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240 Constitution of the Theological Society of the General Seminary. [No. 8. be careful, when they speak of other tholic and Apostolic church, whatever Christians, to make the just distinction others may say to the contrary? If it between what is Catholic, and what is be so, let those, who belong to its com
We may call the church of munion, remember the Catholic Spirit England Catholic; we may call the they profess; and let them bring it into Syrian church Catholic. But, if what operation in every action of their lives. is above said he true, we can hardly
J. apply the term to the church of Rome: -much less to any of those sectaries, which have split themselves off from Constitution of the Theological Society what we think is the true Catholic
of the General Seminary, adopted body of Christians," the visible church at Neu-Haven, on Monday, the 30th of Christ."
of September, 1820, and revised at These may be somewhat old-fashion- New-York, on Monday, the 23d of ed notions: and it is well known, they
December, 1822. do not accord with the sentiments of Article 1. This society shall be demany who are esteemed excellent men nominated The Theological Society of in the world, and exemplary Chris- the General Theological Seminary of tians. Still a firm persuasion of their the Protestant Episcopal Church in truth leads some to believe in them, and the United States. to hold them. If they be impartially Art. 2. The object of this society examined, they will be found not with shall be, as determined by the Statutes, out some foundation; and, we think, a (chap. x.) viz. “ for the purpose of disvery solid one.
cussing questions, delivering theses or On this subject one remark more, and sermons, declamation, and exercises in we have done. That remark shall be reading, and for other objects connectin the words of Bishop Magee, the au- ed with literary and theological imthor of the celebrated work on “ Atone- provement; and particularly for such ment and Sacrifice.” “It is always religious exercises as are calculated to to be remembered,” says he, “ that excite and cherish evangelical affection the REFORMERS in England pro- and pious habits.” tested not against the CATHOLIC Art. 3. This society shall be comCHURCH, but against POPERY, in posed of the students of the abovebehalf of that church. Their object mentioned seminary. was to preserve the purity of the an- Art. 4. One half of the members cient and true Catholic church against shall constitute a quorum. the novelties and corruptions forced Art. 5. One of the professors shall upon it by Popery. And, therefore, preside at each meeting of the society, although our Common Prayer Book agreeably to such arrangements as may abounds with what is Catholic, it is not be made by the faculty. disfigured by a single particle of what Art. 6. At the first regular meeting is Popish. The English Catholic of the society in each session, there church (the true designation of the shall be chosen, by ballot, a vice-prechurch of England) need not desire to sident and secretary, who shall enter be exhibited in
stronger contrast to upon the duties of their offices at the the church of Rome, than by compar- next regular meeting after their elecing its Prayer Book with the Missal."* tion: and the society shall have power
What, then, is our church in these to supply any vacancies in these offices United States ? Is it not the truly Ca- at any regular meeting.
Art. 7. The vice-president shall preuniversal church-according to their faith and side at all meetings of the society in the practice.
absence of the professors. And, if the * A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Diocess of Raphoe, &c. on Wednesday, 17th vice-president also be absent, the soof October, 1821. By William Magee, 'D. D. ciety shall elect a chairman. F.R.S. MR.J. A. &c. Bishop of Raphoe._20 Art. 8. The presiding officer shall edition. Note, p. 51. London, 1823. whole of the note on this subject is well worth take the question on all motions, apreading
point all committees, determine all
August, 1823.] Various Readings of the original Text of Scripture. 241 questions of order; and, if he think Various Readings of the original Text proper, may give his opinion on all
of Scripture. subjects of debate immediately after their discussion.
[From the British Critic.] Art. 9. It shall be the duty of the secretary to record all the proceedings of No points of doctrine or faith are the society, keep all its books and pa- implicated in this question of various pers, and act also as treasurer. readings. Now we think, that we may
Art. 10. The society shall meet as call the evidence of persons unexcepprovided for by the Statutes (chap. x.) tionable authority, when they are comweekly, on Saturday, or on such other petent witnesses in point of informaday as may be appointed by the by- tion, whilst their pursuits and attainlaws.
ments might have been expected to Art. 11. Every meeting of the socie- have given them prejudices, inclining ty shall be opened and closed with of- them to assert the contrary of what fices of devotion, appointed by the fa. ' they are found to do. Such authorities culty.
