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(2) Summaries of any information developed by or for the manufacturer concerning the mechanisms of action of the additive, reactions between the additive and the designated fuel, the identification and measurement of the emission products of the additive when used in the designated fuel, the effects of the additive on all emissions, and the toxicity or other effects of the emissions resulting from the use of the additive, together with assurances that additional information of this type which is developed by or for the manufacturer will be provided to the Administrator on April 1 of each year. Such submissions shall be accompanied by a description of the test procedures used in obtaining the information;

(e) Assurances that changes in information submitted pursuant to paragraphs (a), (b), and (d) (1) of this section will be provided to the Administrator, within 30 days of learning of such change. Forms for reporting changes will be provided by the Administrator at the fuel manufacturer or processor's request;

(1) Assurances that the reports of additive usage required by g 79.5 will be provided to the Administrator; and

(g) Assurances that the fuel manufacturer or processor will not represent, directly or indirectly, in any notice, circular, letter, or other written communication, or any written, oral, or pictorial notice or other announcement in any publication or by radio or television, that registration of an additive contained in & fuel constitutes endorsement, certification, or approval of the fuel or additive by any agency of the United States. $ 79.12 Action by the Administrator.

Following receipt of a notification submitted by a fuel manufacturer or processor pursuant to $ 79.11, the Administrator shall, in writing, advise the manu. facturer of any unregistered additive named in such notification to provide the information and assurances required by 8 79.14. The Administrator shall provide notification forms for the additive manufacturer's use. 8 79.13 Notification by the additive

manufacturer. (a) Any additive manufacturer who has been advised by the Administrator pursuant to $ 79.12, shall within 30 days

file with the Administrator a notification in accordance with $ 79.14. A separate notification shall be submitted for each additive. Each notification shall be signed by the additive manufacturer or his agent; and

(b) Any manufacturer of an additive designed for use in a fuel designated by the Administrator under Subpart D may file with the Administrator a notification in accordance with $ 79.14. A separate notification, signed by the additive manufacturer or his agent, shall be submitted for each such additive. If such additive manufacturer has complied with the provisions of this part requiring the submission of information and the giving of assurances for any such additive, the Administrator shall provide such additive manufacturer with a letter acknowledging that compliance, and stating that registration of such additive may be accomplished at such time as any fuel manufacturer or processor complies with the notification requirements of $ 79.10. $79.14 Information and assurances to

be provided by the additive manufac

turer. Each notification submitted by the additive manufacturer shall include the following:

(a) The recommended range of concentration of the additive;

(b) The recommended purpose in the use of the additive, including:

(1) The function such additive is designed to perform, and

(2) Summaries of any information developed by or for the manufacturer concerning the mechanisms of action of the additive, reactions between the additive and the designated fuel, the identification and measurement of the emission products of the additive when used in the designated fuel, the effects of the additive on all emissions, and the toxicity or other effects of the emissions resulting from the use of the additive, together with assurances that additional information of this type which is developed by or for the manufacturer will be provided to the Administrator on April 1 of eac year. Such submissions shall be accompanied by a description of the test procedures used in obtaining the information;

(c) The chemical composition of the additive;

(d) The chemical structure of such additive to the extent such information is available;

(e) Assurances that any change in information submitted pursuant to paragraphs (a), (b) (1), (c), and (d) of this § 79.14 will be provided to the Administrator within 30 days of such change. Forms for reporting changes will be provided by the Administrator at the additive manufacturer's request; and

(f) Assurances that the additive manufacturer will not represent directly or indirectly, in any notice, circular, letter or other written communication or any written, oral, or pictorial notice or other announcement in any publication or by radio or television that registration of any additive produced or formulated by him constitutes endorsement, certification, or approval by any agency of the United States. $ 79.15 Determination of noncompli

ance.

