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on account of the diminution of their height, drew after them gradually the lighter parts, and in procefs of time cleansed the valleys of thefe accumulations of mud and fand; fo that there remained only the heavy and unwieldy maffes, and those whose pofition refifted the action of the waters.
Our Author's voyage round the famous Mont Blanc, or White Mountain, was made in company with two young philofophers of very uncommon merit, and it is highly interefting. That tupendous fabric of Nature's fimple and majestic architecture, and the surrounding mountains, furnish our Author with materials for a great variety of inftructive remarks relative to the height and fituation of thefe awful maffes, to magnetic experiments, to the nature of the foil, its ftrata, and natural productions. We find here, alfo, new obfervations concerning the structure of the primitive mountains, and their greater or lefs refemblance of the fecondary ones, together with all the lights that the formation of mountains exhibit to improve our know-, ledge of the true theory of the earth. Our Author unfolds the caufes that contribute to the formation of the Glaciers, or Icy, mountains of Faucigny and Switzerland, and thofe likewife that occafion their growth or diminution.-The remarks, relative to the formation of granit which terminate this volume, are curious and inftructive.
II. Precis Hiftorique et Experimental des Phenomenes Electriques depuis l'Origine de cette Decouverte jufqu'à ce jour. i. e. An Hiftorical and Experimental Summary or View of Electrical Phenomena, from the Origin of that Difcovery to the prefent Time. By M. SIGAUD DE LA FOND, Profeffor of Experimental Philofophy, and Member of feveral Academies. 8vo. 742 Pages, with Cuts. Price 6 Livres (about 5 s.) Paris. 1781.-The electrical phenomena which, in the early periods of their dif covery, were only objects of curiofity, become daily more interefting from their tendency to advance many important branches of natural philofophy, and also from their fubferviency to public. utility. They have therefore an undoubted right to the attention of the learned; and it is of confequence to make them known in a certain degree to the generality of thofe that read.The work before us is a very elegant and judicious hiftory of the progrefs of electricity. It contains an account of all that has been attempted or done, and also a variety of hints, relative to what may be done farther towards the improvement of this important branch of natural philofophy. The facts are related, and the fubject is treated with the greateft accuracy and perfpicuity; fo that the reader, with this book alone before him, may repeat the experiments himfelf. The work is divided into five large fections. In the first, the Author treats of the electrical
matter or fluid, and indicates the bodies that were found to be fufceptible of electricity, fo far down as the famous experiment of Leyden. The fecond contains a circumftantial account of the Leyden experiment, and of the theory of Dr. Franklin. In the third, the Author treats of the analogy between the electrical matter, lightning, and magnetifm. In the fourth, he points out the different applications of the electrical fluid to the animal fyftem, to vegetation, and its ufe in feveral chymical operations. The electricity of the Torpedo, of the eel of Surinam, of the Tourmaline, and other electrical phenomena, are explained in the fifth fection, in which we find alfo the method of conftructing the electrophorus, and making with it all the experiments; alfo an account of the two curious electrical machines for the pocket, contrived, the one by Mr. Canton, the other by Mr. Ingenhouz. The details into which the Author enters in thefe fections are ample and inftructive, and prove the great merit of compilations, when the materials are happily chofen, and well digefted. This work is terminated by an explication of the electrical machine, ingenioufly contrived by Dr. Watfon, fo as to communicate the electrical fhock to the person who opens a door to come into an apartment.
III. Reflexions Philofophiques fur l'Origine de la Civilisation, &c. i. e. Philofophical Reflections on the Origin of Civilization, and on the Means of correcting the Abufes that accompany it. By M. DE LA CROIX, Advocate. Paris. 1780.-This work, which comes out in Numbers, contains a multitude of excellent obfervations relative to political economy, and the adminiftration of justice. It is certain, that if the state of natural liberty be unfavourable to the progrefs of the human mind in knowledge and virtue, the ftate of civil fociety has given rife to innumerable abufes, calamities, and miferies. To redrefs thefe is the firft duty of fovereignty; but is, generally speaking, the laft object of its attention. The good citizen that composed this useful work, has a right to be heard; because he fpeaks the language of humanity, good fenfe, and public fpirit.-Will he be heard? That is another queftion.
