Income Inequality and Poverty in Malaysia
Shireen Mardziah Hashim
Rowman & Littlefield, 1998 - Business & Economics - 243 pages
This book traces Malaysia's economic expansion and evaluates the success of the government's New Economic Policy (NEP), which was designed to promote national unity by reducing poverty as well as by loosening the link between ethnicity and economic function. As well as providing the first comprehensive analysis of income distribution trends after the inauguration of the NEP, the study also considers interethnic, urban-rural, and regional variations over time. Shireen Hashim shows that poverty and inequality are still rampant, though she demonstrates significant reductions in poverty and declining income inequality. Her thorough analysis and use of previously unpublished data makes this work a key reference on the Malaysian economy.
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INEQUALITY AND POVERTY MEASURES
PERSONAL INCOME INEQUALITY
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1980 RM prices 20 percent Atkinson index Average Annual Change Bajau between-location Bidayuh Bottom 40 Bumiputera Calculated from Table capita GDP Capita Household Income Change in Number component Contribution to Inequality decline Department of Statistics dependent variable economic growth estimated ethnic groups expenditure exports FELDA GDP2 Gini coefficient Gross Household Incomes growth rates Household Income Survey Households Mean incidence of poverty income disparity ratio income distribution income inequality income share increased industries Johor Kadazan Kedah Kelantan Kuala Lumpur Kuznets Malay manufacturing mean and median Melanau Middle 40 Model Monthly Gross Household Monthly Per Capita Murut Negri Sembilan Number of Households Number of Poor Official Poverty Line overall inequality Pahang Peninsular Malaysia Perak Percentage of households Perlis poor households population poverty gap poverty line income regional inequality rubber rural areas rural households Sabah and Sarawak Selangor smallholders Source Theil Indices Trengganu urban and rural urban areas urban households