Whenever the Administrator determines that there are deficiencies in & notification which constitute failure to comply with the regulations of this part, he shall inform the noncomplying fuel manufacturer or processor or noncomplying additive manufacturer of the reasons for such determination. $ 79.16 Registration.

(a) If the provisions of this part requiring the submission of information and the giving of assurances have been complied with for a particular additive, the Administrator shall register that additive and notify the additive manufacturer and each fuel manufacturer or processor concerned of such registration; and

(b) The Administrator shall maintain a list of registered additives. Subpart C-Withdrawal of

Registration & 79.20 Withdrawal of registration: fuel

manufacturer or processor. If the Administrator determines that a fuel manufacturer or processor is not in compliance with the regulations of this part with respect to a registered additive, he may, after informing such noncomplying fuel manufacturer or proces

sor of the reasons for such determination, and providing such noncomplying fuel manufacturer or processor a reasonable time in which to comply and/or to present his views concerning such determination, withdraw the registration of such additive for use in any designated fuel of such noncomplying fuel manufacturer or processor. 8 79.21 Withdrawal of registration: ad.

ditive manufacturer. If the Administrator determines that an additive manufacturer is not in compliance with the regulations of this part with respect to a registered additive, or the additive manufacturer requests withdrawal in writing, the Administrator may withdraw the registration of such additive and remove it from the list of registered additives maintained pursuant to $ 79.16. The Administrator shall notify affected fuel manufacturers of such withdrawal by publication in the FEDERAL REGISTER, and may allow a period of 120 days during which a fuel manufacturer or processor may use any such additive he has on hand on the date of such withdrawal. Prior to withdrawing registration the Administrator shall:

(a) Inform such noncomplying additive manufacturer of the reasons for such determination; and

(b) Provide such noncomplying additive manufacturer & reasonable time in which to comply and/or to present his views concerning such determination.

Subpart D-Designation of Fuels & 79.30 Scope.

Fuels designated and dates prescribed by the Administrator for the registration of fuel additives are listed in this subpart. Additional fuels may be designated and additional dates prescribes as the Administrator deems advisable. $ 79.31 Motor gasolines.

All fuels commonly or commercially known or sold as motor gasoline, with the exception of aviation gasoline, are hereby designated. All additives contained in such fuels must be registered by----

(210 days following final publication of this notice). For the purpose of $ 79.2(f) exemptions are made for:

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Subpart B-Controls and Prohibitions 80.20 [Reserved] 80.21 Controls applicable to gasoline

distributors. 80.22 Controls applicable to gasoline

retailers. 80.23 Liability for violations. 80.24 Controls applicable to motor vehicle

manufacturers. AUTHORITY: Secs. 211 and 301(a) of the Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 185786c).

SOURCE: 38 FR 1255, Jan. 10, 1973, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart A-General Provisions $ 80.1 Scope.

This part prescribes regulations for the control and/or prohibition of fuels and additives for use in motor vehicles and motor vehicle engines. These regulations are based upon a determination by the Administrator that the emission product of a fuel or additive will impair to a significant degree the performance of a motor vehicle emission control device in general use or which the Administrator finds has been developed to a point where in a reasonable time it would be in general use were such regulations promulgated; and certain other findings specified by the Act. $ 80.2 Definitions.

As used in this part:

(a) “Act” means the Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1857 et seq.).

(b) “Administrator" means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.

(c) “Gasoline" means any fuel sold in any State for use in motor vehicles and motor vehicle engines, and commonly or commercially known or sold as gasoline.

(d) “Research octane number" means a measurement of a gasoline's knock characteristics which is determined by American Society for Testing and Materials analytical method designated D-2699.

(e) "Lead additive" means any substance containing lead or lead compounds.

(f) “Leaded gasoline” means gasoline which is produced with the use of any lead additive or which contains more than 0.05 gram of lead per gallon or more than 0.005 gram of phosphorus per gallon.

