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Art. 23. A Letter to the Jury who convicted Mr. Shelly the Silversmith, of receiving Plate, knowing it to have been ftolen; dedicated to the Right Honourable Sir Watkin Lewis, Knight, Lord Mayor of the City of London. By Robert Holloway, Attorney at Law. 8vo. Is. Brewman.

After a dedication of an odd complexion, fo myfteriously expreffed that we are obliged to give it credit for more than we can comprebend, the writer endeavours to fhew, from the circumftances of the transaction, that Mr. Shelly met with hard treatment in being convicted of the crime for which he was indiЯed.


Art. 24. A candid Defence of the Character and Conduct of Sir
Hugh Pallifer, Bart. Vice Admiral of the White. 8vo. 2 s. Ni-

coll, 178.1.

A difpaffionate ftate of facts, which might perhaps contribute to leffen the odium that fo eagerly pursued the gentleman in quetion; were it not that the fubject is now fuperfeded in the public notice by others of more recent date, and that there are few who are difpofed to undergo the trouble of examining opinions they have once politively maintained. Art. 25. The Defence of the Rev. Reginald Bligh, of Queen's College, Cambridge, A. B. against the Prefident and Fellows of that Society; who rejected him as an improper Perfon for a Fellow, On the 12th of January 1780, upon the pretence of his want of fufficient learning to qualify him for that itation. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d.



Mr. Bligh's appeal not lying properly before our court, we fhall not offer to enter into its merits, any farther than to obferve, that it furnishes no internal evidence to call in question the decifion against which he fo loudly complains, being ill written, fcurrilous, and vulgar.

Art. 26. Remarks on Prints intended to be published, relative to the Manners, Cuftoms, &c. of the prefent inhabitants of Egypt; from drawings made on the spot, A. D. 1749. By Richard Dalton, Efq. 8vo. 18. Elmfly, &c. 1781.


In this tract Mr. D. gives an account of the caufes which confpired to prevent his publication of " Twelve Hiftorical defigns of Raphael, "and the Mufaum Græcum et Egyptiacum," illuftrated by prints intended to be published from his drawings.That undertaking was announced to the lovers of antiquity and the polite arts, in the year 1752, by a small pamphlet, entitled Remarks, &c. of which we gave fome account in the 6th volume of our Review, number for Febru ary in the fame year. We refer our Readers to these new Remarks for the ingenious Author's reafons for having relinquished that de fign, as well as for the particulars relative to his prefent undertaking. We have only to add, on this occafion, that the Public may hope for great fatisfaction and entertainment from the infpection of Mr. Dal. ton's intended prints; the drawings for which are made from sketches taken on the spot, at the time above mentioned; and in which they will meet with much that is new, and nothing but what may be fafely depended on, in point of authenticity. We must not omit to mention, that the prefent pamphlet is rendered peculiarly amufing, by a


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number of anecdotes, and circumftances, defcriptive and hiftorical, relative to Egypt, Arabia, &c. &c.


Art. 27. Mafquerades; or what you will. By the Author of Eliza Warwick, &c. Small 8vo. 4 Vols. 12 s. bound. Bew, $780.

We have already had the honour of paying our respects to the Wri ter of this Novel. The praife we formerly bestowed, is ftill more co→ pioufly merited.

The ftory, on which the prefent work is founded, is too long and too complicated to admit of an abridgment in our Journal. Perhaps. it will be deemed tedious and prolix; and here and there the tautology of love may difguft the cold and more critical reader. But with all its redundancies and imperfections, we think this is a very inte refting and entertaining Novel: and we fincerely wish that all who love like Ofmond and Julia may thare in the blifs which, after a thousand viciffitudes and perplexities (the best trials of love!) crowned their fincerity; while to treachery we can with no feverer punishment than Lady Somerville met with, when, inftead of gaining the object of her licentious defires, the only haftened the confummation of a rival's happiness, and flood detected to the world as a compound

of the most deteftable vices.

After this encomium on the general merit of thefe volumes, the Author will excufe us if we point out a great defect in its moral tendency. Diffimulation, and even downright falfehood, are, in feveral places, charged to the account of the best characters of the story, without any marked disapprobation, from their own confciences, or the Writer's pen. We know the common apology that is made on thefe occafions. But truth is too facred to be dispensed with, on fuch flight accounts-if it be even warrantable, on what may be deemed, the most important and preffing occurrence of human life. Even bere, truth fhould not be fo fported with as to make it crouch to neceffity, without ftrong reluctance or deep repentance. We admire the delicacy and fine addrefs of Fielding on this fubject. The virtuous and amiable Sophia is reprefented as miferable through the whole night, because her modefty had tempted her to deny, to the jealous Lady Bellafton, that she had any knowledge of Tom Jones. The refined texture of her foul was fo fhocked by this inroad on her moral principles, that no excufes or arguments that felf-love could make ufe of, availed to reconcile her conduct to her conscience.

