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From These and Other the like Expressions in Scripture and the First Writers of the Church, some of the Antients took occasion to speak as if the Son of God was produced by the Father just before the Creation of the World; [As Lactantius, lib. 4. cap. 6, Deus igitur macbinator, conftitutorque rerum ; antequam præclarum hoc opus munai adoriretur; sanctum, incorrupribilem Spiritum genuit, quem filium nuncuparet ; i, c, God, the Maker and former of all things, before he began this admirable Workmanship of the World, begat a Holy Incorruptible Spirit, whom he called his Son:] And Others seem to have imagined unintelligibly, that (the aó a edié gela) the Internal Reason and Wisdom of God, was, a little before the Creation of the World, begotten into a Person ; - [As Athenagoras, Tatian, and Theophilus.] But the Words of Scripture, neither give any Ground for such Metaphysical Speculations ; neither, when they declare the Generation of the Son, do they ever express any Li"mitation of Time or particular Manner of Production ; but only assure us, that He W AS in the Beginning, and WAS with God, and was before all things, and was the First-born of every Creature.
Upon the whole, Nothing can be better exprest on this Head, than Irenæus has done it in the following Words : If any Siquis nobis dixerit, Quoone (faith he) ask us, modo ergò Filius prolatus a
How then was the Son patre eft ? dicimus ei, quia in produced by the Father? Prolationem iftam, five Ġes
We answer, that the Ge- nerationem, five Nuncupaneration of the Son, whe- tionem, five Adapertionem, ther you call it bis being aut quomodolibet quis NoProduced, or Begottex, or mine vocaverit, generatioSpoken forth, (with re
nem ejus inenarranilemexigard to his Name, the ftentem nemo novir; 'non Word;] or Born, [allu- Valentinus, non Marcion,
ding, as I suppose, to neque Saturninus, neque Bathe
Hebrew Idiom, ad- filides, neque Angeli, ncque aperiens vulvam ;] or Archangeli, neque Princihowever else you endea. pes, neque Poteftates; nifi ver 10 exprefs it in Words, solus qui generavit Pater, & ['Tis observable, that qui natus eft Filius. Lib. 2, in enumerating these
these cap. 48. particulars, he does not set down Creation ;) yet isreally ineffable, and understood by None; Not by Valentinus, or Marcion, or Saturninus, or Basilides; Not by Angels, or Archangels, or Principalities, or Powers; but only by
the Father who begut, and by the Son who was begotien. 938. Col. i; 19, 20. For it pleased the Father,
that in Him should all Fulness dwell:
And - by him to reconcile all things to Himself.
See N. 188, 642. 939. ii 12. The operation of God, who
hath raised him from the dead. 940. 15. Having spoiled Principalities and
Powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them t in it.
† So our Translators render it; But in the Greek it is, in Him, viz. in Christ. For so the Construction of the fore-going words, requires it to be underftood: God
raised Him [Christ] from the
- bath he quickned together with him; blotring out the hand-writing nailing it to [savęço, not His Cross, as we render it, for the Apostle is speaking of God the Father: But] the Cross, (viz, the Cross of Christ; ] And having Spoiled Principalities and Powers, he made a few of i hem openly, [ Decrubedous buls's ev durd'] lea
dead: And you
ding them in Triumph in (or by) Him; viz. causing Christ to lead them in Triumph.
941. Col. ii, 1.
Where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God.
942. i Thef i, 10. Whom He raised from the
God hath appointed us to obtain Salvation, by our Lord Jesus Chrift.
944. 2 Thef.ii, 14. He [viz. God] called you,
to the obtaining of the Glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
945. 1 Tim. vi ; 14, 15, 16. Until the appear.
ing of our Lord Jesus Christ ;
Which in his Times He shall shew, who is the Blessed and Only Potentate, the King of Kings and Lord of Lords.
Who only hath Immortality, dwelling in the Light which no man can approach unto, whom no man hath seen or can fee, to whom be Honour and Power everlasting, Amen.
916. 2 Tim. i, j; Paul an Apostle of Jesus
Christ, by the Will of God, according to the
8, 9. God, who hath saved us,
according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus.
948. Tit. iii ; 4, 6. The Kindness and Love
of God tour Saviour ; - which He shed
949. Heb. i ; 1, 2, God
hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son
Whom he hath appointed Heir of all things, by whom also He made the Worlds,
3, &c. Who being the Brightnefs [awaogzoud, a bright Ray] of his Glory, and the exprefs Image of his Person, and upholding all things by the Word of his Pow
sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.
Being made so much better than the Angels, as he hath by Inheritance obtained a more excellent Name than they.
For unto which of the Angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee ? And again ; I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?
And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the World, he faith, &c.
Thou hast loved righteousness and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath
anointed thee with the oýl of gladness above thy fellows, &c.
But to which of the Angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make
thine Enemies thy footstool? 951. Heb ii ; 5, 8. Unto the Angels hath he
not put in Subjection the World to come ;-But
Thou hast put all things in Subjection under His viz. Chrifts] feet.
9. That He [ Jefus ] by the Grace [the gracious Will and Pleasure] of God, should taste Death for every man.
11. For, both he-that sanctifieth, and they who are sanctified, viz. Christ and all good Christians,] are all of One, (viz. of God;] for which cause he is not ashamed to call them Brethren.
13. Behold, I (viz. Christ, ] and the Children which God hath given me.;
17. That he (viz. Christ] might be a merciful and faithful High-Priest, in things pertaining to God.
iii ; 1, 2: The Apostle and HighPriest of our Profession, Christ Jesus; Who was Faithful to him that'jappointed