(g)“Unleaded gasoline" means gasoline containing not more than 0.05 gram of lead per gallon and not more than 0.005 gram of phosphorus per gallon.

(h) “Refinery” means a plant at which gasoline is produced.

(i) “Refiner" means any person who owns, leases, operates, controls, or supervises a refinery.

(j) "Retail outlet" means any establishment at which gasoline is sold or offered for sale to the public.

(k) “Retailer” means any person who owns, leases, operates, controls, or supervises a retail outlet.

(1) "Distributor" means any person who transports or stores or causes the transportation or storage of gasoline at any point between any gasoline refinery and any retail outlet. $ 80.3 Test methods.

The lead and phosphorus content of gasoline shall be determined in accordance with test methods to be prescribed by the Administrator. $ 80.4

Right of entry; tests and inspections. The Administrator or his authorized representative upon presentation of appropriate credentials shall have a right to enter upon or through any retail outlet or the premises or property of any distributor and shall have the right to make inspections, take samples, and conduct tests to determine compliance with this part and the Act. $ 80.5 Penalties.

1 "State" means a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa.

Any person who violates these regulations shall forfeit and pay to the United States a civil penalty of $10,000 for each and every day of the continuance of such violation, which shall accrue to the United States and be recovered in a civil suit in the name of the United States, brought in the district where such person has his principal office or any disrict in which he does business. The Administrator may, upon application by the person against whom any such penalty has been assessed, remit or mitigate any such forfeiture. The Administrator shall have authority to determine the facts upon all such applications. Subpart B-Controls and Prohibitions $ 80.20 [Reserved) § 80.21 Controls applicable to gasoline

distributors. After July 1, 1974, no distributor shall sell to any distributor or retailer any gasoline which he represents is unleaded gasoline unless such gasoline does, in fact, meet the defined requirements for unleaded gasoline in $ 80.2(g). $ 80.22 Controls applicable to gasoline

retailers. (a) After July 1, 1974, no retailer or his employee or agent shall introduce, or cause or allow the introduction of leaded gasoline into any motor vehicle which is labeled “unleaded gasoline only,” or which is equipped with a gasoline tank filler inlet which is designed for the introduction of unleaded gasoline.

(b) After July 1, 1974, every person who owns, leases, operates, controls, or supervises a retail outlet at which 200,000 or more gallons of gasoline was sold during any calendar year beginning with the year 1971 shall offer for sale at least one grade of unleaded gasoline of not less than 91 Research Octane Number at such retail outlet: Provided, however, That the octane number of un

leaded gasoline offered for sale in areas where altitude is greater than 2,000 feet may be reduced one (1) octane number for each succeeding 1,000 feet but not more than three (3) octane numbers in total.

(c) After July 1, 1974, every person who owns, leases, operates, controls, or supervises six or more retail outlets shall offer for sale at least one grade of unleaded gasoline of not less than 91 Research Octane Number at no fewer than 60 percent of such outlets; Provided, however, That the octane number of unleaded gasoline offered for sale in areas where altitude is greater than 2,000 feet may be reduced one (1) octane number for each succeeding 1,000 feet but not more than three (3) octane numbers in total.

(d) After July 1, 1974, every retailer shall prominently and conspicuously display in the immediate area of each gasoline pump stand the following notice: Federal law prohibits the introduction of

any gasoline containing lead or phosphorus into any motor vehicle labeled "UNLEADED

GASOLINE ONLY." Such notice shall be no smaller than 36-point bold type and shall be located so as to be readily visible to the retailer's employees and customers.

(e) After July 1, 1974, every retailer shall affix to each gasoline pump stand a permanent legible label as follows:

(1) For gasoline pump stands containing pumps for introduction of unleaded gasoline into motor vehicles, the label shall state: Unleaded gasoline.

(2) For gasoline pump stands containing pumps for introduction of leaded gasoline into motor vehicles, the label shall state: Contains lead antiknock compounds. Any label required under this paragraph shall be located so as to be readily visible to the retailer's employees and customers.

