myer, Virginia, and billed to Washington, D. C. This will obviate the necessity and delay of obtaining a permit for the transfer of the body through the District of Columbia. As soon as the body has been shipped a telegram will be sent to Headquarters, U. S. Marine Corps, and the Officer in Charge, Arlington National Cemetery, Fort Myer, Virginia, giving the date of shipment, dimensions of outside box, number of persons in funeral party, and the date, hour, and number of train on which the body will reach Washington.

3. Whenever practicable, the shipment should be so timed as to arrive in Washington between the hours of 8 a. m. and 2 p. m., because the Government hearse is available only between those hours. Should the body arrive after 2 p. m., it will have to remain at the Union Station until the following morning, when it will be removed to the Arlington National Cemetery and placed in the receiving vault pending funeral arrangements. The services of an undertaker in Washington are not required in cases of this kind, nor is there any expense attached to the opening and closing of the grave in Arlington.

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53081 SHIPMENT OF DECEASED

PERSONNEL AND PERSONAL

EFFECTS 1. When the unaccompanied body and effects of a deceased member of the Marine Corps is to be forwarded to the home of the deceased, shipment in the United States will be made by express, at Government expense, and the consignee notified by telegram. When personnel on active duty die outside the continental United States, shipment will be made via Government vessel, if practicable, otherwise by commercial carrier, and consigned to the commanding officer of the naval hospital at the port of debarkation for further shipment to destination. If there be no naval hospital at of in the immediate vicinity of that port, the shipment will be consigned to the Marine Corps Depot or Post Supply Officer, thereat, except that bodies shipped to the United

4. Under no circumstances will burial be made in Arlington National Cemetery on Saturday, Sunday, or national holiday.

5. For information pertaining to escorts, flags for draping coffins, disposition of remains and personal effects, see Part B, Chapter 13, Volume I.

6. The Secretary of the Navy may, in his discretion, cause to be transferred to their homes at public expense the remains of civilian employees of the Department of the Navy or the Naval Establishment who have been ordered from their homes in the United States to duty outside the continental limits of the United States and who died while on such duty or while performing authorized travel to or from such duty.

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PART D: ROUTING, ORDERING, AND LOADING

53100 REQUEST FOR ROUTINGS

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1. Routing will be requested from the Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code CSJ) for all shipments to be forwarded by commercial carrier under government bill of lading except as follows:

a. Shipment via carriers with whom contract rates or agreements are in effect.

b. Shipments between points in foreign countries.

c. Van shipments of household effects as prescribed in Chapter 8, Joint Travel Regulations.

d. Shipments of Government property and private property not exceeding weight limits set forth in subparagraph 3 below.

rail, water, or highway operating in and out of the town or city from which they are shipping; the terminal facilities offered and other characteristics from a transportation standpoint.

4. In making shipments for account of the Navy on which transportation costs payable from Navy appropriated funds, routing via rail or highway weighing over 10,000 pounds, Railway Express weighing over 100 pounds, and commercial air shipments of over 50 pounds, will be requested from the cognizant Navy Central Office in accordance with instructions contained in Navy Shipping Guide, Article 1800.4 and Article 1845.1.

5. In making shipments for account of the Army or Air Force on which transportation costs are payable from Army or Air Force appropriated funds, routing via rail or highway or one car or one truckload; Railway Express in excess of 500 pounds and all commercial air shipments, will be requested from the cognizant transportation zone office as follows:

e. Shipments for which transportation costs are payable from appropriated fund other than Marine Corps. (See subparagraphs 4 and 5 below).

2. Request for routing on all other shipments will be made by letter, sufficiently in advance of the contemplated movement of the material or property, to permit action and answer by mail whenever practicable. In emergencies where time will not permit, request by dispatch or other expeditious means will be made and such request for routing will contain the following information:

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a. Commodity and how packed for shipment.

b. Date available for shipment.

c. Contract, requisition or shipment order number (if any).

d. Name of shipper.

e. Point of origin and originating carrier or carriers.

f. Consignee.

8. Destination and delivering carrier (if known).

h. Overseas de stination if any.
i. Number of carloads.
j. Weight (in net tons).
k. Cubic feet is destined overseas.

Territorial jurisdiction:

Wisconsin, mlinois, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas.

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3. In the absence of special instructions to the contrary shipping oificers are authorized to furnish carriers with routing for shipments of Government property and personal effects or household goods weighing less than 5000 pounds. They should familiarize themselves with the various types of carriers, such as

53101 ORDERS FOR CARS

1. Orders for cars for loading will not be placed nor will loading be commenced until routing instructions, if required, are received

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