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1. An officer who turns over supplies to lagt efter another for transportation in the best con

dition in which it is possible to put them,
is relieved from any further responsibility
therefor By the receipt of the officer to
whom they were entrusted for transporta -
tion. Procedure in case of loss, damage or
deficiency found on arrival at destination
will be as prescribed in paragraphs 53250 -
3 through 11.
53051 PREPARATION OF SUPPLIES

FOR SHIPMENT
1. Shipments should be packed in accord -
ance with the specifications promulgated by
the Interstate Commerce Commission and
published in the governing Freight Classi-
fications to obtain the lowest freight rates.
Proper and

secure packing insures safe transportation by the carrier from point of origin to destination and shipping officers should give the packing of freight shipments attention. Ratings are applied on articles in accordance with the manner in which they are packed. Articles "knocked down" are subject to lower rates than those when "set up" and "ne sted" articles are given lower rates than when not nested.

tion. In constructing containers made of wood, the lightest or strongest kinds of lumber should be used. The weight of the lumber de. pends upon whether it is dry or green, weighing at least 25% more when green than when dry. When an article is given the same classification in crates as in boxes, it should be crated, as a crate can be constructed at less expense and will afford almost as much protection, especially if the corners are locked or strips placed diagonally across each corner and the tare or dead weight is lower than that of a box. If the article crated is classified higher than boxed and long haul is involved, the saving in freight charges at the lower rate on the shipment boxed would offset the saving in construction of the different container. Articles that can be handled or will be accepted by the carrier without packing should be so tendered to them and shipments which will be accepted in bulk by the carriers and in carload lots should be so loaded in the cars.

2. All freight should be packed securely to insure safe transportation and to eliminate loss and damage by rough handling, thereby eliminating the necessities for loss of damage claims against carriers. The placing of a shipment in a cheap container will cause loss or damage to the article in transit which cannot be recovered from the carrier. Shipping officers should carefully consider method of packing of each individual shipment, taking into consideration the material and style of package, the distance, time shipment will be in transit, number of probable transfers and climatic conditions, before shipment is finally packed. This will result in savings on prices of containers and reduce chance of probable damage while in transit. Except in cases where shipments weigh 100 pounds or less, articles of different classification should never be placed in the same container as this, causes the carrier to charge a

on the entire package which would apply on the highest classed or rated article in the package. Freight rates are based on the gross weight of the package which includes the weight of the container. The weight of the container is considered the tare or dead weight and should be as light as possible to obtain the lowest charges. The material and style of package should be given close considera

3. In preparing shipments for export the conditions are usually the same as with domestic shipments. The packing specifications of the classification and tariffs are fixed with reference to transportation conditions in this country and the minimum compliance with those specifications will not ordinarily suffice to avoid damage after packages leave the possession of the domestic carriers. Facilities at the port of exit are usually such that loading aboard ship may be accomplished in a reasonably careful manner. But at most ports of insular possessions and foreign countries, those conditions are not maintained, and freight shipped thereto is frequently subjected to very rough handling during the process of unloading. Transporta tion is not always completed on arrival at the port overseas. Those activities which are required to pack supplies and equipment for export shipment, in addition to complying with the requirements of the specification promulgated by the Interstate Freight Classification and published in the Consolidated Freight Classification, should also use the methods of preservation, packaging and packing included in the National Military Establishment and joint Army-Navy series of specifications for Packaging and Packing for Overseas Shipment. These specifications do not conflict with those issued by the Interstate Commerce Commission but implement them to assure that supplies and equipment shipped to overseas destinations will withstand the rigors of weather, rough handling and open storage. These specifications are included in the Index of Specifications used by the Department of the Navy. Copies of the index and specifications required may be

rate

requisitioned from the Supply Officer in Command, Naval Supply Center, Norfolk 11, Virginia.

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- Saring

4. Each package (box, crate, bundle, or loose piece) of property shipped on government bill of lading must be plainly, legibly and durably marked. If labels are used they must be securely attached with glue or equally good adhesive. L tags are used they must be sufficiently strong and durable to withstand the wear and tear incident to transportation, and when tied to a package of any kind must be securely attached by a reinforced eyelet. Tags used to mark wooden pieces or wooden containers must be fastened at all corners and centered with large-headed tacks or tag fasteners, or may be tied to wooden pieces when the crate would be injured by the

of tacks or tag fasteners. Tags tied to bags, bundles or pieces must be securely attached by strong cord or wire except that when tied to bundles or pieces of metal they must be securely attached by a strong wire or strong tarred cord. As soon as the method of marking is determined each article in the shipment should be marked with the following information:

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FROM: Consignor (Name, street address,

city and State) TO:

Consignee (Name, street address,

city and State)
Number of bill of lading issued to cover
movement.

