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(b) Fires shall be lighted only when necessary and, when no longer needed, shall be completely extinguished, and all embers and beds smothered with earth or water, so that there remains no possibility of reignition.

(c) Permission to burn on any cleanup operation within the parks or monuments must first be obtained in writing from the office of the superintendent or custodian, and in such cases as it is deemed advisable such burning will be under Government supervision. All costs of suppression and all damage caused by reason of loss of control of such burning operations shall be paid by the person or persons to whom such permit has been granted.

(d) No lighted cigarette, cigar, pipe heel, match, or other burning material shall be thrown from any vehicle or saddle horse or dropped into any grass, leaves, twigs, tree mold, or other combustible or inflammable materials.

(e) Smoking or the building of fires on any lands within the parks or monuments may be prohibited or limited by the superintendent or custodian when, in his judgment, the hazard makes such action necessary.

(f) All persons making trips away from established camps are required to obtain written fire permits from the nearest ranger before building camp fires.

(g) The use of fireworks or firecrackers in the parks and monuments is prohibited, except with the written permission of the superintendent or custodian.** [Sec. 6]

28 Protection of wildlife. (a) The parks and monuments are sanctuaries for wildlife of every sort, and all hunting, or the killing, wounding, frightening, capturing, or attempting to capture at any time of any wild bird or animal, except dangerous animals when it is necessary to prevent them from destroying human lives or inflicting personal injury, is prohibited within the limits of the parks and monuments.

(b) Unauthorized possession within a park or monument of the dead body or any part thereof of any wild bird or animal shall be prima facie evidence that the person or persons having the same are guilty of violating this section.

(c) During the hunting season arrangements must be made at entrance stations to identify and transport through the parks and monuments, where necessary, the carcasses of birds or animals legally killed outside the parks and monuments. Failure to make such arrangements shall be deemed a violation of this section.** [Sec. 7]

2.9 Firearms, explosives, and traps. (a) Firearms, explosives, traps, seines, and nets are prohibited within the parks and monuments, except upon written permission of the superintendent or custodian. Visitors entering or traveling through the parks and monuments to places beyond shall, at entrance, report and, if required to do so, surrender all such objects in their possession to the first park or monument officer, and, in proper cases, may obtain his written permission to carry them through the park or monument sealed. Failure to obtain such written permission shall be deemed a violation of this section. The Government assumes no responsi**For statutory and source citations, see note to § 2.1.

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bility for the loss of, or damage to, any such objects so surrendered to any park or monument officer, nor are park or monument officers authorized to accept the responsibility or custody of any other property for the convenience of the visitors.

(b) The superintendent or custodian of a park or monument may, in his discretion, permit the carrying of firearms by employees under his administrative jurisdiction when such possession is deemed necessary in the performance of official duties.*+ [Secs. 8, 35]

2.10 Fishing. (a) Persons desiring to fish in the waters of the Yosemite, Sequoia, Lassen, General Grant, Grand Canyon, Grand Teton, Acadia, Wind Cave, Great Smoky Mountains, Mammoth Cave, and Zion National Parks, and the national monuments under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service must secure a sporting fishing license, as required by the laws of the state in which such park or monument is situated. All fishing in such parks and monuments must be done in conformity with the laws of the State regarding open seasons, size of fish, and the limit of catch, except as otherwise provided in the following paragraphs, which are applicable to all parks and monuments:

(b) Fishing with nets, seines, traps, or by the use of drugs or explosives, or for merchandise or profit, or in any other way than with hook and line, the rod or line being held in hånd, is prohibited.

(c) Fishing in particular waters may be suspended, or restricted in regard to the use of particular kinds of bait, when the superintendent or custodian, with the approval of the Director of the National Park Service, shall determine such suspension or restriction necessary and shall post such restrictions or suspensions.

(d) The number of fish that may be taken by one person in any one day from the various lakes and streams may be regulated by the superintendent or custodian, with the approval of the Director of the National Park Service. Unless otherwise determined and posted, the number shall be limited to 10 fish. Possession of more than 2 days' catch by any person at any one time shall be construed as a violation of this section.

