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vine Head, her purity and her sound- jects were introduced on which there ness, and her prosperity to the latest was difference of opinion honestly en-, generations. They shall prosper that tertained, and on which different sides love her.”
were earnestly supported. But there: A Churchman. were evident, throughout, the kind and
conciliatory feelings of the disciples of
Christ, engaged in their Master's cause. For the Christian Journal.
This is as it should be; and that it may Communication.
always be so, every true friend of reli
gion and the church should earnestly The triennial General Convention pray to that Holy Spirit, from whom of the Protestant Episcopal Church in alone come love, peace, and longsufthe United States, met in Philadelphia, fering. on Tuesday, the 20th May, 1823, and It was also evident, from the tenor adjourned on Monday the 26th. In of the remarks to which one or two the house of bishops there were seven of the topics led, that the venerable attending members; the Bishop of New- and evangelical services of our church York being absent from indisposition, have a strong hold in the affections the Bishop of Virginia, from sickness of her ministers and members, which in his family, and the Bishop of Ohio, promises security against all efforts from the impracticability of his at pre- at innovation. It is true, indeed, sent undertaking the journey. The steps were taken with the view of imhouse of clerical and lay deputies con- provement in the metre singing of our sisted of about forty clergymen, and church. It is obvious, however, that about half that number of laymen. A this is al department of public worlarge number of visiting clergy was ship vhich has received less attention, also present. The introductory dis- both in our mother-church and our course was by the Right Rev. Bishop own, than any other. In the former, Croes, of New-Jersey. Interesting re- indeed, there has never been positive ports were received on the state of the legislation on the subject. Metrical church, and from the General Theolo- worship is, comparatively, of modern gical Seminary, and the Domestic and date. It was allowed by act of parliaForeign Missionary Society. The pro- ment, without any particular provision posed alteration of the constitution of for its performance; and upon this gethe church, which leaves to every Con- neral allowance has been grafted, from vention the fixing of the particular time time to time, the permission of cer. in the third year following, for the meet- tain particular versions of psalms and ing of the next; was effected. A com- hymns, to such congregations as chose mittee was appointed to report to the to receive the same. next Convention, if any, and if any,
This is all that has been done on the what, alterations it is proper to make subject in the church of England. It in, or additions to, the psalms and is to be accounted for by the fact, that hymns in metre.
metre singing was never considered as As the Christian Journal will, doubt- a -stated part of the worship of that less, give the usual abstract of the pro- church, but only admitted, out of comceedings of this Convention, any far- pliance with puritanical prejudices, as ther notice of them at present is unne- an occasional exercise. Time and circessary. The writer, however, having cumstances, however, have changed its been a witness of the proceedings, can- character, and it now ranks high as not forbear noticing two or three cir- both an interesting and important cumstances which contributed much to branch of divine service; the only one, the general gratification he experi- in fact, in many churches, which is set enced.
to music. It has, therefore, been, very The first is the harmony, and mutual properly, made a subject of legislation respect and good will, with which the in our church. Considering, however, whole business was conducted. As was that this never was the case in the naturally to have been expected, suba church of England; that, consequent
ly, the American church had not the parts of the states and territories in advantage of any order on the subject which the church is not organized. set forth by the authority of the mo- The triennial sermon for the benefit ther-church; and that this was sub- of the society was preached in St. Pe. mitted to no farther consideration than ter's church, Philadelphia, Friday, May those services which possessed the for- 23d, 1823. Morning prayer by the mal sanction and appointment of that Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, of Connecticut. church; it is obvious that less careful provision has been made for this de
Consecration of Bishop Ravenscroft. partment of public worship, than for any other. It was, therefore, thought On Thursday, May 22d, 1823, dur that a distinction might be drawn be- ing the session of the late General Contween this and the other offices in our vention, in St. Paul's church, Philadelbook of Common Prayer; and that it phia, the Rev. John Stark Ravenscroft, might be subjected to a review in per- elected to the episcopate of North-Cafect consistency with a reluctance to rolina, was consecrated a bishop by any effort at change in them.
