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For the Christian Journal viour's peculiar care; which, tasting the Diessrs. SWORDS,

good word of God mixed with the bitter SHOULD the following remarks have draughts of adversity, duly appreciate a tendency to advance the cause for it, and perhaps aid Christianity as much which our Saviour died, you are re- by the sincerity and fervency of their quested to publish them.

prayers, as others do by the greatness

of their wealth; and which, although The poor have the gospel preach- sadly neglected in the daily ministraed to them," said our blessed Saviour tion," have souls as dear to Christ as to the disciples of John, when he reter- those who are more wealthy. red to his works as a proof of his Mes- This confidence, as to the good effect siahship. The laws of Moses were of the plan spoken of, is derived from distinguished above those of other three sources; to do little more than legislators for their attention to the name which, will be sufficient to conpoor; but the Pharisees, the prevailing vince any one of its utility. sect among the Jews, had acquired a Our church, to be admired and loved supreme contempt for them, deeming needs but to be known. By means of it beneath their dignity to instruct them. a free church she will be brought to the The words just quoted must have then notice of many who but for it would been emphatic, and are a characteristic know nothing of her, and would attach of Christianity which is peculiar to it- themselves to denominations of Chrisself, and must endear it to the heart tians whose creeds, we must believe, are feeling for the distresses of its fellow- less orthodox than our own; and many creatures.

of those who never enter a place of worTaking this view of Christianity, it ship, will then do it, and find it to be, in will not, I hope, be deemed improper to truth," the gate of heaven.” The reask, whether the poor are not too much ception our church meets with in plaoverlooked in the building of churches ces where the plan here approved of is and in the preaching of the gospel? I more widely in operation than in this do not think there is any impropriety city, is a satisfactory evidence of its in wealthy persons' building houses for utility. the worship of Almighty God in a man- Again. Many of those who, from imner suited to their abilities, if the poor pressions received in early life, or from are not thereby excluded from those the determinations of an enlightened houses, or if it does not prevent the and candid mind, are somewhat attacherection of buildings for their peculiared to our worship, now, from their in

ability to procure seats in our churches, His conduet cannot be justified who and the natural aversion we have to be neglects attending church because be considered as intruders, go to places of cannot appear in a style agreeing with public worship which they can attend his wishes to be as his neighbo irs; nor with a less tax of personal feeling than will a true Christian be influenced by at our churches ;-thus, they are lost so unworthy a cause; but we know to the church--lost, in many instances, that all are not of this character that to her sober piety. the world abounds with people who Further. Sunday schools are now care not whether they appear in the training up many youth in the ways of house of God or not, and whose situa- piety and of our church. When they tion in life is such that they cannot have left these schools, where will they purchase a seat, and who must therefore go to keep themselves in those ways? appear as intruders, if at all. With No one will deny that the provision made these views I could not but rejoice at for such and other poor is small; and the proposals for building a free church most generally draws such a line of diswhich some time since appeared in the tinction between them and their fellowJournal. Should the plan succeed, there worshippers, as, to say the least, makes can be no doubt but that our church will them feel as if they were not at home. increase in numbers and piety from When this feering accompanies the wortlgat order of men which yas our Sa- shipper to the house of God, (even wher it is against his will, what little security on the other, I had resolved upon hav. is there for his regular attendance? The ing no other attendant; I was at the man of wealth, going where he will, in same time provided with a letter to the such places feels himself equal to any governor of Jericho, commanding him one; he feels that if his circumstances to furnish me with an escort. As we were known, they would secure to him a were on the point of starting, Nicholai welcome : the poor man, sensible of his expressed a wish to see the Jordan : a poverty, whose mind is perhaps blunt- horse was procured-he girded on his ed by adversity, or, to speak more cor- sword, and with my fowling-piece in his rèctly, who is contented with his lot, hand, we sallied forth. The route is will not mind this distinction; but those over hills, rocky, barren, and uninterestwho are in a middle state of life feel it ing; we arrived at a fountain, and here most sensibly, and, if we may judge my two attendants paused to refresk from their non-attendance on church in themselves; the day was so hot that I innumerable instances, we may add, was anxious to finish the journey, and most lamentably. This middling class hurried forwards. A ruined building, is far from being an inconsiderable por- situate on the summit of a hill, was now tion of the Christian world.

use.