(e) No fish less than 6 inches long may be retained, unless a different limit be determined by the superintendent with the approval of the Director of the National Park Service and posted in the particular park or monument. All fish hooked less than such limit in length shall be carefully handled with moist hands and returned at once to the water if not seriously injured. Undersized fish retained because seriously injured shall be counted in the number of fish which may be taken in one day.

(f) The possession of live minnows, chubs, or other bait fish, or the use thereof as bait, is prohibited in all the national parks and monuments, except Acadia National Park and Fort Jefferson National Monument.

(g) The digging of worms for bait is prohibited in all parks and monuments.

(h) The canning or curing of fish for the purpose of transporting them out of a national park or monument is prohibited.

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**For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 2.1.

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(i) The possession of fishing tackle upon or along any waters closed to fishing shall be prima facie evidence that the person or persons having such fishing tackle are guilty of unlawful fishing in such closed waters.

(j) Fishing is prohibited in the Muir Woods National Monument.*+ (Sec. 9, as amended Feb. 24, 1937, 2 F.R. 499]

2.11 Private operations. (a) No person shall reside permanently in a national park or monument. No person, firm, or corporation shall engage in or solicit any business, or erect buildings in the parks or monuments without permission in writing from the Director of the National Park Service, Washington, D. C. Applications for such permission may be addressed to the Director through the superintendents and custodians of the parks and monuments.

(b) In Mount McKinley National Park, prospectors and miners may erect necessary shelter cabins or other structures necessary in mining operations on bona fide locations in the park.*1 [Sec. 10]

2.12 Public speeches. No person shall make or deliver any address, speech, or sermon upon any subject whatever in Platt National Park without first obtaining a permit in writing from the superintendent, which permit the superintendent is hereby authorized to issue in proper cases and which shall designate the time and locality where such address, speech, or sermon may be given.*+ [Sec. 11]

2.13 Radios. The use of radios in public camps, hotels, or other buildings, or in automobiles is prohibited when audible beyond the immediate vicinity of the radio set. Radios shall not be operated to the annoyance of other persons nor so as to disturb the quiet of camps or other public places. The erection of aerials or other radio installations is prohibited.** [Sec. 12]

2.14 Cameras. (a) Before still pictures may be taken for commercial purposes and before a motion or sound picture requiring the use of artificial or special settings, or special equipment, or involving the performance of a professional cast, may be filmed in any of the parks or monuments, authority must first be obtained, in writing, from the Secretary of the Interior. Still and motion picture cameras may be freely used by amateurs in the parks and monuments for general scenic purposes.

(b) Superintendents may issue permits to take still and motion pictures in the parks and monuments under their supervision without such previous authorization by the Secretary of the Interior, in the following circumstances, and on condition that the permittees shall refrain from offering any gratuity of whatsoever nature to any employee of the Government in connection with the exercise of the privilege herein authorized to be granted:

(1) Professional photographers and motion-picture cameramen desiring to take scenes of, or events in, the national parks as representatives of new concerns and for bona fide news publication;

(2) Professional photographers and motion-picture cameramen desiring to take scenes of, or events in, the national parks, not for sale or for exhibition when paid admissions are charged, but for the purpose of stimulating general or park travel;

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**For statutory and source citations, see note to $ 2.1.

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(3) Professional photographers and motion-picture cameramen desiring to take scenes of, or events in the national parks, for non-profit

(4) Professional photographers desiring to take park scenes for general artistic purposes.*+ [Sec. 13]

2.15 Gambling. Gambling in any form, or the operation of gambling devices, whether for merchandise or otherwise, is prohibited.** [Sec. 14]

2.16 Advertisements. Private notices or advertisements shall not be posted, distributed, or displayed in the parks or monuments, excepting such as the superintendent or custodian may deem necessary for the convenience and guidance of the public. *f (Sec. 15]

2.17 Mining claims. (a) The location of mining claims on lands within the parks and monuments is prohibited, except in Mount McKinley National Park and in Death Valley National Monument. This section is subject to the further exception contained in the Act of Congress approved February 14, 1931 (sec. 2, 46 Stat. 1161; 16 U.S.C. 445a), reserving to the Navajo Tribe of Indians the mineral rights in the Canyon de Chelly National Monument.