the Right Rev. Bishop White, of PennIt is gratifying, however, to see the sylvania, presiding bishop; the Right caution with which even this has been Rev. Bishop Griswold, of the eastern done. The committee consists of the diocess, the Right Rev. Bishop Kemp, three orders of bishops, clergy, and of Maryland, the Right Rev. Bishop laity. Each order must be represented Croes, of New-Jersey, the Right Rev. at every meeting. And a concurrence Bishop Bowen, of South-Carolina, and of the three is necessary to a decision. the Right Rev. Bishop Brownell, of With these guards, the church has every Connecticut, being present and assistsecurity that the important business in- ing. Morning prayer was read by the trusted to that committee will be pro- Rev. William M. Green, of North-Casecuted with proper deliberation, and rolina, and the sernion preached by be brought to an issue both acceptable the Right Rev. Bishop Griswold, and creditable to the church. Another gratifying circumstance in
Ordinations. the proceedings of the late convention, is the evidence they afforded of a deter- St. Paul's chapel, in this city, Mr. Au
On Wednesday, May 14th, 1823, in mination on the part of that body to exclude all objects but those which neces
gustus L. Converse, late a student in
the General Theological Seminary, was sarily arise out of its character as the admitted by the Right Rev. Bishop Holegislature of our church, and the con- bart, to the holy order of deacons. stituted mean of collecting and disseminating intelligence on its concerns. hortation delivered, by the Rev. Ben
Morning prayer was read, and the exThis is a most wholesome principle. jamin T. Onderdonk, an assistant miIt shuts out sources of perpetual dis- nister of Trinity church, New-York. cussion, and is one of the best securi
On the first Sunday after Trinity, ties for the continuance of the unity and June 1st, 1823, in St. Luke's church, harmony which, through the blessing of in this city, Mr. Orsimus H. Smith, late God, have thus far characterized our
a student in the Branch Theological ecclesiastical councils.
School, at Geneva, was admitted, by During the session of the convention, the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, to the the triennial meeting of the Domestic holy order of deacons. Morning prayer and Foreign Missionary Society, and the annual meeting of its directors, the Rev. George Upfold, M. D. rector
was read, and the sermon preached, by were held. Among other business, ar
of St. Luke's. rangements were made for aiding the diocesses of Delaware, Georgia, and Ohio, in the support of missionaries,
Confirmation. and for establishing missions at St. Au- On Sunday, the 13th of April, 1823, gustine and Pensacola, Florida, and, the holy rite of confirmation was admias means may be obtained, in other nistered in Christ church, Savannah,
Georgia, by the Right Rev. Bishop Homily Society of St. Paul's Church,
For the Christian Journal.
Lines written at Sunset. Alterations in the Statutes of the Ge- Until the day dawn, and the day-star arise in neral Seminary.
your hearts.--2 Pet. 1. 19.
A beautiful cloud came over the west, Ar the late meeting of the trustees All bright and fair as the sun sunk to rest; of the General Theological Seminary Like the wiid-fire's light that glimmer'd nigh.
And a golden ray beamed out from the sky, of the Protestant Episcopal Church, two alterations were made in the sta
'T'was the sign of peace: on the heart it fell
Like the mystic touch of the faëry spell ; tutes :
And I said to myself" When hearts are at: Sect. 1, of Chap. I. will now read as rest, follows:-“The board of trustees shall "Tis this pure flame that renders them blest." meet statedly in the city of New-York, But that cloud, that was lit by the orb of day, on the fourth Tuesday in July in every
Was soon scatter'd afar, and had faded awav.