1

within sight, and I urged my horse toWhen, with wounded feelings, I have wards it; the janissary gallopped by seen what

may

almost be called the un- me, and, making signs for me not to christian tenacity of some to the lawful precede him, he rode into and round possession of a seat in a church, that the building, and then motioned me to seemed unwilling that any should enjoy advance. We next came to a bill, Christian privileges but those who through the very apex of which has could command a polished exterior, I been cut a passage,* the rocks overthought there was an additional call for hanging it on either side. I was in the a free church.

act of passing through this ditch, wher In conclusion, it will be proper to say, a bullet whizzed by, close to my head; that I believe there is as great, if not I saw no one, and had scarcely time to greater, provision for the poor in our think, when another was fired, some churches than in others, with the ex- short distance in advance; I could yet ception of one denomination. That see no one; the janissary was beneath one, by baving free churches, from the brow of the hill, in his descent; I small beginnings has risen to great looked back, but my servant was not height. Is not this a proof of the uti- yet within sight. Í looked up, and lity of the plan which ought to have within a few inches of

my

head were weight with those who are concerned three muskets, and three men taking in the building of churches, and whom aim at me. Escape or resistance were God hath blessed with an abundance alike impossible.--I got off my horse. of this world's goods ?

P. R. Eight men jumped down from the

rocks, and commenced a scramble for

me; I gbserved also a party running.' Adventure in a Journey from Jerusa. towards Nicholai. At this moment : lem to Jericho.

the janissary gallopped in among us The following interesting narrative is extract- with his sword drawn ; I knew that if

ed from Sir Frederick Henniker's notes dur. ing a visit to Egypt, &c. reeently published

blood were spilt + I should be sacrificed, in London. It very forcibly illustrates the remark of our blessed Lord, “A certain man Quaresmius, lib. vi. e. 2. quoring Brocarwent down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and dus, 200 years past, mentions that there is a fel among thieves,” and shows that the same

place horrible to the eye, and full of danger, practices are continued in that country at called Abdomin, which signifies blond; where ehis day, which were prevalent eighteen hun be, descending from Jerusalem to Jericho, fell dred years ago.]

among thieves. ABOUT eight o'clock in the morning venture, I had been reading his Itinerary on

† Chateaubriand met with a serious eda janissary was in waiting : having the previous day. Ali (the janissary) se prebeen repeatedly assured that there was cipite dans le mele *** enfin il tira son sabre no danger on this side Jericho,' and

et alloit abattre la tête du chef des Bedeuins scarcely believing that there was any que c'etoit la raison pour laquelle il n'avoit pas

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que nous serions infalliblement massacres

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October, 1823.] Adventure in a Journey from Jerusalem to Jericho. 297 and I called upon him to fly. He tures, whose business it is to consume wounded one man that had hold of me; corpses, were hovering over me. I I received two violent blows, intended should scarcely have had strength to reI believe for him ; from the effect of sist, had they chosen to attack me. In one I was protected by my turban about twenty minutes Nicholai came I was not armed--the janissary cut up; his only sorrow was for my wounds down another Arab, and all the rest and the loss of the sword, which was his scrambled

