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other. I should therefore consider, as and by the auxiliary institutions. In tlie a preferable mode of aiding the Gene- hope of the increase of contributions, ral Missionary Society, occasional col- and in compliance with urgent solicitalections, to meet special exigences, or tions for the purpose, some new misto answer particular appeals. Of this sionary stations have been established; description was the recent call from the bút it did not seem prudent to assign a state of Ohio for pecuniary aid, for the higher salary to these new missionary support of missionaries, which was an- stations than one hundred dollars per swered in this state, and particularly in annum, fifty dollars less than the other the city of New-York, and in the city missionary salaries. And still there are where we are now assembled, with a many urgent applications for missionary promptness and liberality which prove aid. One of the last which I have rethat, strong and numerous as are the ceived is from Fredoria, Chautauque claims upon us from the destitute por- county, in the south-west corner of the tions of our own diocess, we are not in- state. It contains so striking an exhisensible to the urgent wants of our bition of the situation of the new settlebrethren in the western states.
ments, that I am induced to lay before The field for missionary labours in fou an extract from the letter of the this diocess is very extensive. Many gentleman who addressed me on behalf portions of the state have been recently of the vèstry :settled, where, as well in some older settlements, there are opportunities of « There are but few episcopal famí. establishing our church. The want, lies here, and, as is generally the case however, of clergymen, and especially in new settlements, they are poor, and of the means of supporting them as mis- need assistance in the commencement. sionaries, is a great obstacle to its in- And although we are thus situated, crease, and is a loud call on episcopa- there appears to be a disposition in the lians to continue and to increase their people, and especially among those contributions for the purpose of extend- who, strictly speaking, are attached to ing the ministrations and ordinances of no religious society, to connect themreligion to their brethren who are de- selves with the elurch; and if we were prived of them.
blessed with the labours of a good miThe thanks of the church are due to nister, and had suitable aecommodathe New-York Protestant Episcopal tións for the congregation, there is not Missionary Society, and the societies a doubt, in my mind, that in one year auxiliary thereto, for the funds which our society would become large and rethey have collected and placed at the spectable. disposal of the committee for propagat- (* This fertile and healthy section of ing the gospel, to whom the appoint- the state, (Chautauque,) which but a few ment and control of missionaries are years since was a wilderness, contains, confided by the convention. There are at this day, a population of 15,000 inauxiliary societies organized in Zion habitants; and, incredible as it may Church, in Christ Church, in Grace seem, tlrere is not a church, or house of Church, and in St. Paul's and St. John's public worship, in the count;, except in Chapels, in the city of New-York; and the town of Portland, where a small those churches which have not these so- building has been erected for the Prescieties organized are not backward in byterian society at that place. With a their contributions at the public coltec- view to accommodate our society, we tions for missionary purposes. There have put up a large school-house, which are also similar institutions existing at will probably be finished in decentstyle Geneva, Utica, and some other places by the 15th of October, and sufficiently in the state; and the collections else- large to contain from two to three hunwhere for the purpose prescribed by dred persons. The property of this the canon, are generally made. The house is in the trustees of the school disimissionary society has authorized me trict. To fit this building for the use to draw on the treasurer for the sum of of the church has called forth indivi.. one thousand dollars, collected by them dual exertions and considerable expense, which cannot, and ought not, to episcopalians flows in a channel over be a charge on the district. We intend which their own church has no control, to have a stove and a small bell for the and'from which it derives no immediate house. These expenses, thus laid out, advantage. will exhaust all, and, in truth, more One would think it obvious that it is than we are at present able to furnish.” the duty of episcopalians consistently
and zealously to bend all their efforts to After stating the want of Prayer the advancement of their own church, Books, he obseryes
and “ to avoid all admixture of admi
nistrations, and of exertions" in what “ We are also destitute of a minister, concerns the faith, the worship," and, and at present unable to support one, the ministry of the church. On this If the friends of the church if the miş. subject there is so much of sound wissionary society—if those whose bounty dom, of correct principle, and of decidis bestowed on foreign missions, should ed and true policy, united with Chris, extend the fostering hand to this desti- tian meekness and benevolence, in the tute part of the diocess, their charities observations contained in a recent adwould not be thrown away or misap- dress of the bishop of the church in plied. On the contrary, we believe a Pennsylvania, to the convention of his little assistance yould be the means of diocess, that, notwithstanding their enabling us, in a few years, not only to length, I am induced to lay them before support the church here, but also to you. They derive high interest and contribute to the general fund. Much force, from the peculiar agency which is done for the spread of the gospel in their venerable author has had in our foreign countries, whilst thousands at ecclesiastical councils, and from his home, by reason of their poverty, are long experience in the concerns of our destitute of the ministrations and ordi- church. These are the observations to nances of the church, And, although which I allude ; no person has a right to control the bounties of others, is it not a Christian 6 There is a subject on which your duty first to provide for our own house- bishop wishes to record his opinion, hold ?"