we can produce, in the persons of Dr. Art. 12. The second regular meet- Bentley and the present Bishop of Peing in each year, and every second sub- terborough. The first attended to versequent meeting, shall be appropriated bal criticism in every department of to such religious exercises as are calcu. ancient literature, with a degree of suclated to excite and cherish evangelical cess which has perhaps never been exaffections and pious habits. For this ceeded; and the latter needs no compurpose, after appropriate devotions pliment from us to enhance his reputaprescribed by the faculty, a member tion, as thoroughly versed in biblical shall read a dissertation on some relie criticism. An ordinary theologian, gious topic of a practical nature; on the searching, for the first time, for their subject of which the members shall be opinions as to the importance of critiinvited to make remarks, with a view cal researches, would naturally fear, to their advancement in the graces and that they might be found ascribing too virtues of the Christian life, and in the much importance to the results which dispositions and habits required by the might be attained by success in their holy calling for which they are prepar- own favourite pursuit. ing. And the other meetings shall be But they have both declared, in the appropriated to declamation, the read- most decided terms, that whatever texts ing of a thesis on some theological to- may still continue to be of doubtful aupic, and the discussion of some question thority, leave no point of importance in divinity.
insecure. Art. 13. By-laws may be made at “ The text of scripture," says
Bentany meeting of the society, by a majo- ley,“ is competently exact indeed, even rity of the votes of the members pre- in the worst MS. now extant. Nor is sent; but the by-laws shall be submit- one article of faith or moral precept ted to the faculty at their next meeting, either perverted or lost in them; choose and, if disapproved of by them, shall as awkwardly as you can, choose the be thenceforward repealed.
worst by design, out of the whole lump Art. 14. Amendments to this con- of readings. Make your thirty thoustitution may be proposed either by the sand as many more, if numbers of cofaculty, or by the society, and when pies can ever reach that sum; all the adopted by either, shall be reported better to a knowing and serious reader, to the other; and, on being adopted who is thereby more richly furnished by two-thirds of each, shall be con- to select what he sees genuine. But even sidered as a part of this constitu- put them into the hands of a knave or tion.
a fool; and yet with the most sinistrous Of The Editors of the Churclıman's Maga. and absurd choice, he shall not extinzine, the Gospel Advocate, and the Washington guish the light of any one chapter; nor Th-ological Repertory, are requested to give so disguise Christianity, but that every the above constitution an insertion in their re.
feature of it will still be the same." spective works.
To the same purport Dr. Marsh has exceed all the miracles of both Old and observed, that
New Testament? And, pray to what “ To the theologian who undertakes great use or design? To give satisfacto establish the authority of the Greek tion to a few obstinate and untractable Testament, it is of consequence to as- wretches; to those who are not concertain its very words, its very sylla- vinced by Moses and the Prophets, but bles. But, for the common purposes of want one from the dead to come and religious instruetion, the text in daily convert them. Such men mistake the use is amply sufficient. For, whatever methods of Providence, and the very difference in other respects may exist fundamentals of religion; which draws between this text and the Greek manu- its votaries by the cords of a man, by scripts, or whatever difference may ex- rational, ingenuous, and moral motives; ist among the manuscripts themselves, not by conviction mathematical; not they will agree in the important articles by new evidence miraculous, to silence of Christian faith; they all declare, every doubt and whim that impiety and with one accord, the doctrine of the folly can suggest. And
all this Trinity, and the doctrine of the atone would have no effect upon such spirits ment by Jesus Christ.”
and dispositions; if they now believe We should have spared our remarks not Christ and his Apostles, neither on this topic, important as it is, if Dr. would they believe if their own schemes Bentley's admirable tract was known were complied with.” Bentley's Reand read, any thing like so extensively marks upon a late Discourse of Freeas it ought to be. But though the let- thinking: P. 1. $ 32. ters under the name of Phileleutheras Lipsiensis have been very judiciously reprinted by the University of Oxford, For the Christian Journal. in the Enchiridion Theologicum, we had lately occasion to ascertain, that On the Rubric respecting the occasional their merit was unknown, or over-look
Prayers and Thanksgivings in the ed to a degree which surprised us ex
Common Prayer Book. ceedingly. What we have said has As this rubric stands in the Book of been almost entirely borrowed from his Common Prayer of our Church in this nervous and lucid Answer to Collin's country, a considerable difficulty exists discourse of free-thinking. We shall in ascertaining which are intended by add one direct quotation more, as a the two final prayers, before which the proper close to the subject.