Box numbers preceded by the letters U.S.
Gross tare and net weight.

as well as direct

When consigned to a place of which there are two or more of the same name in the same State, the name of the place and of the county also must be shown. When consigned to a place not located on the line of the carrier it must also be marked with the name of the station of the last carrier at which the consignee will accept delivery. Shipping officers should be particular not only to comply with the requirements of governing freight classification, but should also guard against errors in marking and should be sure that all old marks are moved before tendering shipment to carriers, where shipments are reforwarded

repacked in used containers. Proper marking includes the three essentials: 1) agreement with the bill of lading; 2) legibility; and 3) resistance of marks to handling, dampness, etc., during transportation, Packages containing fragile articles packed in glass or earthenware should be marked on all sides "FRAGILE, HANDLE WITHCARE."

1. In keeping with the general policies contained in Part B of this chapter, it is incumbent upon the Marine Corps to distribute tonnage among competing carriers as equitably as possible, taking into consideration the local problems of the station in volved, having in mind safety, expedition, equipment supply, procurement regulations and military necessity.

2. The basic principle in the selection of the dome mode of transportation; i. e., rail freight, no freight forwarders, water carriers, motor carriers, parcel post, air carriers, etc., is to employ that method which will effect delivery of the material at final destination on or before the required date at the lowest cost to the government. In maintaining this principle, care will be taken to properly safeguard classified, perishable, and fragile shipments. The lowest total cost is meant to include accessorial costs (such as preparation for shipment, unpacking, reassembling, etc.

, which may differ depending upon the choice of the mode of transportation) expenditures for movement of property.

3. This principle is modified in part insofar as the movement of household effects under current regulation is concerned. The modification of the above principle by Section 303 (c) of the Career Compensation Act of 1949 provides that personnel shall be entitled to transportation of household effects ''without regard to comparative costs of the various modes of transportation''. It is evident that the comparison of cost to be disregarded is intended to apply as between modes of trans. portation named and not as between the dif. ferent carriers engaged in the same mode of transportation. Therefore, once having determined the mode of transportation with out regard to comparative costs, in accord. ance with the provisions of Chapter 9, Joint Travel Regulation, it is the responsibility of cordance with paragraph 53100. the shipping officer to effect shipment in ac.

re

or

4. In those cases in which the manner of shipment is left to the discretion of the local shipping officer under the restrictions of paragraph 53100, namely van shipments of

5. When a shipment of Marine Corps freight is of sufficient weight or bulk to be forwarded as a carload shipment it will not be necessary

4 above, in

rough handling incident to transportation by ordinary freight.

by the Every

This authority will not be extended to cover shipment of property other than that herein specified or as may be specified in other existing regulations. When shipments are forwarded under this authority the bill of lading should indicate the nature of the material or show the emergency and authority therefor.

PIERE

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household effects, freight shipments weighing

less than 5,000 pounds and crated personal ang alice

or household effects weighing less than 1,000 As Pit pounds, factors such as availability of car

rier, quality of service offered, etc., together with the rate to be charged should be considered. This traffic should be impartially and

equitably distributed among the eligible comparapet peting carriers in accordance with the best

interests of the government as well as the policy and principles of the Marine Corps stated in subparagraphs 1, 2, and 3 above.

5. All shipping officers making shipments categorized in subparagraph 4 above will

maintain a record showing names of carriers Corpin: utilized, dates and tonnages. These records

will be kept available for inspection at all into the times. the same

53053 SHIPMENT VIA RAIL

1. When a shipment via rail freight consists of less-than-car load quantities it may be shipped to domestic destinations when shipment weighs more than 70 pounds and provided a service offered is satisfactory. When a shipment weighs less than 70 pounds consideration should be given to instructions contained in paragraphs 53054 and 53059. 53054 SHIPMENT VIA RAIL EXPRESS

1. When the cost of transportation by express is cheaper than by other means, shipping officers are authorized to use express service without regard to weight of shipment and without further authority from the Commandant of the Marine Corps. When selecting the means of transportation, it should be borne in mind that express rates are based on the actual weight of a shipment with no minimum involved, while ordinary rail and motor rates are based on a minimum

3. Authority to forward shipments by express, not included in the categories defined in sub-paragraphs 1, 2, and 4, will be requested from the Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code CSJ), in the manner prescribed in paragraph 53100 (2). Authority to use express service is issued by the Commandant of the Marine Corps in the form of a route order number prefixed with the letters "MRX" which will be transcribed in the space marked "Traffic Control Number" on the bill of lading covering the movement. In no case will shipments be broken into several lots and forwarded on separate bills of lading to avoid this requirement, and in no case will a carload shipment be forwarded by express without route order authority. While express shipment of personal effects, household goods and/or professional books, papers and equipment up to 500 pounds is authorized in certain instances, the foregoing should not be construed as a means of increasing or decreasing entitlement for movement of personal property as set forth in current regulations.

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of one hundred pounds.

