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HD 9724 · A45

1947 vol

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS

ROY V. PEEL, Director (Appointed March 9, 1950)

J. C. CAPT, Director (Retired August 17, 1949)

A. ROSS ECKLER, Deputy Director
HOWARD C. GRIEVES, Assistant Director
MORRIS H. HANSEN, Assistant Director for Statistical Standards
ROBERT Y. PHILLIPS. Executive Assistant to the Director
CALVERT L. DEDRICK, Coordinator, International Statistics
FRANK R. WILSON, Information Assistant to the Director

Industry Division-MAXWELL R. Conklin, Chief

FREDERICK M. CONE, Acting Assistant Chief
Economic Planning Section—Julius Shiskin, Chief
Classification Section-Harold T. Goldstein, Chief
Sampling Techniques Section-Jack L. Ogus, Chief
Food Products Section-Elmer W. Hallowell, Chief
Textiles and Apparel Section-Louis J. Owen, Chief
Wood Products Section-Cyril M. Wildes, Chief
Chemicals Section—Jay A. Van Swearingen, Chief
Minerals Section—Vivian E. Spencer, Chief
Metal Products Section-Owen C. Gretton, Chief

Operations Section-Joseph A. Zettler, Chief
Administrative Services Division-David S. PHILLIPS, Chief
Agriculture Division-Ray HURLEY, Chief
Business Division-WILLIAM C. TRUPPNER, Chief
Field Division-LOWELL T. Galt, Chief
Foreign Trade Division-J. EDWARD ELY, Chief
Geography Division-CLARENCE E. BATSCHELET, Chief
Governments Division-Allen D. MANVEL, Chief
Machine Tabulation Division-C. F. Van AKEN, Chief
Personnel Division-HELEN D. ALMON, Chief
Population Division-HOWARD G. BRUNSMAN, Chief

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The Census of Manufactures is a large-scale enterprise requiring for its successful completion the cooperation of many thousands of individuals and organizations. In determining the information to be collected and in designing the report forms the Bureau of the Census obtained the advice of many Government agencies; in particular, the Bureau of the Budget, the Department of Agriculture, the Bureau of Mines, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and the Office of Domestic Commerce of the Department of Commerce. In developing the content of the product sections of the individual industry reports, nearly all trade associations and many individual manufacturers contributed generously of their time and counsel.

The primary responsibility for the 1947 Census of Manufactures was centered in the Industry Division of the Bureau of the Census. Other divisions of the Bureau, particularly those dealing with field activities and machine tabulation operations, also had important functions in particular phases of the Census.

In addition to the Bureau staff members shown above, special recognition should be given to the contribution of a number of persons. In the Economic Planning Section of the Industry Division, Pamela Brown and Irvin Strauss assisted in the preparation of instructions for reporting manufacturers and field enumerators, in the development of specifications for reviewing the general sections of the reports, and in the compilation of historical series; Murray D. Dessel assisted in the selection of metropolitan areas, developed the methods used for avoiding the disclosure of operations of individual companies, and directed the application of these methods. Carl W. Anderson was responsible for developing specifications for machine tabulation. In the Sampling Techniques Section Leon Gilford assisted in the conduct of spot sampling tests of the adequacy of the original mailing list and of the effectiveness of editing and other procedures, and in the design of a national area sample to provide a quantitative measurement of the completeness of the Census of Manufactures.

In the Operations Section of the Industry Division, Francis H. Wilmer was responsible for the preparation of the list of manufacturers and for the mailing and check-in of report forms and other materials; Robert W. DePuy, for the clerical operations of coding and editing report forms and for the statistical review of tabulations; Charles G. Parsons, for the preparation of the procedures used in clerical operations; and Andrew J. Danton, for the preparation of manuscript for printing.

In the commodity sections of the Industry Division, a large staff of specialists was responsible for developing the report forms for the various industries, for reviewing problem reports and tabulations for the industry volume, and for preparing the text accompanying that volume. The names of these persons are shown in the appropriate reports for groups of related industries which were published separately.

In addition, it is appropriate to mention four members of the Industry Division staff who played an important part in the Census of Manufactures but who transferred from the Bureau before the completion of the Census: William H. Mautz, Assistant Chief of the Division until May 1948; Albert A. Eisenstat, Chief of the Industrial Census Staff until September 1947; Frank A. Hanna, Special Assistant to the Chief of the Division until September 1948; and Nicholas Yaworski, Chief of the Minerals Section until July 1948.

In the Field Division, Jack B. Robertson and John M. Bell, both Assistant Chiefs, assisted in laying out and directing the field work for the Census of Manufactures. George K. Klink was primarily responsible for field operations for the eastern sawmill industry which was conducted entirely by field enumeration; and Charles F. Haas, for liaison work between the Industry Division and the Field Division on the Census of Manufactures as a whole.

Lancelot W. Armstrong of the Machine Tabulation Division contributed in an outstanding manner, both in adapting the complex Census of Manufactures report forms to machine tabulation techniques and in supervising the tabulating operations.

In the Administrative Services Division, Franklin L. Thatcher and William L. Vaughn arranged for the printing and publishing of the Census of Manufactures by the Government Printing Office.