(f) After July 1, 1974, every retailer shall equip all gasoline pumps as follows:

(1) Each pump from which leaded gasoline is sold shall be equipped with a nozzle spout having a terminal end with an outside diameter of not less than 0.930 inch (2.362 centimeters).

(2) Each pump from which unleaded gasoline is sold shall be equipped with a nozzle spout which meets the following specifications:

(i) The outside diameter of the terminal end shall not be greater than 0.840 inch (2.134 centimeters):

(ii) The terminal end shall have a straight section of at least 2.5 inches (6.34 centimeters) in length;

(iii) The retaining spring shall terminate 3.0 inches (7.6 centimeters) from the terminal end.

(g) If more than one grade of gasoline is dispensed from a gasoline pump or pump stand, the Administrator may grant an exception to paragraph (e) or (f) of this section where it has been demonstrated to his satisfaction that an alternate system of labeling or equipment will comply with the objectives of paragraph (e) or (f) of this section. $ 80.23 Liability for violations.

Liability for violations of paragraph (a) of $ 80.22 shall be determined as follows:

(a) (1) Where the corporate, trade, or brand name of a gasoline refiner or any of its marketing subsidiaries appears on the pump stand or is displayed at the retail outlet from which the gasoline was sold, the retailer and such gasoline refiner shall be deemed in violation. The refiner shall be deemed in violation irrespective or whether any refiner, distributor, or retailer, or the employee or agent of any refiner, distributor, or retailer may have caused or permitted the violation.

(2) Where the corporate, trade, or brand name of a gasoline refiner or any of its marketing subsidiaries does not appear on the pump or pump stand or is not displayed at the retail outlet from which the gasoline was sold, the retailer and any distributor who sold the retailer gasoline contained in the retail outlet storage tank which supplied that pump at the time of the violation shall be deemed in violation.

(b) (1) In any case in which a retailer and any gasoline refiner or distributor would be in violation under paragraph (a) (1) or (2) of $ 80.22 the retailer shall not be liable if the retailer can demonstrate that the violation was not caused by him or his employee or agent.

(2) In any case under paragraph (a) (2) of $ 80.22 in which two or more distributors have sold the retailer gasoline contained in the retail outlet storage tank which supplied the pump from which the gasoline was sold, any of such distributors who can demonstrate that the violation was not caused by him or his employee or agent shall not be liable.

(c) In any case in which a retailer or his employee or agent introduced leaded gasoline from a pump from which leaded gasoline is sold into a motor vehicle which is equipped with a gasoline tank filler inlet designed for the introduction of unleaded gasoline, only the retailer shall be deemed in violation. 8 80.24 Controls applicable to motor

vehicle manufacturers. The manufacturer of any motor vehicle equipped with an emission control device which the Administrator has determined will be significantly impaired by the use of leaded gasoline shall:

(a) Afix two permanent, legible labels reading “Unleaded Gasoline Only” to such vehicle at the time of its manufacture, as follows:

(1) One label shall be located on the instrument panel so as to be readily visible to the operator of the vehicle: Provided, however, That the required statement may be incorporated into the design of the instrument panel rather than provided on a separate label; and

(2) One label shall be located immediately adjacent to the gasoline filler tank inlet, outside of any filler inlet compartment, and shall be located so as to be readily visible to any person introducing gasoline to such filler inlet. Such labels shall be in the English language in block letters which shall be of a color that contrasts with their background.

(b) Manufacture such vehicle with a gasoline tank filler inlet having a restriction with an inside diameter not greater than 0.910 inch (2.311 centimeters), which prevents the insertion of a nozzle with a spout larger than prescribed in $ 80.22(f) (2) (i). Such filler inlet shall be designed so as to activate immediately any automatic shutoff device on any nozzle subject to $ 80.22(f) (1) when the introduction of gasoline

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