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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

4. 23.54 Volume 0

50052

PART B. ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS OF SUPPLY ACTIVITIES

VE 153 .AZ 1949

via u her

no. 4

50050 COMPOSITION OF THE SUPPLY

SYSTEM 1. The Marine Corps supply system embraces all elements of the Supply Establishment including the Supply Department at Headquarters U. S. Marine Corps, Washington, D. C.; U. S. Marine Corps Depot of Supply; U. S. Marine Corps Supply Depots; Base Depots; Field Depots; Forwarding Depots; functional elements of the Supply Establishment within the Fleet Marine Forces and supply sections of posts, stations, organizations and detachments. The strength and composition of the various supply activities and sections will be determined by the Commandant of the Marine Corps.

4. A Marine Corps forwarding depot is an intermediate logistical facility primarily established for processing the forward movement of supplies to overseas consumers. Such a facility may have a secondary responsibility for storage and issue of selected items of supplies and equipment. Forwarding depots are under the military command of the Commandant of the Marine Corps. Unless otherwise specifically directed such command is exercised through the Quartermaster General of the Marine Corps. Management and technical control of Marine Corps forwarding depots is exercised by the Quartermaster General of the Marine Corps. Coordination control relationships between a forwarding depot and the naval district commandant shall be as prescribed by the Department of the Navy directives.

50051 ORGANIZATION AND

FUNCTIONS OF DEPOTS 1. Set forth hereafter are brief logistical definitions of depot facilities of the Marine Corps supply system with the normal functions and command relations observed by such activities.

2. A Marine Corps depot of supplies is a major logistical establishment of the Marine Corps. Marine Corps depots of supplies are under the military command of the Commandant of the Marine Corps. Unless otherwise specifically directed such command is exercised through the Quartermaster General of the Marine Corps. Management and technical control of the Marine Corps depots of supplies is exercised by the Quartermaster General of the Marine Corps. Coordination control relationships between a depot of supplies and the naval district commandant shall be as prescribed by Department of the Navy directives. A depot of supplies may function as an area supply center for any or all classifications of material, an area repair center for any or all classifications of material, a manufacturing facility, or any combination of the above

5. A Marine Corps base depot is an intermediate logistical support facility in a designated geographical location, as appropriate, to carry out the logistical mission of the supply establishment in support of specified operating forces of the Marine Corps. When necessary and as directed by the Commandant of the Marine Corps, base depots may be organized and established within the supply system of the Marine Corps. Such base depots, when organized, are under the military command of the Commandant of the Marine Corps and under the management and technical control of the Quartermaster General of the Marine Corps. Unless otherwise specifically directed, military command will be exercised by the commander of the area or force of which such depot is a part.

functions.

3. A Marine Corps supply depot is a logistical facility of the Marine Corps which is normally a part of a larger Marine Corps establishment. Marine Corps supply depots are under the military command and coordination control of the Commandant of the Marine Corps. Unless otherwise specifically directed, such command and coordination control is exercised through the commander of the post or station of which the supply depot is a part. Management and technical control of Marine Corps supply depots is exercised by the Quartermaster General of the Marine Corps. Supply depots provide specified types of logistical support for designated Marine Corps activities.

6. A Marine Corps field depot is a semimobile and sub-area logistical support facility. It will provide logistical support for assigned operating forces, including units in a rehabilitation status. When necessary and as directed by the Commandant of the Marine Corps, field depots may be organized and established within the supply system of the Marine Corps. Such field depots are under the military command of the Commandant of the Marine Corps and under the management and technical control of the Quartermaster General of the Marine Corps. Unless otherwise specifically directed, military command will be exercised by the commander of the area or force of which such depot is a part.

50052 MARINE,CORPS DEPOT OF

SUPPLIES, PHILADELPHIA

1. This depot is primarily responsible for the procurement, storage and issue of selected items of general supply. It operates facilities for the manufacture of clothing and

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b. Maintain prescribed operating stock levels and prescribed quantities of reserve equipment and supplies.

