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money-order business shall govern the transaction of international business, except as otherwise modified herein or by special moneyorder conventions.*+ [Sec. 1459]
CROSS REFERENCE: For regulations concerning domestic money-order business, see 17.1–17.50.
17.53 International money-order offices. (a) Money orders payable in any of the countries named in Table 1 appearing under the title "Postal Money-Order System” in the Official Postal Guide and in Table 1 of the List of International Money-Order Offices (Form XIV) may be issued at any post office authorized to transact domestic money-order business.
(b) International money-order business, i. e., where the international money-order forms are used and the advices sent through exchange offices, shall be transacted at all post offices of the first
, second, and third classes, but only at such offices of the fourth class as may be designated by the Third Assistant Postmaster General, Division of Money Orders. Each of these offices shall be supplied with a copy of the publication, List of International Money-Order Offices (Form XIV), hereafter referred to as the "International List."
(c) Applications for the establishment of international moneyorder service shall be addressed to the Third Assistant Postmaster General, Division of Money Orders.
(d) Application for an order payable in a foreign country shall be made on Form 6001 if the country is named in Table 1, and on Form 6701 if the country is given in Table 2 or 3 of the International List.** [Sec. 1460]
NOTE: A few of the countries named in these tables undertake to act as intermediaries in the exchange of money orders between the United States and other countries not reached by direct exchange, to keep the resulting accounts and assist in conducting correspondence relative thereto. For its service in readvising a remittance of that kind the foreign postal administration makes a slight deduction from the face value of the original order. For the countries with which money-order business may be transacted by such indirect exchange see the “Ready Reference Table” in the International List.
17.54 Direct exchanges. Direct exchange of money orders shall be made between the United States and the countries named in Tables 1, 2, and 3 of the International list.*+ [Sec. 1461]
17.55 Exchange offices. (a) Where dissimiliarity of language, monetary systems, organizations, or methods necessitates that course, money orders shall be exchanged with countries abroad through the intervention of exchange offices, one, as a rule, acting for each country. To these offices all advices and coupons of issued orders shall first be sent for verification and for correction of errors. The par. ticulars of the advices shall then be entered on descriptive lists in duplicate-one for each country-which shall form the basis of accounts. The lists shall be numbered consecutively, and each entry therein be designated by two numbers, a number assigned by the exchange office according to the sequence of advices as entered in the list which is known as the international number and the serial number of the money order.
**For statutory and source citations, see note to $ 17.1.
(b) The following offices are authorized to certify money orders of United States issue:
(1) New York for all countries in Europe, Africa, and South America; also for Palestine, Siam, and the Straits Settlements.
(2) New Orleans for the countries of Central America. (3) El Paso and Laredo, Tex., for Mexico.
(4) San Francisco for China, Japan (except as noted in subparagraph (5)), the British colony of Hong Kong, New Zealand, and the Commonwealth of Australia, consisting of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia.
(5) Seattle, Wash., for Japan only, for all offices in Alaska, Idaho, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Oregon, and Washington. (6) Honolulu for trans-Pacific countries for offices in Hawaii only.
(7) The postmaster at Pago Pago, Tutuila, Samoa, is authorized to certify his own orders to trans-Pacific countries.** [Sec. 1462]
17.56 Issue of international orders, fees, method of issue. (a) Postmasters who have been authorized to transact domestic moneyorder business, but have not been specially authorized to transact international money-order business, shall not issue money orders for payment in any foreign country other than those enumerated in Schedule No. 1 under the heading “Postal Money-Order System” in the Official Postal Guide. When an intending remitter applies at a domestic office for a money order payable in any foreign country not enumerated in Schedule No. 1, the postmaster shall direct him to the nearest international money-order office.