(b) Mining in Mount McKinley National Park may be regulated by the Secretary of the Interior as to surface use of locations under the Act of January 26, 1931 (sec. 2, 46 Stat. 1043; 16 U.S.C. 350a).

(c) Mining in Death Valley National Monument is subject to the following special regulations which are prescribed to govern the surface use of claims therein:

(1) The claim shall be occupied and used exclusively for mineral exploration and development and for no other purpose; except that, upon written permission of the Director of the National Park Service, the surface of the claim may be used for other specified purposes, the use to be on such conditions and for such period as may be prescribed when permission is granted.

(2) The owner of the claim and all persons holding under him shall conform to all rules now prescribed or which may be made applicable by the Director of the National Park Service, governing occupancy of lands within the national monument.

(3) The use and occupancy of the surface of mining claims as prescribed above shall apply to all such claims located after the date of the Act of June 13, 1933 (48 Stat. 139; 16 U.S.C. 447), within the limits of the national monument as fixed by Proclamation 2028, February 11, 1933, and to all mining claims on lands hereafter included in the national monument, located after such inclusion, so long as such claims are within the boundaries of said monument.

(4) Prospectors or miners shall not open or construct roads or vehicle trails without first obtaining a permit from the Director of the National Park Service. Applications for permits may be made through the custodian of the monument, upon submitting a map or sketch showing the location of the mining property to be served and the location of the proposed road or vehicle trail. The permit may be conditioned upon the permittee's maintaining the road or trail in a

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**For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 2.1. Page 17

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passable condition as long as it is used by the permittee or his successors. ** (Sec. 16]

CROSS REFERENCES: For regulations of the Forest Service relating to mining claims, see 8 251.15. For leases and sale of minerals on restricted Indian lands, see 25 CFR Parts 180, 183, 186, 192, 195, 198, 201, 204, 207, 210, 213. For regulations of the Geological Survey relating to mineral lands, see 30 CFR Chapter II.

2.18 Archeological ruins and objects. (a) Visitors shall not be permitted to visit the ruins in Mesa Verde National Park nor to enter the canyon in Canyon de Chelly National Monument unless accompanied by National Park Service employees. The superintendent may waive this requirement in Mesa Verde National Park by issuing a special written permit to persons engaged in scientific studies.

(b) Visitors shall not remove any artifacts or other objects of archeological or historical significance from the place where they may be found, nor purchase any such objects from Indians or others. Any such objects purchased or removed in violation of this section shall be delivered to the superintendent or his representative on demand.** (Sec. 17)

CROSS REFERENCES: For Office of Indian Affairs regulations relating to the preservation of American antiquities, see 25 CFR Part 11. For General Land Office regulations relating to the preservation of American antiquities, see 43 CFR Part 3. For General Land Office regulations concerning reservations and rights to scientific research within monuments, see 43 CFR 150.29.

2.19 Lost articles. Persons finding lost articles, other than relics, should deposit them at the office of the superintendent or custodian, or at the nearest ranger station, leaving their own names and addresses, so that if the articles are not claimed by the owners within 60 days, they may be turned over to those who found them.*+ (Sec. 18]

2.20 Private lands. Owners of private lands within the limits of any park or monument are entitled to the full use and enjoyment thereof; the boundaries of such lands, however, shall be determined, and marked and defined, so they may be readily distinguished from the park or monument lands. While no limitations or conditions are imposed upon the use of private lands, so long as such use does not interfere with or injure the Government lands, private owners shall provide against trespass by their livestock upon lands of the parks or monuments, and all trespasses committed will be punished to the full extent of the law. Stock may be taken over the lands of parks and monuments with the written permission and under the supervision of the superintendent or custodian, but such permission and supervision are not required when access to such private lands is had wholly over roads or lands not owned or controlled by the United States.*+ [Sec. 19)

2.21 Grazing. (a) The running at large, herding, or grazing of
livestock of any kind on the Government lands in the parks and monu-
ments, as well as the driving of livestock over the same is prohibited,
except where authority therefor has been granted by the superintend-
ent or custodian, with the approval of the Director of the National
Park Service. The owners of livestock found improperly on the park
or monument lands will be prosecuted.
**For statutory and source citations, see note to $ 2.1.

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