4. Shipment of remains of deceased Marine Corps personnel via railway express is thorized when not accompanied by an escort. One copy of the bill of lading on which transportation is effected should be securely pasted on top of the outer or shipping casket and then covered with shellac or varnish to protect from moisture or handling, and should be stamped in letters about 1/8 inch square diagonally across the face of each copy of the bill of lading as follows:

2. Except as provided in sub-paragraphs 1 and 4, shipping officers' authority to utilize express service for movement of government property, without further authority from the Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code CSJ), is restricted to shipments not exceeding 500 pounds and provided such shipments are qualified under one of the following conditions.

a. Emergencies of such a nature which will not allow movement of the material by rail or motor freight due to required delivery

"PAY NO CHARGES ON THIS SHIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WILL BE PAID BY MARINE CORPS. NO CHARGES OF ANY KIND IN CONNECTION WITH THIS BILL OF LADING WILL BE COLLECTED FROM THE CONSIGNEE."

date.

b. Shipment of confidential printed matter as may be released for express shipment by cognizant offices.

c. Public funds.

d. Delicate Instruments, equipment or machinery that is susceptible to injury by

In absence of the proper stamp, the above notation should be typewritten in capital letters. In cases where shipment of the remains of Marine Corps personnel are to be made to the home of the deceased, two additional copies of the Memorandum U. S. Government Bill of Lading (Standard Form 1033a) shall be prepared and consignee's certificate of delivery as appearing on the original bill of lading typed in at the bottom Supply

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declared by shipper. Additional charges are assessed when the declared value exceeds $50.00 on a shipment weighing 100 pounds or less, or exceeds 50 cents per pound on shipments weighing over 100 pounds. Shipping officers will exercise care in evaluating shipments of government property forwarded lesser on government bill of lading, and except as provided in subparagraph 6, if shipment of 100 pounds or less is made the bill of lading will be noted “VALUATION NOT EXCEEDING $50.00'. When shipment weighs 100 pounds or more the bill of lading should be noted “VALUATION NOT EXCEEDING 50 CENTS PER POUND". However, if in the opinion of the shipping officer, shipments should be released at a higher valuation to protect the interests of the Marine Corps, authority will be requested from the Com. mandant of the Marine Corps (Code CSJ).

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"Dear (name of consignee): There are enclosed herewith three copies of government bill of lading covering trans portation of the remains of which will be forwarded on train

(number) at

The white copy (railroad) (hour) (date) of the original bill of lading should be carefully preserved until the remains are delivered, at which time please fill in the consignee's certificate of delivery appearing at the bottom of the form, sign, and surrender this copy to the transportation company. Please note the instructions printed on the face of the form directing that you pay no charges on this shipment. Please fill in the typewritten certificate appearing on both yellow copies, sign both copies and return them to this office. A self addressed envelope that requires no postage, is enclosed for your convenience.

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6. Shipments of a classified or valuable nature sufficient to warrant protective service while in the hands of the express company may be transported on a money waybill under hand to hand signature and armed guard service, to and from any point within the continental United States. Railway express agency makes no extra charge for this serv. ice. Twenty four hour advance notice will be given to railway express agency when this service is desired and the time when shipment will be ready will be stated. The following statement should be shown as the routing on all rail express shipments of classified material:

Very truly yours,

(Shipping officer)"

"VIA RAILWAY EXPRESS AGENCY (ON MONEY WAYBILL UNDER HAND TO HAND SIGNATURE AND ARMED GUARD SERVICE)."

When the shipping officer receives the two signed memorandum copies of the bill of lading from the consignee, he will forward one copy to the Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code CSJ); the other copy will be retained for file. Every effort should be made to obtain these signed copies as they will be used, in cases where the original bill of lading has been lost, in connection with the certificate of shipment prepared by the shipping officer in effecting payment for the transportation. In case of death of Marine Corps personnel while absent from station of duty, there being no Marine Corps activity at the point where death occurs, and the time does not permit the preparation and forwarding of Goverament bill of lading, the mortuary holding the remains for shipment to the home of the deceased will be instructed to forward remains on a collect commercial express receipt with instructions to the express agency to collect no transportation charges from the consignee on the shipment as transportation charges will be paid upon transmittal of the express receipt to the Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code CSJ).

The value of classified material so shipped should not be shown on the bill of lading nor should ordinary express pick-up trucks be permitted to remove classified shipments from shipping platforms. Such shipments should be made the subject of calls for special pick-up by the agency of the railway express agency. 53055 SHIPMENT VIA WATER

1. All traffic moving by sea transportation under the cognizance of the Department of Defense

is authorized or sponsored by the Departments of the Army, Navy, or Air Force as shippers. The Department of the Navy operates two carrier services: the Military Sea Transportation Service and the transpor: tation service provided by fleet vessels. All agencies of a single Department engaged in the shipper functions of accumulating, processing and loading personnel and cargo are considered to be under the coordination con: trol of a shipper

port representative of the

5. Railway express agency regulations provide that the value of every shipment must be

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