oceasional prayers and thanksgivings He says it has been objected, are to be used. Hence a difference of
6. That sacred books, at least books opinion prevails on the subject, and, of imposed upon the world as divine laws course, a diversity of practice. Those and revelations, should have been ex- clergymen who were in orders previa empted from the injuries of time, and ously to the adoption of the American secured from the least change. But Prayer Book, well know, that, in the what need of that perpetual miracle, if Prayer Book of the English Church, with all the present changes the whole which they then used, the two final scripture is perfect and sufficient to all prayers were always understood to be the great ends and purposes of its first the Prayer of St. Chrysostom, and the writing? What a scheme would these Apostolic Blessing: and accordingly men make? What worthy rules would the occasional prayers and thanksgivthey prescribe to Providence? that in ings were invariably used immediately millions of copies trans, ribed in so many before them. Some of these, adhering ages and nations, all the notaries and strictly to the rubric, as it stands in the writers, who made it their trade and live- American book, continue to use them, lihood, should be infallible and unim- as formerly, iminediately before these peacbable? That their pens should two prayers. A greater number, perspontaneously write true, or be superna- ceiving the incongruity of occurring turally guided; though the scribes were again to prayer, after having pronouncnoeding or dreaming? Would not thised the General Thanksgiving, which, in the Church of England, always suc- thanksgivings should be used, was neceeds all prayers, except the Prayer of cessary, At any rate, it was either St. Chrysostom, and the Apostolic overlooked or neglected; and therefore Blessing; have ventured to introduce the rubric stands in our book-notwiththe occasional prayers before the Gene- standing the transposition above stated, ral Thanksgiving, and the occasional -precisely in the same words as it then thanksgivings after it. This, so far as stood, and still remains in the Common it respects the occasional prayers, is Prayer Book of the Church of England. al: practice of many who have Had it been altered in some way simibeen admitted to orders since the Ame- lar to the following, no difficulty would rican book was introduced; but, that have occurred in comprehending its they may be considered as adhering to meaning. Prayers, 'to be used before the rubric, they contend, that by the the General Thanksgiving and Thankstwo final prayers mentioned in it, must givings, to be used after it. have been intended the General Thanks- As it could not have been the inten-, giving and the Prayer of St. Chrysos- tion of that respectable body, in maktoni; and to support this, they affirm, ing the transposition referred to, to that the Apostolic Blessing is not a change the order in which the prayers. prayer. In addition to this error, in were used, but merely to place the this respect-for a blessing is an appli- Prayer for all Conditions of Men, and cation to the Deity for some favour, the General Thanksgiving-which had either for ourselves or others, and of from usage ceased to be occasional, as course is of the nature of prayer-they they were uniformly read, in all cases are obliged, in order to be consistent, of public worship-into their proper to use the occasional thanksgivings be- stations, in the morning and evening fore the general one, which was certain- services: at all events, it could not have ly never intended, as it is a departure been their intention to leave in doubt from the English practice, as will ap- what order was designed: it therefore pear in the sequel, and does not come ought to be understood, that no rubric port with our ideas of propriety. on the subject at present exists, and, till
The cause of this difficulty, in un- one is formed by the proper authority, derstanding the rubric, and of the un- that we should continue, or, if it has fortunate diversity of practice which been departed from, adopt, as a usage, has grown out of it, may be traced to the course which would have been unian evident oversight in that venerable versally pursued, had no transposition General Convention to which had been of the prayer and thanksgiving above committed the office of making such stated been made, and which is now alterations and improvements in the practised by the Church of England. Common Prayer Book of the Church It is, that the occasional prayers be of England, as would make it suitable used, in the order in which they stand, for the American Church.