For NOVEMBER, 1781.
Art. 14. Authentic Rebel Papers, feized at St. Euftatius, 1781. 4to. 1 s. Kearily.
AD these authentic papers been more formally authenticated, their publication might have proved more fatisfactory to the wary and circumfpect reader, who has often been taken in by the catch
penny productions of the prefs. "Who is the Editor?" he will na-
The great object of this pamphlet is, to prove the people's equal
Art. 16. A fecond Addrefs from the Committee of Affociation of
In our Catalogue for March last, we mentioned the First Addrefs from the Yorkshire Committee, and we intimated our fincere approbation of the public fpirited views and proceedings of thefe worthy Northern patriots. We have now before us their Second Addrefs; which is written in the fame manly ftrain, and expreffed with the fame laudable regard for our ancient and true conftitutional rights and privileges: particularly the great, ineftimable right of ELECTION
The Committee have here, more especially, expatiated on their favourite object, the means of recovering the British Conftitution from that alarming decline into which it has fallen, through the prevailing corrupt influence of the Crown over the reprefentatives of the people in parliament. They have given a clear and difpaffionate furvey of the various plans of parliamentary reformation which have been offered; and their choice feems to be fixed on that in which, according to their judgment, fi acy and practicability are most advantageously combined,-viz. Triennial Parliaments, and the addition of 100 members to the reprefentation of the counties and the metropolis. The Committee have urged many things in fupport of this "more moderate
moderate scheme," in preference to the "more extenfive plan" of annual elections.
We have, on former occafions, declared our preference of the laft mentioned, moft original part of our parliamentary fyftem; and we are ftill inclined to think that the revival of it would prove the most efficacious means for completely recovering the impaired Conftitution of this country. The gentlemen of the Yorkshire Committee, indeed, appear convinced of the fuperiority of this plan; but they are apprehenfive that, under the prefent circumftances of the nation, the fcheme is too extenfive for establishment. This opinion it is not, at this time, our with to controvert. If, as the gentlemen contend, the fytem which we would vote for is impracticable, we should moft fincerely rejoice to fee the measures, which are here fo ably recommended, carried into execution, as, at all events, a palliative remedy is, beyond all difpute, highly preferable to a total, perhaps fatal, neglect of the diforder.
POLITICS OF IRELAND.
Art. 17. A Review of the Conduct of John Earl of Buckinghamfhire, Lord Lieutenant General, and General Governor of Ireland, during his Administration in that Kingdom; in a Letter addreffed to a Noble Lord. 8vo. J 6. Dublin printed, and fold in London by Robinson. 1781.
A panegyric on the late Irish administration; and fo far countenanced by truth, that, perhaps, laws more favourable to the effential interefts of that country were obtained within the term of it, than within any former period of the fame duration.
N. Art. 18. Poetical Amusements at a Villa near Bath. Printed for the Benefit of the Pauper-Charity in that City. Vol. IV. 8vo. 35. Baldwin. 1781.
It is fufficient commendation of this elegant Mifcellany to mention, among other refpectable names, thofe of Anfty, Seward, Potter and Hayley, as contributors to it. There are, befides these, several whose names appear in the poetical world for the first time, who amply merit the deflinction they have obtained. Indeed, we fcarcely recollect any publication of this kind, in which the materials have been felected with more care.
That it may not be thought we have a predilection in favour of any particular name, our fpecimen of this publication fhall be
CASTLES IN THE AIR.
They, who content on earth do stay,
I, too, my willing voice would raise,
For me are much too low.
grant the hills are crown'd with trees,
No neighbour there can difagree,
One thing, 'tis true, excites my fear,
Well with the end the means would fuit,
Ideal plans to execute,
Ideal taxes raife.
Art. 19. An Effay on Death, a Poem. In Five Books. By
REV. Nov. 1781.