1947 CENSUS OF MANUFACTURES REPORTS

Volume 1-GENERAL SUMMARY

Chapter 1.-SUMMARY STATISTICS

TABLE 1.-General statistics for all manufacturing industries in the United States: 1849–1947
TABLĐ 2.—General statistics for industry groups and for industries: 1947 and 1939
TABLE 3.—General statistics for divisions, States, and standard metropolitan areas: 1947 and 1939
TABLE 4.-General statistics for divisions, States, and standard metropolitan areas: 1899–1947
TABLE 5.-General statistics for selected counties: 1947 and 1939
TABLE 6.-Selected statistics by divisions, for industry groups and for industries: 1947 and 1939

Chapter II.-EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLLS
TABLE 1.–Number of employees by functional class and sex: pay roll period ended nearest October 15, 1947 and

earlier census years TABLE 2.—Number of employees by functional class and sex, for industry groups and for industries: pay roll

period ended nearest October 15, 1947 TABLE 3.-Number of employees by functional class and sex, for divisions, States, and standard metropolitan

areas: pay roll period ended nearest October 15, 1947 TABLE 4.—Employment, pay rolls, and man-hours for industry groups and for industries: 1947

Chapter III.-SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENTS
TABLE 1.-General statistics for establishments classified as to size by number of employees, for industry groups

and for industries: 1947 TABLE 2.-General statistics for establishments classified as to size by number of employees, for divisions and

States: 1947

Chapter IV.-TYPE OF ORGANIZATION
TABLE—General statistics for establishments classified by type of operation and legal organization, for major in-

dustry groups: 1947

Chapter V.-INVENTORIES IN THE HANDS OF MANUFACTURERS

TABLE—Manufacturers' inventories, for industry groups and for industries: 1947

Chapter VI.—EXPENDITURES FOR PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

TABLE 1.—Expenditures for plant and equipment by industry groups and industries: 1947
TABLE 2.—Expenditures for plant and equipment by divisions, States, and standard metropolitan areas: 1947
TABLE 3.—Expenditures for plant and equipment by principal industrial counties: 1947

Chapter VII.-HIGHWAY-TYPE MOTOR VEHICLES
TABLE 1.—Highway-type motor vehicles owned or leased, by type and by manufacturer's rated capacity, for in-

dustry groups and for industries : 1947 TABLĐ 2.—Highway-type motor vehicles owned or leased, by type and by manufacturer's rated capacity, for divi

sions and States: 1947 TABLE 3.—Number of trucks and trailers and semitrailers, by employee size groups, for industry groups and for

industries : 1947

Chapter VIII.-FUEL CONSUMED
TABLE 1.-Fuel consumed and electric energy purchased and generated by manufacturing industries, totals for the

United States: 1947 and earlier census years
TABLE 2.-Fuel consumed and electric energy purchased and generated, by industry groups and industries: 1947
TABLD 3.-Fuel consumed and electric energy purchased and generated, by divisions and States: 1947

Chapter IX.-SELECTED MATERIALS CONSUMED BY INDUSTRY AND BY STATES (14 tables presented by major

industry groups)

Chapter X.-SELECTED METALWORKING OPERATIONS PERFORMED

TABLE 1.— Number of establishments performing selected metalworking operations, by industry: 1947
TABLE 2.—Number of establishments performing selected metalworking operations, by divisions and States: 1947

IV

Volume II—STATISTICS BY INDUSTRY

SUMMARY STATISTICS
STANDARD INDUSTRY TABLES (published for each of 453 industries):

TABLE 1.-General statistics for the United States: 1947 and earlier census years
TABLE 2.-General statistics by divisions and States: 1947
TABLE 3.-Detailed statistics for the United States: 1947
TABLE 4.-Selected general statistics by size of establishment, for the United States: 1947
TABLE 5.—Value of products shipped, by broad classes of products, for the United States: 1947
TABLD 6.—Quantity and value of products, totals for the United States: 1947 and 1939

SPECIAL INDUSTRY TABLES (published for selected industries only):

TABLE 7.-Materials consumed: 1947
TABLE 8.-Machinery in possession and selected metalworking operations performed : 1947

Volume III-STATISTICS BY STATES
SUMMARY STATISTICS
STATE TABLES (published, as applicable, for each State and the District of Columbia):

TÁBLE 1.—General statistics for the State and its standard metropolitan areas: 1947 and earlier census years
TABLE 2.-General statistics for standard metropolitan areas, counties, and urban places: 1947 and 1939
TABLE 3.-General statistics for the State, by major industry groups: 1947 and 1939
TABLE 4.-General statistics and distribution of establishments by employment size groups, by industry, for the

State: 1947
TABLE 5.-General statistics for standard metropolitan areas, by industry: 1947
TABLE 6.-General statistics for principal industrial counties, by industry groups: 1947
TABLE 7.—Distribution of establishments by employment size groups and by major industry groups, for counties;

1947 TABLE 8.-Number of employees by month and salaries and wages, for the State, by major industry groups: 1947 TABLE 9.-Detailed statistics for the State, and its standard metropolitan areas and principal industrial counties:

1947 TABLE 10.-Highway-type motor vehicles owned or leased, by body type and by manufacturer's rated capacity, for

the State: December 31, 1947

PRODUCT SUPPLEMENT This volume assembles all the product statistics published in the more than 100 product tables of Volume IIStatistics by Industry. It presents in convenient reference form the 1947 and comparative 1939 statistics for approximately 6,500 products manufactured by United States industry.

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