matured by the long experience of his
ministry, and acted on by him, as he Many are the new settlements nearly thinks, to the advantage of the church. similarly situated, where our church It is the conduct becoming us towards could be established without difficulty, those of our fellow Christians who are could they be supplied with missiona- severed from ys by diversity of worship ries. Let me then earnestly press you, or of discipline, and in some instances my brethren of the clergy and of the by material contrariety on points of aity, to state to the episcopalians of doctrine. the diocess, as it may be in your power,
« The conduct to be recommended, that many opportunities exist for estab- is, to treat every denomination, in their lishing new congregations, it the means character as a body, with respect; and of aiding missionarįes were furnished; the individuals composing it with deand to endeavour to call forth their grees of respect, or of esteem, or of afcontributions for this highest object of fection, in proportion to the ideas enChristian charity, the extension of the tertained of their respective merits ; blessings of the gospel to the destitute and, to avoid all intermixture of admimembers of our own household. nistrations in what concerns the faith,
From my official station, I have so or the worship, or the discipline of the many opportunities of observing the church. powerful claims of destitute congrega.
“ On the conduct to be observed totions upon the zealous exertions and wards every denomination, it is not inliberal contributions of their brethren, tended to recommend silence concernand their wants so often press upon my ing any religious truth, from the mistafeelings, that I cannot cease to lament ken delicacy of avoiding offence to opthat so large a portion of the bounty of posing error; nor to censure the expos
ing of the error, if it be done in a Chris- known instance, in which it has protian spirit, and in accommodation to ceeded from the usurpation of authority time and place. To take offence at by individuals, it has been productive this, is to manifest the spirit of perse- of conflicting opinion, and of needless cution, under circumstances which have controversy. On some occasions, our happily disarmed it of power. But institutions have been treated with diswhen, instead of argument, or in de respect, and doctrines unknown in them signed aid of it, there is resort to mis- have been taught, within our walls. representation and abuse; or, when the There have even been advanced claims supposed consequences of an opinion of rights, to what was granted as temare changed as the admitted sentiments porary indulgence; and thus our proof the maintainer of it; these are perty in religious houses has been renweapons as much at the service of dered insecure: all under the notion error, as at that of truth; are the often- of liberality and Christian union. It est resort ed to by the former; and would be painful to have it supposed, are calculatedto act on intelligent and that any reference is here had to the ingenuous minds, as reason of distrust many respectable ministers of other of any cause in which they may be em- denominations, whose characters are in ployed.
contrariety to the offences stated. Of “ It is no small aggravation of the the intrusion of such men, there is no evil, that it tends to retard the time, apprehension entertained at present : which we trust will at last be brought and if the door should hereafter be about by the providence of God; when, thrown open, the most forward to enter in consequence of friendly communica- it would be persons of the most modetions, arising out of the ordinary inter- rate pretensions in talent and in accourses and charities of life, there will quirement. be such an approximation of religious “ It is confidently believed, that what societies in whatever can be thought is now said, would not be offensive to essential to communion, as they shall the more respectable and prominent “ with one heart and one mouth glorily persons, whether clerical or lay, in the God." For, to those who have attended concerns of other religious societies; to the first workings of what has ended who would probably concur in the dein the divisions and subdivisions among clarațion, that the contrary assumption, Christian people, it must have been when carried into effect, in opposition evident, at least in the greater number to the governing authority in any reliof instances, that with diversity of sen- gious denomination, is the intolerance, timent, there might have continued the which, in former ages, pursued its de6 unity of the spirit in the bond of signs by penal laws; but is now reduced peace, ," had it not been for the intrusion to the necessity of making hollow proof personal injury, or provocation, the fessions of fraternity: the object being effects of passion or of interfering in- the same, with difference only in the terests, which have sometimes insensi- means. By any among ourselves fably induced the persuasion of service vouring such designs, for what they may done to the cause of God, when, in fact, conceive to be a righteous end; it should human views had a dominant share in be considered, that, however coinmende determining the conduct.