(b) These tables and schedules, with such notices as appear in the Official Postal Guide, shall be kept in sight, as they show the correct fee to be charged for the issue of a money order. The schedules of fees printed on the back of the applications for international money orders (Form 6701) are often misleading, because of changes made since some of the forms now in the hands of postmasters were printed.*+ (Sec. 1463]
17.57 Postmasters prohibited from filling in applications. A postmaster may advise an applicant for an international order, but shall not fill in the form of application. If the applicant is unable to write, he should request some one not connected with the post office to prepare the application. Should a postmaster disregard this caution, and an improper payment result therefrom, he will be held accountable for the amount.** [Sec. 1464]
17.58 Particulars to be given in applications. (a) The postmaster shall examine every application for an international order and require that the necessary particulars be given therein. There shall be no misunderstanding between him and the applicant in regard thereto.
(b) The full name and exact address of the payee shall be stated, including the name of the city, town, or village, and country, and also the name of the canton, department, or district, as the case may be. When entered in the application form, the payee's address
**For statutory and source citations, see note to g 17.1.
should be exactly the same as the superscription on a letter intended to be mailed to him.
(c) When the payee resides in a town or city, the name of the street and the number of the house shall, if possible, be given.
(d) If the person to whom the money is to be sent is a soldier, his rank, company, regiment, and the arm of the service (Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery, etc.) to which he is attached shall be stated, in addition to the name of the place where he may be stationed.
(e) If the payee is a sailor, his rank or rating and the name of the ship on which he is serving shall be stated, besides the name of the place where the vessel was stationed at latest accounts.
(f) If the payee is a woman, it shall be stated whether she is single, married, or a widow. If married, her maiden name shall be given, as well as her name by marriage.*1 [Sec. 1465]
17.59 Care necessary in writing advices. (a) The greatest care shall be exercised to copy in the advice every detail given in the remitter's original application. The omission of something seemingly unimportant may result in wrong payment, for which the issuing postmaster will be held responsible if efforts made for recovery of the amount prove unsuccessful.
(b) If the address furnished by the remitter is not written in English script or Roman letters which can be accurately transcribed, the remitter may write in his own language the payee's address on Form 6083, which shall then be attached to the advice and mailed with it to the exchange office. This Form 6083 is obligatory for all money orders payable in China or Jugoslavia, and for those payable in or through Japan, when the remitter and payee are Asiatics.
(c) In no case shall the procuring of Form 6083 absolve the issuing clerk from copying, most carefully, on the advice the full details given by the remitter on his original application.** (Sec. 1466]
17.60 Dispatch of advices. Advices of international money orders (accompanied when necessary with the Form 6083), as also German card orders, shall be dispatched to the exchange office by the earliest mail after the issue of the orders, and shall be sent only in the special envelopes furnished for that purpose.*+ (Sec. 1467]
17.61 Errors. (a) If a mistake in either order, advice, or receipt is observed before handing the order to the purchaser, the next following order, advice, and receipt shall be substituted therefor.
(b) The spoiled blanks (order, receipt, advice, and coupon) shall be detached from the book of forms, marked "Not issued," and inclosed with the next money-order account rendered.
(c) In no case shall an international order be treated as “not issued” after the order, advice, or receipt has passed beyond the control of the issuing postmaster. If an error has been made in the advice which is not detected until after the order of the same number has been delivered to the remitter and has passed beyond the control of the issuing office, a duplicate advice on Form 6702 shall be issued, attached to the original-after the latter has been marked “Spoiled in issue”—and transmitted therewith to the proper exchange office.** [Sec. 1468)
**For statutory and source citations, see note to § 17.1. **For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 17.1.
17.62 Correction of errors after certification. If an error is discovered after certification of an advice, or if a remitter desires to correct the name or address of a payee, notice of the correction shall be given to the exchange office to which the advice was sent; but Form 6760 and not a second advice shall be used for that purpose.** [Sec. 1469]
17.63 Postmasters shall consult tables. For further information in regard to the method of issuing international money orders, the postmaster shall carefully consult the tables, instructions, and models, given in the International List and the United States Official Postal Guide.*+ [Sec. 1471]
17.64 Inquiries concerning payment. (a) Inquiries whether domestic orders drawn on countries named in Table 1, International List, have been paid shall be sent directly to the paying post office on Form 6193, but inquiries concerning payment of international money orders shall be addressed on Form 6684 to the exchange office through which the advice was transmitted.