And the sun, that shone brightly, his task had year; except in the year of the stated
done, meeting of the General Convention, And the ray, that beamed out in its splendour, when they shall meet on the Wednesday of the week preceding the said And I said of such visions "their spells are meeting. Special meetings may be
They are fair, but as false as the wild Indian's convened agreeably to the provisions token. of the fourth article of the constitution.” Though they glow for a moment, their light is Sect. 8, of Chap. VIII. will now read
And the heart, that was warmed, gropes in thus : At the close of the second darkness once more. session in each year, the students shall
But the ray, that descends from the regions undergo an examination on their stu
above, dies, by the professors, in the presence Comes to light up the soul with the brightness of ihe board of trustees. · But in the
'Tis from Bethlehem's Star, through the clouds year of the meeting of the General of our sin, Convention, this annual examination That ray shines so bright on the darkness
within. shall take place at the time of the stated meeting of the board of trustees. On Then shine there, thou Star of the Holiest! the day after the examination is closed, Till the heart be illumed by thy splendour there shall be a public commencement,
divine. at which such exercises shall be per- And may this prove the brightness, by Proviformed by the students as the faculty A foretaste alone of the splendour of heaven. shall direct."
To Correspondents.-M. N. on the abuse of the term Christian-R. U. on Ecclesiastes v. 1.—and W.'s Letter on the organizing of a Church at Mayville, will appear in the number for July.
For the Christian Journal.
compelled to believe in the doctrine of If the following hasty remarks should faith?' When St. Peter says, (1 Pet.
Christ, and to embrace the Christian be thought to the point, you will oblige iv. 16,)“ If any man suffer as a Chrisa well-wisher by their insertion.
tian, let him not be ashamed;" the Remarks on the abuse of the term
term can only imply an adherence to Christian.
the Christian tenets, as is evident from
the context, where suffering a merited It was with great gratification that I punishment on account of crimes comperused the remarks of
iles, in the mitted, is contrasted with suffering on Journal for May, being much pleased account of adherence to the Christian with the accuracy of his expression, faith. How utterly frigid would be the the soundness of his principles, and the sense should the term Christian in any force of his reasoning. The remarks of these texts be supplied by the word on the abuse of the term Christian regenerate or converted? On all these struck me as peculiarly excellent; yet passages the remarks of Parkhurst, some observations, which have been (chiefly taken from Wetstein and Daumade by several in my hearing, have buz) are ingenious and applicable. Afinduced me to attempt some additional ter rendering the Greek χριστιανος, , explanation of the ground of dispute. Christian, follower of Christ, he goes This case of controversy between our on,
66 this word is framed not after the church, and those who incorrectly style Greek, but the Latin manner, Pomthemselves “ Liberal," originates in a peiam, Hpwdiavos, &c. these respectively misconstruction placed by those per- denominated from being attached to sons themselves upon a term, with the Pompey, Herod, &c. See Wetst. misapplication of which we are conse- Matt. xxii. 16. And it should seem quently charged. To remove this that the name xpss Thavos (like those of charge it will only be necessary to refer Nacapnyo and randono) was given to (whither we are always willing and the disciples of our Lord in reproach able to refer for the establishment of or contempt, as foolishly adhering to our tenets) to the Bible itself. The one Christ, whom they ihemselves acword Christian is there used but thrice, knowledged to have suffered an ignoand then can be understood in to other minious death. What confirms this manner, than as a name applied gene- opinion is the place where they were rally to all those who professed to be first called xpsotiayos, namely, at Anlieve in Christ, whether they did so be- tiuch in Syria, (Acts xi. 26,) the inhalieve in reality, or only in profession. bitants of which city are observed by When it is stated, (Acts xi. 26,)“ that Zosimus,Procopius, and Zonarus,(cited the disciples were called Christians by Wetstein) to have been remarkable first in Antioch,” wbat can be intended for their scurrilous jesting. It is found but that this name was imposed on all but in two more passages in the New those who professed to believe in Jesus, Testament; in one of which (Acts xxvi. as a mark of distinction from Jews 28, a jew is the speaker; in the other, and Gentiles? When Agrippa, moved 1 Pet. iv. 16,) the apostle mentions beby the reasoning of Paul, is forced to lievers as suffering under this appellaexclaim, (Acts xxvi. 28,) “ Almost tion. . 1 he words of Tacitus, Am. xv. thou persuadest me to be a Christian,” c.44, where he is speaking of the Chriswhat can he mean but that he is nearly tians persecuted by Nero, are remarkVol. VII.