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1. This depot is responsible for the procurement, storage and issue of all classes of supplies and equipment. It is the source of supply for those activities designated in supply bulletins promulgated from time to time.

50055 V. S. MARINE CORPS FORWARD

ING DEPOT, NORFOLK 1. This depot is essentially a forwarding depot but has the additional responsibility of providing for the procurement, storage and distribution of engineer equipment and se. lected items of general supply. It is the em. barkation depot for Fleet Marine Force elements embarking on the east coast. It is

source of supply for selected items for those activities designated in supply bulletins promulgated from time to time.

2. In accordance with instructions issued by the Quartermaster General of the Marine Corps, the U. S. Marine Corps Forwarding Depot at Norfolk, Virginia, will:

a. Provide facilities and assist in the embarkation and debarkation of Fleet Marine Force units.

b. Procure, store and issue supplies and equipment.

c. Maintain prescribed operating stock levels and specified quantities of reserve equipment and supplies.

d. Operate facilities to provide maintenance services as de signated in supply bul. letins.

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50056 MARINE CORPS SUPPLY DEPOT,

CAMP LEJEUNE 1. This depot is responsible for the proof supply required by Marine Corps activities, curement, storage and issue, of all classes including units of the Fleet Marine Forces located at Camp Lejeune and such other ac. tivities as may be designated in supply bul.

letins.

this depot are a portion of the over-all

2. Supplies and equipment in the custody of under the management control of the Quarter resources of the supply establishment and master General of the Marine Corps. These

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stances will be forwarded to the Commandant of the Marine Corps by the officer directing the excess issue.

e supplies

stocks are not in the custody of, nor under

the control of, either the Marine Corps upplies, seize Base or the Fleet Marine Force supported

by the depot. Issues will be made from Marine Corps Supply Depot stocks only on an approved requisition in accordance with allowances established by the Commandant

of the Marine Corps. In case of an emergency Fibed requiring the issue of Supply Establishment

stocks in excess of authorized allowances, an quaatite! 1

immediate report stating all the circumstances will be forwarded to the Commandant of the Marine Corps by the officer directing the excess issue.

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b. Maintain prescribed operating stock levels and prescribed quantities of reserve equipment and supplies.

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c. Operate facilities to provide maintenance services as designated in supply bulletins.

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d. Furnish medical and dental supplies and equipment required for initial outfitting and mounting out requirements (allowances) and provide maintenance and rehabilitation supply thereof to organizations of the Fleet Marine Forces, both ground and aviation, while located in the eastern United States.

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50057 MARINE CORPS SUPPLY DEPOT,

CAMP PENDLETON

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1. This depot is responsible for the procurement, storage and issue, of all classes of supply required by Marine Corps activities, including units of the Fleet Marine Forces located at Camp Pendleton and such other activities as may be designated in supply

1. Maintenance functions vary from minor preventive operations to highly specialized repair techniques. The various maintenance operations performed on any item of material must be assigned to specific levels of command in accordance with the primary mission, character, and mobility of the commands involved. To clearly define the assignment of maintenance missions and responsibilities of the various supply facilities within the Marine Corps and in keeping with the policy established by the Department of Defense relative to maintenance missions and responsibilities, all maintenance operations have been grouped into three broad categories: (1) organizational, (2) field, and (3) depot. For the purpose of providing further flexibility and accuracy in defining maintenance operations in the Marine Corps, the three broad categories of maintenance have been subdivided into five echelons, which are numbered consecutively from

one through five. These numerical terms, as defined in paragraph 50059, are to be used within the Marine Corps where additional definitions are required to indicate more accurately the scope, mobility, and capabilities of a maintenance organization or facility; or the personnel, time, tools, equipment, and parts which are available, thorized, or required in connection with maintenance operation.