up the rocks : the janissary own. “You cannot live, Sir, you cannot turned his horse and rode off at full live! they have taken away my sword; gallop,.calling on me to follow him, I asked them to give it back to me, but which I did on foot : in the mean time they would not.' He then related his the Arabs prepared their matchlocks, part of the adventure; ten men had beset and opened a fire upon us, but only few him, his horse was not to be depended of their shots came very near. We had upon, the gun was not loaded; and advanced about a league, when two of there were many Arabs on every side, the banditti made a show of cutting us. so that retreat was impossible. The off. A sudden panie seized the janis- janissary now came to our assistance, sary; he cried on the name of the Pro- and put me on his horse; we passed by phet, and galloped away. I called out a rivulet of tempting water, but they to him that there were but two--that with would not allow me to drink, though I his sword and pistols, if we stopped was almost choaked with blood. At behind a stone, we could kill them both: length we arrived, about 3 P. M. at Jehe rode back towards the Arabs; they richo. 'The 'walls of Jericho' are of had guns, and the poor fellow returned mud; at a corner of the town stands a at full speed. As he passed I caught small stone building, the residence of a rope hanging from his saddle-I had the governor : within the walls of it is hoped to leap upon his horse, but found the town reservoir of water, and horses myself unable ; my feet were dread- for eight Turks. My servant was un. fully lacerated by the honey-combed able to lift me to the ground; the janisrocks; nature would support me no sary was lighting his pipe, and the solJonger; I fell, but still clung to the diers were making preparations to purrope; in this manner I was drawn sue the robbers; not one person would some few yards ; till, bleeding from assist a half-dead Christian: after some my ancle to my shoulder, I resigned minutes a few Arabs came up, and placmyself to my fate. As soon as I stooded me by the side of the horse-pond, up, one of my pursuers took aim at me, just so that I could not dip my finger but the other casually advancing be- into the water; one of the soldiers, as tween us, prevented his firing; he then he went forth, took the rug from his ran up, and with his sword aimed such horse, and threw it to me as a covering. a blow as would not have required a The governor armed himself, and the second; his companion prevented its whole garrison sallied forth in pursuit full effect, so that it merely cut my ear of the banditti. This pool is resorted in halves and laid open one side of my to by every one in search of water, and face; they then stripped me naked. that employment falls exclusively upon These two could not have known that females ; they surrounded me, and their friends were wounded, or they seemed so earnest in their sorrow, that, would certainly have killed me; they notwithstanding their veils, I almost had heard me vote their death, and felt pleasure at my wound; one of them which we should in all probability have in particular held her pitcher to my effected, had the janissary, a Turk, un- lips, till she was sent away by the verstood me.

I had spoken to him in Chous.* I called her; she returned, Arabic.

and was sent away again; and the third It was now past mid-day, and burn- time she was turned out of the yard; ing hot; I bled profusely; and two.vul- she wore a red veil,t and therefore voulu tuer le chef; car une fois le nous n'aurions en d'autre parti á prendre que

The Ostler. de retourner promptement à Jerusalem.

The sigy of not being married. Voi. VII.

38

sang verse

there was something unpardonable in which these grants were made, are the her attention to any man, especially to Sloanian, the Harleian, the Hamilton a Christian ; she, however, returned collection of vases, the Townley collecwith her mother, and brought me a le- tion of statues, the Lansdown manu. mon and some milk. I believe that scripts, the Greville minerals, the HarMungo Park, on some dangerous occa- grave library, the Phigalian marbles, sion during his travels, received con- the Elgin marbles, and the Burney li. siderable assistance from the compas- brary. Many donations have also been sionate sex.

made by individuals, among which that About sunset, the secretary* of the of the late Sir Joseph Banks is mengovernor provided me with a shirt. I tioned. was then put into a mat, and deposited The collection of the royal library in a small dark cell; but even there I was begun by the late king soon after was not at rest, for a cat made two his accession, by the purchase, in 1762, pulls at my ear during the night, it was of the library of Mr.Joseph Smith, Bria very Mohammedan cat.t

tish consul at Venice, for the sum of

10,0001. From that time it has been From the Boston Daily Advertiser.

increased by the expenditure of about

2000l. per annum, exclusive of the British Libraries.

many presents of books to the king. A COMMITTEE of the house of com. Besides the sum above mentioned, exmons lately made a report, relative to pended in the purchase of books, the the royal library recently presented by annual salaries of the persons employed the king to the nation, in which they in the library amounted to 11711. Mr. recommend that it should be united Barnard, the librarian, has served in with that of the British museum; and that capacity sixty years. In the year that for the accommodation of the two 1768, he was sent by the late king to libraries, a new building should be France, Germany, and Italy, to purerected on the site of the present mu

chase books for the library. On his seum, which occupies a space of eight departure he received from Dr.Johnsor, acres. The library of the museum con- who frequently visited the library, the tains 125,000 volumes, and that of the following letter, containing advice reking 65,000. It is computed that the specting the mode of executing his misduplicates will not exceed 21,000, about sion, which is subjoined to the report 12,000 of which it is recommended of the committee. should be sold. The national museum was founded in 1755, and in 1757, king