able: “Vulgus Christianos appellabat," ing to confusion, originating in a self&c.&c. The VULGAR (N. B.) called sufficient judgment of the piety of them Christians. The author (or origin) others. Whether a man is a Christian, of this denomination, Christus, had, in is a matter which any one can immedithe reign of Tiberius, been executed by ately determine; whether he is a conthe Procurator, Pontius Pilate.” Thus veried Christian, is what none but the far Parkhurst, who, if he does not prove Searcher of hearts should presume to the contemptuous signification of the decide.
M. N. term, at any rate manifests its general application. With this biblical acceptation of the term, its use in the primitive
For the Christian Journal. church was exactly conformable, as is Hints on the observance of the revethat which is here contended for. By this, all are included under the general
rence made at the name of Jesus in
the Creed. name of Christians, who make any profession of faith in Christ, however ili “Ar the name of Jesus," says St. their conduct may agree with such pro- Paul in his Epistle to the Philippians, fession. All (to use the forcible and every
knee shall bow." In accordenergetic expression of one of our di- ance with this passage the English vines) “ who would refuse solemnly to church, in her 18th canon, has expressly deny their Lord," (and how few are so enjoined, thats when in time of divine far abandoned) must be counted Chris- service the Lord Jesus shall be mentians, in the strict and proper accepta- tioned, due and lowly reverence shall tion of the term." İt bas been sug- be done, by persons present, as it hath gested to me, and the remark appears been accustomed.”—And although not worthy of notice, that as no one will commanded by the American Episcodeny Judas to have been an apostle, pal Church, yet, until lately, it has however unworthy of that honourable been the universal practice, in reciting appellation, so should none refuse to the Apostles' Creed, reverently to bow apply the term Christian to all who pro- at the name of Jesus and it is a subfess a regard for the Christian faith, ject of regret that it should be disconhowever unworthy their lives of such tinued by any. profession. Among sectarians, it has When we consider the immensity of become a general practice to use the the blessings which as Christians we term Christian almost exclusively as owe to our Lord and Saviour Jesus signifying a regenerate person, a true Christ that when we were alienated follower of Christ, originating perhaps from God, we were reconciled by his in a mistaken reverence for the name precious blood shed upon the crossand character of our Saviour; thinking and that we are now indebted to his that the distinguished appellation of merits and intercession for all the spiChristian should only be conferred on ritual aid and comfort we receive, and such as are really and truly his disci- for the hope of a glorious immortality ples. Thence, occasion has been taken -no one that professes and calls himto stigmatize our church as an enemy of self a member of his church, will deny true religion, because, say they, she that he is justly entitled to the most considers all who outwardły conform to humble reverence and unfeigned gratithe Christian profession, as truly reno- tude that our fallen natures are capable vated. How ungrounded and mistaken of paying. This, it is true, cannot this assertion is, will be immediately alone consist in any outward form or perceived upon a consideration of what ceremony; it must be the humility of the has been already stated. A Christian, heart, not the mere bending of the in its true and biblical sense, can only knee. But when we further refleet that mean one who professes the Christian such is the infirmity of human nature, faith as opposed to Judaism, Mahomed- that worship cannot be altogether spianism, Paganism, and Infidelity. All ritualized that some visible ceremobeyond this is merely an acceptation nies must blend themselves with all our assumed by the parties themselves, tend- public devotions
-nothing would ap