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2. Supplies and equipment in the custody of this depot are a portion of the over-all resources of the Supply Establishment and are under the management control of the Quartermaster General of the Marine Corps. These stocks are not in the custody of, nor under the control of, either the Marine Corps Base or the Fleet Marine Force supported by the depot. Issues will be made from Marine Corps Supply Depots stocks only on an approved requisition in accordance with allowances established by the Commandant of the Marine Corps. In case of emergency requiring the issue of Supply Establishment Itocks in excess of authorized allowances, an immediate report stating all the circum

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a. Each echelon will perform any of the maintenance functions of lower echelons when required. Evidence of abuse or lack of pre

ventive maintenance will be reported to the proper commander for corrective action to insure strict compliance with maintenance instructions.

tion, cleaning, preservation, lubrication, and such adjustment, minor repair, testing, and parts replacement as may be prescribed by pertinent technical publications and tools and parts allowances.

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b. Maintenance by cannibalization, that is, the removal of serviceable parts from one item of equipment for use in repairing another item of equipment, will not be employed except:

(1) In extremely urgent cases in forward areas.

(2) As may be specifically authorized by the CMC.

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b. Second echelon. Second echelon maintenance is the work designated to be per; formed by specially

trained personnel provided for that purpose in the using organi. zation. Appropriate publications authorize the second echelon of maintenance additional tools, and the necessary parts, supplies, test equipment, and skilled personnel to perform maintenance beyond the capabilities and fa. cilities of the first echelon.

2. FIELD MAINTENANCE. Field maintenance is that maintenance authorized and performed by designated maintenance activities in direct support of a using organi. zation(s). This category normally will be limited to maintenance consisting of replacement of unserviceable parts, subassemblies, or assemblies. Field maintenance incorpo. rates the third and fourth echelons as follows:

2. To execute the maintenance categories enumerated hereafter requires that all organizations be provided with sufficient trained personnel, equipment, tools, test equipment, supplies, and parts to accomplish their prescribed maintenance mission.

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3. Repairs are performed in the lowest echelon of maintenance consistent with the nature of repair, authorized spare parts, tools, equipment, time available, capabilities of personnel, and the tactical situation for Fleet Marine Force organizations or local condition as appropriate.

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4. Ordinarily, materiel requiring repair which is beyond the maintenance scope or capability of one echelon is evacuated to the next higher echelon. Evidence of abuse or lack of preventive maintenance on the part of a lower echelon will be reported to the appropriate commander for corrective action to insure strict maintenance discipline.

a. Third echelon. Third echelon maintenance is that maintenance authorized by ap. propriate publications to be performed by specially trained units in direct support of using organizations. A unit responsible for third echelon maintenance provides maintenance support to one or more using organi, zations. In special cases, however, third echelon maintenance may be performed by organic maintenance units within the using organization. Third echelon maintenance is authorized

a larger assortment of parts, subassemblies, and assemblies, and more precise tools and test equipment than is provided to using organizations. Organiza: tions authorized to perform third echelon maintenance repair subassemblies and as: semblies, and repair the overflow from the lower echelons within limits imposed by test equipment. They also support the lower specified authorizations of tools, parts, and echelons by providing technical assistance and mobile repair crews, and repair parts

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5. Each echelon is authorized and may perform any of the repair operations or functions of the lower echelons as required by practical or tactical considerations or other circumstances.

50059 MARINE CORPS MAINTENANCE

CATEGORIES DEFINED

when necessary:

1. ORGANIZATIONAL MAINTENANCE, Organizational maintenance is that maintenance authorized for, performed by, and the responsibility of, a using organization on its own equipment. This maintenance consists normally of inspecting, cleaning, servicing, preserving, lubricating, and adjusting as required and also may consist of minor parts replacement not requiring highly technical skills. This category incorporates the first and second echelons, as follows:

within a geographical area. In certain cases,

b. Fourth echelon. Fourth echelon maintenance is that maintenance authorized by units organized as semifixed or permanent appropriate publications to be performed by shops to serve lower echelon maintenance Fleet Marine Force units may be authorized Fourth echelon maintenance is authorized a

a. First echelon. First echelon maintenance is that maintenance performed by the user, wearer, or operator of the equipment, in providing the proper care, use, opera

fourth echelon maintenance. larger assortment of parts, subassemblies, and assemblies, and additional and more precise tools and test equipment than the lower echelons. It may furnish mobile repair

or reinforcing elements to lower

to perform

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50061

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tion, lubrizačin! echelons when required. The principal func

repair, restante tion of fourth echelon maintenance is to remay be prescribe pair subassemblies, assemblies, and major lications et d items for return to the lower echelons.