able the being “ zealously affected," 66 There has been referred to, in fa- there is the qualificatian or “a good vour of the point sustained, the danger thing;” and that there can be no goodof exciting and increasing unfriendly ness in what is contrary to modesty, feeling between differing denomina- and tends to unnecessary controversy tions. It is on this principle-although and division : for, if the attempted in there are other considerations tending termixture should be accomplished, to the same effect--that your bishop there must be the severance of those has resisted all endeavours for an inter. who would seek the old paths,” not mixture of administrations, in what without sensibility to the hinderances concerns the faith, or the worship, or opposed to the walking in them." the discipline of the church. In every. Thus, there would be an increase of dis vision, growing out of what had been “ Again; our church is decidedly in professedly undertaken for the healing favour
of a form of prayer, believing it of it.
to be sanctioned by divine ordainment “ It is difficult to be on the present under the law; by the attendance of subject, without giving occasion to the our Saviour and of his apostles, on injurious charge of bigotted attachment composed forms in the synagogues and to our communion : to guard against in the temple; and by indications which, consistently with the acknow- of their being in use in the primitive ledgment of decided preference, it may church. We do not judge harshly of be expedient to be more particular. the public prayers of our fellow Chris
« Our church calls herself Episcopal. tians; but we allege, that among ourShe affirms episcopacy to rest on scrip- selves, the people are not to be dependtural institution, and to have subsisted ent on the occasional feelings, or the from the beginning. On the varying go- discretion, or the degree of cultivation vernments of other societies, she pro- of an officiating minister. With such nounces no judgment. The question is, views, it is contrary to what we owe to not whether we think correctly, but the edification of the people, were we to whether we are to be tolerated in what give way to the introduction of the latter we think. If this be determined in the species of devotion. affirmative, we must, to be consistent,
« Once more.
That our church interdict all other than an episcopalian teaches the doctrines of grace, and ministry, within our bounds.*
holds them to be of paramount importance, is obvious to all. Man's utter
want of righteousness by nature; his May I be excused for making a few dili. tional observations on the topic neticed in this absolute incapacity of merit, whether part of the address of my venerable father in in the state of nature, or in that of the episcopacy. The distinction is important grace; his being under the government between episcopucy, considered as the stered of passions impelling to sin, any
further as the constitution of the Christiun ministry. than as counteracted by principles deIn the laiter sense, episcopucy, strictly speak- rived from grace; the agency of the ing, means the ministry, as subsisting to the Holy Spirit in this, going before, that the bishộps possessing particularly the power of he may have a good will, and working ordination, of superintendence, and of supre- with him in the exercise of it; and macy in government in this sense, episcopacy finally, the meritorious ground of all from the beginning." But episcopul govern- benefit, in the propitiatory offering of ment means the particular organization by the Redeemer; are not only affirmed in which the lishojom, the clergy, and the laty, exereise, in their appropriate spheres, the legisla
our institutions, but pervade them. We tive, exfcitive, and judiciary powers; includ- rejoice, so far as any of our fellow ing also the officers instituted by the church Christians consent with us in acknow for these and other purposes : This organiza. ledging the said essential truths of scription, and these officers (liffer in different coun. tries; the Church of England, for example, in ture. But in some public confessions, these l'espects, being constituted in a very dit- we think we find embodied with those ferent manner tirou the Episcopal Church in truths, dogmas neither revealed in this country, Episcopal government, in this sense, is of human arrangement, no form of scripture, nor deducible from its congovernment, as shown by the “judicious Hook. tents; and, in some instances, contraer," in his Ecclesiastical Policy, being unaltera: dicting what our church explicitly bly prescribed in God's word. But episcopacy, in its strict sense, denoting the three or, ders of bishops, priests, and deacons, with their respective functions, is the sanje in will episcopal lawful ininistry; and is the offices of ordination ohurelics. These orders, with their appropriate declare that God," by his diviue prinience powers, are unchange.ble ; resting on scrip- and Holy Spirit appointed divers orilors of