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We have another objection to the morality of this performance. The writer reprefents the virtuous Julia, who is the finest and best character in this Novel, as not only indifferent to the fancity of the Sabbath, but as pleading for a breach of its common decorum, In a letter, dated Sunday morning three o'clock, the is reprefented as delivering her fentiments on Sunday-amufements, in the following vain, and, we think, irreligious manner. For the fake of decency, perhaps, you think I ought to fupprefs this date, as it too plainly tells, we have fuffered the Sabbath to shine in upon our revels. The French make no account of fuch encroachments; nay, their balls, plays, &c. are in preference given on Sundays: and from my having lived fome years amongst them, I am so far reconciled to the custom,


as to imagine there can be no harm in enjoying on that day innocent amufements. I am by no means fingular in the opinion; for every dancer was infpired with more life and spirit after twelve than before; and teftified no fcruples in indulging themselves in their recreations.

We affect no puritanical airs of unrelaxed formality and stiffness. But, putting the pofitive ordinance of God out of the question, we view the inftitution of the Sabbath, as an object of great political confequence; and are convinced from obfervation and reading, that in proportion as a nation relaxes into indifference with respect to the Sabbath, fo proportionably it degenerates into every fpecies of vice and immorality which are the curie and difgrace of a country! Art. 28. Diftreffed Virtue, or the History of Miss Harriet Nelfon; in which is included the unhappy Story of Mifs Caroline Lenox. In a series of Letters, 12mo, 3 Vols. 9s. Noble, 1781.


I am aware (fays the Author), that many, on reading this little Work, will throw it afide with much disdain.' We are very much of the Author's opinion.



Art. 29. Obfervations, Medical and Political, on the Small-pox and Inoculation; and on the Decrease of Mankind at every Age, with a comparative View of the Diseases most fatal to London during Ninety Years. Including an Attempt to demonftrate in what manner London may fave near 2000, Great Britain and Ireland between 20,000 and 30,000, and Europe about 390,000 lives annually. By W. Black, M. D. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Johnson, 1781.


This Author begins his work with a fhort account of the origin of the fmall-pox and meafles; their early treatment, the introduction of inoculation, and its fuccefs; and the proportions dying in the natural and inoculated fmall-pox. He then pretty much at length enters into the controverfy between Baron Dimfdale and the patrons of the inoculating difpenfary in London, very warmly taking part with the latter, and animadverting on the Baron with more ftrength than liberality. As we have already declared our opinion on this head, and shown in how small a compafs the ftrefs of the argument lies, we may excufe ourselves from taking further notice of this new dif putant. We are obliged, however, by our duty to the Readers of the Review, to apprize them, that they will be much difappointed with the conclufion of this chapter, fo oftentatiously held forth in the title. page as a project for faving fuch multitudes of lives; as it is nothing more than a crude hint, thrown out in a fentence or two, of the advantages which would refult from univerfal inoculation at an early age, or a total extermination of the fmall-pox. This is fo obvious a matter, that unless the Author had some probable scheme to offer for effecting these great purposes, he might as well have said nothing about it.

The remainder of the work confifts of extracts from bills of mortality, with various obfervations, fome of the Author's own, but the greater part taken from other writers. A commentary of fome length is given upon all the diseases returned in the London bills; but the Author himfelf appears fufficiently aware of the little dependence to be placed upon lifts formed in fo careless and inaccurate a manner. A.


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Art. 30. A Treatife of Midwifery, comprehending the Manage
ment of Female Complaints, and the Treatment of Children in early
Infancy. To which are added, Prefcriptions for Women and
Children, and Directions for preparing a variety of Food and
Drinks, adapted to the circumftances of lying-in Women. Di-
vefted of technical terms and abitrufe theories. By Alexander
Hamilton, Profeffor of Midwifery in the University of Edinburgh,
and Member of the Royal College of Surgeons. 8vo, 6s. boards,
Murray, 1781.