3. DEPOT MAINTENANCE. Depot maintenance is that maintenance required for the repair of material which requires a major

overhaul or complete rebuild of parts, subtrained et assemblies, assemblies, and/or the end item

as required. Such maintenance is intended to conserve supplies and replenish stocks of serviceable equipment or to support lower levels of maintenance by the use of more extensive shop equipment and personnel of higher technical skill than are available in organizational or field maintenance activities. This category embraces the fifth echelon, which is the highest echelon of main

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uated to a depot maintenance installation for necessary repair. Requirements for survey action relative to the replacement of equipment are set forth in paragraph 54552. Authority for requisitioning and effecting replacement of equipment is contained in paragraph 54200.2.

4. Commanding officers are responsible for the inculcation of maintenance discipline in their respective commands. Within the scope of organizational maintenance is preventive maintenance. Thus commanding of ficers are responsible that each individual user, wearer, or operator of equipment within their commands is properly trained in the proper preventive maintenance of such materiel. The general principles of maintenance set forth in Part C, Chapter 58, will be applied to all classes of Marine Corps property.

onnel E

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tenance.

a. Fifth echelon. Fifth echelon maintenance is that maintenance authorized for rebuilding major items, assemblies, parts, accessories, tools, and test equipment. It normally supports supply on a rebuild and return to stock basis. Fifth echelon operations are scheduled so as to employ production and assembly-line methods whenever practicable.

5. Maintenance operations performed on
Marine Corps materiel are guided by various
technical manuals, spare parts allowance
lists, and other instructions published by
the Marine Corps and other agencies of the
Department of Defense. In many instances
allowances of spare parts and maintenance
procedures are based upon the echelon of
maintenance rather than the category. (See
paragraph 50057-1.) The data based upon
echelons of maintenance, contained in exist-
ing manuals, lists, and other publications,
will continue in effect until superseded by
publications based on the three categories
of maintenance.

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50061 SUPPLY SECTION OF REGIMENTS

AND HIGHER UNITS

50060 MAINTENANCE RESPONSIBILITIES 1. Maintenance responsibilities vary from preventive maintenance operations, through highly specialized repair and reconditioning techniques, to the supervision and inspection necessary to insure that equipment is actually ready for use. Using personnel, maintenance specialists, and all commanding officers must make every effort to prevent the deterioration of Marine Corps materiel. Positive action is required of all concerned to insure the efficiency of Marine Corps equipment. 2. The degree of maintenance to be applied to a particular item by a specified agency; such as an organic service element, field depot, or base depot, will be governed by the policies enumerated in this chapter and by additional instructions promulgated from time to time. However, no agency having an assigned maintenance level will perform the work of an agency having a higher maintenance level at the expense of neglecting its own assigned function. 3. Generally, materiel which is beyond the maintenance capabilities of any organization, of which cannot be repaired within the time available, is evacuated to the next higher maintenance organization. Equipment requir. ing extensive repairs will be replaced with serviceable equipment from local stocks. Where provisions have not been made for field maintenance, equipment may be evac

1. In regiments and higher units, a supply officer is a member of the commander's special staff which includes the heads of the technical, supply, and administrative services and certain technical specialists. As a special staff officer, the supply officer supervises the supply activities throughout the command.

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2. The supply officer is directly responsible to the commander and operates with other staff officers under the policies prescribed by the commander. Within the scope of these policies and within the limits of the resources at his disposal, he has responsibility in insuring the best possible performance of his mission. Supply matters of a routine administrative or technical nature are usually handled through personal conference or correspond. ence with the supply officers of the next higher or lower echelons. All other instructions must be issued through the proper command channels. Each unit supply officer is responsible that his superiors are fully informed, through proper channels, of the sup

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