(b) In order to obviate unnecessary correspondence the issuing postmaster shall decline to make inquiry unless satisfied that the remitter has just and reasonable cause for complaint, as, for instance, the death or removal of the payee, or a letter denying receipt of the amount or affirming that wrong payment has been made. If the remitter offers written evidence to substantiate his statement the postmaster shall attach the document to Form 6684 and forward both to the proper exchange office.*+ [Sec. 1472]
Note: Complaints of alleged wrong or delayed payment of money orders drawn on most foreign countries will not be considered by those countries unless made within 1 year from the date of payment or from the date on which the order, if unpaid, would have become invalid by reason of age.
17.65 Certification forbidden because of fraud order. When an advice of a money order is received at an exchange office drawn in favor of a person or concern to whom payment is forbidden by the Postmaster General under the provisions of g 17.28, the advice, coupon (and canceled order if drawn on a country in Table 3) shall be attached to Form 6759, properly completed to show that the advice has not been certified, and forwarded to the Third Assistant Postmaster General, Division of Money Orders.*+ [Sec. 1473]
17.66 Note of action in regard to orders. A memorandum of all action taken in regard to a money order, such as the issue of a duplicate advice, application for repayment, inquiry as to payment, etc., shall be made by the issuing postmaster on the remitter's application to prevent conflicting action being taken in the future.** [Sec. 1474)
17.67 Payment of international money orders. (a) The regulațions relative to the payment of domestic money orders, except where inapplicable or otherwise modified, shall apply equally to international orders. Greater care shall be exercised in regard to the latter class of orders because of the increased liability to error arising from the inability, in many instances, of the persons presenting such orders to speak the English language.
(6) When a money order is presented for payment, the postmaster shall examine it to see that it is properly drawn, signed, and stamped; that it corresponds exactly with the advice, and that it is signed by the payee or by the person authorized by the payee to receive payment.
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(c) Unless the applicant for payment is personally known by the postmaster or paying clerk to be the owner of the order, he shall be required to prove his identity.
(d) If an order be paid to the wrong person through lack of precaution on the part of the postmaster, the latter will be held responsible.*+ (Sec. 1475]
Cross REFERENCE: For regulations relating to payment of domestic money orders, see 88 17.20–17.34.
17.68 Payment withheld. (a) Payment of an international order shall be withheld under the following circumstances :
(1) When the order is invalid by reason of age.
When a money order issued in any foreign country is presented for payment after 1 year from date of issue, the postmaster shall forward it to the Third Assistant Postmaster General, Division of Money Orders, accompanied with a statement that the holder desires payment although the order is invalid. Such orders shall not be paid until authority is received from the department.
(2) When the order bears two or more indorsements. NOTE: When presented by original payee indorsements may be disregarded. See 17.26 as to order presented by original payee.
(3) When the name given by the payee does not correspond with that in the order and advice. (See T7.23.)
(4) When the order or advice contains an alteration or erasure affecting
the amount or the name of payee. (5) When advice has not been certified. (6) When the amount is not plainly stated therein.
(b) In any such case, except those specified in (a) (1), the postmaster shall immediately address an inquiry to the exchange office or report to the department for instructions.*+ [Sec. 1476]
17.69 Irregularities not affecting payment. If it be regular in other respects, a postmaster may pay an order lacking the stamp of the issuing office, or one for which he holds an advice, notwithstanding the fact that the order itself designates a different office of payment. In the latter case, before sending in the paid order as à voucher, he shall write across its face in red ink, "Advice certified to this office," or "Advice drawn on this office."** [Sec. 1477]
17.70 Payment to indorsees, attorneys, or the legal representatives. (a) The laws and regulations which govern the payment of domestic orders to indorsees, attorneys, and the legal representatives of deceased payees shall apply also to international orders.
(b) No printed form of indorsement appears upon most orders of foreign issue, but an indorsement may be written similar to the form printed on the back of the domestic order.
(c) When an order is presented by an indorsee or attorney he occupies precisely the same position as the payee were the latter to claim payment in person, and, if unknown, shall be required to establish his identity to the satisfaction of the postmaster, furnishing
**For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 17.1.