Sir, George II. transferred to it the royal

It is natural for a scholar to interest library, collected by his predecessors, himself in an expedition, undertaken, from Henry VIII. consisting of 9006 like yours, for the importation of literavolumes. In 1762, the late king pur- ture; and therefore, though having nechased for it a collection of pamphlets, ver travelled myself, I am very little published from 1564 to 1660, consist qualified to give advice to a traveller, ing of 32,000 articles contained in two yet, that I may not seem inattentive to thousand volumes. Grants have been a design so worthy of regard, I will try made by parliament at eleven different whether the present state of my health times, for the purchase of collections of will suffer me to lay before you what obworks of art for the museum, amount- servation or report have suggested to me, ing to 150,0001. The collections for that may direct your inquiries or facili

tate your success. Things of which the

mere rarity makes the value, and which * This man is a Christian, and the only one in Jericho. Mohammedans do not study the

are prized at a high rate by a wantonart of writing; and the office of secretary is ge.

ness rather than by use, are always neraliy performed by either Jew or Christian. passing from poorer to richer countries;

+ The cat was the favourite animal of Mo- and therefore, though Germany and and superstitions respecting it: the cat is cha: Italy were principally productive of tyracteristic of the Turk.

pographical curiosities, I do not much

imagine that they are now to be found regal study. Ofthose books which have there in great abundance. An eagerness been often published, and diversified by for scarce books and early editions, various modes of impression, a royal which prevailed among the English library should have at least the most about half a century ago, filled our curious edition, the most splendid, and shops with all the splendour and nicety the most useful. The most curious ediof literature, and when the Harleian ca- tion is commonly the first, and the most talogue was published, many of the useful may be expected ainong the last books were bought for the library of the Thus, of Tully's Offices, the edition of king of France.

Faust is the most curious, and that of I believe, however, that by the dili- Græviųs the most useful; the most gence with which you have enlarged splendid, the eye will discern. With the library under your care, the present the old printers you are now become stock is so nearly exhausted, that, till well acquainted: if you can find any new purchases supply the booksellers collection of their productions to be with new stores, you will not be able sold, you will undoubtedly buy it: but to do much more than glean up single this can scarcely be hoped, and you books, as accident shall produce them: must catch up single volumes where this, therefore, is the time for visiting you can find them. In every place, the continent.

things often occur where they are least What addition you can hope to make expected. I was shewn a Welsh gramby ransacking other countries, we will mar written in Welsh, and printed at now consider. English literature you Milan, I believe, before any grammar will not seek in any place but in Eng of that language had been printed here. land. Classical learning is diffused of purchasing entire libraries, I know every where, and it is not, except by not whether the inconvenience may not accident, more copious in one part of overbalance the advantage. Of librathe polite world than in another. But ries collected with general views, one every country has literature of its own, will have many books in common with which may be best gathered in its na. another. When you have bought two live soil. The studies of the learned collections, you will find that you

have are influenced by forms of government bought mảny books twice over, and and modes of religion ; and therefore, many in each which you have left at those books are necessary and common home, and therefore did not want; and in some places, whichi; where different when you have selected a small num, opinions or different manners prevail, ber, you will have the rest to sell at à are of little use, and for that reason great loss, or to transport hither at perrarely to be found.

haps a greater. It will generally be Thus, in Italy' you may expect to more commodious to buy the few that meet with canonists and scholastic di- you want at a price somewhat advancvines, “in Germany with writers on the ed, than to encumber yourself with usefeudal laws, and in Holland with civil. less books. But libraries collected for jans. The schoolmen and canonists particular studies will be very valuable must not be neglected, for they are use- acquisitions. The collection of an emiful to many purposes; nor too anxiously nent civilian, feudist, or mathematician, sought, for their influence among us will perhaps have very few superfluities. is much lessened by the reformation. Topography or local history prevail Of the canonists, at least a few eminent much in many parts of the continent. writers may be sufficient; the school I have been told that scarcely a village men are of more general value; but the of Italy wants its historian. These feudal and civil law I cannot but wish books may be generally neglected, but to see complete. The feudal constitu- some will deserve attention by the celetion is the original of the law of property brity of the place, the eminence of the over all the civilized part of Europe; authors, or the beauty of the sculptures. and the civil law, as it is generally un- Sculpture has always been more cultiderstood to include the law of nations, vated among other nations than among may be called with great propriety a

us. The old art of cutting on woed,

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