This is a very complete fyftem of every thing neceffary to be learned
by female practitioners in the obstetric art. It is fufficiently plain and
intelligible for a reader of any tolerable education, and appears in ge-.
neral founded on the moft rational principles and approved practice.
If the venerable fifterhood were all capable of ftudying fuch a work as
this, and unprejudiced enough to be directed by it, we would ven-
ture to promise them, that they would regain a great part of what
they complain of having loft by the ufurpations of the other sex.
Art. 31. A fhort Enquiry into the Merit of Solvents, fo far as
may be neceffary to compare them with the operation of Litho-
tomy. By Jere Whitaker Newman, Member of the Corporation
of Surgeons, London. 8vo, 1 s. 6d. Dodfley, 1781.


We do not imagine that at prefent any great reliance is placed on the propofed folvents for the flone; at the fame time we cannot be furprised that fuch an operation as that of lithotomy is not fubmitted to without delay and reluctance. The prefent Writer's remarks on this fubject are fenfible enough, but, we apprehend, they will not be thought new.


Art. 32. Some Obfervations on the Origin and Progress of the
Atrabilious Conflitution and Gout. Chap. 4. containing the regular
cardinal Fit. By William Grant, M. D. 8vo. 1 s. 6d. Cadell,

This ingenious physician, whofe former tract on this subject we
perufed with confiderable fatisfaction, proceeds, in that before us,
in his plan of giving a plain and practical treatife on the gout. He
judiciously takes Sydenham for his guide in the prefent part, quoting
largely from that admirable Writer, and fubjoining his own remarks
by way of commentary. We find no particular obfervations which it
feems important to point out to our medical readers; but we do not
hefitate to recommend the whole to the perufal of those who with to
acquire fuch a knowledge of this difeafe as may enable them to di
rect themselves or others in the fafelt and most judicious method of
managing it.
Art. 33. An Efay on Culinary Poifons; containing Cautions
relative to the Ute of Laurel Leaves, Hemlock, Muthrooms, Cop.
per Veffels, Earthen Jars, &c. with Obfervations on the Adulte-
ration of Bread and Flour, and the Nature and Properties of Wa.
ter. 8vo, 1 s. Kearfly, 1781.


A plain concife treatife, defigned for the ufe of good housewives, who may derive from it fome valuable inftruction.

See Review for July 1780, p. 60.


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Art. 34. Orthodoxy and Charity united: Three Conferences, between a rigidly Orthodox, and a Moderate Man, on the Importance of any Human Explication of the Doctrine of the Trinity; being an Attempt towards putting an End to the Trinitarian Controverfy. To which is now prefixed, a New Introduction, obviating fome Objections, and an Abitract of an Effay against Uncharitablenefs. By the late Rev. J. Watts, D. D. 8vo. I S. Exeter, printed for the Author; fold by Buckland, London.

We have here a new edition of a tract first published about two years ago, entitled, The Importance of Truth, &c. it was commended in our Review for May 1779; and it is now republifhed with the above mentioned Introduction. To the whole is prefixed the following 'APOLOGY to the PUBLIC:'

More than enough has doublefs been written, by perfons in all the various fentiments, on the doctrine of the Trinity; fo that the world is almost weary of the fubject, and every fiefh publication is likely to be received with difguft.

It is hoped, however, that an attempt towards putting an end to the controverfy, by reconciling the contending parties, may claim from all, and will find from the candid, fome peculiar indulgence.


The following introduction has a reference to another Effay, as well as this, proper to be bound with this, and published by the fame author, viz. Chriftian Catholicifm defended *: being a vindication of Mr. Fawcett's Candid Reflections, &c.'

The following Extraft from p. 3, of the new Introduction may be given as honefly expreffive of the worthy Author's leading view, in the two tracts already referred to, viz. That after all thewarm contentions in which Christians have for fo many centuries engaged on this point of doctrine, they do do not really differ fo widely in their opinions about what is molt material in it, as they are generally fupposed to do: and that those who are commonly cenfured as unfound in their principles, and by fome even thought of with abhorrence, for their fuppofed denial of the DEITY OF OUR BLESSED REDEEMER, do not in fact deny that doctrine, any more than those who are called ORTHODOX. If this can be proved, I apprehend it will contribute more towards the promoting of charity, than any other argument."


In page 11, the Author makes the following declaration, which we recommend to fuch of our Readers who pay particular attention to theological invetigations, viz. If any of my honoured brethren or fathers in the miniftry are till diffatisfied with what I have written, and think that it has a dangerous tendency, I now lovite any one of them to make his remarks, either in writing or in print, and promife to pay them all due attention. I do moft earnestly wish to fee the subjest of these papers fairly and impartially investigated, and should be glad to carry on a correfpondence with any calm opponent, in the manner of Dr. Price and Dr. Priestley on another fubject, baving no object in view but the difcovery of truth, which cannot suffer by a free difcuffion.'

See Monthly Review for October 1780, p. 315.


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