mi. tur:eh institution;" and have accordingly "891b). nisters in this church,” among which are bishops, sisted tiom the beginning;" as our church de- with their appropriate power of ordination, of dares, “from the Aposiles' tiines.” As this is conveying the ministerial commission; is there the sentiment of the Episcopal Church; as in not a further reason than that of consistency common with their presbyterian brethren, for our “intervliering :l other but an episcopal episeopaliates maintain the necessity of an er ministry withm our bouuds?” There is a certernal comunission, derived by succession ti'oni tainty that such a ministry has a lawful commisthe Head of the church, the “being culled of sion. Can there be certainty as to any other? God, as wu Aaron," in order to constitute a
teaches. The introducing of such mat- spect or esteem, or of affection, in proter, among ourselves, is what we can- portion to the ideas entertained of their not countenance: and introduced it respective merits." But a due regard would be, under the intermixture here both to principle and sound policy, and objected to. Of this we have had in- even Christian harmony, requires, in stances, where an alien agency has been the judgment of him who addresses obtruded: and, if it should be counte- you, that we avoid all intermixture with nanced, the consequences would be in them in efforts for religious purposes; the greatest degree injurious.
and that for the propagation of the “ If, after all, there should be a lean- Christian faith, by whatsoever particuing in any mind to the plausible plea of lar mode, we associate only among purliberality, let there be an appeal to the selves, and act exclusively under the fact, which will bear a strict investiga- guardianship and authority of our own tion, that every proposal to the purpose, church. when explained, amounts to the sur- The views founded on this opinion, rendering of one, or of another of our the propriety of which seems to me so institutions, without conformity to theni obvious, which originally influenced in any instance.
me with respect to the union of epis“Brethren-It is fit, that there should copalians with other denominations in be explicitly declared, the motive for Bible societies, have gained strength by the present expression of opinion. It subsequent reflection and observation. has been confidently acted on by the These societies seem to me erroneous deliverer of it, in alliance with esteem in the principle on which, in order to for worth, in whatever individual or şecure general co-operation, they are body of men it was discerned to reside, founded the separation of the church It cannot be expected, that he will con- from the word of God-of the sacred tinue much longer to sustain any of his volume from the ministry, the worship, opinions, either by argument, or by ex- and the ordinances which it enjoins as ample. He hopes, that they who may of divine institution, and the instrube expected to survive him, entertain ments of the propagation and presersimilar views of what the exigences, vation of gospel truth. As it respects and even the existence of our church re- churchmen, the tendency of these soquire, But, lest an effort to the con- cieties has appeared to me not less intrary should hereafter be made by any, jurious than the principle on which he wishes to oppose to it, and to leave they are founded is erroneous. They behind him, his premonition; and to inculcate that general liberality which attach to it whatever weight, if there considers the differences among Chrisshould be any, may be thought due to tians as non-essential; and they thus his long experience and observation. lend to weaken the zeal of episcopaliUnder this impression, he has made it ans in favour of those distinguishing a part of his official address, to appear, principles of their church which emifor the purpose stated, on your jourpal." nently entitle her to the appellation of
apostolical and primitive. pove A strict adherence to these principles The success of institutions which are and views, stated with so much interest, erroneous in the principle on which must indeed be considered as “required they are founded, or in the measures by the exigences, and even the exist which they adopt, cannot vindicate ence of our church." The spirit of them them; except on the maxim, that“ the seems to me applicable to all associa- end justifies the means." Nor is this tions for religious purposes where Epis- success to be considered as evidence of copalians unite with those severed the favour of heaven: for then, divine from them by diversity of worship, dis- sanction would be obtained for many cipline, or by contrariety in points of heretical and schismatical sects, which, doctrine." We ought indeed to treat at various times, have obtained great every denomination in their character popularity, and corrupted and rent the as a body with respect, and the indivi- Christian church. duals composing it with degrees of re- It is a satisfaction to me, that in