immediately before the General s'hanksIn the course of their deliberations giving; and, as the General Thankson the subject, it was doubtless thought giving in the English book precedes the an improvement-and very justly so- other occasional thanksgivings, and is to transpose from the occasional pray- always read first, the occasional thankscrs and thanksgivingswhere they still givings in our book should follow the remain in the English Prayer Book= General Thanksgiving in regular sucboth the Prayer for all Conditions of cession, as occasion may require. This Men, and the General Thanksgiving, is also the order which nature and prointo the morning and evening services priety dictate. Observing this course, of the book to be adopted for the the clergy will restore the uniformity, Church in this country. In this act it in the case before us, which has so long does not seem to have occurred to them unfortunately been interrupted, and adthat an alteration of the rubric, relative vançe one step nearer to that perfect to the particular places, in the morning union in all things, which cannot but and evening services, where the remain- adorn and exalt the Church of which der of the occasional prayers and they are ministers.
From the Bengal Hurkaru, Oet. 23, 1822. On Sunday circumstances remained IMMOLATION AT HOWRAH.
just the same as on Saturday, for Mr.
Barwell was inflexible, and no license To the Editor of the Journal. to burn the youngest wife could they Sir,
obtain from him, notwithstanding they KNOWING that you are a philanthro- used every art, artifice, and invention, pist, I beg leave to inform you that which the craft and cunning of a Brahdirectly opposite to Fort William, and min could conceive. not above 100 yards to the southward On Sunday, as on Saturday, crowds of the late Mr. William Jones's dwel- of people were in attendance from ling house at Seebpore, on Monday morning till night; and to all the Euromorning at gun-fire, a widow, the mo- peans who inquired, the declaration of ther of a large family, was put on a the deceased's family, and attending pile of combustibles, and burned to Brahmin, were the same, that the one death, attended with circumstances of wife could not be burned alone, she cruelty which I shall endeavour to de- having dissented therefrom; and great scribe, partly as seen by myself and as hopes began now to be entertained by I was informed by others.
the humane, that Mr. Barwell's firmOn Friday, the 11th instant, about ness would save them both; but the noon, an old Brahmin died, and at the poor creatures were all this time, from time of his death was possessed of con- the moment their husband had breathsiderable riches, and had two wives, ed his last, on Friday at noon, kept one of whom was many years younger locked up, and not allowed to taste a than the other, and, by each of these morsel of victuals of any description, wives he had a large family of children, and the hope which had been entertainboys and girls, now living. The mo- ed of their being saved from the flames, ment this man expired, his eldest son, was greatly damped by the fear that heir to all his property, posted off to both would be starved to death by their Allypore, and applied to C. R. Bar- merciless keepers. well, Esq. magistrate of the suburbs On the following morning, Monday, of Calcutta, for a license to burn his the 14th inst. at gun-fire, notwithstandown mother and his step-mother with ing the previous repeated acknowledge the body of his father, but it appears ments and confessions of the attending Mr. Barwell then granted license for Brahınin and the family and friends of one wife only, the eldest, to be burned, the deceased, that they could not burn Confident, however, that by another the one wife alone, at that selected peapplication leave would be obtained to riod, when they thought few eyes would burn the other wife also, the pile was be open to view their proceedings, the raised, and every preparation made to elder woman was dragged from her priburn them both on the following day at son of starvation, made to mount the noon; but at the hour of noon on Sa- pile and clasp the putrid carcase of her turday no license from Mr. Barwell for so long deceased husband in her arms, the destruction of the
youngest woman the stench from which, at that time, had arrived, and no license was grant- was intolerable. Two thick ropes, preed during the whole of that day. viously prepared, were then passed The news of this rather novel cir
over the bodies, and two long levers of cumstance soon spread along Seebpore bainboo, crossing each other, were likeand Howrah, and thousands of people wise, employed to pinion her down, the of all descriptions were assembled to unconsumed four ends of which are learn the particulars, and many of them, still to be seen on the spot. and to me, the family and Brahmin All things being thus arranged, the friends voluntarily confessed, that both eldest son, and heir, who was to sucwives must be burned, or neither of ceed to the property, set fire to the pile, them could be burned, as the one for which speedily burnt and consumed his whom the license was obtained had de- own mother; and at this act it is said clared that she would not be burned that he triumphantly exulted! alone.
The other poor woman being still